Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Accession Number

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Matador Land and Cattle Company Records, 1882-1951



Creator Matador Land and Cattle Company
Title: Matador Land and Cattle Company records
Dates: 1882-1951
Abstract: Correspondence, news clippings, and reports comprise the Matador Land and Cattle Company Records, 1882-1951, and relate to the company's business operations.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01809
Extent: 3.75 linear feet
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Historical Note

In 1878, Texas cattleman Henry H. Campbell sold a herd of longhorn cattle in Chicago, formed a partnership with Chicago banker A. M. Britton, returned to Texas, and established a ranch in Motley County near the Upper, Middle, and Lower Pease Rivers. The partners reorganized the venture as the Matador Cattle Company in 1879. In 1882, they sold the company to a group of businessmen from Dundee, Scotland, who organized the endeavor as a joint-stock company and incorporated it as the Matador Land and Cattle Company, Limited. Henry H. Campbell remained at the company as the ranch superintendent and oversaw a program of land improvements, including fencing, windmill and tank construction, and the purchasing of additional land. Alexander Mackay served as the company's longtime secretary from 1882 to 1936.

In 1890, Murdo Mackenzie, a well-known Scottish cattleman in Colorado, became the manager of the company and improved the herd by introducing purebred strains. Mackenzie resigned in 1912 to manage a cattle company in Brazil, and his nephew, John MacBain, became his successor. Land sales in the Texas panhandle were suspended in 1919 due to the possible presence of oil and reinstated in 1921 after unfavorable geological reports. By 1933, Matador's holdings totaled almost 900,000 acres in Texas, Kansas, Montana, South Dakota, and Canada. After surviving the lean years of the Great Depression and dust bowl, the company was sold to a number of individuals and groups.

Sources:

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Matador Land and Cattle Company Records," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/MM/aqm1.html (accessed July 26, 2010).

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Mackenzie, Murdo," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/MM/fmabf.html (accessed July 26, 2010).

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Scope and Contents

Correspondence, news clippings, and reports comprise the Matador Land and Cattle Company Records, 1882-1951, and relate to the company's business operations. The records contain transcripts of the correspondence of Alexander Mackay, Secretary to the Board of Directors, 1890-1907; Henry H. Campbell, Ranch Superintendent, 1890; Murdo Mackenzie, General Manager, 1890-1912; John MacBain, General Manager, 1912-1915; and the American National Livestock Growers Association, 1905-1907. Additionally, a small portion of the correspondence consists of photostatic copies. The records also contain transcripts of company reports, 1882-1918. A scrapbook and news clippings compose the remainder of the records.

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Campbell, H. H. (Henry Harrison), 1840-1911
MacBain, John, 1867-1922
Mackay, Alexander, 1855-1935
Mackenzie, Murdo, 1850-1939
Corporate Names
American National Livestock Growers Association
Matador Land and Cattle Company
Subjects
Land companies
Ranching
Places
Kansas
Montana
South Dakota
Texas
Texas--Texas Panhandle
United States

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Related Materials

See also the Southwestern Collection, Texas Tech University.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Matador Land and Cattle Company Records, 1882-1951, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

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Accession Number

1942

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

box
2F4 [SRH1230006982] Newspaper clippings
Correspondence
Scrapbook
Transcripts
box
2R100 [SRH1230011401] Report of the proceedings at the Thirty-sixth Annual General Meeting of the Shareholders held at Dundee, Scotland, February 15, 1918
Reports and associated documents, 1882-1918
Correspondence of the Secretary to the Board of Directors, 1890-1907
box
2R100 [SRH1230011401] Volume I, 1890-1892
Volume II, 1893-1894
box
2R101 [SRH1230011535] Volume III, 1895-1900
Volume IV, 1901-1902
Volume V, 1903-1907
Correspondence of the American National Livestock Growers Association
box
2R101 [SRH1230011535] Letter file box I
Part I, 1905-1906
Part II, 1905-1906
box
2R102 [SRH1230011534] Letter file box II
Parts I and II, book I, part I, 1905
Part II, 1906
Book II, 1906-1907
box
2R103 [SRH1230011523] Correspondence of the Ranch Superintendent, book I, 1890
Correspondence of the General Manager
box
2R103 [SRH1230011523] Book I, part I, 1885-January 1886
Book I, part II, February 1886-April 1886
Book I, part III, May 1886-July 1886
box
2R104 [SRH1230011524] Book I, part IV, August 1886-December 1886
Book II, part I, 1888
Book II, part II, 1889
Book I, 1890-1891
box
2R105 [SRH1230011525] Book I, 1891-1893
Book II, 1893-1896
Book III, 1896-1898
Book IV, 1899-1901
box
2R106 [SRH1230011598] Book V, 1901-1903
Book VI, 1903-1904
Book VII, 1905-1907
box
2R107 [SRH1230011599] Book VIII, part I, 1907-1908
Part II, 1909
Part III, 1910-1911
Book IX, 1911-1912
box
2R108 [SRH1230011600] Book X, volume I, 1912-July 1913
Book X, volume II, August 1913-July 1914
Book XI, 1914-1915

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