University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Thomas Byers Huling Papers, 1826, 1831-1881, 1901

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Huling, Thomas Byers, 1804-1865
Title: Thomas Byers Huling papers
Dates: 1826, 1831-1881, 1901
Abstract: Thomas Byers Huling (1804-1865), landowner, postmaster, politician, congressman, judge, and speculator, came to Texas in 1834 and acquired a land grant on the Angelina River in what was to become Jasper County. His papers primarily concern his political and commercial activities in Texas from 1826 until 1901.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01462
Extent: 2.08 linear feet
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Thomas Byers Huling (1804-1865), landowner, postmaster, politician, congressman, judge, and speculator, came to Texas in 1834 and acquired a land grant on the Angelina River in what was to become Jasper County. During the Texas Revolution, Huling, at this time a landowner, merchant, and speculator, sold and delivered provisions to the army. Following the war Huling served as a postmaster and judge. He also owned the land on which Zavala, Texas was founded. Huling was married twice and had twelve children, eleven by his second wife Elizabeth Bullock. From 1840 until 1841, Huling represented Jaspar County in the Republic of Texas Congress. In 1847, he pursued an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to stimulate the economy of Zavala, by endeavoring to convince English families to immigrate to Texas. Despite this failure, Huling died a wealthy man in December 1865.

Source:Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Thomas Byers Huling," (accessed May 19, 2010).

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, broadsides, reports, memoranda, commissions, certificates, affidavits, muster rolls, deeds, surveys, field notes, plats, contracts, and account papers comprise the Thomas Byers Huling Papers (1826-1901). The papers concern the political and commercial activities of Huling, principally relating to his efforts to sell lands in numerous Texas counties. The collection contains evidence of Huling's involvement in the trade and commerce of Texas, as well as his activities as Zavala postmaster, judge and land agent. The papers pertain to immigration, settlement, and the colonization of Texas from 1834 onwards, especially in the municipality of Nacogdoches and in Jasper County. The papers document colonization and settlement activities, such as Huling's intentions in 1848-1849 to settle a colony of English immigrants along the San Gabriel River in Milam County.

In addition, Huling's papers relate to politics in the Republic of Texas, including such events as the presidential elections of 1836 and 1841, Huling's candidacy and service in Congress, Mirabeau Lamar's administration, the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, Huling's unsuccessful candidacy for election to the Senate, and Huling's opposition to annexation. Huling's involvement in politics extended beyond the annexation of Texas, therefore his papers also document the gubernatorial administration of Elisha Marshall Pease and Sam Houston's gubernatorial campaign of 1857.

Additionally, Huling's correspondence with Sam Houston, Thomas Jefferson Rusk, Henry Wax Karnes, Alexander Somervell, and others documents military matters in Texas, specifically the Texas Revolution, the Mexican invasions of 1842, Indian attacks, and the Civil War. Notably, the correspondence describes the experiences of many of Huling's correspondents during the Civil War, as well as the suppression of a slave insurrection in Tyler County in 1860.


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Ballinger, William Pitt, 1825-1888
De Cordova, Jacob, 1808-1868
De Pelligrini, Snider.
Forbes, John, 1797-1880
Ford, John Salmon
Glasscock, George Washington, 1810-1868
Hamilton, Andrew Jackson, 1815-1875
Hamilton, Morgan Calvin, 1809-1893
Hector, James P.
Horton, Alexander, 1810-1894
Hotchkiss, Archibald, 1794-1882
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863.
Huling, Thomas Byers, 1804-1865
Hunt, Memucan, 1807-1856
Irion, Robert A. (Robert Anderson), 1804-1861
Jones, John Rice, Jr., 1792-1845
Karnes, Henry Wax, 1812-1840
Kaufman, David S. (David Spangler), 1813-1851
Lamar, Mirabeau B. (Mirabeau Buonaparte), 1798-1859
McFarland, Thomas S. (Thomas Stuart), 1810-1880
Millard, Henry, 1807-1844
Miller, W. D. (Washington D.), 1814-1866
Nelson, Albert Aldrich, 1814-1892
Patton, Moses L., 1806-1883
Pease, E. M. (Elisha Marshall), 1812-1883
Roberts, Oran Milo, 1815-1898
Rusk, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson), 1803-1857
Sealy, John, 1822-1884
Sexton, Franklin Barlow, 1828-1900
Smith, Henry, 1788-1851
Smyth, G. W. (George Washington), 1803-1866
Somervell, Alexander, 1796-1854
Starr, James Harper, 1809-1890
Van Zandt, Isaac, 1813-1847
Ward, Thomas William, 1807-1872
Willson, Sam A. (Sam Andrew), 1835-1892
Corporate Names
Texas. Legislature
American Civil War (United States : 1861-1865)
Revolution (Texas : 1835-1836)
Texan Santa Fé Expedition (1841)
Holly Springs
New Orleans
Republic of Texas
San Augustine

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Thomas Byers Huling Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project," 2009-2011.

Detailed Description of the Collection


2E258 [SRH1230006309] 1836-1850
2E259 [SRH1230006308] 1850-1856
2E260 [SRH1230006354] 1857-1865
Business and legal papers, 1834-1843
2E261 [SRH1230006340] Business and legal papers, 1843-1853
Deeds and field notes
Bills of sale, 1827-1858
Promissory notes and financial records, [circa 1831-circa 1845]
Land account and memoranda books
2E262 [SRH1230006341] Promissory notes, tax receipts and inventories, court litigation
Commissions, muster rolls, broadsides
Elizabeth Bullock Huling papers, correspondence and legal documents, 1867-1901