Guide to the Mariano Azuela Papers
Mariano Azuela was a Mexican author and physician, best known for his fictional stories of the Mexican Revolution of 1910. He wrote novels, works for theatre, and literary criticism. His 20 novels chronicle almost every aspect of the Mexican Revolution.
Azuela was born in Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco, on January 1, 1873. He studied medicine in Guadalajara, Jalisco. Among Azuela's first published writing were some short pieces written in 1896 for the magazine Gil Blas Cómico, under the pen name of "Beleño" and the heading "Impressions of a Student." Azuela received his medical degree in 1899. He practiced medicine first in his home town of Lagos de Moreno, and later, after the Mexican revolution, in Mexico City. During his days in the Mexican Revolution, Dr. Azuela wrote about the war and its impact on Mexico. Like most of the young Liberals, he supported Francisco I. Madero’s uprising, which overthrew the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz. Under Madero he served as chief of political affairs in Lagos de Moreno and afterwards as state director of education in Jalisco. After Madero’s assassination, he joined the Constitutionalist cause that sought to restore the rule of law. He traveled with the military forces of Julián Medina, a follower of Pancho Villa, where he served as a field doctor and often wrote at the camp fire during forced marches. His participation in the conflict gave him ample material for writing.
He was forced for a time to emigrate to El Paso, Texas when the counterrevolutionary forces of Victoriano Huerta were temporarily triumphant. It was there he wrote Los de abajo (The Underdogs), his first-hand description of combat during the Mexican revolution. It depicted the futility of the revolution, based on his own experiences. He first published the novel as a serial in the newspaper El Paso de Norte from October – December 1915.
In 1916 he moved to Mexico City where, for the rest of his life, he continued his writing and worked as a doctor among the poor. Azuela was fundamentally a moralist, and his disappointment with the Revolution soon began to manifest itself. He had fought for a better Mexico, but he saw that the Revolution had given rise to injustices as equally deplorable as those the Revolution had sought to correct. Several of his novels from this period reflected his disillusionment with the revolutionary struggle and were critical of the new regime.
In 1942 Azuela received the Mexican national prize for literature. On April 8, 1943 he became a founding member of Mexico's National College. In 1949 he received the Mexican national prize for Arts and Sciences. He died in Mexico City on March 1, 1952 and was placed in a sepulchre of the Rotonda de los Hombres Ilustres
"Mariano Azuela, "Wikipedia, accessed May 14, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariano_Azuela
"Mariano Azuela,” "Encyclopaedia Britannica (online), accessed May 14, 2014. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/47063/Mariano-Azuela
"Mariano Azuela,” "http://www.penguin.com/author/mariano-azuela/1000001887, accessed May 14, 214.
"Mariano Azuela,” "http://www.farmworkers.org/azuela1.html , accessed May 14, 2014
The Mariano Azuela Papers contain a copy of his 1899 medical thesis and correspondence with the donor, his daughter Doña Julia Azuela de Toral.
The collection is open for research use. Materials may be viewed in the reading room of the P. I. Nixon Medical Historical Library, located on the 5th floor of the Briscoe Library at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
[Identification of item], in the Mariano Azuela Papers, MS 21, University Archives, UTHSC Libraries, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
Materials in this collection were donated in 1993 to the Library of the University of Texas Health Science Center by Doña Julia Azuela de Toral, daughter of Dr. Mariano Azuela.
Received as a donation from Doña Julia Azuela de Toral, daughter of Mariano Azuela, in 1993.
Finding aid created by: Anne Comeaux, May 15, 2014
Detailed Description of Collection