TABLE OF CONTENTS
A Guide to the Howard and Ogden Mercantile Ledger, 1861-1879
George Thomas Howard was born in Washington, D.C., but moved to Texas in the watershed year 1836 and joined the Texas revolutionary army and later fought against the Indians, distinguishing himself at the Council House Fight and the Battle of Plum Creek. Howard also joined the Texan Santa Fe expedition but was captured and served prison time in Puebla, Mexico, where he eventually escaped and returned to Texas to participate in the Somervell expedition. He also served as sheriff of Bexar County from 1843 to 1845 and joined the Texas Volunteer Cavalry to fight in the Mexican War in 1846. By the 1850s alarm over Indian raids led Howard to take a position in the Department of Interior as an Indian agent, where he soon assumed the role of superintendent of Texas.
Duncan Campbell Ogden was born in New York and as a young man moved to New Orleans and then Texas. He soon joined Texas revolutionary forces and by 1839 he was promoted to the rank of Captain. He formed a lasting business partnership with George Howard, and in 1841 their mercantile loaned Juan Seguin $3,000 for merchandise to be smuggled into Mexico. Ogden joined the San Antonio militia in 1842 and served under Colonel John C. Hays, but was captured by Mexican forces and sent to Perote Prison. Along with sixteen other Texan prisoners, Ogden escaped in 1843 but was recaptured after several days. He remained captive until 1844 and subsequently returned to San Antonio where he served as a representative in the 9th Congress of the Republic of Texas.
Howard Lackman, "HOWARD, GEORGE THOMAS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fho77), accessed May 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 12, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Thomas W. Cutrer, "OGDEN, DUNCAN CAMPBELL," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fog01), accessed May 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
The ledger documents the day-to-day accounts of the Howard and Ogden Mercantile, an important commercial venture in late 19th century San Antonio. Includes detailed accounting for numerous customers, notable among them Francisco Antonio Ruiz, alcalde of San Antonio during the siege of the Alamo, who was held under house arrest by Santa Anna. Also, Friedrich Wilhelm Groos, San Antonio banker and founder of F. Groos and Company Mercantile, as well as Simon Menger, who paid for his merchandise by trading soap from his San Antonio soap factory.
The collection is open for research use.
Howard and Ogden Mercantile Ledger, 1861-1879, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.