University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

United States vs. State of Texas, Case 5281, Records, 1971



Creator Justice, William Wayne, 1920-2009
Title: United States vs. State of Texas, Case 5281, records
Dates: 1971
Abstract: The United States vs. State of Texas, Case #5281 Records, 1971, is comprised of an exhibits photograph album, suits, briefs, and opinions filed in other courts that affected the case.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01472
Extent: 20 linear feet
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Historical Note

In the court case United States v. Texas, known by its docket number Civil Order 5281, resulted in the largest series of desegregation orders in legal history. In 1970, the ruling gave Chief Judge William Wayne Justice the authority to order the Texas Education Agency to assume responsibility for overseeing desegregation in Texas public schools and institutions. The case originated in the Johnson administration in the 1960s when the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare investigated allegations of discrimination in several small Texas school districts. Judge Justice used this case to issue a series of orders to end discrimination in public schools by means of specific orders, guidelines, and mandatory annual reviews.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit confirmed Justice's ruling, but removed his authority to issue orders to districts that were or would be under the jurisdiction of other federal courts in Texas. Justice attempted to expand this order in 1982 to alleged discrimination against Mexican Americans in Gregory-Portland Independent School District. Enforcement of these orders became sporadic at best by the early 1990s.

Source:

Kemerer, Frank R. "United States v. Texas." Handbook of Texas Online.


Scope and Contents

The United States vs. State of Texas, Case #5281 Records, 1971, is comprised of an exhibits photograph album, suits, briefs, and opinions filed in other courts that affected the case. The collection also includes exhibits of the plaintiff, defendant, and government.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

These records are stored remotely. Advance notice required for retrieval. Contact repository for retrieval.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
Justice, William Wayne, 1920-2009
Corporate Names
Texas. Court of Appeals (5th)
Texas. State Department of Education
United States. Department of Health and Human Services
United States. Department of Justice
United States. District Court (Texas : Eastern District)
United States., Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Subjects
Prisons
School integration
Segregation in education
Places
Marshall
Texas

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

United States vs. State of Texas, Case 5281, Records, 1971, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project," 2009-2011.

Subsequent processing by Colleen Hobbs, October 2020.


Accession Number

93-471


OCLC Number

749885403


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

Exhibits photograph album
box
93-471/1 [05275028] Butles ISD, Freestone County, with maps
Cason ISD
Recently consolidated school districts:
Churchill CSD, Friendship CSD, Jackson CSD, Mt. Haven CSD
box
93-471/2 [05275017] Washington CSD, Nacogdoches County
Vernon County Line ISD, Jasper County
White Rock CSD, Grayson County
St. Paul-Shiloh CSD, Leon County
St. Paul CSD, Henderson County
Suits filed in other courts that affect #5281
Westheimer matter
Opinon draft by Polyzoides
Del Rio School District
Motion for Judge Justice
Joanna Morrow vs. JISD
Westheimer ISD intervention
Bush vs. Lone Star Steel, Marshall Division
Election contest case, Marshall Division
Publicity in Morales
Jefferson ISD school matter
Crystal City School District
Lufkin, racial matter and report
School segregation, opinions, 5th circuit
Mandamus, TISD vs. William Wayne Justice #5176
Complaint of Shofner, Jefferson ISD
TY 79-33-CR USA vs. John Marcus Young
Morales vs. Truman, conference notes
A. C. Williams, Atlanta school
Northside ISD
Briefs, opinions, etc. from other circuits and districts
Plaintiffs exhibits
box
93-471/3.1 [23353666] Plaintiffs exhibits
box
93-471/3.2 [23353677] Plaintiffs exhibits
box
93-471/4 [05275061] Government exhibits
Defendants exhibits
box
93-471/5 [05274943] Government exhibits
box
93-471/6 [05275039] Government exhibits
box
93-471/7 [05275040] Government exhibits
Defendants exhibits
box
93-471/8.1 [23353655] Government exhibits
Plaintiffs exhibits
box
93-471/8.2 [23353688] Government exhibits
Plaintiffs exhibits
box
93-471/9 [05274954] Defendants exhibits
box
93-471/10 [05275006] Defendants exhibits
Plaintiffs exhibits