An Inventory of His Collection at the Harry Ransom Center
Gore Vidal was born Eugene Luther Gore Vidal in West Point, New York, on October 3, 1925, to Eugene Luther and Nina Vidal. Vidal shortened his name during his teen years to honor his maternal grandfather. After his parents divorced, Vidal lived with his mother and her new husband in northern Virginia and attended a series of boarding schools.
After graduating from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1943, Vidal joined the U.S. Army Reserve at age 17. Vidal wrote his first novel, Williwaw (1946), while in the hospital recovering from hypothermia. After being discharged from the army, Vidal went to work as an editor for E. P. Dutton and published his second novel, In a Yellow Wood (1947).
Vidal moved to a small house in Antigua, Guatemala, where he finished his next novel, The City and the Pillar (1948), whose homosexual theme was controversial. Many fellow authors praised Vidal's book while several critics and reviewers lambasted the work; the New York Times refused to review the work for almost 10 years.
Vidal traveled between Europe and New York for a period, publishing many works that were well received abroad, including A Search for the King (1950), Dark Green, Bright Red (1950), The Judgment of Paris (1952), and Messiah (1954). Despite his success abroad, Vidal's work was continuously ignored by the American press.
Vidal started writing mystery novels under the pseudonym of Edgar Box, and the Box novels were generally well received by American readers. Vidal then turned to television as a new medium and would go on to write 20 teledramas. Vidal accepted an offer from MGM to see how movies were made in the old studio system, and whilst in Hollywood wrote screenplays for several films.
Vidal's mother divorced his stepfather, Hugh D. Auchincloss, in the 1940s. Auchincloss remarried to Janet Lee Bouvier, whose daughter Jacqueline moved into Vidal's old room. When Jacqueline married John F. Kennedy later in life, Kennedy was excited to meet his wife's famous literary connection. Vidal's experiences with the backstage workings of the 1960 Democratic National Convention later inspired him to write the screenplay The Best Man (1964). After a brief stint in the political world, Vidal moved to Italy to escape the constricting Washington D.C. atmosphere and to work on his latest novel, Julian (1964).
Vidal experimented with many types of literary genres, writing works as varied as Washington D.C. (1967), the controversial Myra Breckinridge (1968), many novels concerning American history, several satires including Duluth (1983), and two volumes of memoirs, Palimpsest (1995) and Point to Point Navigation (2006).
Vidal died of pneumonia on July 31, 2012.
The Gore Vidal Collection contains manuscript works and correspondence written by Vidal, as well as manuscripts for "Conversations with Gore Vidal" by Eugene Walter. The collection is arranged in two series: I. Works, 1953-1970, undated; and II. Outgoing Correspondence, 1946-1963. This collection was previously accessible through a card catalog, but has been recataloged as part of a retrospective conversion project.
The Works series is subdivided into two subseries and includes works by Vidal in Subseries A. The works are arranged alphabetically by title and encompass manuscripts and/or proofs for ten works by Vidal, including seven novels, two plays, and one screenplay. Titles represented are The Best Man, The City and the Pillar, Death Likes It Hot, An Evening with Richard Nixon, Julian, Messiah, Myra Breckinridge, Two Sisters, Washington D.C., and Weekend. Subseries B. contains manuscripts and proofs for a single work regarding Vidal, "Conversations with Gore Vidal" by Eugene Walter.
Series II. consists almost entirely of outgoing letters written by Vidal and is arranged alphabetically by recipient name. The major correspondents include Oliver Evans, David Loomis, and Eugene Walter. A single letter from Anaïs Nin to an unidentified recipient praises Vidal's Williwaw. All correspondent names are included in the Index of Correspondents in this finding aid.
Open for research
Gift and purchases, 1966-1975 (R3069, R3347, R4498, R6198, R6331, R6832)
Michael Ramsey, 2010