University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the George Washington Smyth Papers, 1819-1892, 1912-1960

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Smyth, George Washington, 1803-1866
Title: George Washington Smyth Papers
Dates: 1819-1892, 1912-1960
Abstract: Correspondence, receipts, financial papers, plats, field notes, memoranda, notebooks, speeches, and newspaper clippings comprise the papers of George Washington Smyth and his family.
Accession No.: 1931; 70-047; 2005-135
Extent: 3 ft., 1 in.
Language: Materials are written in English and Spanish.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

George Washington Smyth (1803-1866), congressman and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and Constitution, was born in North Carolina as eldest son of Andrew and Susannah Smyth. In 1827 or 1828, George came to Texas and in 1830 settled in Bevil’s Settlement (near present-day Jasper), where he married Frances M. Grigsby (1809-1888) in 1834. The couple had seven children, including George Washington, Jr.

The Mexican government appointed Smyth as a surveyor, then as a commissioner of titles to issue titles to colonists entitled to Mexican land grants. He served as delegate from Jasper to the Convention of 1836 and signed the Texas Declaration of Independence.

In 1839, President Mirabeau B. Lamar appointed Smyth as Texas commissioner to help set the boundary line between the Republic of Texas and the United States. In 1844, he served in the Texas House of Representatives as a strong proponent to annexation. He then took part in the Convention of 1845, which developed the first Constitution of the State of Texas.

Smyth continued his involvement in the State of Texas’s politics, becoming the second commissioner of the General Land Office in 1848. After four years, he left to serve as Democratic elector and then from 1853 to 1855 as Congressman from the First Congressional District of Texas in the US House of Representatives. As an opponent to the passage of a law to allow the African slave trade in Texas, he ran for and barely lost the position as State Comptroller. Although Smyth opposed secession, he stayed loyal to Texas during the Civil War and encouraged his sons to fight for the Confederacy, which they did.

After the war, Jasper elected Smyth as representative to the Constitutional Convention of 1866. Against the advise of his doctors, he went to Austin, where he died on February 21, 1866.


George Washington Smyth Papers, 1819-1892, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Wooster, Robert. “Smyth, George Washington (1803-1866).” Handbook of Texas Online, (accessed February 22, 2010).

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, receipts, financial papers, plats, field notes, memoranda, notebooks, speeches, and newspaper clippings comprise the papers of George Washington Smyth and his family. The collection concerns Smyth’s career and interests in land affairs, the widening and dredging of East Texas rivers, Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, state’s rights, Mexican War, Wilmot Proviso, Oregon settlement, and Secession. Also included are an autobiography written in 1857; personal and financial affairs of Smyth’s family and friends; and business affairs of the mercantile establishments operated by his sons after the Civil War, such as Smyth and Beatty (to 1871), Smyth and Bro. (1871-1878), and Smyth and Seale (1878-1880).

The Fannie Smith Papers contain correspondence among the Smyth family about the movement of Smyth’s widow’s body to the state cemetery, erecting the monument at George Washington Smyth’s homestead in Jasper in 1936, and about erecting a gravestone for Mamy Sylla, beloved servant of Frances Smyth.


Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Smyth, George Washington, 1803-1866 -- Archives.
Smyth, George Washington, 1850-1922 -- Archives.
Smyth family.
Subjects (Organizations)
Texas. General Land Office.
United States. Congress. House -- History -- 19th century.
Surveyors -- Texas.
Legislators -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
Legislators -- Texas -- History -- 19th century.
Politicians -- Texas -- History -- 19th century.
Beaumont (Tex.)
Jasper (Tex.)
Woodville (Tex.)
Texas -- Politics and government -- 19th century.
Texas -- History -- Republic, 1836-1846.
Texas -- History -- Revolution, 1835-1836.
Texas -- History -- To 1846.
Texas -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
Texas -- History -- 1846-1850.

Related Material

See also Smyth (Andrew Farney) Papers and Myers, Elbert Jefferson. Life of George W. Smith. Master’s thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1931. Call number: THESIS 1931 M992.

Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Artifact Collection.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

George Washington Smyth Papers, 1819-1892, 1912-1960, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Revised by Laurel Rozema, February 2010.

Detailed Description of the Papers



2K322 Papers:
2K323 1834-1848
2K324 1848-1853
2K325 1866-1892
2K326 1836, 1884, undated [ca. 1830s, 1840s, 1880s]
2K327 1854-1865
Papers in Spanish, 1827-1835
M. S. books
Newspaper clippings
Articles and speeches
Field notes
2.325/T56c Account sheets
2R184 Autobiography, 1857
2R185 Calendar of the G. W. Smyth papers
3S16.4 Photographs
2J24 [2005-135]:
Fannie Smith Papers
to Fannie Smith, 1935-1945
from Fannie Smith to May Dee and Allen A. Oxford, 193, undated
to W.H. Smith from T.A. Stone, 1924
2J24 Cemetery sketches and gravestone inscriptions, 1960
Empty banking envelope for Fannie Smith, undated
Newspaper clippings, 1912, 1935-1936, 1956, undated
Genealogical and biographical information on George W. Smyth, 1956, undated
Program for monument dedication ceremony for George W. Smyth at his former homestead, 1936
2.325/T56c The Jasper News-Boy, December 9, 1865, February 17, 1866