Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

OCLC Number

Description of Series

Inventory 1933-1943

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Runnels County, Texas, New Deal Agencies Records, 1933-1943



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Texas Relief Commission
Title: Runnels County, Texas, New Deal agencies records
Dates: 1933-1943
Abstract: The first expenditure in Texas of federal monies allocated for the New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration created the Texas Relief Commission in 1933. Letters, memoranda, printed material, and applicant records from the Texas Relief Commission comprise the Runnels County (Texas) New Deal Agencies Records, 1933-1943.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01674
Extent: 29.54 linear feet
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

The first expenditure in Texas of federal monies allocated for the New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration created the Texas Relief Commission in 1933. With the establishment of the massive Work Projects Administration (WPA, originally titled the Works Progress Administration) in 1935, over 600,000 unemployed and destitute heads-of-household (both men and women) in Texas were provided with employment and subsistence-level wages during the last eight years of the Great Depression. In 1943, the program was phased out, rendered unnecessary by the decrease in unemployment and in the number of Texans seeking financial assistance.

In Runnels County, as in the rest of Texas, most WPA projects were devoted to the construction of schools and other public works. The Ballinger High School, Winters School, Runnels County Courthouse, and other buildings were erected or improved by workers paid from WPA funds. In addition, school-lunch programs and other minor projects provided income for a few more unemployed Runnels County residents.

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Scope and Contents

Letters, memoranda, printed material, and applicant records from the Texas Relief Commission comprise the Runnels County (Texas) New Deal Agencies Records, 1933-1943. Persons applying for work with agencies like the Works Projects Administration (WPA), Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), and the National Youth Administration in Runnels County were assigned case numbers, interviewed, visited at home, reported on by the caseworkers, and checked for indigent status. Lists of case numbers were entered into two ledger books by the clerks. Applicants were then assigned employment, given direct relief, or rejected. All papers relative to the different cases were placed together in folders, which were filed in numerical order.

The case numbers were organized in several series, and a master file of alphabetically arranged cards was maintained. The first four series were subtitled with the names of Runnels County towns: "Ballinger," "Winters," "Miles," and "Norton."

In addition, alphabetically arranged cards were kept for each series of cases and for those applicants certified for receipt of commodities. For CCC applicants, both cards and folders were maintained in alphabetical order. Several other kinds of forms and folders pertaining to relief cases are also included in this collection. Unfortunately, numerous errors in spelling, typing, assignment of case numbers, and so forth, render the various cross-referral systems less than reliable.

Besides the case records of applicants, the collection also contains a number of short publications, memoranda, and letters from the Texas Department of Public Welfare and other sources, relative to the administration of the New Deal programs in Texas.

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

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Index Terms

Corporate Names
Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)
Texas Relief Commission
Texas. State Department of Public Welfare
United States. National Youth Administration
United States. Works Progress Administration
Subjects
Depressions
Public works
Places
Ballinger
Miles
Norton
Texas
United States
Winters

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Related Materials

Works Progress Administration Records, Works Progress Administration: Slave Narratives; Culberson County Churches WPA; Federal Archives Report; Galveston (Tex.) WPA Guide Illustrations; Galveston (Tex.) WPA City Guide Transcripts; Galveston County (Tex.) Records Survey; Wichita Falls (Tex.) Historical Survey; Haley (James Evetts) Papers; Allen (Winnie) Papers; and Dallas (Tex.) Historical Narrative.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Runnels County, Texas, New Deal Agencies Records, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)

1983-077

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project," 2009-2011. Subsequent revision by Colleen Hobbs, February 2021.

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OCLC Number

657402439

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory 1933-1943

Ledger books, Work Projects Administration cases
box
3P252 [SRH1230019025] Ballinger, Texas, Series 1, January 1, 1935
Winters and Ballinger, Texas; Series 1 through 8, 0, NRS, January 1, 1935
Series 1 (Ballinger) file folders, cases 1-129
box
3P253 [SRH1230019026] Series 1 (Ballinger) file folders, cases 130-259
box
3P254 [SRH1230019027] Series 1 (Ballinger) file folders, cases 260-399
box
3P255 [SRH1230019028] Series 1 (Ballinger) file folder, cases 400-539
box
3P256 [SRH1230019029] Series l (Ballinger) file folders 540-699
box
3P257 [SRH1230019030] Series l (Ballinger) file folders, cases 700-879
box
3P258 [SRH1230019031] Series 1 (Ballinger) file folders, cases 880-1069
box
3P259 [SRH1230019032] Series l (Ballinger) file folders, cases 1070-1209
box
3P260 [SRH1230019033] Series 1 (Ballinger) file folders, cases 1210-2059
box
3P261 [SRH1230019034] Series l (Ballinger) file folders, cases 2060-2349
box
3P262 [SRH1230019035] Series 1 (Ballinger) file folders, cases 2350-2569
box
3P263 [SRH1230019036] Series 1 (Ballinger) file folders, cases 2570-2663
Series 2 (Winters) file folders cases 1-79
box
3P264 [SRH1230019037] Series 2 (Winters) file folders, cases 80-239
box
3P265 [SRH1230019038] Series 2 (Winters) file folders, cases 240-417
box
3P266 [SRH1230019039] Series 2 (Winters) file folders, cases 420-1016
Series 3 (Miles) file folders, cases 1-89
box
3P267 [SRH1230019040] Series 3 (Miles) file folders, cases 91-228
Series 4 file folders, cases 1-815
Series 5 file folders, cases 1-9
box
3P268 [SRH1230019041] Series 5 file folders, cases 13-904
Series 6 file folders, cases 1-20
Series 7 file folders, cases 20, 35
Other series, cases 8-5, 0-9, and ?NRS [sic]
Work Projects Administration: Notices to report to work and Notices of termination of employment, A-W
Work Projects Administration and National Youth Administration: Rejections, A-W
Unemployed and in need of employment, A-S
Civilian Conservation Corps: Applications and discharges, A-W
Civilian Conservation Corps and National Youth Administration: Notices to report to work and Notices of termination of employment, A-W
Civilian Conservation Corps: Rejections, A-W
box
3P269 [SRH1230019042] Civilian Conservation Corps and National Youth Administration: Discharges, A-W
Civilian Conservation Corps and National Youth Administration: Discharges, 1937-1942 and undated
Civilian Conservation Corps: Enrollees without case records, correspondence, 1936-1941
Old Age Assistance: Case folders, A-W
Old Age Assistance: Clothing and mattress orders, 1940-1941
National Youth Administration: Referrals changed to Referrals of farmers for between-season employment, J-S
box
3P270 [SRH1230019043] Referrals of farmers for between-season employment, A-W
Transients, records and correspondence, 1942-1943
Interagency correspondence on cases, 1939-1942
Requests for information on cases, unanswered, 1941
Forms with no case records, 1940-1941
Miscellaneous papers relating to cases, 1938-1942 and undated
Certifications and changes of status for commodities and stamps
box
3P270 [SRH1230019043] Work Projects Administration-Employed, A-W
Old Age Assistance, A-W
Aid to Dependent Children, H-R
Other classifications (Active cases)
box
3P270 [SRH1230019043] Ballinger, A-Z
Winters, A-W
Miles, B-S
Norton, G-L
Other towns, B-W
"Defense of Children in the War Emergency" (Texas Department of Public Welfare), 1942-1943
Correspondence on child welfare, 1940-1941
"Texas Laws on Medical Care for Indigents", 1941
"Directory of Welfare Resources in Texas", 1941
Illnesses and Public Assistance, and "Nomenclature of Diseases and Conditions", 1941
"Public Assistance Under the Social Security Act," and "The History of the Social Security Act", 1941
Texas Department of Public Welfare file letters relating to case work, 1941
Material related to Veterans
Longshoreman's and Harbor Worker's Compensation Act and United States Employees Compensation Act
Verification of Enemy Action (Texas Department of Public Welfare), 1942
Material related to nepotism laws
Information on libraries and publications
Material on methods of case recording
Miscellaneous
Interagency Service of the Family Welfare Association of America
box
3P271 [SRH1230019045] Master file cards, cases, A-L
box
3P272 [SRH1230019044] Master file cards, cases, M-S
Civilian Conservation Corps cards
box
3P272 [SRH1230019044] Active, A-N
Rejected, A-W
Inactive (Discharged), A-W
Work Projects Administration case cards
box
3P273 [SRH1230019291] Series 1 (Ballinger), A-K
Work Projects Administration case cards
box
3P274 [SRH1230019292] Series 1 (Ballinger), L-Z
Work Projects Administration case cards
box
3P275 [SRH1230019293] Series 2 (Winters), A-Y
Series 3 and above (Miles), A-W
box
3P276 [SRH1230019294] Certification and Identification cards, A-H
box
3P277 [SRH1230019295] Certification and Identification cards, I-R
box
3P278 [SRH1230019296] Certification and Identification cards, S-Z
Interview record cards, A-W
box
3S3 [SRH1230027678] Photograph, Civilian Conservation Corps Camp, Co. 3836, Glenwood, New Mexico, signed "Just to remember me by, George [Crawford]", July 25, 1939

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