Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents Note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Collection Documents, 2002-2006

Oral History Interviews, 2002-2006

The Benson Latin American Collection

Shankleville Community Oral History Collection



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Clay, Lareatha
Title: Shankleville Community Oral History Collection
Dates: 2002-2006
Abstract: The Shankleville Community Oral History Collection contains photographs, documentation, select interview transcriptions, and 11 oral history interviews recounting the history of Shankleville, Texas.
Accession No.: 2019-08
Extent: .2 linear feet
Language: English
Repository: Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

Shankleville, Texas, is an historic freedom colony located in northcentral Newton County in east Texas. Freedom colonies, also known as freedom communities, Black settlements, Black enclaves, or freedmen’s towns, were independent communities founded from 1856-1920 by African Americans. It is estimated that there are over 550 in the state of Texas, and Newton County is home to approximately ten freedom colonies, including Shankleville.

Shankleville was founded in 1867 by Jim and Winnie (Bush) Shankle, the first African Americans in Newton County to purchase land after emancipation. Jim (b. 1811, Kentucky - d. 1888, Texas) and Winnie (b. 1814, Tennessee - d. 1883, Texas) were born into slavery, and met while enslaved in Mississippi. The two were separated when Winnie and her three children were sold to a man in Texas. In pursuit, Jim fled from the Mississippi plantation where he was enslaved, walking over 400 miles and crossing the Mississippi River. The two ultimately reunited in Texas, and Winnie’s owner arranged to purchase Jim. Together, the couple raised Winnie’s three children and had six of their own: George Washington (Wash) Rollins, Tobe Perkins, Mary Rollins (McBride), George, Henry, Houston, John, Harriet (Odom), and B. M. (Lewis).

At its height, the farming community of Shankleville was home to around 75 families and included a general store, blacksmith shop, gristmill, sawmill, cotton gin, syrup mill, churches, and schools—including McBride College which operated from 1883-1909. In 1941, Shankleville residents began hosting annual homecomings that continue on today. These celebrations bring together the nearly 50 families currently living in Shankleville along with their relatives to commemorate their past, provide support for local projects and scholarships, and clean the community’s cemeteries.

For more information:

Shankleville Historical Society

Shankleville Odom House, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form

Shankleville,” Handbook of Texas

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents Note

The Shankleville Community Oral History Collection contains photographs, documentation, select interview transcriptions, and 11 oral history interviews conducted by Lareatha H. Clay, founding member of the Shankleville Historical Society, and Dan K. Utley. The collection includes two series: Collection Documents and Oral History Interviews. Interviews may be accessed via CD access copies (Folder 1), according to the file number. Please note that discs 1-3 include MP3 and/or DVD files of each interview and will only play in devices that support MP3 and DVD; discs 4-17 include files of each interview that are compatible all devices, including CD players. For offsite access to interview files please contact bensonspecialcollections@austin.utexas.edu.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

Subjects
Shankleville (Tex.)--Genealogy.
African Americans--Texas.
Freedmen--Texas.
Freedmen--Texas--History.
Oral history--Texas.
Places
Shankleville (Tex.)
Newton County (Tex.)

Return to the Table of Contents


Related Material

Foodways Texas Oral History Collection, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas of Austin.

Elzie and Ruby Odom Papers, University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Shankleville Community Oral History Collection, Benson Latin American Collection, LLILAS Benson Latin American Studies and Collections, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

Donation.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Rachel E. Winston, 2019-2020.

Additions

No further materials are expected for this collection.

Return to the Table of Contents


Box and Folder Inventory

Collection Documents, 2002-2006

Box Folder
1 1 Oral History Interview Files (CD), 2002-2006
2 Interview Transcript: Larutha Odom Clay, 2002 June 16
3 Interview Transcript: Elzie Odom, 2002 June 16
4 Shankleville Memorial Scholarship Program, 2002-2003
5 Interview Agreements, 2002-2004
6 Photographs, 2004

Return to the Table of Contents




Oral History Interviews, 2002-2006

Audio Files, 2002-2006
File
1 Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 1 of 2, 2002 June 16
File
2 Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 2 of 2, 2002 June 16
File
3 Elzie Odom Interview Pt. 1 of 2, 2002 June 16
File
4 Elzie Odom Interview Pt. 2 of 2, 2002 June 16
File
5 Anderson White Interview Pt. 1 of 2, 2002 December 27
File
6 Anderson White Interview Pt. 2 of 2, 2002 December 27
File
7 Trogie Shankle Interview Pt. 1 of 2, 2003 August 2
File
8 Trogie Shankle Interview Pt. 2 of 2, 2003 August 2
File
9 Odom Family Oral History with Oletha Odom Woods, S.T. Odom, Arzela Odom Coles, Larutha Odom Clay, James Odom, Elzie Odom Interview Pt. 1 of 2, 2004 June 20
File
10 Odom Family Oral History with Oletha Odom Woods, S.T. Odom, Arzela Odom Coles, Larutha Odom Clay, James Odom, Elzie Odom Interview Pt. 2 of 2, 2004 June 20
File
11 Trogie Shankle and Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 1 of 4, 2004 September 4
File
12 Trogie Shankle and Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 2 of 4, 2004 September 4
File
13 Trogie Shankle and Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 3 of 4, 2004 September 4
File
14 Trogie Shankle and Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 4 of 4, 2004 September 4
File
15 Malchia Cannon, Willie Pate Shankle, Gwendolyn (Wilona) Cannon, Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 1 of 3, 2004 September 4
File
16 Malchia Cannon, Willie Pate Shankle, Gwendolyn (Wilona) Cannon, Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 2 of 3, 2004 September 4
File
17 Malchia Cannon, Willie Pate Shankle, Gwendolyn (Wilona) Cannon, Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 3 of 3, 2004 September 4
File
18 Jeanette Gatlin Collette and Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 1 of 4, 2004 September 5
File
19 Jeanette Gatlin Collette and Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 2 of 4, 2004 September 5
File
20 Jeanette Gatlin Collette and Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 3 of 4, 2004 September 5
File
21 Jeanette Gatlin Collette and Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 4 of 4, 2004 September 5
File
22 Geraldine White-Rowe Interview Pt. 1 of 2, 2004 September 17
File
23 Geraldine White-Rowe Interview Pt. 2 of 2, 2004 September 17
File
24 Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 1 of 2, 2006 November 25
File
25 Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 2 of 2, 2006 November 25
File
26 Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 1 of 4, 2006 December 3
File
27 Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 2 of 4, 2006 December 3
File
28 Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 3 of 4, 2006 December 3
File
29 Larutha Odom Clay Interview Pt. 4 of 4, 2006 December 3
Video Files, 2006
File
30 Odom Family Oral History with Oletha Odom Woods, S.T. Odom, Arzela Odom Coles, Larutha Odom Clay, James Odom, Elzie Odom, 2004 June 20

Return to the Table of Contents