Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Accession Numbers

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

George Bernard Erath Family Papers, 1829-1967



Creator Erath (Family : Erath, George Bernard)
Title: George Bernard Erath family papers
Dates: 1829-1967
Abstract: George Bernard Erath (1813-1891), surveyor, solider, and legislator, was born and educated in Vienna, Austria. The George Bernard Erath Family Papers include correspondence, legal papers, land grants, account books, newspaper clippings, photographs, military orders, notes, financial records, and literary productions pertaining to the careers of Erath and his daughter Lucy A. Erath (1857-1948).
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01731
Extent: 8 inches
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Biographical Note

George Bernard Erath (1813-1891), surveyor, soldier, and legislator, was born and educated in Vienna, Austria. He moved to America upon his graduation from Vienna Polytechnic Institute, landing first in New Orleans, Louisiana, and then settling in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1832. The following year, he moved again to the Republic of Texas to be a surveyor in Robertson's colony. In 1835, he signed up for John H. Moore's ranger company, campaigning against the indigenous Americans, and in 1836, he volunteered for service in the Texas Revolution in Company C of Colonel Edward Burleson's First Regiment, Texan Volunteers. Following the Revolution, Erath continued his career as a soldier while also surveying until 1843, when he became a member of the House of Representatives of the Eighth and Ninth Congresses of the Republic (1843-1845).

A supporter of Texas annexation to the United States, Erath was elected to the state's First Legislature. In 1846, he resumed his career as a surveyor, planning the towns of both Waco and Stephenville. He then was elected to the Senate of the Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Legislatures (1857-1861). He resigned in 1861 to serve on a two-person committee dedicated to the resolution of issues between Texas and the indigenous Americans on its reservations.

In 1864, Governor Pendleton Murrah appointed Erath major of a regiment in the Second Frontier District, which held responsibility for the defense of the Texas frontier. Ten years later, Erath made one final descent into political life, representing the Nineteenth District in the Fourteenth Legislature of the Senate.

Erath married Lucinda Chambers in 1845, and they had five children. In 1886, Erath dictated his memoirs to his daughter, author and poet Lucy Alice Erath (1857-1948), who was once described as the "First Lady of Waco." George B. Erath died in 1891, and the Texas State Historical Association published his memoirs in 1923. Erath County, Texas, is named for him.

Sources:

Caroll, H. Bailey. "Texas Collection." The Southwestern Historical Quarterly 52, no. 4 (1949): 448-463.

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Erath, George Bernard," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/EE/fer1.html (accessed July 8, 2010).

Wikipedia, s.v., "George Bernard Erath," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Bernard_Erath (accessed April 15, 2021

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Scope and Contents

The George Bernard Erath Family Papers, 1829-1967, include correspondence, legal papers, land grants, account books, newspaper clippings, photographs, military orders, notes, financial records, and literary productions pertaining to the careers of George Bernard Erath (1813-1891) and his daughter Lucy A. Erath (1857-1948). Additionally, the papers include the manuscript and typescript of Erath's memoirs concerning his immigration to Texas, his participation in the Revolution, his surveying activities during the Republic period, and his service in the Texas Legislature.

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Chalmers, John
Chalmers, Margaret Piper, 1880-
Conger, Roger Norman
De Cordova, Jacob, 1808-1868
Erath, Edwin Porter
Erath, George Bernard, 1813-1891
Erath, Leilia
Erath, Lucinda
Erath, Lucy A.
Erath, Walter
Fitzhugh, Willie Norrell
Hancock, John, 1824-1893
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863.
Johnson, Francis White, 1799-1884
Kendrick, J. D. (J. Derrick)
Malone, Alba
Reilly, Bernard
Zuber, William Physick, 1820-1913
Family Names
Erath (Family : Erath, George Bernard)
Corporate Names
Texas. Legislature
Subjects
American Civil War (United States : 1861-1865)
Annexation
Discoveries in geography
Emigration and immigration
Frontier and pioneer life
Revolution (Texas : 1835-1836)
Surveying
Texan Mier Expedition (1842-1844)
Places
Texas
United States
Waco

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Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Newspaper Collection, the Material Culture unit, and the Library Unit.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

George Bernard Erath Family Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Jeanne Willson, November 1980. Subsequent revisions were made by Claire Maxwell, November 1985, and Marisa Jefferson, April 2021.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

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Accession Numbers

1930; 74-002; 80-091

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

box
2Q507 [SRH1230011729] Memoirs of George Bernard Erath, typescript (2 copies)
box
3M505 [SRH1230018204] Correspondence, 1839-1956, undated
Legal documents, 1829-1967
Account books, 1851-1860, 1879-1882
Newspaper clippings
Manuscript of Memoirs of George Bernard Erath
Literary productions and notes
Miscellany
Scrapbook, 1912, 1919, 1922, undated
box
2.325/V10 [SRH1230002546] Land grants, receipts, commission
box
3Y27 [SRH1230028299] Photographs
box
3S206 [SRH1230022818] Framed portrait of George Bernard Erath

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