The Benson Latin American Collection

Hacienda Palmira Records 1824-1892, 1911

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Madero Family
Title: Hacienda Palmira Records
Dates: 1824-1892, 1911
Abstract: Deeds, bequests, financial documents, inventories and government documents related to the Hacienda Palmira property located in Coahuila, Mexico and owned by the prominent Madero family.
Accession No.: 2015-46
Extent: 1 linear foot
Language: English and Spanish
Repository: Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Evaristo Madero Elizondo, born in 1828, was one of several children of Franscisco Madero and Victoria Elizondo Garcia. During the early 1800s, the Madero family was both powerful and influential, owning numerous properties and land tracts located in the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas in the Rio Grande Valley. Much of this land was granted to the Maderos by the Mexican Government, primarily as a means of keeping the contentious and contested region under Mexican control. Over the years, such properties passed through several family members' hands.

In 1833, patriarch Don Francisco died, leaving his assets to be divied up among surviving family members. His widow, Doña Victoria, went on to remarry Victoriano Navarro two years later and bore several more children, she died in 1852. Of the assets left behind by the death of both Fransisco and Victoriana, one of the most important was the Hacienda Palmira, located in Villa Gigado -- later Villa Rosales (now Villa Union) -- in the Rio Grande area. The majority share of Hacienda Palmira was left to Evaristo, and though his siblings also received portions of estate it was Evaristo who played a major role in administering his family’s property. This duty became increasingly important when, during the Texan Revolution, the region was deemed part of the Republic of Texas, and became subject to the control of Texan independents who eventually stripped the Madero family of many of its properties and significantly weakened their economic standing.

Scope and Contents Note

The contents of this collection include one bound volume, four folders of handwritten documents, and two maps. All are related, in some way or another, to the Hacienda Palmira. The documents were retrieved from Houston, Texas in May 2015 from the residence of a Madero descendant. They were orginially passed down by Evaristo Madero, son of Don Evaristo Madero Elizondo’s first family.

Folder 1.1 contains the primary item in the collection, a bound volume also known as a legajo. The legajo includes property titles, legal records and other bequests relating to the Hacienda Palmira. It is divided into 33 sections which are separated by mylar bookmarks. Some sections contain multi-page documents such as “hijuelas de herencia,” which are lists of bequests given to inheritors, while others are single sheet records such as public deeds of property exchange. The documents begin with an inventory of Francisco Madero’s bienes, or assets, and copies of wills and testimonies of deceased family members. Later records pertain to transfers of land, land rights and ownership disputes, and the buying and selling of water. Researchers should exercise caution when handling the bound volume as it is extremely fragile.

Folder 1.2 contains several legal documents which may have originally been part of the legajo. Included in the folder are: "Distribucion de la hijuela de Doña Maria Candelaria de Ybarra," 1835; "Copia de la Hijuela de la herencia paterna que correspondio a Dona Jesus Madero y Elizondo," 1853; Several bound documents with title page: "Contiene lo siguiente: 1. Títulos de Palmira, 2. Expediente promovido por D. Francisco Madero sobre que se le mercede la agua de Palmira, 3. Documentos sobre mejoras de Palmira y Rancho de la Parrita," 1826-1835.

Folder 1.3 contains undated biographical information pertaining to Francisco Madero's life.

Folder 1.4 contains a poem about Evaristo Madero, written in 1911 by his daughter.

Folder 1.5 contains two maps of the Hacienda Palmira Property, one from 1889 and the other from 1892.


Access Restrictions


Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Díaz, Porfirio, 1930-1915.
Elizondo García, Victoriana.
Madero Elizondo, Evaristo, 1828-1911.
Madero Gaxiola, José Francisco.
Madero Hernández, Rafaela.
Madero family.
Inheritance and Succession.
Distribution of decedents' estates.
Coahuila y Tejas (Mexico).
Coahuila (Mexico).
Corporate Names
Hacienda Palmira.

Related Material

Researchers interested in this collection may also wish to consult the Benson's William Schuchardt Papers.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Hacienda Palmira Records, Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information


Processing Information

Collection processed by Emma Whittington, January 2017.


No further materials are expected for this collection.

Box and Folder Inventory

Documents, 1824-1892, 1911

Box Folder
1 1 Legajo of documents related to Hacienda Palmira, 1835-1895
2 Loose legal documents, wills and bequests related to Hacienda Palmira, 1824-1835
3 Biographical information about Francisco Madero, undated (1870?)
4 Poem about Evaristo Madero written by his daughter, 1911
5 Maps of Hacienda Palmira, 1889, 1892