University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Oscar Cromwell Dancy Papers, 1877, 1906-1965



Creator Dancy, Oscar Cromwell, 1879-1971
Title: Oscar Cromwell Dancy papers
Dates: 1877, 1906-1965
Abstract: Oscar Cromwell Dancy (1879-1971) served as county judge of Cameron County from 1921-1932 and 1934-1962. He was an energetic proponent of county water and highway improvements. The collection consists of correspondence, legal and financial records, speeches, political broadsides, newspaper clippings, brochures, magazines and postcards, scrapbooks, maps and photographs.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01444
Extent: 10.1 linear feet
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Biographical Note

Oscar Cromwell Dancy (1879-1971) was born and raised in Wilkes County, North Carolina. After receiving his law degree from Southern Normal University in Huntington, Tennessee, he taught in North Carolina and served with the U. S. Army in the Spanish-American War. Upon returning to the United States, Dancy served as mayor of North Wilkesboro, North Carolina. In 1909, Dancy resigned as mayor and moved with his wife to Brownsville, Texas, after she contracted typhoid fever.

Dancy practiced law and served as county judge of Cameron County from 1921 to 1932 and 1934 to 1962. A proponent of county water and highway improvements, he actively encouraged the statewide use of county bond financing and was an ardent supporter of the Democratic Party. His length of position as county judge was longer than any other man's in the history of the state. The Cameron County courthouse is now housed in the Oscar C. Dancy Building in Brownsville, Texas.

Source:

"Dancy, Oscar Cromwell." Handbook of Texas Online


Scope and Contents

The Oscar Cromwell Dancy Papers, 1877, 1906-1965, consist of correspondence, legal and financial records, speeches, political broadsides, newspaper clippings, brochures, magazines and postcards, scrapbooks, maps, and photographs. These items pertain to Dancy's career as a county judge as well as to his political positions. Additionally, the collection contains poll tax receipts; legal briefs, including some from before Dancy's judgeship; speeches concerning the Cameron County road system as well as taxes; and correspondence with many significant residents of Cameron County, Austin, and Washington, D.C.


Organization and Arrangement

The papers of Oscar Cromwell Dancy are arranged into seven series, as follows:
I. General and correspondence files
II. Personal files
III. Speeches
IV. Legal records
V. Printed material
  • a. Newspaper clippings, booklets, magazines and brochures
  • b. Political broadsides
VI. Scrapbooks
VII. Pictorial files
  • a. Photographs
  • b. Postcards
  • c. Maps

Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law. 


Index Terms

Personal Names
Anderson, W. E. (William Eugene), 1946-
Couch, Ed C.
Dancy, Arthur
Dancy, Oscar Cromwell, 1879-1971
Faulk, Henry
Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967
Jones, Jesse H. (Jesse Holman), 1874-1956
Mead, Elwood, 1858-1936
Neff, Pat Morris, 1871-1952
Pease, Charles Henry, 1873-1933
Sexton, Harry
Sheppard, Morris, 1875-1941
Corporate Names
Democratic Party (Tex.)
Subjects
Bonds
County government
Depressions
Judges
Politicians
Poll tax
Prohibition
Roads
Taxation
Voting-machines
Water resources development
Places
North America--Rio Grande Valley
Texas
Document Types
Broadsides (notices)
Speeches (documents)

Related Materials

See also the Sheppard, Morris Papers, 1894-1953.


Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Map Collection.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Oscar Cromwell Dancy Papers, 1877, 1906-1965, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by archives staff.

Subsequent revisions were made by Evan Usler, September 2011; and Colleen Hobbs, December 2020.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.


Accession Numbers

67-084; 73-162; 97-345; 99-112


OCLC Number

658060968


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

General and correspondence files:
box
3P5 [SRH1230019201] 1917-June 28, 1921
June 29, 1921-July 25 1921
July 26, 1921-1922
January 1923-July 1924
Poll tax receipts, Cameron County, 1924
September 1924-March 9, 1926
box
3P6 [SRH1230019202] March 15, 1926-July 1926
August 1926
September 1926-October 7, 1926
October 9-December 1926, undated
January 1927-February 1927
box
3P7 [SRH1230019203] March-June 10, 1927
June 11, 1927-July 1927
August 1927-September 1927
October 1927-December 1927
January 1928-March 1928
April 1928-June 1928
box
3P8 [SRH1230019204] July 1928-September 1928
October 1928-December 20, 1928
Poll tax receipts, 1928
December 22, 1928-February 1929
March 1929-May 1929
box
3P9 [SRH1230019206] June 1929-September 1929
October 1929-November 1929
December 1929-January 10, 1930, undated
January 11, 1930-February 1930
March 1930-June 1930
box
3P10 [SRH1230019205] July 1930-November 1930
December 1930, January 1931, undated
February 1931-May 14, 1931
May 18, 1931-June 20, 1931
June 22, 1931-July 1931
box
3P11 [SRH1230019207] August 1931-September 15, 1931
September 16, 1931-October 1931
October 1931-December 19, 1931
December 21, 1931-December 31, 1931, undated
January 1932-February 10, 1932
box
3P12 [SRH1230019208] February 12, 1932-April 9, 1932
April 11, 1932-May 1932
June 1932-August 15, 1932
August 16, 1932-September 24, 1932
September 26, 1932-October 1932
box
3P13 [SRH1230019209] November 1, 1932-November 15, 1932
November 16, 1932-December 2, 1932
December 3, 1932-December 17, 1932
December 18, 1932-December 31, 1932
1932, undated-January 19, 1933
box
3P14 [SRH1230019210] January 21, 1933-April 25, 1933
April 27, 1933-June 1933
July 1933-September 9, 1933
September 11, 1933-December 14, 1933
box
3P15 [SRH1230019211] December 16, 1933-January 20, 1934, undated
January 25, 1934-March 20, 1934
March 21, 1934-April 1934
May 1934-October 13, 1934
box
3P16 [SRH1230019212] October 18, 1934-December 1934, undated
January 1935-November 1936
December 1936-1938
January 1939-August 1939
September 1939-1940
1941-1942
box
3P17 [SRH1230019213] 1943-1944
1945-1949
1950-1951
1950-07
box
3P18 [SRH1230019214] 1952-1953
1954-1956
1957-1958-10
1958-11-1961
1963-1965, undated
box
3P19 [SRH1230019215] Undated
Personal files
box
3P19 [SRH1230019215] Correspondence and notes, circa 1921-circa 1960
Business and legal records, 1931-1958, undated
Speeches
box
3P19 [SRH1230019215] March 27, 1919, 1926-1942
1943-1952
box
3P20 [SRH1230019216] 1953-1964, undated
Undated
Legal records
box
3P21 [SRH1230018777] Briefs, 1913-1916
Brief, County of Cameron, Texas vs. Milton D. Richardson, et al, 1954
Printed material
Newspaper clippings
box
3P22 [SRH1230018778] Oscar C. Dancy, 1922-1951, undated
Water, roads, politics and miscellaneous, 1920-1955, undated
Booklets, brochures and magazines, 1877, 1906-1948, 1950-1958, undated
Broadsides
box
3P22 [SRH1230018778] 1920-1960, undated
1928-1958, undated
folder
OD1199 "Yates Answers Galbraith"
"Our First National Seashore"
"At Last! The Candidate Has Been…" [2 copies]
"Shell Game Politics Exposed"
"Facts Which Should Interest…"
"Radio Talk by Oscar…"
"Radio Speech Delivered Over KGFI"
"All I Ask says Congressman Gardner" [2 copies]
"Gordon Griffin For Congress"
"Questions and Answers Concerning Cameron…"
"Announcement Senor Don Pedro…"
"Dancy Explains His Position…" [3 copies]
"To the Women and Men of Cameron County…"
"The Record and the Truth. An Appeal…"
"Andrew J. Britton for Land Commissioner"
"The Land Owners of the La Feria…"
"Statement Made by Governor Pat M. Neff…"
Scrapbooks
object
3S128a 1903-1945, undated
object
3S128b 1923
object
3S128c 1926-1929, undated
object
3S128d 1939-1942
box
3P23 [SRH1230018779] 1923-1928
1925-1933
1925-1943
1927-1931
1927-1934
1928-1934
1930, 1933
1931-1932
1931-1934
1932
1932-1933
1932-1938
1933
1933, 1934
1933-1934
box
3P24 [SRH1230018780] 1933-1934
1933-1936
1933-1939
1934, undated
1935
1937
1939-1959
Undated
object
3P43a 1938
Pictorial files
Photographs
box
3S1 [SRH1230027670] Judge Oscar C. Dancy (Only Concrete), Cameron County, Texas, March 20, 1930
"Aunt Nina," Powell Studio, San Antonio, Texas
[Smith's] [?]
box
3A117 [SRH1230015161] Postcards
box
Map Collection Post Route Map of the State of Texas Showing Post Offices with the Intermediate Distances on Mail Routes, Postmaster General A.S. Burleson, January 1919
2 pieces, filed with Texas Maps 2 pieces, filed with Texas Maps