The Benson Latin American Collection

Thomas Wentworth Peirce, Jr.:

An Inventory of His Papers at the Benson Latin American Collection

Descriptive Summary

Creator Peirce, Thomas Wentworth, d. 1923.
Title Thomas Wentworth Peirce, Jr. Papers
Dates: 1900-1923
Abstract Correspondence and documents regarding three mining companies, of which Peirce was a director, in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico.
OCLC Record No. 30605864
Extent 11 inches
Language English.
Repository Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Thomas Wentworth Peirce, Jr., son of developer of Texas railroads, Thomas Wentworth Peirce, was a member of the board of directors of the Corralitos Company from 1903 until his death in 1923. He also served as a director of the Candelaria Mining Company and the León Mining Company, which were associated with the Corralitos Company. The companies operated mining and ranching interests in the northern part of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

1880 “Corralitos Company's property... in Mexico was acquired by the present owners about the year 1880, from the Mexican owners.” (Houghton, 30 Apr 1919, to the Nat. Assoc. for the Protection of American Rights in Mexico)
1883 Francis Holbrook ingeniero en jefe de las minas de Cía. Corralitos
1895 E.C. Houghton first employed [on ranch]
1900 Edwin D. Morgan first became responsible for ranch
18 Feb 1902 Compañía Ramos Sociedad Anónima organized in Mexico City; to consolidate title to properties belonging to Corralitos in the Prohibited Zone; entire capital stock of Ramos owned by Corralitos.
18 Feb 1902 Compañía de San Pedro Sociedad Anónima organized in Mexico City; to consolidate title to properties belonging to Candelaria Mining Company in the Prohibited Zone; entire capital stock of San Pedro owned by Candelaria.
4 Dec 1903 E.D. Morgan is president of Candelaria; C.I. Reeves is Sec/Treas; Britton Davis is General Manager, El Paso
c. 1904 “About the year 1904 the Corralitos Company undertook extensive improvements...” (Houghton, 30 Apr 1919)
12 Apr 1904 T. W. Peirce notified of election on 10 Apr as director on boards of both Corralitos (Colorado) and Candelaria; (on 26 he acknowledged this as re-election)
11 Apr 1905 TWP elected director of Candelaria and Corralitos
11 Apr 1905 Candelaria officers: Morgan, pres; Reeves, sec; E. [Edmund] DeGoncer, Resident Director, El Paso; N. C. Thompson, Manager, El Paso.
11 Apr 1905 Corralitos officers: Morgan, pres; Reeves, sec/treas; E. DeGoncer, Resident Director; E.C. Houghton, Manager.
9 Apr 1907 TWP elected director Corralitos and Candelaria
30 Mar 1908 León Mining Company organized [in New York]; mentioned on Candelaria letterhead
July 1908 Thompson resigned
30 July 1908 TWP director of León Co.
11 Jan 1909 TWP sent check for $12,000 to León Mining Co. as loan
18 Feb 1909 Candelaria NJ to purchase Candelaria, Colorado
13 May 1909 TWP purchased stock in León Co.; Reeves said it would be Candelaria stock, but the León Co. could endorse the check.
17 Jan 1911 resolution to dissolve León Co. to be voted on January 23
11 Feb 1911 Reeves to Peirce: “We will shortly call in the León Mining shares and issue Candelaria Mining Co. in its place.”
May 1911 Walter P. Bliss became president of Corralitos
9 Apr 1911 TWP elected director Corralitos
Apr 1913 Reeves lost place on board to E. H. Wright? (letter of Apr 11)
4 Jun4 1914 TWP elected director Corralitos
10 Oct 1915 p.3 refers to Candelaria: drugs left at mines; must have been closed already
4 June 1916 Raynal Bolling president Corralitos
27 Oct 1916 “Going to lose Bolling; Oct 27 Shearson mentioned.
1917 “In 1917 the Punitive Expedition... was withdrawn, and with [it] all of the American and foreign settlers from the northwestern part of Chihuahua abandoned their properties. This was the case with the Corralitos Company.” (Houghton, 30 Apr 1919)
20 Jan 1917 Shearson to become president of Company (doesn't say which); Morgan to retire form active management but remain on board of directors
10 Apr 1917 TWP elected director Corralitos
18 June 1917 Candelaria adjudged insolvent by Court of Chancery of the State of New Jersey; Charles I. Reeves appointed Receiver.
9 May 1920 León Co. still alive: “holds the Candelaria stock in its treasury”
1921 Edward Shearson is president of Corralitos
10 Apr 1923 TWP elected director of Corralitos Company (April 12).
30 Oct 1923 E. Townsend Irvin is president, The Corralitos Company
1927 La Candelaria Mining Co. se vió obligada suspender sus actividades en la época revolucionaria y hasta ahora no las ha reanudado (Boletín Minero)
May 1927 The National Agrarian Commission obtained a writ expropriating Corralitos lands [Corralitos Cattle Company] for ejidos. Ignored writ of injunction and were to take over property on July 31, 1927.

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, minutes, reports, financial documents, legal documents, and miscellanea pertaining primarily to the Corralitos Company, the Candelaria Mining Company, and the León Mining Company. The main body of correspondence relates to the general business of the three companies. Principal correspondents are officers of the companies Edwin D. Morgan, Arthur S. Dwight, Charles I. Reeves, Edward Shearson, and Peirce. Letters from E. C. Houghton, manager of the Corralitos ranch, describe ranch business and activites, while those from George A. Laird, manager of Candelaria and León Mining Companies, detail mining operations; both men described events related to the Mexican Revolution and the effects upon their operations. Some items reflect the companies' dealings with the Ferrocarril Noroeste de México. Subseries of correspondence relate to the Corralitos Company Voting Trust and to the activities of Ben P. Converse as agent in Texas for the Thomas Wentworth Peirce Estate. A series concerning the Corralitos Company's contract with E.D. Morgan as general agent contains correspondence and legal documents.

Also present in the papers are minutes of the boards of directors of the Corralitos Company and the León Mining Company; financial documents, including treasurer's and operating reports; reports by Morgan to the directors of the Corralitos Company; and a few legal documents, notes, clippings, and maps.



Organized into seven series:
  • I. Correspondence.
  • II. Contract between Corralitos Company and E. D. Morgan.
  • III. Minutes.
  • IV. Reports.
  • V. Financial documents.
  • VI. Legal documents.
  • VII. Miscellanea.
Further divided into subseries and arranged chronologically within folders.

Index Terms

Peirce, Thomas Wentworth, d. 1923--Archives.
Candelaria Mining Company.
Corralitos Company.
Leon Mining Company.
Mexico Northwestern Railway Company.
Chihuahua (Mexico : State)--History--Sources.
Mexico--History--Revolution, 1910-1920--Sources.
Mines and mineral resources--Mexico--20th century--History--Sources.
Ranches--Mexico--20th century--History--Sources.
Bliss, Walter P.
Bolling, Raynal
Converse, Ben P.
Dana, Charles A. (Charles Anderson), 1819-1897.
Davis, Britton, 1860-
De Goncer, Edmund
Dwight, Arthur S.
Houghton, E. C.
Laird, George A.
Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1854-1933.
Reeves, Charles I.
Shearson, Edward.
Thompson, N. C.
Warner, James Harold
Candelaria Mining Company.
Corralitos Company.
Leon Mining Company.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Thomas Wentworth Peirce, Jr. Papers, 1900-1923, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

The Thomas Wentworth Peirce, Jr. papers were donated to the Benson Latin American Collection in 1988 by John W. Peirce.

Processing Information

The papers were described by the Benson's Mexican Archives Project in May 1994.

Finding aid initially repared by the Mexican Archives Project, January 30, 1995.



I. Correspondence

1. Subseries, General correspondence, 1903-1923.
box folder
1 1 General correspondence 1903
2 General correspondence 1904
3 General correspondence 1905
4 General correspondence 1906
5 General correspondence 1907
6 General correspondence 1908
7 General correspondence 1909
8 General correspondence 1910
9 General correspondence 1911 (Jan. 3 - Feb. 19)
10 General correspondence 1911 (Feb. 20 - Mar. 25)
11 General correspondence 1911 (Apr. 12 - Nov. 13)
12 General correspondence 1912
13 General correspondence 1913
14 General correspondence 1914
15 General correspondence 1915
16 General correspondence 1916
17 General correspondence 1917
[unittitle added: see error report]
box folder
1 18 General correspondence 1918 (Feb. 6 - July 31)
19 General correspondence 1918 (Aug. 20 - Nov. 29)
20 General correspondence 1919 (Jan. 27 - July 10)
21 General correspondence 1919 (Sept. 23 - Dec. 22)
22 General correspondence 1920
23 General correspondence 1921
box folder
2 1 General correspondence 1922
2 General correspondence 1923
2. Subseries, "Laird's letters," January 30, 1909-March 5, 1910 and December 26-28, 1910.
Laird correspondence after 1910 is integrated with the subseries, "General correspondence".
box folder
2 3 "Laird's letters" Jan. - Feb. 1909
4 "Laird's letters" March 1909
5 "Laird's letters" April 1909
6 " Laird's letters" May 1909
7 "Laird's letters" June 1909
8 "Laird's letters" July 1909
9 "Laird's letters" August 1909
10 "Laird's letters" Sept. - Dec. 1909
11 "Laird's letters" January 1910
12 "Laird's letters" February 1910
13 "Laird's letters" March 1910; Oct. 26, 1910; Dec. 26 - 28, 1910
14 3. Subseries, Voting Trust, Corralitos Co., January 28, 1916-January 13, 1923.
4. Subseries, Ben P. Converse.
box folder
2 15 i. Corralitos stock owned by Zimpleman, 1907-1908.
16 ii. Land holdings in Texas, June 6, 1914-October 20, 1922.
17 iii. Land holdings in Coryell County, Texas, May 22, 1918-April 29, 1919.


II. Contracts between Corralitos Co. and E. D. Morgan, June 20, 1910-October 7, 1916.

1. Subseries, Correspondence.
2. Subseries, Legal documents.
box folder
2 18 Contract between Corralitos Company and E.D. Morgan June 20, 1910 - Apr. 29, 1911
19 Contract between Corralitos Company and E.D. Morgan Aug. 30, 1912 - Oct. 7, 1916
3. Subseries, Clipping, July 23, 1913.


III. Minutes of the board of directors.

box folder
2 20 1. Subseries, Corralitos Co., 1909 and 1920-1923.
21 2. Subseries, León Mining Co., 1909 and 1911.


IV. Reports.

box folder
2 22 1. Subseries, Reports of E. D. Morgan to the president and stockholders of the Corralitos Co., December 6, 1910-March 2, 1921.
23 2. Subseries, Report on the property of the Candelaria Mining Co., no date.


V. Financial documents.

box folder
2 24 1. Subseries, Treasurer's reports of receipts and disbursements, Corralitos Co., 1911-1913.
25 2. Subseries, Monthly reports of operation, Corralitos Co., May 1917-December 1919.
26 3. Subseries, Analyses of interest, taxes, and rents, August-December 1917.
27 4. Subseries, Corralitos - miscellaneous financial, 1900-1917.
28 5. Subseries, Candelaria and León - miscellaneous financial, 1908-1909.


VI. Legal documents

box folder
2 29 Legal documents 1909, 1911


VII. Miscellanea. Notes, clippings, and a sketch map of New Mexico.

box folder
2 30 Notes
31 Clippings
32 Sketch map of New Mexico