University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Peter Molyneaux Papers, 1910-1953

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Molyneaux, Peter
Title: Molyneaux, Peter Papers
Dates: 1910-1953
Abstract: Peter Molyneaux was a journalist, editor, publisher, and economist. His papers include correspondence, literary productions, business and legal papers, printed material, maps, and photographs, and pertain to Molyneaux’s career activities.
Accession No.: 62-092; 69-109; 70-034
Extent: 54 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Peter Molyneaux (1882-1953), journalist, editor, publisher, and economist, was born in New Orleans, Louisiana. He removed himself from schooling at the age of 15, and in 1902 became a reporter for the New Orleans Daily News. While living in New Orleans he also wrote for the Item and the Daily States. In 1906 Molyneaux married Etna Ester Ellzey, and in 1908 they moved to Meadville, Pennsylvania, so he could attend Theological School, where he focused on economics, philosophy, and sociology. During his time in Pennsylvania, he wrote for the Philadelphia Record, but soon moved to Texas where he worked for the Houston Post and, in 1913, the San Antonio Express. A supporter of women’s suffrage as well as mandatory education, Molyneaux began publishing the Texas Club Woman in 1914 with his friend and associate Anna Pennybacker.

Content in Texas, Molyneaux worked for the Houston Post once more, 1914-1915, before becoming chief editorial writer for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, a position he held until 1924. He then moved to the Texas Monthly, based in Dallas, and was editor of this publication by 1928. The Texas Monthly became the Texas Weekly, and then the Southern Weekly, but Molyneaux remained in its employment for the rest of his life. He was also known for his involvement in the publishing and editing of Southwestern Banking and Industry (later Southwestern Banker), Taxpayer’s Digest (Tax Digest), and for his work with the Wortham-Molyneaux Publishing Company as well as the Molyneaux-Lewis Publishing Company.

Molyneaux was the author of two books, The Romantic Story of Texas (1936) and The South’s Political Plight (1947), as well as a number of pamphlets on economics. Furthermore, he was a trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and a member of the Southwest Economic Bureau, the Philosophical Society of Texas, and the Southwestern Social Science Association. He was awarded an honorary doctorate degree from Southern Methodist University in 1935, and died of cancer in 1953.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Molyneaux, Peter, " (accessed June 24, 2010).

Scope and Contents

The Peter Molyneaux Papers, 1910-1953, consist of correspondence; literary productions such as speeches, radio addresses, genealogical and historical notes, and political essays; business and legal papers including account papers, financial statements, checks, contracts, and litigation papers; printed material such as pamphlets, newspapers, magazines, and clippings; maps; and photographs. The papers pertain to Molyneaux’s career as a journalist, publisher, editor, and economist, especially for papers such as the Southern Weekly (formerly the Texas Weekly), Texas Digest, Southwestern Banker (Southwest Banking and Industry), and Tax Digest. Additionally, the papers pertain to Molyneaux’s business ventures, including the Wortham-Molyneaux Publishing Company and the Molyneaux-Lewis Publishing Company, as well as to his roles as a trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and as a member of economic and philosophical societies. Items of note in the collection include WOAI (San Antonio) radio broadcasts and an address, entitled "Texas--A Heritage and a Trust," delivered at a San Jacinto Day banquet held in the Rice Hotel.


Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

These papers are stored remotely. Advance notice required for retrieval. Contact repository for retrieval.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Molyneaux, Peter, b. 1882--Archives.
Molyneaux, Etna E.
Moody, Daniel James, 1893-1966
O'Daniel, W. Lee (Wilbert Lee), 1890-1969
Dobie, J. Frank (James Frank), 1888-1964
Peck, J. O. (Jonas Oramel), 1836-1894
Subjects (Organizations)
Southern Weekly
Texas Digest
Southwestern Banker
Tax Digest
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Publishers and publishing--Texas
Houston (Tex.)
Dallas (Tex.)
Fort Worth (Tex.)
San Antonio (Tex.)
New Orleans (La.)

Related Material

Molyneaux, Peter. The Cotton South and American Trade Policy. New York: National Peace Conference, 1936. Call number: 338.1 M739C

Molyneaux, Peter. The Romantic Story of Texas. New York and Dallas: Cordova Press, 1936. Call number: F 389 M67

Molyneaux, Peter. Romantic True Stories of Texas: A Series of Stories of Interesting Episodes in the History of Texas, Related Every Sunday, Over Radio Stations WFAA-WBAP, WOAI, and KPRC. Dallas, Texas: Texas Weekly, 1936. Call number: 976.4 M739RO

Molyneaux, Peter. The South’s Political Plight. Dallas: Calhoun Clubs of the South, 1948. Call number: JK 2316 M6

Molyneaux, Peter. Southwestern Banking and Industry. Dallas, Tex.: Beacon Pub. Co., 1941-1943. Call number: 330.5 SO87

Molyneaux, Peter. The Taxpayers Digest. Dallas, Tex.: Taxpayers Research Bureau, 1939-. Call number: -Q- HJ 2240 T397

Molyneaux, Peter. The Texas Club Woman. San Antonio, Texas, 1914-. Call number: -Q- 396.05 T312CL

Molyneaux, Peter. Texas Digest. Dallas: Texas Digest, 1940-1941. Call number: -Q- 976.4005 B884W

Molyneaux, Peter. The Texas Monthly. Dallas: The Texas Monthly, 1928-1930. Call number: 976.4005 B884

Molyneaux, Peter. Texas Weekly. Dallas: P. Molyneaux, 1930-1940. Call number: -Q- 976.4005 B884W

Molyneaux, Peter. Two Texas Songs. Dallas: Molyneaux-Lewis Pub Co., 1943. Call number: -Q- 784.71 M739T

Molyneaux, Peter. What Economic Nationalism Means to the South. New York Foreign Policy Association, 1934. Call number: 330.975 M739W

Molyneaux, Peter. Why a State Income Tax? An Analysis of a Revolutionary Proposal. Fort Worth, Tex.: Texans, Inc., 1929. Call number: HJ 4655 T42 M659 1929

Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Library Unit.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Peter Molyneaux Papers, 1910-1953, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Portions of this collection were processed by Chester Kielman, June 1962. Portions were revised by Goodrich, 1969; Sara Rumbo, November 1971; and Angela Olivera, November 1983. Portions of this collection are unprocessed. Contact repository for more information.

Detailed Description of the Papers



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