University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

William Wallace Mills Papers, 1856-1922



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Mills, W. W. (William Wallace), 1836-1913
Title: William Wallace Mills papers
Dates: 1856-1922
Abstract: William Wallace Mills (1836–1913) was a soldier, businessman, customs collector, consul, and El Paso pioneer. Papers include correspondence, literary productions, legal and financial documents, newspaper clippings, printed material, and photographs, and relate to the career of Mills.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01553
Extent: 6.5 linear feet
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

William Wallace Mills (1836–1913) was a soldier, businessman, customs collector, consul, and El Paso pioneer. Mills and his brother Anson, who named the city of El Paso, Texas, were two of the very few anti-secession voters in El Paso in 1860. Mills went to New Mexico to fight with the Union, and he was taken prisoner by Confederate forces during the Civil War. Following the Union's recovery of New Mexico and El Paso in 1862, Mills, as United States collector of customs at El Paso, worked towards an 1862 congressional act that allowed for the confiscation of property belonging to those who fought against the Union.

Mills took on a leadership position during Reconstruction in the moderate Republican party, led by A. J. Hamilton, and was appointed a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1868–1869 in Austin. It was at this Convention that the radical majority elected Edmund J. Davis president. When the radicals went on to win the gubernatorial race in 1869, Mills was removed from his post as collector of customs. This resulted in a virtual loss of his local power and as such, the end of his political career. Mills did, however, go on to serve as United States consul in Chihuahua, Mexico, from 1897 to 1907.

William Wallace Mills is the author of Forty Years at El Paso, his memoirs documenting the development and formation of that city. In 1910, Mills moved to Austin, and he died on February 10, 1913.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Mills, William Wallace."


Scope and Contents

The William Wallace Mills Papers, 1856-1922, contain correspondence, narrative, literary productions, letterbooks, memorandum book, account papers, deeds, legal papers, surveys, stock certificate, newspaper clippings, booklets, pamphlets, and photographs, and relate to the political career of William Wallace Mills. Specifically, the papers concern Mills's activities as consulate and as U.S. collector of customs in El Paso, as well as his involvement in the Republican Party during Reconstruction. Furthermore, the collection includes the correspondence of Mills's wife Mary Hamilton Mills and the Maloney family personal files.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Davis, E. J. (Edmund Jackson), 1827-1883
Hamilton, Andrew Jackson, 1815-1875
Mills, Anson, 1834-1924
Mills, Mary Hamilton
Mills, W. W. (William Wallace), 1836-1913
Sibley, Henry Hopkins, 1816-1886
Family Names
Maloney (Family)
Corporate Names
Republican Party (Tex.)
United States. Consulate (Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico)
Subjects
American Civil War (United States : 1861-1865)
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
Secession
Places
Austin
Chihuahua City
El Paso
Fort Bliss
Mesilla
Mexico
New Mexico
Santa Fe
Texas
Washington, D.C.

Related Materials

The William Wallace Mills Reminiscences collection, comprised of The History of the Sibley Campaign, 1861-1862, and housed in box 2R117, was added to the Willam Wallace Mills papers.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William Wallace Mills Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Lawrence Landis, October 1990.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

Subsequent revisions made by Caroline Collins, September 2020.


OCLC Number

658926204


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

Transcripts
box
3H222 [SRH1230016990] Volume I, correspondence, copies 1 and 3, 1856-1896
Volume II, correspondence, copies 1 and 3, 1897-1922, undated
box
3H223 [SRH1230016989] Volume I, part A, letter press, copies 1 and 3, 1898-1900
Volume III, part B, letter press, copies 1 and 3, 1898-1900
Volume IV, part A, letter press, copies 1 and 3, 1900-1902
box
3H224 [SRH1230016988] Volume IV, part B, letter press, copies 1 and 3, 1900-1902
Volume V, part A, letter press, copies 1, 2, and 3, 1903-1906
box
3H225 [SRH1230016889] Volume V, part B, letter press, copies 1, 2, and 3, 1903-1906
Volume VI, Mary Mills and W. W. Mills correspondence, copies 1, 2, and 3, 1874-1906
box
3H226 [SRH1230016888] Volume VII, Mary Hamilton Mills letters, copies 1, 2, and 3, 1865-1900
Volume VIII, Mary Hamilton Mills letters, copies 1, 2, and 3, 1901-1903
box
3H227 [SRH1230017585] Volume IX, Mary Hamilton Mills letters, copies 1, 2, and 3, 1904-1905
Volume X, Mary Hamilton Mills letters, copies 1, 2, and 3, 1906-1918
Volume XI, Mary Hamilton Mills letters, copy 1, undated
box
3H228 [SRH1230016991] Volume XI, Mary Hamilton Mills letters, copies 2 and 3, undated
Volume XII, Mary Hamilton Mills letters, fragments, 1863-1915
Volume XIII, Mary Hamilton Mills, fragments, copies 1, 2, and 3, undated
box
3H229 [SRH1230016992] Volume XIV, part A, family (Maloney) correspondence, copies 1, 2, and 3, undated
Volume XIV, part B, literary productions, parts 1 and 2, undated
box
3H230 [SRH1230016993] Volume XIV, part B, literary productions, parts 3 and 4, undated
box
2R117 [SRH1230011167] The History of the Sibley Campaign, 1861-1862 , undated
Letters
box
2R486 [SRH1230011871] Letters, 1856-1869
Letters, 1870-1879
Letters, 1882-1889
Letters, 1890-1896
Letters, 1897-1899
Letters, 1900
Letters, 1901-1905
Letters, 1906-1922
Letters, fragments, undated
Letter presses
box
2R487 [SRH1230011870] Letter presses, 1898-1899
Letter presses, 1900-1902
Letter presses, 1903-1906
Correspondence, Mary H. Mills and W. W. Mills, 1874-1906
Letters, Mary H. Mills
box
2R488 [SRH1230011852] Letters, 1865-1900
Letters, 1901-1903
Letters, 1904-1905
Letters, 1906-1918
Letters, fragments, undated
Letters, undated
Maloney family correspondence, undated
box
3A1 [SRH1230005010] Literary productions, undated
Literary productions
box
3A1 [SRH1230005010] Mary H. Mills, undated
Fragments, undated
box
3A2 [SRH1230005011] Legal documents, undated
Legal documents and records, undated
Receipts and invoices, undated
Land survey documents, undated
Tax receipts, undated
Land deeds, undated
Notebooks and receipt books, undated
Newspaper clippings, undated
box
3A3 [SRH1230005012] Newspaper clippings, undated
Scrapbook, undated
Scrapbook, undated
Printed materials
box
3A4 [SRH1230005013] Invitations, undated
Annoucements, undated
Cards, undated
Miscellaneous, undated
Booklets and pamphlets, undated
Photographs
box
3T4 [SRH1230027232] Unidentified ambrotype, circa 1860
box
3T213/3T214 [SRH1230021853] O. H. Swingley, undated
Mills home in Austin, undated
Political rally in Thorntown, Indiana, 1909
Home in Mexico, circa 1900
Unidentified interiors, undated
Photograph [panoramic]
folder
3T406f Old Boys Association, Thorntown, Indiana, August 3, 1908-August 4, 1908