University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Verein Zum Schutze Deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, 1842-1858



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Adelsverein
Title: Verein zum Schutze Deutscher Einwanderer in Texas records
Dates: 1842-1858
Abstract: The Adelsverein, also known as the Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas (Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas), and later as the German Emigration Company, was provisionally organized on April 20, 1842, by twenty-one German noblemen at Biebrich on the Rhine, near Mainz. The Adelsverein was composed of German noblemen whose intent was to settle emigrants on the Fisher-Miller Land Grant in Texas, but instead they became the founders of New Braunfels and Fredericksburg and ran up a huge debt that they were never able to repay. Correspondence, legal and financial records, and inventories comprise the Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, which document the society's operations. The materials are primarily in German. The records make up the portion of the Archiv Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas, which went missing in Germany after 1931.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01592
Extent: 1.67 linear feet
Language: German .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

The Adelsverein, also known as the Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas (Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas), and later as the German Emigration Company, was provisionally organized on April 20, 1842, by twenty-one German noblemen at Biebrich on the Rhine, near Mainz. The Adelsverein was composed of German noblemen whose intent was to settle emigrants on the Fisher-Miller Land Grant in Texas, but instead they became the founders of New Braunfels and Fredericksburg and ran up a huge debt that they were never able to repay.

The members of the Adelsverein hoped to solve some of the economic problems of the time and turn a profit for themselves while establishing an American trade base for Germany. After various attempts to secure land, the society finally acquired the Fisher-Miller Grant on the Llano River. Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels was sent to Texas in July 1844 as commissioner general for the society, and in December he received the first group of emigrants with whom he founded New Braunfels in March of 1845. Almost from the beginning the society was in financial trouble; and although Otfried von Meusebach, later called John O. Meusebach, who took over as commissioner general after the first year, was able to keep the settlement running and also to establish Fredericksburg in 1846, the noblemen themselves were never able to pay off their debts and suffered serious personal financial losses. Few of the emigrants ever claimed their land in the Fisher-Miller Grant; but after surviving the ordeal of the first two years, New Braunfels and Fredericksburg became thriving communities. New Braunfels had become the fourth largest city in Texas by 1850.

Source:Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Adelsverein," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/AA/ufa1.html (accessed June 2, 2010).


Scope and Contents

Correspondence, legal and financial records, and inventories comprise the Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, which document the society's operations. The materials are primarily in German. The records make up the portion of the Archiv Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas, which went missing in Germany after 1931. They contain the records of Louis Becker, Louis Bene, P. Cappes, Count Castell, and Henry Fisher. Furthermore, the collection contains the sick books of New Braunfels and Fredericksburg and ship lists, as well as various financial and legal records.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Adolph, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 1817-1905
Bourgeois d'Orvanne, Alexander
Castell, Carl, Graf zu.
Frederick III, German Emperor, 1831-1888
Meusebach, John O., 1812-1897
Solms-Braunfels, Carl, Prinz zu, 1812-1875
Wied, Hermann zu 1814-1864
Corporate Names
Adelsverein
Subjects
Emigration and immigration
Germans
Places
Fredericksburg
Germany
New Braunfels
Republic of Texas
Texas

Related Materials

At the Briscoe Center see also the Solms-Braunfels Archive and the Wied Archives.

At Yale University see also the Archiv des Vereins zum Schutz deutscher Einwanderer in Texas and the Friedrich Armand Strubberg Collection.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Verein Zum Schutze Deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

box
3C30 [SRH1230015447] Louis Becker correspondence, 1847-1849
Louis Bene correspondence
box
3C30 [SRH1230015447] Letter book I, 1850-1852
Letter book II, 1851-1853
1844-1850
1849-1855
Traugott Bromme correspondence, 1845-1850
box
3C31 [SRH1230015448] P. Cappes correspondence, 1845-1854
Count Castell records, 1845-1849
Fisher's dealings with the Confederate States of America, 1860-1861
Henry F. Fisher records
box
3C31 [SRH1230015448] I, 1844-1850
II, 1850-1856
Miscellaneous Wurzback papers, 1845-1858
Ships list, 1844-1848
Lists of Fredericksburg and New Braunfels and sick books, 1844-1850
box
3C32 [SRH1230015449] Texas Verein inventories, 1848-1850
Contracts, 1845-1848
Society of Natural History, 1846-1847
Gillespie County [?] and other documents, 1848-1851
Bills, etc.
Bourgeois d'Orvanne Statutes, 1844-1845
B. Waldeck bills, 1842-1844
Texas Verein account books, 1843-1848
box
3C33 [SRH1230015450] Financial, 1844-1859
Texas prints
box
3C33 [SRH1230015450] 1845-1850
1850-1856
1844-1864