University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Zachary Taylor Collection, 1808-1823, 1855-1861, 1898



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Taylor (Family), Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850, Taylor, John G., -1862
Title: Zachary Taylor collection
Dates: 1808-1823, 1855-1861, 1898
Abstract: Photocopies of correspondence compose the Zachary Taylor Collection, 1808-1823, 1855-1861, 1898, documenting Taylor's life and family.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.02583
Extent: 0.5 inches
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

President of the United States Zachary Taylor (1784-1850) was born to Richard and Sarah Dabney (Strother) Taylor in Orange County, Virginia. Enlisting as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Army in 1808, he served for over thirty years, fighting in the Black Hawk War (1832) and Seminole Wars (1837-1840). A Mexican attack on Taylor's forces at Corpus Christi, Texas, marked the beginning of the Mexican War (1846-1847). Taylor's subsequent military victories and rise to the rank of major general resulted in his presidential nomination by the Whig Party and his election to the presidency in 1848. Although a slaveowner, Taylor opposed the expansion of slavery into the territories and resisted Texan claims of expansion westward.

Taylor married Margaret Mackall Smith in 1810 and they had six children. A nephew, John G. Taylor, served as an officer in the Confederate Army during the Civil War and was killed at the battle of Frazier's Farm, also known as the battle of Glendale, in June 1862.

Source: Bauer, K. Jack, "Taylor, Zachary," Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed on April 8, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fta29.


Scope and Contents

Photocopies of correspondence compose the Zachary Taylor Collection, 1808-1823, 1855-1861, 1898, documenting Taylor's life and family. Letters from Taylor shed light on his military service and the operations of his plantation. Correspondence relating to the military career of John G. Taylor includes his resignation from the U.S. Army and enlistment into the Confederate Army during the Civil War (1861). A letter from Capt. G.T. McGehee to Margaret L. Taylor (1898) concerns the death of John G. Taylor at the battle of Frazier's Farm in 1862.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Taylor, John G., -1862
Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850
Family Names
Taylor (Family)
Corporate Names
Confederate states of America. Army
United States. Army
United States. Army
Places
Confederate States of America
Texas
United States

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Zachary Taylor Collection, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)

2008-182

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project," 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

box
2.325/E491b [SRH1230000928] Photocopies of letters from Zachary Taylor to family members, 1808-1823
Photocopies of correspondence involving John G. Taylor and family, 1855-1861, 1893