University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Franklin Garcia Papers, 1961-1990

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Garcia, Franklin, 1925-1984
Title: Franklin Garcia papers
Dates: 1961-1990
Abstract: Papers and audio materials relating to Franklin Garcia, union member and organizer in Texas.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01740
Extent: 8 inches
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Franklin Garcia (1925-1984) was a Texas union member and organizer whose primary goal was to organize workers on both sides of the United States-Mexico border. He first organized Elsa Plastics, the company that manufactured the Styrofoam trays used by butchers, then moved to San Antonio, where he helped organize the meat cutters at local grocery stores.

Garcia was involved in the organization of local chapters of the Labor Council for Latin American Advancement, United Auto Worker (UAW), Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union, National Labor Relations Board, and the Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union (AMCU), later renamed the United Food and Commercial Workers of North America. Additionally, he was a member of several organizations, including the UAW, the AMCU (he was the South Texas Representative), the Mexican-American Democrats, League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), the American GI Forum, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO), and the National Labor Relations Board.

Garcia served as the District 19 representative on the State Democratic Committee and as a guide for Hillary Clinton during the 1972 Texas McGovern Campaign for President. For his last campaign he organized the food service workers in the Sheraton Crest Hotel in Austin, Texas.


Obituary of Franklin Garcia, San Antonio Express-News (San Antonio, TX), January 19, 1984.

Scope and Contents

The Franklin Garcia Papers, 1961-1990, contains 44 oral history audiocassettes and related documents (1979-1980) as well as transcripts, scrapbooks of newspaper clippings on Texas Farmworkers' strikes (1964-1966), correspondence, literary productions, legal documents, handbills, reports, and other documents regarding union organizing and other labor issues in south Texas and on the Mexican side of the U.S.-Mexican border. Additional material concerns the Democratic Party in south Texas (ca. 1980).


Conditions Governing Access

Access to some audiovisual formats requires an appointment; contact repository for more information.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Barton, Francis
Garcia, Franklin, 1925-1984
Shockley, John S. (John Staples), 1944-
Corporate Names
Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America
Democratic Party (Tex.). State Executive Committee
El Malcriado (Delano, Calif.)
Hotel & Restaurant Employees and Bartenders International Union
Mexican American Democrats of Texas
Pan-Am Company (Brownsville, Tex.)
United Food and Commercial Workers International Union
United States. Embassy (Mexico)
United States. National Labor Relations Board
Foreign workers, Mexican
Grape Strike (California : 1965-1970)
Hispanic Americans
Labor disputes
Politics and government
Strikes and lockouts
Crystal City
United States
Document Types
Collective labor agreements

Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Artifacts Collection.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Franklin Garcia Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)


Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project," 2009-2011.

Detailed Description of the Collection


3F256 [SRH1230016185] Log of oral history tapes, 1-44, 1979-1980
Correspondence, transcripts, and proposals related to oral history tapes, 1979-1980, 1990, undated
Scrapbook of clippings on Texas farm workers' strikes, Park 1, 1964-1966
Scrapbook of clippings, Part 2, 1964-1966
Correspondence and literary productions by John Shockley about Crystal City, Texas, 1972
Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen and Pan-Am Company, Brownsville, Texas, 1965-1966
Cooperation of workers, on both sides of Texas-Mexico border, 1963-1967, undated
Irving Salert, Labor Attache, U. S. Embassy, Mexico City, Texas-Mexicn labor issues, 1962-1966, undated
E. Biel's Grocery Store
Report on trip to Farm Workers' Strike, Denalo, California
Printed material, 1962-1966, 1978, undated
Membership lists, 1961-1967, undated
Correspondence, 1962-1967
3F257 [SRH1230016186] Sheraton Crest Hotel, Austin, printed material, and notes, 1979, undated
National Labor Relations Board, Region 23, Sheraton Crest Hotel, Austin, Texas, 1979
National Labor Relations board, Sheraton Crest Hotel, Austin, 1979-1980
Texas Democratic Party, Hispanic American Democrats, 1980
Obituaries and notes from funeral by Frances Barton, 1984