The Benson Latin American Collection

Justin H. Smith:

An Inventory of His Collection at the Benson Latin American Collection



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Smith, Justin Harvey, 1857-1930.
Title: Justin H. Smith Collection
Dates: 1878-1929
Abstract: Transcriptions made by Smith of archival documents in the preparation of his publications on the annexation of Texas and the Mexican War, including excerpts from diplomatic correspondence and reports of political and military activities.
OCLC Record No.: 33341297
Extent: 7 linear feet
Language: English, Spanish
Repository: Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Born 1857 in Boscawen, New Hampshire; died 1930 in Brooklyn, New York. Educated at Dartmouth (B.A. 1877; M.A. 1881) and Union Theological Seminary (1879-1881). Smith worked for Charles Scribner's Sons publishers 1881-1883 and Ginn & Co. 1883-1898 (becoming a partner in 1890); he was Professor of Modern History at Dartmouth 1899-1908. He resigned his professorship in 1908 to pursue historical research, and published The Annexation of Texas in 1911 and The War with Mexico in 1919. For the latter he received the Pulitzer Prize for 1920 and the first Loubat Prize in 1923. From 1917 to 1923 Smith was chairman of the Historical Manuscripts Commission of the American Historical Association.


Scope and Contents Note

Transcriptions accumulated by Smith in the preparation of his works on the annexation of Texas and the U.S.-Mexico war of 1846-1848, as well as notes for publications, teaching, and speeches; page proofs from The War with Mexico; correspondence; a diary; and assorted material.

Transcriptions are of documents in archives, libraries, and private holdings in the United States, Mexico, Spain, France, England, and Cuba. They include excerpts from the correspondence of U.S. ministers, consuls, and Spanish agents in Mexico (1825-1848); diplomatic correspondence with England and France on relations between Mexico and the U.S. (1830-1848); reports of U.S. agents and others in Texas (1836-1845); reports of U.S. military operations in Mexico, California and New Mexico (1846-1848); materials about political, social, economic, and military conditions in Mexico from 1844 to 1848; letters from Antonio López de Santa Anna relating to the U.S.-Mexico war; and diaries and memoirs of participants and others. A few items relate to Smith's 1903 work, Arnold's march from Cambridge to Quebec, 1775-1776.

Correspondence dates from 1878 and 1897-1929 (bulk 1915-1929). Some letters pertain to the publication of Smith's works on Texas and Mexico; the rest concern various personal and professional matters. The diary dates from 1914-1920; although it consists of only 11 leaves, it contains entries relating to Smith's travels in pursuit of research, his progress in writing The War with Mexico, and his professional and social activities.

The date span covered by the information in the papers is 1825-1848; however, because the papers are comprised primarily of transcripts of archival holdings and of notes made by Smith, the papers physically date from 1878-1929.

Most materials are in English, with some items in Spanish.


Organized into five series:
  • I. Transcripts.
  • II. Notes.
  • III. Page proofs.
  • IV. Correspondence.
  • V. Diary and assorted material.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Smith, Justin Harvey, 1857-1930--Archives.
Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876.
Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801.
Subjects (Places)
Texas--History--Sources.
Mexico--Foreign relations--United States--1821-1861.
United States--Foreign relations--Mexico--To 1865.
Subjects (Topical)
Mexican War, 1846-1848.
Canadian Invasion, 1775-1776.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Justin H. Smith Collection, 1878-1929, Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisitions Information

The Justin H. Smith Collection was received by the Benson Latin American Collection from two sources. Twenty bound volumes of transcripts, as well as assorted other materials, were presented to UT by Galveston bookdealer, Michael M. Russell, in 1931. In 1980, the Antiquarian Society of Boston donated seven packages of note cards and one bound index.

Processing Information

The Justin H. Smith Collection was arranged into five series and described by staff members of the Benson Latin American Collection and of the Mexican Archives Project. The Mexican Archives Project staff completed the processing of the collection in April 1995.

Find aid initially prepared by the Mexican Archives Project, April 1995.

Alternate Form Available

The bulk of the materials are also available on microfilm in the Benson Latin American Collection.


Other Finding Aids

The following guide is available in the Benson Collection Rare Books Reference:

Castañeda, Carlos Eduardo, 1896-1958. Guide to the Latin American Manuscripts in the University of Texas Library.
Cambridge, Mass.,
Harvard University Press,
1939.


Series and Container List

1. Series, Transcripts of documents dated, 1825-1848
2.5 linear feet

box volume
1 Volume I Notes and documents relative to Arnold's march from Cambridge to Quebec, 1775-1776
9 folders
Volume II Correspondence of American ministers in Mexico, 1825-1829
8 folders
Volume III Correspondence of American ministers in Mexico, 1829-1844
6 folders
box volume
2 Volume IV Consular letters relative to conditions in Mexico, the Texas Question and California, 1833-1847
4 folders
Volume V Correspondence and reports of American agents and others in Texas, 1836-1845
14 folders
Volume VI Correspondence of American ministers in Mexico, 1845-1848
6 folders
box volume
3 Volume VII Diplomatic correspondence with England and France on relations between Mexico and the U.S., 1830-1848
3 folders
Volume VIII Diplomatic correspondence of Spanish agents/Letters of Santa Anna
Diplomatic correspondence of Spanish agents in Mexico on conditions of the country and progress of the war with the U.S. (5 folders) /Official letters of General Antonio López de Santa Anna relating to the war between the U.S. and Mexico (1 folder)
Volume IX American military operations in Mexico, 1846-1848
9 folders
Volume X American military operations in Mexico, 1846-1848
11 folders
box volume
4 Volume XI Military operations in Mexico / Advance from Point Isabel and Matamoros to northern states
4 folders
Volume XII Military operations in Mexico / Advance from Tampico and Veracruz to Mexico City
4 folders
Volume XIII Military operations in New Mexico and California, 1846-1848
8 folders
box volume
5 Volume XIV Diaries, recollections and memoirs of the War with Mexico, pt. 1
15 folders
Volume XV Diaries, recollections and memoirs of the War with Mexico, pt. 2
6 folders
Volume XVI Diaries, recollections and memoirs of the War with Mexico, pt. 3
11 folders
box volume
6 Volume XVII Political, social, economic, and military conditions in Mexico, pt. 1. 1844-1848
2 folders
Volume XVIII Political, social, economic, and military conditions in Mexico, pt. 2, 1844-1848
2 folders
Volume XIX Political, social, economic, and military conditions in Mexico, pt. 3, 1844-1848
6 folders
Volume XX Miscellaneous papers concerning the Mexican War
12 folders
box
7 Duplicate notes/ Drafts/Retypes
“Duplicate notes, G220” = W #9 Drafts of The War with Mexico, preface and Ch. I; W #9 (2); W #4 (2); W #4; W #8 Retypes. Notes on Monterey chapter of The War with Mexico.
box
8 Notes: Teaching notes; notes on readings; notes for The War with Mexico; assorted notes)
box
9 Notes: Guerra, 1846-1847
box
10 Notes: Guerra, Letters with Causa de Arista; Santa Anna letters, 1847-1848 and 1855
Index



2. Series, Notes and drafts

box
10 Notes and drafts,
3.5 feet



3. Series, Page proofs ofThe War with Mexico

box
11 Page proofs of The War with Mexico
2.5 inches



4. Series, Correspondence.

box
12 [ordm] Letterbook, 1878
Letter book (trip to Europe), 1878 March 30-1878 August 31
[ordm] Correspondence, 1897/1929
6 folders
Correspondence, 1897 April 20-1917 December 6
Correspondence, 1918 May 2-1918 November 11
Correspondence, 1919 May 10-1919 July 11
Correspondence, 1920 June 1-1927 September 22
Correspondence, 1928 May 4-1928 September 5
Correspondence, 1929 May 31-1929 September 3



box
12 5. Series, Diary, and assorted material, 1914-1920
Diary, 1914 January 1-1920 June
Literary notes, 1886 August 26
Literary notes, 1886 December 5
Literary notes, undated
Notes on India
Documents relating to Crisanto Rodriguez, 1898-1899
Massachusetts Historical Society. Proceedings, 1916 December-1917 January
Assorted materials
Assorted materials
Portland [Maine?] advertising flyer of undertaker Edward Holman
box
Oversized Map of Monterey, 1846 September
Music "Aires Nacionales Mexicanos"