Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

For further information about the life and work of Adrienne Kennedy, see

Description of Series

Series I. Works, circa 1954-1995 (8 boxes)

Series II. Career Papers, circa 1963-1997 (4 boxes, 4 oversize folders)

Series I. Works, circa 1954-1995

Series II. Career Papers, circa 1963-1997

Index

University of Texas, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

Adrienne Kennedy:

An Inventory of Her Papers at the Harry Ransom Center



Descriptive Summary

Creator Kennedy, Adrienne, 1931-
Title Adrienne Kennedy Papers
Dates: circa 1954-1997
Abstract The papers document Kennedy's evolution from an aspiring writer to a successful playwright, and include manuscripts for plays, short stories, memoirs, and novels, though film and television projects are also present. The papers also contain correspondence, manuscripts and publications about Kennedy, production materials from her plays, and sound and video recordings.
Call Number: Manuscript Collection MS-00067
Extent 12 boxes, 4 oversize folders (osf) (5.04 linear feet)
Language English.
Repository Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Playwright and educator Adrienne Kennedy, the daughter of Cornell Wallace Hawkins and Etta Haugabook Hawkins, was born on September 13, 1931, in Pittsburgh, PA. Kennedy grew up in Cleveland, OH, where her parents moved four years after her birth. She received her B.A. from Ohio State University in 1952, and married Joseph C. Kennedy on May 15, 1953, with whom she had two sons, Joseph Jr. and Adam. After moving to New York, Kennedy studied creative writing at Columbia University (1954-1956), American Theatre Wing (1958), and later with Edward Albee at Circle-in-the-Square School (1962). She has also taught creative writing at Yale University, Princeton University, the University of California at Berkeley, and the University of California at Davis.

Kennedy is an African-American dramatist whose early works utilize a surrealist perspective. Though she has mentioned Tennessee Williams and Federico García Lorca as two of her favorite playwrights, at least one critic has noted a kinship with Jean Cocteau in certain of her works. Her richly symbolic plays deal with racial, sexual, and religious themes, and are often "disarmingly autobiographical." Kennedy calls her plays "states of mind," written while images "fiercely pound in (her) head." Frequently the characters and images that appear in her plays are drawn from the mythical and historical past, or from her own memories and dreams. The landscape of her plays has been peopled by figures as unlikely as Queen Victoria, Leonardo da Vinci, Jesus Christ, Shakespeare, Chaucer, Galileo, Beethoven, Charlie Chaplin, Bette Davis, Shelley Winters, and even rats (in A Rat's Mass, inspired by a particularly vivid dream). Powerful African and African-American figures in her work include Patrice Lumumba, Malcolm X, and sniper James Essex.

Kennedy's best known play, Funnyhouse of a Negro, was begun in 1961 while traveling in Africa, and was the first of her plays to be produced. It opened off-Broadway in 1964 with great success and won an Obie Award. During the next several years, Kennedy was the recipient of numerous fellowships and grants (Guggenheim, Rockefeller, National Endowment for the Arts, etc.), writing a number of plays, most of which were professionally produced in major theaters in the United States and Europe. Among her plays are The Owl Answers (1963), A Rat's Mass (1966), The Lennon Play: in His Own Write (1967), Lesson in a Dead Language (1968), A Beast's Story (1969), An Evening with Dead Essex (1973), A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White (1976), She Talks to Beethoven (1989), and Ohio State Murders (1990). In 1996, she co-wrote Sleep Deprivation Chamber with her son Adam P. Kennedy, and in 2018 she premiered He Brought Her Heart Back in a Box at Theatre for a New Audience. She has also written children's plays (Black Children's Day and A Lancashire Lad, both 1980), a novella ( Deadly Triplets, 1990), and a memoir ( People Who Led to My Plays, 1987).

Published collections of her works include Adrienne Kennedy in One Act (1988), The Alexander Plays (1992), and The Adrienne Kennedy Reader (2001).

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Scope and Contents

The papers of Adrienne Kennedy, circa 1954-1997, document her evolution from an aspiring writer to a successful playwright. The collection has been arranged into two series, Works, circa 1954-1995 (8 boxes) and Career Papers, circa 1963-1997 (4 boxes). The dominant Works series consists of Kennedy's manuscripts for plays, short stories, memoirs, and novels, though film and television projects are also present. The Career Papers contribute to further knowledge of and understanding of Kennedy and her work through award certificates, biographical data, contracts, correspondence, manuscripts and publications about Adrienne Kennedy, production materials from her plays, publicity, reviews, royalty statements, and sound and video recordings.

All of Kennedy's plays through 1996 are represented in this collection, from her Obie Award winning Funnyhouse of a Negro (1964) to drafts of, Sleep Deprivation Chamber (1996). Additionally, manuscripts for several unproduced or incomplete plays are present: "Letters,""Starring Galileo,""Film Festival,""Manhattan Mystery Comedy," and an untitled play about George Jackson. Manuscripts dating from Kennedy's beginnings as a writer in the 1950s include the plays The "Pale Blue Flowers,""The Tiger and the Tomboy," and "The Virgin Maggie." There are also several short story and novel manuscripts from this early period, plus two short stories from the 1960s. Other writings in the collection include the memoir People Who Led to My Plays , the essays "Letter to My Students on My Sixty-First Birthday by Suzanne Alexander" and "Secret Paragraphs about My Brother", and film treatments and screenplays (one of which is about Robert Johnson), as well as television ideas and proposals. The works exist as notebooks, hand written and typed notes, outlines, proposals, and drafts of manuscripts, playscripts, a film treatment, and screenplays, as well as galleys, page proofs, and photocopies of publications.

The correspondence, 1963-1997, generally concerns Kennedy's career as a playwright, writer, and educator, though some correspondence is of a more personal nature. Significant correspondents include Edward Albee, Imamu Amiri Baraka, Gwendolyn Brooks, Ed Bullins, Joseph Chaikin, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Gerald Freedman, Nikki Giovanni, Elizabeth Hardwick, James Earl Jones, Michael Kahn, Elia Kazan, Galt MacDermot, Theodore Mann, William Marshall, Mike Nichols, Joseph Papp, Harold Pinter, Ishmael Reed, Jerome Robbins, John Selby, Victor Spinetti, Fay Weldon, Edgar White, Audrey Wood, and others.

Documentation of various productions of Ms. Kennedy's plays, 1963-1992, is also present in the form of brochures, cast lists, clippings, contact lists, drawings, flyers, musical scores, photographs, posters, programs, publicity, rehearsal schedules, reviews, scripts, sound and video recordings, tickets, etc.

Beyond the study of Adrienne Kennedy, her work, and the production of her plays, the papers provide insight into broader topics such as African-American writers, 20th century drama, surrealism, racial identity and conflict, autobiography, and cultural influences on literary works.

The bulk of the Kennedy Papers were processed at the Ransom Center in 1994. Several smaller additions were added in 2018. The additional materials are physically housed in boxes at the end of the collection, but described within the container list in intellectual order with the previously processed materials.

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research. Researchers must create an online Research Account and agree to the Materials Use Policy before using archival materials.

Use Policies:

Ransom Center collections may contain material with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in the collections without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the Ransom Center and The University of Texas at Austin assume no responsibility.

Restrictions on Use:

Authorization for publication is given on behalf of the University of Texas as the owner of the collection and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder which must be obtained by the researcher. For more information please see the Ransom Center's Open Access and Use Policies.

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Index terms

Correspondents
Albee, Edward, 1928-2016.
Baraka, Imanu Amiri, 1934-2014.
Brooks, Gwendolyn, 1917-2000.
Bullins, Ed.
Chaikin, Joseph, 1935-2003.
Davis, Ossie.
Dee, Ruby.
Freedman, Gerald.
Giovanni, Nikki.
Hardwick, Elizabeth.
Jones, James Earl.
Kahn, Michael.
Kazan, Elia.
MacDermot, Galt.
Mann, Theodore.
Marshall, William, 1924-2003.
Nichols, Mike.
Papp, Joseph.
Pinter, Harold, 1930-2008.
Reed, Ishmael, 1938- .
Robbins, Jerome.
Selby, John.
Spinetti, Victor.
Taylor, Cecil, 1933-2018.
Weldon, Fay.
White, Edgar, 1947- .
Wood, Audrey, 1905-1985.
Subjects
African American authors.
African American women--Drama.
African Americans--Race identity.
American drama--20th century.
American drama--Afro-American authors.
American drama--Women authors.
Autobiography--Afro-American authors.
Dramatists, American--20th century.
Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.).
Jackson, George, 1941-1971.
Johnson, Robert, d. 1938- .
Race relations.
Surrealism.
Women--drama.
Document Types
First drafts.
Galley proofs.
Photographs.
Scores.
Screenplays.
Scripts.
Sound recordings.
Video recordings.

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Related Material

The Gerard Malanga Collection at the Ransom Center includes 22 letters from Kennedy to Malanga, 1962-1965, and a typescript draft of Funnyhouse of a Negro. Additional Kennedy correspondence is located in the Center's Mel Gussow Papers. Other Kennedy materials are located in the Center's Lois More Overbeck Collection of Adrienne Kennedy.

The New York Public Library also holds records relating to Kennedy's productions - especially within the collections of the New York Shakespeare Festival, Circle in the Square, and the papers of Lucille Lortel.

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Separated Material

One audio tape of The Owl Answers was transferred to the Ransom Center Sound Recordings Collection.

One video tape of The Owl Answers and one video tape of "Adrienne Kennedy: Live at Brown University, 1991" were transferred to the Ransom Center Moving Image Collection.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition

Purchases, 1992-1995 (92-05-009-P, 94-20-016-P, 95-07-013-P); Gifts, 1996-1998 (96-07-010-T, 98-07-001-G)

Processed by

Joan Sibley, 1994; Stephen Mielke, 2018

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For further information about the life and work of Adrienne Kennedy, see

Bryant-Jackson, Paul K. and Lois More Overbeck. Intersecting Boundaries: The Theatre of Adrienne Kennedy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992.

Kennedy, Adrienne. People Who Led to My Plays. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1987.

Wilkerson, Margaret B. "Adrienne Kennedy", in The Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 38: Afro-American Writers after 1955. Detroit: Gale, 1985.

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Series Descriptions

Series I. Works, circa 1954-1995 (8 boxes)

Manuscripts of works by Adrienne Kennedy date from her earliest experiments with writing in the early 1950s to her most recent publications of the 1990s. These manuscripts consist predominately of plays, though short stories, novels, a novella, memoirs, film treatments and screenplays, and ideas and proposals for television are also present. Materials include hand written notebooks, hand written and typed notes, outlines, proposals, and drafts of manuscripts, playscripts, a film treatment, and screenplays, as well as galleys, page proofs, and occasional photocopies of items which appeared in various journals.
Among the earliest (and as yet unpublished) items in the collection are manuscripts for a play, "The Pale Blue Flowers," and notes and/or drafts for two untitled novels. The "Virgin Maggie," another early work, exists in both novel and play versions. Other early manuscripts include the novel "Ben Halfin," several short stories, a play "The Tiger and the Tomboy," and a writing exercise listing words from a favorite childhood story, "Blondine."
All of Kennedy's major works to 1996 are represented in the collection: Funnyhouse of a Negro (including a screenplay version), The Owl Answers, A Rat's Mass, The Lennon Play: In His Own Write, Lesson in a Dead Language, Sun, A Beast's Story, Boats, An Evening with Dead Essex, A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White, A Lancashire Lad, Black Children's Day, Diary of Lights, People Who Led to My Plays, She Talks to Beethoven, Deadly Triplets, Ohio State Murders, The Film Club, The Dramatic Circle. Motherhood 2000, June and Jean in Concert, and Sleep Deprivation Chamber. Several unproduced or incomplete plays are also included, among them "Letters,""Starring Galileo,""Film Festival,""Manhattan Mystery Comedy," and an untitled play about Soledad prisoner George Jackson. Other works represented are short stories ( "Milena's Wedding" and "Stones"), the memoir People Who Led to My Plays (including what appear to be earlier versions of this work), the essays "Letter to My Students on My Sixty-First Birthday by Suzanne Alexander" and "Secret Paragraphs about My Brother", film treatments and screenplays (one of which is about blues musician Robert Johnson), as well as television ideas and proposals ( "Adventures of M. Kaiser V" and "Because of the King of France").
The manuscripts, frequently a mix of hand written and typed pages, are often heavily revised. Some, such as the manuscripts for An Evening with Dead Essex and the play about George Jackson, also include extensive paste-up clippings as part of the text.
The manuscripts are arranged alphabetically by title, with untitled manuscripts located at the end of the series. For each title, identifying information has been supplied in brackets to indicate the genre and date of first production (if a play) or publication. Terms and dates used to describe the individual manuscripts have been derived from Ms. Kennedy's own descriptions, variously supplied in a hand list which came with the collection, on manila envelopes which contained the manuscripts, or on the manuscripts themselves.

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Series II. Career Papers, circa 1963-1997 (4 boxes, 4 oversize folders)

The remainder of the papers in this collection include award certificates, biographical data, contracts, correspondence, manuscripts and publications about Adrienne Kennedy, production materials from her plays, publicity, reviews, royalty statements, and sound and video recordings, dating from about 1963 through 1992. Most of the materials in this series were found in largely unorganized folders marked "Clippings,""Correspondence,""Letters,""Miscellaneous," or "Publicity." They have been arranged into the following subseries: Awards & Honors, 1963-1990; Biographical Information, undated; Contracts, 1963-1991; Correspondence, 1963-1997; Financial Information, 1969-1992; Lectures, Readings & Workshops, 1977-1990; Production Materials, 1963-1992; Publications, 1968-1992; Writers' Organizations, 1963-1976; and Writings about Adrienne Kennedy, 1966-1992. Only one folder of material represents each of these categories, with the exception of the following described subseries.
The Correspondence subseries is contained in six folders and has been arranged alphabetically by author. Significant correspondents include Edward Albee, Imamu Amiri Baraka, Gwendolyn Brooks, Ed Bullins, Joseph Chaikin, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Gerald Freedman, Nikki Giovanni, Elizabeth Hardwick, James Earl Jones, Michael Kahn, Elia Kazan, Galt MacDermot, Theodore Mann, William Marshall, Mike Nichols, Joseph Papp, Harold Pinter, Ishmael Reed, Jerome Robbins, John Selby, Victor Spinetti, Fay Weldon, Edgar White, Audrey Wood, and others. Much of the correspondence concerns various productions of Kennedy's plays or publication of her work, though some letters are more personal in nature. Of note are two letters from Kennedy to Cathy Henderson at the Ransom Center: a 1996 letter describing events leading to the sale of her papers, and a 1997 letter describing how she wrote her play Funnyhouse of a Negro.
An index of all correspondents appears at the end of this inventory.
The Production Materials, occupying one box, consist of all materials other than manuscripts or correspondence that concern various productions of Ms. Kennedy's plays. Included are such items as brochures, cast lists, clippings, contact lists, drawings, flyers, musical scores, photographs, posters, programs, publicity, rehearsal schedules, reviews, scripts, sound and video recordings, tickets, etc. These are organized alphabetically by the name of the play. For each play, the materials have been arranged chronologically insofar as possible. Funnyhouse of a Negro is the most fully documented play in this subseries, with several productions from 1963 to 1986 represented. The only play for which audio and sound recordings exist in this collection is The Owl Answers, as directed by Rhonda Ross in 1991. The materials for A Rat's Mass also include a music score by Cecil Taylor for a 1976 production. Only two plays are represented by production photographs, Funnyhouse of a Negro and Sun.
The six folders of the Publications subseries are organized alphabetically by the title of the published work and contain book catalogs, book jackets, publicity, reviews, photocopies of title pages, etc., for several of Ms. Kennedy's works. The recent autobiographical People Who Led to My Plays is the most fully documented publication in this subseries.
Writings about Adrienne Kennedy, 1966-1992, includes manuscripts and photocopies of published articles, interviews, papers, and one thesis concerning Kennedy and her work. These works are arranged alphabetically by author in eleven folders.

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Adrienne Kennedy Papers--Folder List

Series I. Works, circa 1954-1995

Container
12.1 Adrienne Kennedy, 1931- : A Theatre Journal [biographical essay, 1994]. Photocopy typed draft with printer's marks, circa 1994
Container
1.1 Adrienne Kennedy in One Act [collection of plays including Funnyhouse of a Negro, The Owl Answers, The Owl Answers, A Lesson in a Dead Language, A Rat's Mass, Sun, A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White, Electra, and Orestes 1988]. Page proofs, 1988
Container
1.2 Adventures of M. Kaiser V [television proposal, 1972]. Typed proposal, undated
Container
1.3 The Alexander Plays [collection of plays The Film Club, The Ohio State Murders, and She Talks to Beethoven, 1992]. Galleys, undated
A Beast's Story [play, 1969]
Container
1.4-5 Hand written and typed first draft, undated
Container
1.6 New York Shakespeare Festival script, [1969]
Container
2.1 Because of the King of France [television idea, undated]. Typed outline, undated
Container
2.2 Ben Halfin [novel, 1956]. Typed draft, incomplete, undated
Container
2.3 Black Children's Day [play, 1980]. Reproduced script, 1988
Container
2.4 [Blondine] [writing exercise, 1955]. Hand written list of words from fairy tale "Blondine" and notes for a story, 1955
Container
2.5 Boats [play, 1969]. First completed hand written draft, undated
Cities in Bezique. See A Beast's Story and The Owl Answers
Deadly Triplets [novella Deadly Triplets and journal "Theater Journal," 1990]
Container
2.6 Original hand written and typed draft, 1985-1987
Container
2.7-8 First typed copy, 1985-1989
Container
2.9 Partial hand written and typed draft, 1985
Galleys, 1989
Container
2.10 "Theater Journal" and Introduction to Deadly Triplets, 1989
Container
2.11 Deadly Triplets, 1991
Diary of Lights [musical play, 1987]
Container
2.12 Hand written and typed notes, 1974
Container
2.13 Typed draft, undated
The Dramatic Circle [radio play, 1991]
Container
3.1 Hand written and typed notes, 1991
Container
3.2 Setting copy, undated
An Evening with Dead Essex [play, 1973]
Container
3.3-4 Hand written and typed notes, 1973
Container
3.5 First complete hand written draft, undated
Container
3.6 First typed draft with paste-up clippings, undated
Container
3.7 Working script, undated
Container
3.8 Photocopy from Yale Review, 1970s
The Film Club [monologue, 1990]
Container
3.9 Hand written and typed draft, 1990
Galleys--See The Alexander Plays
Container
3.10 Film Festival [musical, 1984]. Typed draft of book for an unproduced musical, 1984
Container
3.11 Freddy Silver [screenplay, 1970]. Hand written draft, undated
Funnyhouse of a Negro [play, 1962]
Container
3.12 Hand written and typed draft of story that led to Funnyhouse of a Negro, undated
Container
3.13 Hand written and typed notes and first draft, 1961
Container
3.14 Photocopy of Danish translation En negers komediehus from Vindrosen, 1965
Container
3.15-16 Screenplay, 1970. Hand written and typed drafts, undated
Container
11.4 June and Jean in Concert [play, 1995]. Incomplete handwritten and printout composit draft, circa 1995
Container
4.1 A Lancashire Lad [play, 1980]. Photocopy of typed draft, 1979-1980
The Lennon Play: In His Own Write [play, 1967]
Container
4.2 Hand written and typed draft, 1966
Container
4.3 Hand written and typed first draft, 1966
Lesson in a Dead Language [play, 1968]
Container
4.4 Hand written and typed notes that led to Lesson in a Dead Language, 1964
Container
4.5 Hand written first draft, 1964
Letter to My Students on My Sixty-First Birthday by Suzanne Alexander [essay, 1992]. Hand written drafts, 1969
Container
11.4 Photocopy proofs with handwritten corrections, 1993
Container
11.5 Published edition, Kenyon Review, vol XV, no 2, 1993
Container
4.6-7 Letters [play, 1969]. Hand written drafts, 1969
Container
4.8 Manhattan Mystery Comedy ["cartoon" play, undated]. Hand written draft, undated
Container
4.9 Milena's Wedding [short story, 1960]. Photocopy of typed draft, undated
Motherhood 2000 [short play 1994]
Container
11.7 Handwritten draft, 1994
Container
11.8 Photocopy typed draft with handwritten corrections, 1994
A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White [play, 1976]
Container
4.10 Hand written and typed notes, 1976
Container
4.11 Hand written and typed notes and rough draft, undated
Container
4.12 Hand written and typed draft, undated
Container
4.13 New York Shakespeare Festival reproduced script, [1976]
Container
4.14 Photocopy of text as published in Wordplays 3, [1984]
Container
4.15 My Poems and Stories [7 short stories including "Chapter," "Terribly in Love," "A Soul's First Love, Balon," "Lydia's Beloved," and three untitled stories, plus one play, "The Tiger and the Tomboy," 1950s; "Chapter" may be part of work The Virgin Maggie]. Typed drafts, 1950s
Ohio State Murders [play, 1990]
Container
4.16 Hand written and typed notes, 1990
Container
5.1 Hand written and typed original draft, 1990
Galleys--See The Alexander Plays
The Owl Answers [play, 1963]
Container
5.2 Hand written draft of story that led to The Owl Answers, 1960
Container
5.3 Hand written and typed draft of part of a story that became The Owl Answers, 1960
Container
5.4 Hand written and typed notes to first draft, 1962
Container
5.5 New York Shakespeare Festival reproduced script, [1969]
The Pale Blue Flowers [play, 1954-1955]
Container
5.6-7 Hand written notebooks, 1954
Container
5.8 Hand written and typed early notes and drafts, 1954-1955
Container
5.9 Typed first completed draft, 1954-1955
People Who Led to My Plays [memoir, 1987; see also Sketches, which may be an early version].
Container
5.10, 6.1-2 Hand written notes, 1985
Container
6.3-4 Photocopy of typed draft, 1985-1986
Container
6.5-6 Incomplete Knopf proof, 1986
Container
6.7 Proofs, 1987
Container
7.1 Working script, 1988
A Rat's Mass [play, 1966]
Container
7.2 Hand written and typed notes, first and second drafts, 1963
Container
7.3 Hand written and typed notes and part of first draft, 1963
Container
7.4 Reproduced working script, undated
Robert Johnson [film treatment, 1983]
Container
7.5 Photocopy of typed film treatment, incomplete, undated
Container
7.6 Photocopy of typed film treatment, 1983
Container
12.2 Secret Paragraphs about My Brother [essay, 1996]. Handwritten draft, 1995
She Talks to Beethoven [play, 1989]
Container
7.7 First typed draft, 1987
Container
7.8 Hand written partial draft, 1989
Galleys--See The Alexander Plays
Container
7.9 Sketches-People in Theatre [memoir, 1981; see also People Who Led to My Plays]. Typed draft, 1981
Container
7.10 "Sketches: People I Have Met in the Theater" [memoir, 1986; see also People Who Led to My Plays]. Photocopy of text from unidentified publication [ "from Al Young, Ishmael Reed's Quilt, 1986"]
Sleep Deprivation Chamber [play, 1996]
Container
11.9 Hand written and typed composite draft, 1994
Container
11.10 Typed draft with handwritten corrections, 1995
Starring Galileo [libretto for a musical cartoon, 1971-1972]
Container
7.11 Hand written notebook, 1971-1972
Container
7.12 Hand written draft, undated
Container
7.13 Hand written and typed first and second drafts, 1971-1972
Container
7.14 Stones [story, 1965]. Hand written draft, 1965
Sun: A Poem for Malcolm X Inspired by His Murder [play, 1968]
Container
7.15 Hand written and typed notes and first draft, 1969
Container
7.16 Photocopy as published in Scripts 1, [1971]
The Virgin Maggie [novel, 1955-1957; play 1957]
Container
7.17 Hand written notes for novel, 1955
Container
8.1 Hand written and typed notes and draft, 1955
Container
8.2 Hand written and typed notes and draft, 1956
Container
8.3-5 Hand written and typed draft, incomplete, 1955-1957
Typed draft--See My Early Poems and Stories ( "Chapter")
Container
8.6 Typed playscript, incomplete, 1957
Untitled Works, 1954-1972
Container
8.7 Typed draft of novel about New York, 1954-1955
Container
8.8 Typed draft of novel about New York, 1957
Container
8.9 Typed outline for novel about Cleveland, 1956-1957
Container
8.10 Hand written notes for novel about Cleveland, undated
Container
8.11 Hand written and typed notes with clippings for a play about George Jackson, 1972

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Series II. Career Papers, circa 1963-1997

Container
8.12 Awards & Honors. Certificates and clippings, 1963-1990, undated
Container
8.13 Biographical Information, undated
Contracts
1963-1991
1992-1995
Correspondence, 1963-1992
Container
9.1 A-C
Container
9.2, 12.9-10 D-K
Container
9.3 M-R
Container
9.4 S-W
Container
9.5 Unidentified
Container
9.6 Invitations, 1964-1974, undated
Container
9.7 Financial Information, royalty statements1969-1992
Lectures, Readings, & Workshops
Clippings and publicity, 1977-1990
Plays by Adrienne Kennedy's Harvard students, 1991
Production Materials, 1963-1992
Container
9.9 A Beast's Story, undated
Container
9.10 Black Children's Day, 1980-1988
Container
9.11 Cities in Bezique [A Beast's Story, The Owl Answers], 1968-1969
Container
9.12 Diary of Lights, 1987, undated
Container
9.13 The Dramatic Circle, 1991
Container
9.14 Electra and Orestes, 1981
Container
9.15 An Evening with Dead Essex, 1973-1974
Container
9.16 Funnyhouse of a Negro, 1963-1986, undated
Container
9.17 A Lancashire Lad, 1980
Container
9.18 The Lennon Play: In His Own Write, 1967-1989
Container
9.19 Lesson in a Dead Language, 1971
Container
9.20 A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White, 1976-1985
Container
10.1, osf 1 Ohio State Murders1990-1992
Container
10.2 The Owl Answers, 1963-1991
Container
10.3, osf 2 A Rat's Mass, 1966-1976
Container
10.4, osf 3 She Talks to Beethoven, 1989-1991
Container
10.5 Solo Voyages [excerpts from The Owl Answers, A Rat's Mass, A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White], 1985
Container
10.6, osf 4 Sun: A Poem for Malcolm X Inspired by His Murder, undated
Promotional materials, 1993-1995
Publications, 1968-1992
Container
10.7 Adrienne Kennedy in One Act, 1988-1991
Container
10.8 The Alexander Plays, 1992
Container
10.9 Deadly Triplets, 1990
Container
10.10 The Lennon Play: In His Own Write, 1968
Container
10.11 People Who Led To My Plays, 1987-1992
Container
10.12 Miscellaneous, undated
Container
10.13 Writers' Organizations, 1963-1976
Writings about Adrienne Kennedy, 1966-1992, undated
Container
10.14 Blanchard, Ruth Lucyle. [excerpt of paper about "Ohio State Murders"] 1992
Container
10.15 Diamond, Elin. "An Interview with Adrienne Kennedy," 1989
Container
10.16 Friedman, Paula. "The Colonizing Power of Symbols: Adrienne Kennedy's Plays,"undated
Container
10.17 Jackson, Paul K. & Lois More Overbeck. [ "Adrienne Kennedy: An Interview"], 1990
Container
10.18 Lasker, David. "Adrienne Kennedy's Funnyhouse of a Negro: The Dream-Play as Form," 1974
Container
10.19 Lehman, Lisa. A Growth of Images, 1977
Container
12.5 Mahone, Sydne. [Interview with Adrienne Kennedy], 1993
Container
10.20 Ogunbiyi, Yemi. [Interview with Adrienne Kennedy], 1975
Container
10.21 Shafzin, Nick. "In Her Own Words: Award-winning Playwright Adrienne Kennedy," 1988
Container
11.1 Sollors, Werner. "Owls, Rats, and Other Beasts in the American Funnyhouse: Adrienne Kennedy's Autobiography and Drama," 1990
Container
11.02 Thomas, Cathy. "The Daughter and Her Journey of Self-Definition in the Familial Plays of Adrienne Kennedy," honors thesis, 1985
Thesis and papers on work of Adrienne Kennedy, 1986-1993
High school and college papers on Adrienne Kennedy and her work, 1992-1993
Container
11.3 Miscellaneous, 1966-1995, undated

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Index of Correspondents

  • Alder, Kurt Herbert (San Francisco Opera)--9.1
  • Agena, Kathleen (Creative Artists Public Service Program)--9.1
  • Albee, Edward, 1928-2016 --7.9 (Pisces Productions); --9.1 (Theater 1964)
  • Ardery, Ben B., Jr.--9.1
  • Arkin, Alan--9.1
  • Aschenberg, Bridget (International Creative Management, Inc.)--12.3
  • Ash, Alan--9.1
  • Atkinson, Clinton (Lucille Lortel)--9.1
  • Atlee, Howard (Howard Atlee Associates)--9.1
  • Axelrod, Elliot (William Morris Agency)--9.1
  • Babbidge, Homer D. (Yale University. Timothy Dwight College)--9.1
  • Balch, Marston (National Theatre Conference)--9.1
  • Ball, David (The Guthrie Theater)--9.1
  • Baraka, Imamu Amiri, 1934-2014 (Congress of Afrikan People)--9.1
  • Barnett, Claudia (The Ohio State University)--12.3
  • Barr, Richard (Theater 1964)--9.1
  • Barrios Herrero, Olga, 1958- --9.1
  • Ben-Zvi, Linda (The Samuel Beckett Society)--9.1
  • Bentley, Paul (Margaret Ramsay Ltd.)--9.1
  • Bill, Mary (Great Lakes Theatre Festival)--9.1
  • Blassingame, John W., 1940- (Yale University)--9.1
  • Blau, Herbert (The Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center, Inc.)--9.1
  • Bond, Edward--9.1
  • Bowen, William G. (Princeton University)--9.1
  • Bridson, D. G. (British Broadcasting Corporation)--9.1
  • Brooks, Gwendolyn, 1917-2000 --9.1
  • Brustein, Robert Sanford, 1927- (Yale Repertory Theatre)--9.1
  • Bullins, Ed--9.1
  • Cahill, Elizabeth (Who's Who in America)--9.1
  • Carlisle, Henry, 1926- (PEN American Center)--9.1
  • Chaikin, Joseph, 1935-2003 (Performing Artservices, Inc.)--9.1
  • Chambers, Henry, Jr. (Yale University)--9.1
  • Channing, Susan R. (Massachusetts Arts And Humanities Foundation, Inc.)--9.1
  • Christ, Carol T. (University of California, Berkeley)--9.1
  • Class Magazine--9.1
  • Cochran, Terry (University of Minnesota)--2.7
  • Cummings, Scott T. (Theatre Three)--9.1
  • Dash, Robert (Noonday Press)--2.2 [on verso of manuscript page]
  • Davis, Ossie--9.2
  • Dee, Ruby--9.2
  • Dempster, Curt (The Ensemble Studio Theatre)--9.2
  • Doares, Juanita S. (New York Public Library. Library & Museum of the Performing Arts)--9.2
  • Domoff, Dan [AK to Domoff]--10.20
  • Epstein, Helen, 1947- --12.3
  • Fernandez, Isabelle (Creative Artists Public Service Program)--9.2
  • Fielding, Claude E. (Crawley & de Reya)--9.2
  • Flanagan, William--9.2
  • Fleischer, Mary (Marymount Manhattan College)--9.2
  • Freedman, Gerald (Great Lakes Theater Festival)--9.2
  • Freeman, Lisa (University of Minnesota)--9.2
  • Gardner, Bonnie Milne (Ohio Wesleyan)--9.2
  • Gillis, Jeanne--9.2
  • Giovanni, Nikki--9.2
  • Grey, Joel--9.2
  • Hacker, Marilyn, 1942- (The Kenyon Review)--12.3
  • Halpern, Eric (Johns Hopkins University Press)--12.3
  • Hanks, Nancy, 1927-1983 (National Council on the Arts)--9.2
  • Hardwick, Elizabeth (PEN American Center)--9.2
  • Harvey, Helen--9.2
  • Henderson, Cathy, 1955- [AK to Henderson]--12.9-10
  • Heyman, Susan--9.2
  • [Hoffman], Dustin, 1937- --9.2
  • House, Warren (Harvard University)--12.3
  • Hovious, Jeanlee M. (University of Minnesota)--9.2
  • Howard, Camille Cole--8.20
  • Hunzinger, Stefani (S. Fischer Verlag)--9.2
  • Jackson, Caroline B. (Oberlin College. Theater and Dance Program)--9.2
  • Jackson, Paul K.--10.17
  • Jones, Barbara Rice (PEN American Center)--9.2
  • Jones, Derek--9.2
  • Jones, James Earl--9.2
  • Kahan, Robert (Samuel French, Inc.)--9.2
  • Kahn, Michael (The Shakespeare Theatre at the Folger)--9.2
  • Kaye, Phyllis Johnson (The O'Neill Theater Center)--9.2
  • Kazan, Elia--9.2
  • Kiely, Robert (Harvard University. Adams House)--9.2
  • Kinsman, Clare D. (Contemporary Authors)--9.2
  • Klein, Howard (The Rockefeller Foundation)--9.2
  • Knowles, John H. (The Rockefeller Foundation)--9.2
  • Kolin, Philip C. (University of Southern Mississippi)--12.3
  • Kümmel, Britta (Danmarks Radio)--8.14
  • Lennon, John, 1940- [AK to Lennon]--4.3
  • Locklair, Wriston (The Julliard School)--9.3
  • Los Angeles Festival--12.3
  • MacDermot, Galt ("Hair: An American Tribal Love Rock Musical")--9.3
  • MacDonald, Sandy (Performance & Scripts)--9.3
  • Mann, Theodore [recommendation letter to John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation]--9.3
  • Marion, John Francis (Chilton Book Company)--9.3
  • Marshall, William, 1924-2003--9.3
  • Maschler, Tom, 1934- [AK to Maschler]--4.2
  • McCarter Theatre Center (Princeton, N.J.)--12.3
  • McConathy, Dale--9.3
  • Michalski, Kirsten (PEN American Center)--9.3
  • Miles, Julia (The American Place Theatre)--9.3
  • Moore, Honor, 1945- --9.3
  • Morales, Donald M.--9.3
  • Myers, Budd--9.3
  • Nakamura, Joyce (Gale Research, Inc.)--12.1
  • Nichols, Mike--9.3
  • Oaks, Harold R. (Office for Advanced Drama Research. University of Minnesota)--9.3
  • Okpaku, Joseph (The Third Press)--9.3
  • Overbeck, Lois More--10.17
  • Papp, Joseph (New York Shakespeare Festival)--9.3
  • Parish, Elizabeth (W. W. Norton & Company)--9.3
  • Parone, Edward (Center Theatre Group)--9.3
  • Pearlman, Leslie (Massachusetts Arts and Humanities Foundation, Inc.)--9.3
  • Peck, Seymour (The New York Times)--9.3
  • Pennella, Florence (The Poughkeepsie Journal)--9.3
  • Petchenik, Kenneth H. (Who's Who in America)--9.3
  • Pinter, Harold, 1930-2008--9.3
  • Qualls, Barry V. (Rutgers University)--12.3
  • Rafalowicz, Mira (Performing Artservices, Inc.)--9.1
  • Ramsay, Margaret (Margaret Ramsey Ltd.)--9.3
  • Randolph, Leonard (National Council on the Arts)--9.3
  • Reed, Ishmael, 1938- --9.3
  • Rich, Frank (The New York Times)--9.3
  • Richards, Lloyd (The O'Neill Theater Center)--9.3
  • Richards, Stanley, 1918- --9.3
  • Robbins, Jerome--9.3
  • Robinson, Marc, 1962- (Theater)--9.3, 12.3
  • Rosenstone, Howard (William Morris Agency)--9.3
  • Schechter, Joel, 1947- (Theater)--9.3
  • Schneider, Alan (The Julliard School. Drama Division)--9.4
  • Schultz, Michael (TFD Company, Ltd.)--9.4
  • Selby, John--9.4
  • Shanahan, Eileen [secretary to Elia Kazan]--9.2
  • Sharpe, David--9.4
  • Short, Bobby--9.4
  • Snyder, Richard E.--8.14
  • Sollors, Werner--9.4
  • Spinetti, Victor--9.4
  • Sridharan, Anandavalli--12.3
  • Stanley, Alma--9.4
  • Stein, Howard (Yale University. School of Drama; Columbia University in the City of New York)--9.4
  • Svendsen, Juris (School of Theater and Dance. Institute of the Arts)--9.4
  • Taylor, Elizabeth, 1932-2018 --9.4
  • Tenney, Margot (Hartman Regional Theatre)--9.4
  • Topping, Tinka D. (The Hampton Day School)--9.4
  • Tutton, Caroline M. (Longmans, Green & Co. Limited)--9.4
  • Tynan, Kenneth, 1927- --9.3 (The National Theatre); 9.4
  • Vinson, James, 1933- (St. James Press Ltd.)--9.4
  • Wakeman, John (H. W. Wilson Company)--9.4
  • Wallace, Lois (William Morris Agency)--9.4
  • Watts, Richard (New York Post)--9.4
  • Webster, Lu (William Morris Agency)--9.4
  • Wegweiser, Roslyn (H. W. Wilson Company)--9.4
  • Weintraub, Stanley, 1929- (Institute for the Arts and Humanistic Studies. Pennsylvania State University)--9.4
  • Weldon, Fay--9.4
  • White, Edgar, 1947- [note written on "Poem for Robeson"]--9.4
  • Wilder, Clinton (Theater 1964)--9.1
  • [Wilkerson], Margaret B. (Margaret Buford)--9.4
  • Wilkins, Roger W., 1932- (Ford Foundation)--9.4
  • Williams, Galen (Poets & Writers)--9.4
  • Williams, Sam P. (New York Public Library. Library & Museum of the Performing Arts)--9.4
  • Willis, Winifred--9.4
  • Wood, Audrey, 1905-1985 (Ashley Famous Agency, Inc.)--9.4
  • Woods, Alan (Ohio State University. Jerome Lawrence & Robert E. Lee Theatre Research Institute)--9.4
  • Wright, Thomas H. (Princeton University)--9.4

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