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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents Note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Correspondence, 1885-1943

Writings, 1902-1903

Photographs, 1908-1913

Maps and Blueprints, 1908-1912

The Benson Latin American Collection

Henry Ashby McCulloch Family Collection, 1885-1943



Descriptive Summary

Creator: McCulloch, Henry Ashby
Title: Henry Ashby McCulloch Family Collection
Dates: 1885-1943
Abstract: Materials documenting the travels and work of the McCulloch Family on railroad expansion in Mexico, Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina in the early 1900s. Family and business correspondence, photographs, and other items depict life along the railroad lines of the Ferrocarril Interoceánico de Mexico and the Ferrocarriles del Sur de Peru.
Accession No.: 2018-15
Extent: 2 linear feet
Language: English, Spanish
Repository: Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Henry Ashby McCulloch was born in 1866 to Henry Eustace McCulloch and Jane Isabella Ashby McCulloch. His father, Henry Eustace was an early pioneer, Texas Ranger, and important Confederate officer who had a large footprint on the military affairs of early Texas.

Henry Ashby McCulloch worked various jobs for several different railroad companies in Mexico and Peru. Henry along with his wife Lola Gaylord McCulloch and their daughter Lolita "Lola" McCulloch traveled to Mexico and then to Peru for his railroad work. In Mexico Henry worked for the Ferrocarril Interoceánico de Mexico, spending substantial time in Veracruz and San Geronimo in Oaxaca.

In 1908 Henry Ashby McCulloch and family moved to Peru where Henry took a job as the general manager of the Ferrocarriles del Sur de Peru (Southern Railways of Peru). The McCullochs primarily lived in Arequipa, Peru from 1908-1913. Beyond the building and expansion of the railroad, Henry and his business partners explored Peru's gold resources particularly in the Atico region. Henry died in 1913.

The Henry Ashby McCulloch Family Collection features extensive letters written by Henry Ashby McCulloch's wife, Lola Gaylord McCulloch. These letters are written to her sister, mother, and other family members and provide a detailed and rich glimpse into the McCulloch family as they adapted to life in Mexico and Peru. From an anthropological/outsider lens, Lola depicts the geography, local customs, political unrest, company news, labor strikes, travel, natural disasters, and life in the family's adopted communities in Mexico and Peru. Additonally several photograph albums depict Peruvian cities and landscapes with the railroad being the common thread.

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Scope and Contents Note

The Henry Ashby McCulloch Family Collection consists of approximately 2 linear feet. The collection is organized into four different series: Correspondence, Writings, Photographs, and Blueprints and Maps.

The Correspondence series is organized into two subseries: 1) Family Correspondence, organized by writer/receipient and chronologically and 2) Business Correspondence, arranged by writer and chronolgically.

The Writings series contains a 1902-1903 journal written by Lola Gaylord McCulloch during the family's time in Mexico.

The Photographs series is arranged chronologically.

The Maps and Blueprints series is arranged by type.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.

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Index Terms

Subjects
Railroads -- Mexico
Railroads -- Peru
Places
Veracruz (Veracruz-Llave, Mexico)
San Jerónimo Progreso (Mexico)
Arequipa (Peru)
Inambari River (Peru)
Corporate Names
Ferrocarril Interoceánico de Mexico.

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Related Material

Ferrocarril Noroeste de Mexico.

Mexican Railway Company Limited Records, 1903-1934.

Compañia Metalúrgica Mexicana and Related Enterprises.

Julio M. Limantour Papers.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Henry Ashby McCulloch Family Collection, Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

Purchase, 2018.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Dylan Joy, August 2018.

Additions

No further materials are expected for this collection.

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Box and Folder Inventory

Correspondence, 1885-1943

Box Folder
1 Family Correspondence
Lola Gaylord McCulloch to Celeste Gaylord Stribling (sister)
Mexico
1 1904-1906
2 March-April, 1907
3 May-June, 1907
4 July-August, 1907
5 September-October, 1907
6 November-December, 1907
Peru
7 April-May, 1908
8 June-August, 1908
9 September-November, 1908
10 January-December, 1909
11 August-December, 1910
12 January-June, 1911
13 1912-1913
Lola Gaylord McCulloch to Cornelia Gaylord (mother)
Mexico
14 1885-1901
Peru
15 February-June, 1908
16 July-August, 1908
17 September-December, 1908
18 January-May, 1909
19 June-September, 1909
20 February-July, 1910
21 August-September, 1910
22 October-December, 1910
23 February-October, 1911
Box Folder
2 1 Fragments of letters written by Lola Gaylord McCulloch, 1907-1910, undated
2 Envelopes sent by Lola Gaylord McCulloch, 1907, undated
Lola Gaylord McCulloch to other family members
3 Julia Leigh (aunt), 1904-1907
4 William Leigh Morrow (nephew), 1907-1910
5 Ben A. Stribling (brother-in-law), 1908
6 Various people to Lola Gaylord McCulloch 1907-1943
Henry Ashby McCulloch to family members
7 Lola Gaylord McCulloch (wife), 1912
8 Lolita "Lola" McCulloch (daughter), 1909-1912
9 Letters received by Henry Ashby McCulloch, 1909-1912
Lolita "Lola" McCulloch to family members
10 Beatrice and Eleanor Stribling (cousins), 1908
11 Celeste Gaylord Stribling (aunt), 1908
12 Cornelia Gaylord (grandmother), 1908-1911
Cornelia Gaylord to Celeste Gaylord Stribling (daughter)
13 May-August, 1907
14 September-December, 1907
15 1908-1912
Celeste Gaylord Stribling to family members
16 Cornelia Gaylord (mother), 1906-1911
17 Henry Ashby McCulloch (brother-in-law), 1908
18 Lola Gaylord McCulloch (sister), 1908
19 Letters received by Celeste Gaylord Stribling, 1910
Business Correspondence
Henry Ashby McCulloch
20 Wells Fargo & Company, 1894-1900
21 Telegrams and postcards, 1901-1908
22 Ferrocarril Interoceánico de Mexico including with Colonel George Washington Breckenridge, 1903-1907
23 Ferrocarriles del Sur del Peru / Southern Railways of Peru, 1908
24 Ferrocarriles del Sur del Peru / Southern Railways of Peru, 1908-1911
25 Ferrocarriles del Sur del Peru / Southern Railways of Peru, 1909
26 Ferrocarriles del Sur del Peru / Southern Railways of Peru, 1910
27 Ferrocarriles del Sur del Peru / Southern Railways of Peru, 1911
28 Atico Gold Explorations in Arequipa, Peru, 1912-1913
Lola Gaylord McCulloch
29 Insurance policy with New Zealand Insurance Company Limited, 1913

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Writings, 1902-1903

Box Folder
3 1 Diary of Lola McCulloch during travels in Texas and Mexico (includes 5 glass plate negatives), 1902-1903

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Photographs, 1908-1913

Box Folder
3 2 Photograph album documenting Arequipa, Cusco, Sacred Valley, Lake Titicaca, Copacabana, La Paz, and the progress of the Ferrocarriles del Sur de Peru, 1908-1913
3 Photographs from Peru [Folder 1 of 2], 1908-1913, undated
4 Photographs from Peru [Folder 2 of 2], 1908-1913, undated
5 Photographs from expedition to the interior of Peru [Inambari River], 1912

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Maps and Blueprints, 1908-1912

Box Folder
OV 1 Items housed in oversize folder:
Map of the Central Argentine Railway, 1908
Blueprint map by H.A. McCulloch of mining locations in Peru, 1912

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