University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the James H. Galloway, Jr. Papers, 1902-1973

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Galloway, James H., Jr., (1902-1991)
Title: Galloway, James H., Jr. Papers
Dates: 1902-1973
Abstract: Materials relating to James H. Galloway, Jr., a senior vice president of Exxon Company, U.S.A.
Accession No.: 2015-151; 2015-166; 2015-186
Extent: 0.5 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

James H. Galloway Jr. (1908-1991) was born in Sour Lake, Texas to Katherine Galloway and James, Sr., an oilfield worker. Humble Oil and Refining Company first hired him as a roustabout for one week at the age of 15, and he spent summers during high school as a roughneck for Lakeview Oil Company and Sun Pipe Line Company.

Humble Oil Company hired Galloway as a petroleum engineer after he left Texas A&M University in 1930. During his 43-year career with Humble, he worked his way up through the company to become a member of the board of directors.

Galloway left Humble Oil Company in 1942 to enlist in the army. Due to his background in the oil industry, Galloway was assigned to the Engineering Corps as Assistant Chief of Construction for gasoline pipelines that distributed petroleum to Allied troops in Europe. Galloway earned a Bronze Star for efforts in connection with supplying petroleum to troupes for the D-Day invasion at Normandy, and continued to manage construction of pipelines through France, Belgium, Holland, and Germany.

On his return to the United States in 1945, Galloway reassumed his position at Humble Oil Company. He remained working in management of Humble, then Exxon Corporation and retired as a senior vice president of Exxon Company, U.S.A. in 1973.

Scope and Contents

The James H. Galloway collection consists of approximately .5 linear feet of photos, memoirs, and records of Galloway’s work for Humble Oil & Refining Company, the oil boom in Sour Lake, Texas, and oil distribution in WWII era Europe. It contains approximately 300 photographs of the pipelines and operations that supplied petroleum to Allied troupes in Europe after the 1944 invasion at Normandy. Also included are photographs of an oilfield and workers, presumably near Sour Lake, Texas, a brief history and photo album of Sour Lake, Texas written by Galloway, and biographical information.



The papers are arranged in four series:
  • I. Personal and Biographical
  • II. Humble Oil Career
  • III. Sour Lake, Texas Oil Boom
  • IV. World War II


Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Index Terms

Subjects (Organizations)
Humble Oil and Refining Company (Incorporated in Tex.)
Exxon Corporation
Petroleum industry and trade
World War II
Sour Lake (Tex.)

Related Material

See also See also ExxonMobil Historical Collection, 1790-2004.

Separated Material

Photographs of the 1969 voyage of the Esso Manhattan have been separated to the ExxonMobil Historical Collection.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

James H. Galloway, Jr. Papers (1902-1973), Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Shannon Costello.

Detailed Description of the Papers


Personal and Biographical

2.207/K101d Greeting Cards
2.207/M79a Waukesha Jim, Biography, circa 1973
Pages from Waukesha Jim, circa 1973
Personal photographs, including Sour Lake, Texas, circa 1960-1980


Humble Oil Career

2.207/M79a Photographs of Humble Oil executives and events
Humble Oil Board, 1959
Assorted Photographs, 1937-1978
2.207/K101d Articles and Clippings, 1958-1981


Sour Lake, Texas Oil Boom

2.207/K101d History of Sour Lake, Texas by James H. Galloway, undated, circa 1965
“Geological Whodunit: Exactly what caused the sudden disappearance of Texaco’s Fee No. 4603 at Sour Lake is still a mystery that stirs shop talk,” The Texaco Star, 1946
2.207/M79a Articles, 1966, undated
Photos of Sour Lake Texas Oil Boom, circa 1900


World War II

2.207/M78d-e Photographs of Oil distribution to Allied troops in Europe after the invasion at Normandy, undated, 1944-1945