TABLE OF CONTENTS
A Guide to the Karl G. Henize Papers, 1964-1967
Karl Gordon Henize, astronomer, astronaut, NASA space scientist, and astronomy professor, was born on October 17, 1926, in Cincinatti, Ohio. He earned a BA degree in mathematics (1947) and a MA degree in astronomy (1948) from the University of Virginia. He earned a PhD in astronomy from the University of Michigan in 1954. During his time there he was an observer for the University of Michigan Lamont-Hussey Observatory at Bloemfontein, Union of South Africa. In 1954 he became a Carnegie postdoctoral fellow at Mount Wilson Observatory in Pasadena, California. He then served as a senior astronomer (1956-1959) at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; associate professor (1959) and full professor (1964) of astronomy at Northwestern University; and guest observer (1961-1962) at the Mount Stromlo Observatory in Canberra, Australia. Dr. Henize moved to Houston, Texas, in 1967 to join the astronaut program as a member of the second group of scientist-astronauts, and from 1970 until his death, he served as adjunct professor of astronomy at the University of Texas at Austin.
During the period of 1965 to 1967, Henize was the principal investigator of NASA experiment S-013, which obtained ultraviolet stellar spectra using a 70mm Mauer camera with an objective prism and an objective grating during the Gemini X, XI and XII flights. He also became principal investigator of experiment S-019, in which a 6-inch aperture objective prism instrument was used on Skylab to obtain ultraviolet spectra of hundreds of stars. He was the author of over 75 astronomical research papers and he was awarded the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal in 1974.
Dr. Karl Henize and his wife Caroline had four children. He died while attempting to climb Mount Everest in October 1993. The Karl Henize Memorial Scholarship Fund was established by the University of Texas System Board of Regents on October 11, 1996, for the benefit of the College of Natural Sciences. The Karl G. Henize Endowed Scholarship is awarded to a junior or senior who intends to pursue a graduate career in Astronomy.
Obituary of Karl Gordon Henize, American Astronomical Society website, October 5, 1993
The Karl G. Henize Papers, 1964-1967, are comprised of classified files pertaining to the NASA GEMINI program, Roman Committee, and S-019 experiment, including press releases, proposals, flight plans, correspondence, committee meeting notes, photographs, contracts, articles, and information on equipment. GEMINI trip reports, data, and a manuscript for the GEMINI Orion Nebula paper can also be found.
This collection is open for research use.
These papers are stored remotely. Advance notice required for retrieval. Contact repository for retrieval.
Karl G. Henize Papers, 1964-1967, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
This collection was processed by Alison Beck, March 1982.
Subsequent revisions were made by Jessi Fishman, August 2016.