University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, 1813-1954



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Crimmins, Martin Lalor, 1876-1955
Title: Martin Lalor Crimmins papers
Dates: 1813-1954
Abstract: The papers concern Crimmins' career as an army officer, herpetologist, and military historian, and relate to his activities in the United States Army and Confederate Army, the Republic of Texas military forces, the Texas Revolution, the Mexican War, and Indian wars.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01719
Extent: 2 linear feet
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Martin Lalor Crimmins (1876-1955), army officer, herpetologist, and military historian, was born in New York City. He attended Georgetown College in Washington, D.C., 1891-1895, and the University of Virginia Medical School, 1895-1898. Before he could graduate, however, he joined the First United States Volunteer Cavalry (also known as the Rough Riders) in the Spanish-American War, and earned multiple promotions, ending with his reaching colonel status in 1921. He retired from military service due to physical disability in the line of duty in 1926 and moved to San Antonio.

Crimmins was known for his work in the under-developed field of snakebite treatment, especially as he developed his own immunity to the serum and then gave blood transfusions to victims. For this effort he earned the Walter Reed Award for courageous service. He later published over 200 articles, mostly with historical themes, and was an active member of a number of Texas associations related to science and history. He married Margaret Custis Cole in 1901 and Josephine Yost in 1918. He died in 1955.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Crimmins, Martin Lalor," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/CC/fcr19.html (accessed July 7, 2010).


Scope and Contents

The Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, 1813-1954, include correspondence, research files, notes, muster rolls, a diary, maps, photographs, and manuscripts, most of which are photostatic copies. The papers concern Crimmins' career as an army officer, herpetologist, and military historian, and pertain to the history of the United States Army and Confederate Army, the Republic of Texas military forces, the Texas Revolution, the Mexican War, and Indian wars. Furthermore, the papers relate to the history of Reconstruction in Texas, military medicine, Texas forts, and biographies of military officers.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Auger, C. C.
Beaumont, William
Benavides, Santos
Bonaparte, Jérôme Napoleeon, 1830-1893
Brown, Jacob
Bryan, Francis T.
Buck, Beaumont B. (Beaumont Bonaparte), 1860-
Chadbourne, Theodore Lincoln, 1822-1846
Crimmins, Martin Lalor, 1876-1955
Crockett, David
Crogham, George
Custer, George A. (George Armstrong), 1839-1876
Echols, William H., -1909
Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1846-1917
Grierson, Benjamin Henry, 1826-1911
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863.
Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891.
Lazelle, H. M. (Henry Martyn), 1832-1917
Lee, Fitzhugh, 1835-1905
Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell, 1840-1889
Michler, Nathaniel
Ringgold, Samuel, 1796-1846
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962.
Santa Anna, Antonio López ˜deœ 1794-1876
Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866.
Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906
Stanley, David Sloane, 1828-1902
Thomas, George H.
Twiggs, David Emanuel, 1790-1862
Van Dorn, Earl, 1820-1863
Viele, Rufus K.
Wheaton, Frank, 1833-1903
Whiting, William Henry Chase, 1824-1865
Worth, William Jenkins, 1794-1849
Corporate Names
Confederate states of America. Army
United States. Army
Subjects
American Civil War (United States : 1861-1865)
Battle of Palo Alto (Texas : 1846)
Battle of Resaca de la Palma (Texas : 1846)
Fortification
History--Study and teaching
Indians--Treaties
Mexican War (1846-1848)
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
Siege of Alamo (San Antonio, Texas : 1836)
Sieges
Snakebites
Places
Brownsville
Fort Belknap
Fort Bliss
Fort Concho
Fort Craig
Fort Croghan
Fort Davis
Fort Duncan
Fort Ewell
Fort Lancaster
Fort McIntosh
Fort McKavett
Fort Richardson
Fort Ringgold
Fort Stanton
Fort Stockton
Fort Worth
New Mexico
San Antonio
Socorro
Texas
United States
Van Horn
Document Types
Diaries

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)

1936; 1950

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Claire Maxwell, April 1985.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.


OCLC Number

659860252


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

box
2D14 [SRH1230005740] Literary Production, Manuscripts
Notes
Correspondence, 1929-1950
box
2D15 [SRH1230005741] Research files
box
2D16 [SRH1230005742] Research files
box
2D17 [SRH1230005743] Research files: information relating to U.S. Army
Notes on U.S. Army Officers
box
3Y23 [SRH1230028297] Photograph Collection
Map Collection