A Guide to the Patrons of Husbandry Records, 1873-1901
The Patrons of Husbandry, or the Grange as they were more widely known, was a national agricultural, fraternal, and co-operative organization founded in 1867 to improve the economic and social situation of the United States’ farm population. The Grange spread rapidly in a grass roots manner following the Panic of 1873, turning the Grange into a political power. The organization opened schools, organized social meetings, and became a powerful political group, lobbying for free trade, better education, railroad regulation, and homestead protection.
R. A. Baird organized the first Grange in Texas at Salado in the summer of 1873. In October 1873, Archibald Johnson Rose helped arrange the first state Grange in Dallas, drafting its constitution and by-laws. Rose became master of the Texas Grange in 1880 and presided over a time when the Grange was one of the most powerful political forces in the state, despite its steadily decreasing membership. During this time the Grange created a variety of subordinate associations providing services to its members such as the Texas Farmer Publishing Association, which published the Texas Farmer; the Texas State Grange Fair, which operated an experimental farm and exhibit hall; the Texas Mutual Fire Insurance Association, which provided affordable fire insurance; and the Texas Co-operative Association, which stocked their wholesale stores and sold farm commodities. The Texas Grange’s political influence began to decline at the turn of the 20th century and by 1950 had little power in the state.
Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Grange," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/GG/aag1.html (accessed July 27, 2010).
Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Rose, Archibald Johnson," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/RR/fro70.html (accessed July 28, 2010).
The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry. "History." The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry. http://www.nationalgrange.org/about/history.html (accessed July 28, 2010)
Letterpresses, letter books, reports, minutes, account books, stock ledgers, membership lists, and photographs comprise the Patrons of Husbandry Records, 1873-1901, and relate to the activities of the Grange in Texas and the career of Archibald Johnson Rose. The collection contains the records the Texas State Grange and of subordinate Granges, such as the Salado Grange and county associations. The records include Archibald Johnson Rose’s letterpresses from his time as master of the Texas State Grange, 1880-1890, as well as records from his service with Grange affiliates, such as the Texas Mutual Fire Insurance Association and the Texas Co-operative Association. Additionally, the collection contains many of the general records of the Texas Co-operative Association, including minutes, reports, account books, and a roll book. Photographs in the collection depict W. S. Rose, Jr., and the Salado Grange.
The collection is open for research.
Patrons of Husbandry Records, 1873-1901, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers