An Inventory of His Collection at the Benson Latin American Collection
Military and political leader. Born 1811 in Guanajuato; died 1861 on the plains of Salazar, Mexico State. Scribe for a notary and for the Haceduría of the Cathedral in Morelia (1828-?). Imprisoned twice for insurgency (1836-1839?). Secretary of the Junta Subdirectora de Estudios of Michoacan and President of the Junta Directiva de Fomento de Artesanos (1846). Secretary of the Colegio de San Nicolas. Fought against Santa Anna and became a General. Deputy for the District of Michoacan at the Constitutional Congress of 1856-57. Governor of Jalisco (1857). Fought on the side of Benito Juarez in defense of the 1857 Constitution. Minister of War and Navy, General in Chief of the Federal Army (1858). Noted for his great organizational skill but not his military strategy, Degollado suffered many military defeats. His armies finally were victorious under the direction of Jesús González Ortega. Involved in the confiscation for military purposes of funds being sent out of the country by businessmen, Degollado was discharged from military command. He obtained reinstatement to avenge the execution of Melchor Ocampo and was killed in ambush by the forces of Leonardo Márquez on June 15, 1861.
Correspondence, literary productions, and decrees relating to Degollado's military and political career. Correspondence pertains primarily to Mexican military and political affairs, mostly from 1856 to 1861. Several letters in the collection, dated after Degollado's death, are addressed to Jesús González Ortega. A few items relate to the 1876 controversy between Santos Degollado's son, Mariano Degollado, and the son of Benito Juárez, also called Benito Juárez, concerning blame for the death of the elder Degollado. Literary productions describe Degollado's life and death. Two decrees dated 1858 and 1859 are from his tenure as Secretary of War and Navy and General-in-Chief of the Federal Army.
The materials are in Spanish.
Standard copyright restrictions apply.
Santos Degollado Collection, 1856-1907, Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.
The Santos Degollado Collection forms part of the Genaro García Collection, which was purchased by the University of Texas in 1921 from the heirs of Genaro García.
Described by the Benson Latin American Collection's Mexican Archives Project in December 1993.
Prepared by the Mexican Archives Project January 6, 1995.
The collection is also available on microfilm.
Other Finding Aids
The following guide is available in the Benson Latin American Collection Rare Books Reference: Castañeda, Carlos Eduardo, 1896-1958.Guide to the Latin American Manuscripts in the University of Texas Library.
Notes on Degollado-Juárez Dispute