William L. Duren, Jr., Papers, 19462005





Creator: 
Duren, William Larkin, 19052008. 

Title: 
William L. Duren, Jr., papers 

Dates:  19252005 


Abstract: 
William L. Duren Jr. (19052008), former Mathematical Association of America (MAA) president from 1955 to 1956, was the founding chairman of the MAA's Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM), and a professor of mathematics at Tulane University (19471955). The bulk of the Duren papers documents his work with the MAA, particularly in the promotion of undergraduate mathematics education through his efforts on the CUPM. 

Identification: 
urn:taro:utexas.cah.01365 

Extent: 
9 linear feet 

Language: 
English
. 

Repository: 
Dolph Briscoe Center for American History,
The University of Texas at Austin 
William L. Duren Jr. (19052008), former Mathematical Association of America (MAA) president from 1955 to 1956 and founding chairman of MAA's Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM), was born November 10, 1905, in Macon, Mississippi. He attended Tulane University in New Orleans as an undergraduate mathematics major and received his BA in 1926.
Duren continued his studies at the University of Chicago, where he wrote his doctoral thesis in calculus of variations under the direction of G. A. Bliss. He received his Ph.D. in 1930 and married the following year.
After graduating, Duren returned to Tulane to teach mathematics, interrupted by a year spent at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study from 1936 to 1937, where he served as assistant to Marston Morse on calculus of variations in the large. He had an office next to Albert Einstein and became acquainted with many leading mathematicians, including Hermann Weyl and John von Neumann. During World War II, Duren worked as a civilian scientist in the Army Air Corps.
On returning to Tulane in 1947, he was named Chairman of the Mathematics Department. There he obtained a grant from the U.S. Office of Naval Research to establish Tulane's doctoral program in mathematics, which became the model for other such programs in the South. Duren also worked to bring racial integration to the college.
In 1952, Duren was named the first Program Director in Mathematics at the National Science Foundation (NSF). He served for one year, using the position to promote the establishment of mathematics Ph.D. programs around the country. During this time, he also formed the CUPM, which operated for 10 years and brought about improvements in the curricula of undergraduate mathematics.
Duren became president of the MAA in 1955. That same year he left Tulane, to become Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Virginia (19551962). In 1962, Duren was appointed the first University Professor, which allowed him to move to the School of Engineering, where he formed a new Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science. In 1959, Duren was awarded an honorary LL.D. by Tulane University, and in 1967, he received the MAA Citation for Distinguished Service to Mathematics.
Duren retired in 1976. He wrote historical articles for mathematicians, humorous essays about his childhood in Mississippi and life in New Orleans, and more serious essays. In 2002, Duren wrote a proposal recommending the creation of an interdisciplinary graduate degree in Arts and Sciences. Tulane University established the Duren Professorship Program.
The bulk of the Duren papers documents his work in the promotion of undergraduate mathematics education through his efforts on the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM). These files consist of correspondence, minutes, agendas, printed materials, publications and papers, and handwritten notes. In addition to the CUPM files, materials concerning Duren's work as a professor are included in this collection. These files consist of correspondence, lectures, teaching materials, publications and papers, and printed materials.
Forms part of the Archives of American Mathematics.
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Personal Names 


Bliss, Gilbert Ames, 18761951 


Duren, William Larkin, 19052008. 


Jones, C. W. (Clement Workman), 1920 


Kemeny, John G. 


Madow, William G. (William Gregory), 1911 


McShane, E. J. (Edward James), 1904 


Price, G. Baley (Griffith Baley), 19052006 


Putnam, Alfred L., 19162004 


Rees, Mina Spiegel, 1902 


Tucker, Albert W. (Albert William), 19051995 

Corporate Names 


American Society for Engineering Education. 


American association for the advancement of science 


American mathematical society 


Conference board of the mathematical sciences 


Mathematical Association of America. Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics. 


Mathematical association of America 


National Science Foundation (U.S.) 


School Mathematics Study Group 


Southern Association of Colleges and Schools 


Tulane University. Department of Mathematics 


University of Virginia. 

Subjects 


Calculus 


EducationCurricula 


Mathematics 


Race relations 
William L. Duren, Jr., Papers, Archives of American Mathematics, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
2008269; 2010192
464696638
Detailed Description of the Collection















1. Organizations 
box 
2008269/1 


The Mathematical Association of America (MAA) 




Committee on Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM) 





Minutes, 19631965, 1967, 1969, undated 





Agendas, 1957, 1965, 1967 
box 
2010192/1 




Agendas, minutes, correspondence, 19641965 





Agenda, proposal, correspondence, minutes, SeptemberNovember, 1965 
box 
2008269/1 




Correspondence, 19531958 
box 
2010192/1 




Correspondence, 19551963 
box 
2008269/2 




Correspondence, 19611963 





Correspondence, 19641965 
box 
2010192/1 




Correspondence, annual report, agendas, proposal, conference materials, 19641972 
box 
2008269/2 




Correspondence, 19661969 





Correspondence, 19701971, undated 





Reports 






Committee on Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM) 







Unpublished, 19531954, 1958, 19641965 
box 
2010192/1 






Unpublished, circa 1954, 1965 
box 
2008269/2 






Unpublished, 19671968, 1978, 1980, undated 
box 
2008269/3 






Published, 1957 
box 
2010192/1 






Unpublished and published 








Reports, correspondence, proposal, 1956, 1961 








Reports, 19641965 








Reports, study, article, survey, abstracts, circa 1960circa 1969, 1985 
box 
2008269/3 





Other committees, 19531955, 1962, 1967, 1971, undated 
box 
2008269/4 




Transcripts of meetings, 1957 





Notes, undated 





Printed materials 






Newsletters, 19671970 






Statistical information, 19631964, undated 






Directories, 1956, 1966 






Survey (CUPM?), undated 





Administrative files 






Financial, 1957, 1965 






Expense policy and forms, undated 






CUPM materials order forms, 1966, undated 





Conference proceedings and resolutions 






Conference on Research Potential and Training in Mathematics, 1958 






Publisher's Conference, 1964 






Proceedings of the 33rd Conference of Academic Deans, 1964 






Panel on Mathematics in Twoyear Colleges, 1967 





Proposed course and textbook outlines, undated 





Creative works 






Lectures, 19631964, 1967, undated 






Publications 







Duren 








"CUPM, The History of an Idea,", 1965, undated 
box 
2010192/2 







"CUPM, The History of an Idea," typed manuscripts, section meeting materials, 1965, undated 
box 
2008269/5 






Other authors 








Publications, 1953, 19621964, 1971, undated 








Papers, 1957, undated 
box 
2010192/2 




Publications 






Universal Mathematics Part II, Structures in Sets
, 1955 
box 
2008269/5 





Recommendations of the Mathematical Association of America for the Training of Teachers of Mathematics
, December 1960 






Course Guides for the Training of Teachers of Junior High and High School Mathematics
, June 1961 






Recommendations on the Undergraduate Mathematics Program for Engineers and Physicists
, January 1962 






Mathematics Text Materials for the Undergraduate Preparation of Elementary School Teachers
, February 1963 






Preliminary Recommendations for Pregraduate Preparation of Research Mathematicians
, May 1963 






Pregraduate Preparation of Research Mathematicians
, May 1963 






Tentative Recommendations for the Undergraduate Mathematics Program of Students in the Biological, Management and Social Sciences
, January 1964 






Recommendations on the Undergraduate Mathematics Program for Work in Computing
, May 1964 






Proceedings of the Preliminary Meeting on College Level Mathematics Education
, 1965 






Basic Library List
, January 1965 






A General Curriculum in Mathematics for Colleges
, January 1965 






Preparation for Graduate Study in Mathematics
, November 1965 






A Curriculum in Applied Mathematics
, January 1966 






Mathematical Engineering, A Five Year Program
, October 1966 






Recommendations on the Undergraduate Mathematics Program for Engineers and Physicists
, January 1967 






Qualifications for a College Faculty in Mathematics
, January 1967 






A Transfer Curriculum in Mathematics for Two Year Colleges
, January 1969 






A Beginning Graduate Program in Mathematics for Prospective Teachers of Undergraduates
, February 1969 






Qualifications for Teaching University Parallel Mathematics Courses in TwoYear Colleges
, August 1969 






Recommendations for the Undergraduate Mathematics Program for Students in the Life Sciences, An Interim Report
, September 1970 
box 
2010192/2 





Recommendations for the Training of Teachers of Mathematics, A Summary– publication, correspondence, paper, proposal, January 1961 





Organization for College Teachers Task Force, memorandum, proposal, minutes, October 1965 
box 
2008269/5 




General Curriculum in Mathematics for Colleges (GCMC) 






Correspondence, 19641965, 1968, 1969 






Working papers, 1964, undated 






Minutes, 1964 
box 
2010192/2 





Pregraduate conference, roster, correspondence, agenda, February 1112, 1966 
box 
2008269/6 





Conference materials, 1969 






Section reports, 19661967, undated 






Writings by others 







"Should the CUPM Recommendations be Implemented? If So, How?" Olmsted, 1967 







"Mathematics Is Necessary for Everyone," Kantorovich, 1969 





Correspondence, 1952, 1958, 1963, 1987 
box 
2010192/3 




Correspondence: Universal Mathematics
, 19561957 
box 
2010192/2 



Committee on EmployerEmployee Contacts (CEEP) 





Correspondence, CUPM report, circa 1967, 1972 





Report, 1971 





Correspondence, 1971 





Correspondence with Saunders MacLane, Lincoln Durst, 19711972 





Article manuscripts: "The Long Range Outlook," "Policies for the Next Five Years,", circa 19701979 
box 
2010192/3 



Committee to advise the Board of Governors of the MAA on policies in support of academic tenure  report: "MAA and Job Security," final typed manuscript, March 1965 




Committee on Educational Media – status report, AprilMay 1965 




Committee on International Cooperation in Mathematical Education  correspondence, agenda, April 1966 




MAA: General 





MAA Award for Distinguished Service to Professor William Larkin Duren, Jr., by E. J. McShane, reprint, January 1967 





"Duren President MAA," correspondence, handbook, list of section officers, 19541955 
box 
2008269/6 




Organization files 






Agendas, 1953, 1957, 1960, 1964 
box 
2010192/3 





Board of Governors, agenda, January 1962 






Washington D.C. conferences – reports, 1958 






Program of Visiting Lecturers: Correspondence, lecture tour correspondence, 19541955 
box 
2008269/6 





Printed materials: conference proceedings, handbook for section officers, guidebook to departments in the mathematical sciences in the U.S. and Canada, historical outline of the annual meetings of the Louisiana/Mississippi sections of the MAA, 19521953, 1958, 1966, undated 
box 
2010192/4 


National Research Council (NRC) 




Committee on the Regional Development of Mathematics (CRDM), committee documentation, 19511952 




Survey Committee on Policy – correspondence, survey, minutes, 19541955 




Proposal, meeting documents, correspondence, 19531954 




Correspondence, committee lists, report, articles of organization, July 1, 1954June 30, 1955 
box 
2010192/5 


Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences (CBMS) 




Correspondence, 19591962 
box 
2008269/6 



Correspondence, 1963, 1971 




Agenda, 1963 




Report, 1963 




Funding proposal, 1971 




Statistical information, 1963, 1971, undated 




Survey form, undated 



National Science Foundation (NSF) 




Correspondence, papers, publications, and newsletters, 1953, 1954, 1972, 1981, undated 
box 
2010192/5 



Committee on Regional Development of Mathematics 





Correspondence, member list, report, 19531954 





Correspondence, 19541955 




Academic Year Institute for Teachers of the Sciences and Mathematics, September 1958June 1959 




Correspondence, 1962, 1971 
box 
2008269/6 


American Mathematical Society (AMS) 




Minutes, correspondence, papers, and statistical information, 1971, 1972, 1988, 1994, 1995 
box 
2010192/5 



"Duren, William L., Jr. 195152" – loyalty oath committee: report, correspondence, 19511952 




Talk: "The Most Urgent Problem for the Mathematics Profession,", January 1994 
box 
2008269/6 


American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS): Minutes, agendas, and newsletter, 1953, 1963 
box 
2008269/7 


School Mathematics Study Group (SMSG), 1962 
box 
2010192/5 



"Chicago – SMSG – April 9 – Advisory Committee": correspondence, newsletter, committee documents, 1960 




Reports of SMSG panels, 19681969 
box 
2008269/7 


American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE), 1954 
box 
2010192/5 



Minutes, October 67, 1961 



New Orleans Academy of Sciences, Planning and Advisory Committee  correspondence, minutes, 19511952 



Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences – minutes, October 29, 1961 



U. S. Office of Education: MathScience Panel – letter, September 1968 















2. Conferences 
box 
2010192/8 


International Congress of Mathematicians – member list, program, 1950 



Report on a Conference on Undergraduate Mathematics Curricula, October 1956 



Multiple conferences in Washington D. C. – MAA, InService Education, 1960 



Doctor of Arts in Mathematics – correspondence, report on Yale conference, 19601962 



Conference for the Advancement of Science and Mathematics Teaching – correspondence, program, text of talk, 1961 



Regional Conference on New Developments in College Education in Mathematics, Physical Sciences, and Engineering – proceedings, letter, 19631964 



New Developments in College Education, UCLA – correspondence, talk, 1963 



NSF – Srinigar Conference [planning conference on science education], New Dehli, India – correspondence, conference materials, 1966 



Marshall H. Stone Symposium – address by Edwin Hewitt, November 10, 1979 















3. Lectures 
box 
2010192/9 


"Scientists for the South,", October 14, 1948 



"Mathematics in Liberal Education,", November 4, 1956 



"The Universal Languages,", May 16, 1958 
box 
2008269/7 


"Mathematics in the Undergraduate Curriculum,", 1964 



Greensboro Natural Science Lectures [includes clippings, program, introductory remarks, and speeches], November 910, 1970 



"The Past and Future of Mathematical Education,", 1973 



"A Career as a Scientific Generalist Based in Mathematics,", 2005 



"Mathematics for Social Scientists and the Dartmouth Experiment,", undated 



"Sets in the Curriculum," [incomplete], undated 
box 
2010192/9 


Untitled talk, undated 















4. Writings 
box 
2010192/9 


Publications and papers 




"Anser's First Ten Years 19581968," by W.L. Duren, Septebmer 1968 
box 
2008269/7 



"Collegiate Mathematics and the National Science Foundation,", 1953 




"Work Paper on Reorganization of College Teaching in the College of Arts and Sciences, University of Virginia,", 1959 




"Are There Too Many PhD's in Mathematics?", 1970 




"Graduate Student at Chicago in the Twenties,", 1976 




"Memoirs of a Lay Mathematician,", 1996 




"Employment and Educational Policy,", undated 




"Mathematics in American Society 18881988; A Historical Commentary,", undated 



Manuscripts 




Book draft, "Universal Mathematics Part II. Structures in Sets", 1954 
box 
2010192/9 



"Universal Mathematics Part II. Structures in Sets," various sections, typed, handwritten, circa 1954 




"Celestial Mechanics Etc.," handwritten manuscripts, paper, 19281930 




"Integrated Equations," table of contents, notes, undated 




"Higher Derivatives in the Integrated Function," chapter draft, undated 




"Statistics,", undated 




"Calculus of Variations," problems, undated 




"Operations Analyst, U.S. Army Air Force in WW II," unpublished, photocopy, 1981 















5. Correspondence 
box 
2010192/6 


19461959 
box 
2010192/7 


19561994 
box 
2008269/7 


19621964, 1982 















6. Teaching and university business 
box 
2008269/7 


Course materials 




Course outlines, 19461947, undated 




Exams, 1954, 1955, undated 




Problems, undated 




Chapter summaries, 1946, undated 




Notes, undated 
box 
2010192/10 


Correspondence – Tulane, 19501953, undated 



"Final Report to the Office of Naval Research from the Tulane University Project in Mathematics," by W. L. Duren, August 1955 



Dissertation – Leroy J. Derr, July 1957 



Tulane faculty address list, 1954 















7. Printed materials 
box 
2010192/10 


Begle, E. G., MacLane, S., Price, G. B., Lectures on Experimental Programs in Collegiate Mathematics
, 1955 
box 
2008269/7 


Jones, C.W., Applied Mathematics in the Context of Engineering
, February 19, 1963 



Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, Constitution of the Association and Standards for Colleges, November 29, 1962 



Thwaites, Bryan, On Teaching Mathematics
, 1961 



U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Guide to Undergraduate Education
, 1962 















8. Miscellaneous professional 
box 
2010192/10 


Reference file: Soviet Union reports on mathematics, 19571959, circa 1950s 















9. Personal 
box 
2010192/11 


Education 




"Miscellaneous Notes,", 19251930, circa 1920s1930 




Lecture and course notes, 19251932, circa 1930 
box 
2010192/12 



Lecture and course notes, 19331936, circa 1930 



Miscellaneous 




Christmas card, 1952 




"The Life and Sayings of Edwin Moise,", circa 1989 
