The Benson Latin American Collection

Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga:

An Inventory of His Collection at the Benson Latin American Collection

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Paredes y Arrillaga, Mariano, 1797-1849.
Title: Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga Collection
Dates: 1825-1876
Dates (Bulk): 1840-1849
Abstract: Corresponce and other documents related to Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga, president of Mexico (January 4-July 28, 1846), pertaining to political and historical developments in 19th-century Mexico, primarily the 1840s.
OCLC Record No.: 30152232
Extent: 27 inches
Language: Spanish or Castilian
Repository: Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

President of Mexico; general. Born 1797 and died 1849 in Mexico City. Began military career in 1812; offices held include: brigadier general (1832); Minister of War (Dec. 1838); military governor of Jalisco (1841-January 28, 1843); Comandante General of Mexico (1841). Led movement against President José Joaquín de Herrera on December 14, 1845. Named interim president of Mexico on January 4, 1846; elected president by Congress on June 12, 1846. Paredes took command of the Mexican Army on June 20, 1846; his government ceased to function on July 28, 1846. He was captured in an armed rebellion on August 4, 1846, and imprisoned, then exiled to Paris, France, in October 1846. Paredes had returned to Mexico by September 1847 and participated in an insurrection in July 1848. He was defeated by General Anastasio Bustamante, fled again to Europe, returned to Mexico under the general amnesty of April 1849, and died in poverty in Mexico City in September 1849.

7 Jan 1797 born in Mexico City
6 Jan 1812 becomes cadet in the Regimiento de Infantería de México
1816 enters the Ejército Trigarante as sublieutenant
March 1821
June 1821 made lieutenant colonel
1822 made battalion commander
11 Feb 1823 publicly denounces Iturbide in Puebla
1823 as mayor of the Plaza of Puebla, joins with Marqués of Vivanco in proclaiming national independence
21 Dec 1829 while chief weapons officer in Guadalajara, rebels in support of the Plan of Jalapa
1831 promoted to colonel
1832 made brigadier general
1832 (1833?) is advanced to division commander, as Comandante General de San Luis, Sonora y Jalisco
1835 begins to take active part in politics, advocating national unity and reinforcing Santa Anna at the battle of Guadalupe, Zacatecas
4 Dec 1838 serves as Minister of War until 12 Dec 1838
18 May 1839 in Jalisco, helps Gov. Escobedo to suppress a federalist revolt
1841 becomes part of a military junta, in agreement with Santa Anna, supporting the “Bases de Tacubaya”
8 Aug 1841 sets forth in Guadalajara a plan under his own name, reproaching Bustamante for yielding to the French and for not having tried to recover Texas
Aug 1841 is excluded from Santa Anna's cabinet but is re-named military governor of Jalisco
1841 supports Santa Anna for President; Santa Anna names him to the Junta de Notables, and Bravo makes him Comandante General of Mexico
28 Jan 1843 ceases to be Governor of Jalisco
Oct 1843 publicly repudiates President Santa Anna at Celaya
1843 exiled by Santa Anna to Toluca for refusing to command the troops of Yucatán
July 1844 named Senator but refuses post
1844 quarrels with Santa Anna, foments demonstration against him
14 Dec 1845 rebels against President Herrera; proclaims himself a champion of national rights; does not march to Saltillo against U.S. invaders
2 Jan 1846 enters Mexico City, is received by the Junta of Notables, most of whom he himself appointed
3 Jan 1846 named interim President by this Junta
4 Jan 1846 takes oath of office but does not exercise its powers
12 June 1846
20 June 1846 Paredes is given authority to command the Mexican Army
28 July 1846 his administration ceases to function
4 August 1846 an armed rebellion, headed by Jalisco, rises against him in Mexico City; Paredes is captured, imprisoned in a convent
Oct 1846
12 June 1848 opposes treaty of peace with U.S., calling for self-rule of states
1 July 1848 joins insurrectionists Cosió and Jarauta in Lagos, Jalisco
18 July 1848 is defeated with insurgents (Cosió, Jarauta, Doblado, Negrete) in Guanajuato by Bustamante; escapes, flees to Europe
April 1849 is included in Mexico's general amnesty, returns to Mexico
Sept 1849 dies in Mexico City under conditions of near poverty

Scope and Contents

The collection documents political and historical developments in 19th-century Mexico, primarily the 1840s. Paredes' association with these events is reflected in correspondence dating from 1825 to 1849. Correspondents include Antonio López de Santa Anna, Mariano Arista, José Joaquín de Herrera, Luis Parres, José María Tornel, and family members Josefa Cortés de Paredes, Manuel and José María Cortés, and Agustín Paredes y Arrillaga. Also present in the collection are a number of anonymous letters; many appear to be copies of latters by Paredes, while others are signed with pseudonyms. Among the correspondence are occasional financial and legal documents, registers of correspondence, literary productions, notes, and lists. Materials dating from after Paredes' death until 1876 relate to various topics including Mexico's response to the European intervention and the personal affairs of individuals whose relationship to Paredes is undetermined. Undated items include a list of names appearing in the collection and letters addressed to Paredes as president of Mexico, presumably written in 1846.

Within the collection can be found general correspondence (1825-1849), family and personal correspondence (1842-1848), and materials dated after Paredes' death (1849-1876). Interspersed among the correspondence are such other types of documents as receipts, accounts, wills, agreements, powers of attorney, instructions, proclamations, petitions, proposals (including one for the reconquest of Texas), reports, lists, certifications, and printed material. Undated items include a list of names appearing in the collection.


The collection consists of one series of correspondence and related materials, arranged chronologically.


Access Restrictions


Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.

Index Terms

Paredes y Arrillaga, Mariano, 1797-1849.
Mexico. President (1846 : Paredes y Arrillaga)
Mexico--History, Military--19th century--Sources.
Mexico--Politics and government--1821-1861--Sources.
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Sources.
Arista, Mariano, 1802-1855.
Cortazar, Pedro.
Cortés de Paredes, Josefa.
Cortés, Manuel.
Cortés, José María.
Herrera, José Joaquín de, 1792-1854.
Negrete, Fernando Martínes.
Palacio, Fernando.
Paredes y Arrillaga, Agustín.
Parres, Luis.
Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876.
Tornel y Mendívil, José María, 1789-1853.

Related Material

García, Genaro, 1867-1920.Genaro García Collection, 15-- - 1920?, Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga Collection, 1825-1876, Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

The Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga Collection forms part of the Genaro García Collection, which was purchased by the University of Texas in 1921 from the heirs of Genaro García.

Processing Information

The collection was described by the Benson's Mexican Archives Project in January 1994.

Finding aid initally prepared by the Mexican Archives Project, February 7, 1995.

Alternate Form Available

The collection is also available on microfilm.

Other Finding Aids

The following guide is available in the Benson Collection Rare Books Reference:

Castañeda, Carlos Eduardo, 1896-1958. Guide to the Latin American Manuscripts in the University of Texas Library.
Cambridge, Mass.,
Harvard University Press,


The following publications were based on the collection:

García, Genaro, 1867-1920.Documentos inéditos ó muy raros para la historia de México.
Volume 32.
Mexico City :
Vda. de C. Bouret,

Biographical Sources

Diccionario Porrúa de historia, biografía y geografía de Mexico,5th ed., rev.
Mexico City:
Editorial Porrúa,
v. 3, p. 2203.

Enciclopedia de México.
Mexico City:
Secretaría de Educación Pública,
v. 11, pp. 6206-07.

Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europea-americana, 1st ed.
v. 42, p. 14.

Musaccio, Humberto, 1943-Diccionario enciclopédico de México: ilustrado.
Andrés León,
v. 3, p. 1466.

Rivera Cambas, Manuel. Los gobernantes de México.
Imprenta de J.M. Aguilar Ortiz,
v. 2, pp. 286-298.