University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

William Thompson Martin Papers, circa 1784, 1823-1915, 1924, 1926

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Martin, William Thompson
Title: William Thompson Martin papers
Dates: circa 1784, 1823-1915, 1924, 1926
Abstract: These papers consist of correspondence, military documents, legal documents, poetry, genealogical material, printed material, maps, newspaper clippings, and photographs related to William Thompson Martin's activity as a general in the Confederate Army.
Identification: camh-arc-004245
Extent: 1.8 linear feet
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

William Thompson Martin (1823-1910), Confederate soldier and railroad builder, was born in Glasgow, Kentucky, and later moved to Vicksburg, Mississippi. In 1842, he moved to Natchez, Mississippi, and was admitted to the bar. He served as district attorney and married Margaret Dunlop Conner in 1854. Though a Unionist opposed to secession, he organized the Adams County cavalry troop in 1861 and was elected captain. He and his troop went to Richmond, and he quickly advanced in the Confederate Army, commanding troops in the Peninsular Campaign and acting as a personal aide to Robert E. Lee at Antietam. He was promoted to Brigadier General in 1862 and Major General in 1863. He fought in the west, including at the Battle of Chickamauga. After the war, he was active in politics, serving in the Mississippi Senate from 1882 to 1894. He also made possible a railroad line between Natchez and Jackson, Mississippi.

Scope and Contents

These papers consist of correspondence, military documents, legal documents, poetry, genealogical material, printed material, maps, newspaper clippings, and photographs related to William Thompson Martin's activity as a general in the Confederate Army; the Martin family of Mississippi before, during, and after the American Civil War; and the Balfour family. Included are land documents and oaths from Reconstruction, and maps showing Civil War battlefields (1861-1863).


Arranged into four series:
William Thompson Martin Papers
Martin Family Papers
Balfour Family Papers


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Martin, William Thompson
Family Names
Balfour (Family)
Martin (Family)
American Civil War (United States : 1861-1865)
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
Adams County -- Mississippi
Confederate States of America

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William Thompson Martin Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)


Processing Information

Processed by Briscoe Staff. Revised by Laura Grove, April 2020.

OCLC Number


Detailed Description of the Collection


William Thompson Martin papers
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Personal correspondence, April 9, 1838-March 14, 1910
Military papers
Confederate States of America
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Receipts related to the establishment of the Adams Troops, volunteer cavalry regiment, Adams County, Mississippi, January 15-October 31, 1861
Military correspondence, February 1, 1861-March 18, 1865
General and Special Orders, September 5, 1961-April 21, 1865
Military receipts, May 22, 1863-January 31, 1865
John H. Martin appointment, First Lieutenant and Aide de Camp to Major General William Thompson Martin, March 16, 1864
3S183 [SRH1230021901] Consolidated report of killed and wounded in General William Thompson Martin's cavalry division in the engagement of Friday, May 20, 1863, 1863-05-20
2N259 [SRH1230010662] List of casualties at Shelbyville, Tennessee, June 27, 1863
United States Army, Department of Mississippi, Special order number 18, January 22, 1866
Legal documents
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Certificate oath, June 21, 1865
Acknowledgment of receipt of President's warrant of pardon, December 14, 1865
Amnesty oath, December 16, 1865
R. J. Alcorn, suspension from the office of Marshall of the United States for the Southern District of Mississippi [signed by President Ulysses S. Grant], July 30, 1873
Martin Family papers
John Henderson Martin and Emily Monroe Kerr Martin
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Correspondence, April 29, 1823-March 10, 1838
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Macon Lodge number 8, Vicksburg, Mississippi: resolutions adopted upon the death of John Henderson Martin, September 16, 1841
Adolphus Kerr Martin correspondence, February 25, 1843, February 22, 1845, March 15, 1854
Caroline E. Martin letter, September 21, 1854
Ellen Martin correspondence, April 12, 1893, October 3, 1894, March 15, 1895, and undated
Margaret Dunlop Connor martin
2N259 [SRH1230010662] United States Bureau of Refugee, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands document, September 25, 1865
Correspondence, May 7, 1897, June 23, July 1, 1915
2N259 [SRH1230010662] "To The Memory of Caroline E. Martin Who Died of the Prevailing Epidemic in Vicksburg [Mississippi]", September 21, 1841
"Dixie War Song", undated
Miscellaneous poems, undated
Genealogical materials
Biographical sketches
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Adolphus Kerr Martin, undated
William Thompson Martin, undated
Kerr Family history, undated
Martin Family history, undated
Gaillard Family
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Clerk of Chancery Court of Adams County, Mississippi: proceedings related to the death and will of Tacitus Gaillard [typescript dated May 13, 1924, includes genealogical information about the Martin Family], November 8, 1786
Silk embroidered fabric from the dress of Anne Gaillard Savage, with genealogical information [photocopy, original separated to Artifacts Collection], ca. 1784
Obituaries [photocopies]
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Alexander H Arthur, January 28, 1881
Rufus K. Arthur, undated
Sarah C. Arthur, November 21, 1887
Andrew H Kerr, September 16, 1883
Emily Martin Kerr, July 11, 1900
John S. Kerr, ca. 1877
Adolphus Kerr Martin, October 6, 1882
Ellen Martin, March 2, 1898
Farrar C. Martin, ca. 1913
John Henderson Martin, September 1841
William Thompson Martin, March 16-18, 1910
Printed materials
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Diocese of Michigan convention program, ca. 1889
Memorial address of William Conner Martin in honor of Captain William H. Wilson, delivered at Mount Airy, Adams County, Mississippi, June 3, 1926
United Daughters of the Confederacy, Natchez [Mississippi] Chapter number 304, Constitution and Bylaws , 1906
United States House of Representatives, Thirty-ninth Congress, second session, report number 3: Privileges of members of Congress, December 20, 1866
United States Senate, Eighteenth Congress, second session, Letter from the Postmaster General in Relation to an Appropriation to Render the Post Road through the Indian Country between Columbus and Jackson Mississippi, Fit for the Transportation of the Mail from the City of Washington to Natchez and New Orleans, &c., February 2, 1825
Rebecca C. Walworth memorial, November 7, 1868
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Invitations and announcements, December 11, 1858, December 16, 1878, June 24, 1924
Calling cards, undated
3S183 [SRH1230021901] Colton's Georgia, 1861
Environs of Richmond, Virginia, indicating positions and troop movements, June 12-15, 1862
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Portion of Virginia, by J. E. Edwards Smith, July 23, 1863
Sketch showing the action of the reserve commanded by Major General W. H. T. Walker at the Battle of Chickamauga [Georgia], September 18-20, 1863
Map of the portion of the battlefield of Chickamauga [Georgia] where General Thomas opened the battle, September 19, 1863
Topographical map of the battlefield near Chickamauga [Georgia], September 19-20, 1863
Newspaper clippings [photocopies], ca. 1841 - May 3, 1915, undated
Balfour Family papers
William S. Balfour Sr.
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Letter, September 21, 1856
Memorial, May 8, 1902
William S. Balfour Jr. indenture, December 24, 1904
David Hunt
2N259 [SRH1230010662] Will [contemporary copy], November 30, 1859
Biographical sketches, including genealogical information on the Hunt and Balfour Families, April 5, 1901
3T116 Adolphus Kerr Martin [tintype], undated
William Thompson Martin, undated
"Dad and his Boy, Two of a Kind", undated
Homewood plantation house, undated
Winfield Scott, undated
Joseph Wheeler, undated
Residence of John P. Kennedy, Centreville, Alabama, undated
Monteigne's mansion, undated