University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Macario Garcia Papers, 1940-1993



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Garcia, Macario, 1920-1972
Title: Macario Garcia papers
Dates: 1940-1993
Abstract: The Macario Garcia Papers, 1940-1993, contain photocopies of newspaper clippings, official military records and medical files, citations, history of the Medal of Honor, and history of the Fourth Infantry Division relating to the career of Sgt. Macario Garcia.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01950
Extent: 3 inches
Language: English , Spanish; Castilian .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Winner of the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions in World War II, Macario Garcia was born in Villa de Castaño, Mexico, and later settled in Sugar Land, Texas. The U.S. Army drafted Garcia in 1942. On November 27, 1944, near Grosshau, Germany, he single-handedly assaulted two German machine gun emplacements that were blocking his company's advance. Wounded in the shoulder and foot, he crawled forward alone toward the machine-gun nests, killed six enemy soldiers, captured four, and destroyed the nests with grenades. Only after the company had secured its position did Garcia allow himself to be evacuated for medical treatment.

President Harry S. Truman awarded Garcia the Medal of Honor at a White House ceremony on August 23, 1945. Garcia also received the Purple Heart, the Bronze Star, and the Combat Infantryman's Badge, as well as the medal of Mérito Militar, the Mexican equivalent to the Medal of Honor, during a ceremony in Mexico City on January 8, 1946.

Source:

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Garcia, Macario,"http://207.200.58.4/handbook/online/articles/GG/fga76.html (accessed October 4, 2010).


Scope and Contents

The Macario Garcia Papers, 1940-1993, contain photocopies of newspaper clippings, official military records and medical files, citations, history of the Medal of Honor, and history of the Fourth Infantry Division relating to the career of Sgt. Macario Garcia. Several photographs depict Garcia, including one of him wearing the Medal of Honor.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.


Index Terms

Personal Names
DeLay, Tom D., 1947-....
Garcia, Macario, 1920-1972
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
Kennedy, John F. John Fitzgerald 1917-1963
Nixon, Richard M. Richard Milhous 1913-1994
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
Corporate Names
National Personnel Records Center (U.S.)
United States. Army
United States. Congress. House
United States. Department of Defense
White House Administrative Office (U.S.)
Subjects
Medal of Honor
Mexican American soldiers
Purple Heart
World War (1939-1945)
Places
Fort Hood
Fort Sam Houston
Germany
Großhau
Houston
Richmond
Sugar Land
Texas

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Macario Garcia Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)

2007-222

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

box
2.325/J29 [SRH1230001300] Official military records and medical files, 1940-1992
Newspaper clippings, 1944-1993
History of the Medal of Honor and the 4th Infantry, 1993
box
2K256 [SRH1230009244] Restricted
Conditions Governing Access
Restricted.