TABLE OF CONTENTS
Pennsylvania Troops on the Mexican Border Photograph Album, 1916-1917
In June 1916, Mexican revolutionary commander Gen. Francisco "Pancho" Villa crossed the U.S.-Mexico border and raided several U.S. towns including Columbus, New Mexico, and Boquilla, Texas. In response, the Secretary of War under U.S. President Woodrow Wilson issued a call to state governors to mobilize the National Guard. In response, Pennsylvania Governor Martin Brumbaugh authorized the Pennsylvania Guard to mobilize.
Several units of the 7th Division arrived at Mt. Gretna on June 23 to begin their encampment, and were mustered into federal service by July 4. Commanded by Major General Charles M. Clement, the division arrived in El Paso and had set up camp by July 25. Additional units from the Pennsylvania National Guard continued to train at Mt. Greta and rotate to the border for the remainder of the fall of 1916 and the spring of 1917.
The collection contains one photograph album of 157 original photographs of Pennsylvania troops on the Mexican border, 1916-1917. The photographs are captioned and document the mobilization of the troops in camp at Mt. Gretna, Pennsylvania, their transport to El Paso, Texas, and scenes in El Paso and at Camp Stewart on the U.S. border with Mexico. Six images show General Pershing's troops returning from the Punitive Expedition in February 1917.
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.
This album was stored with books at UT's Collection Deposit Library for many years and its original provenance is unknown. It was transferred by the Briscoe Center's Library in September 2019.
Pennsylvania Troops on the Mexican Border Photograph Album, 1916-1917, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.