University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Willis G. Youens Papers, 1885-1983 [bulk 1918-1940]

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Youens, Willis G.
Title: Willis G. Youens papers
Dates: 1885-1983,
Dates (Bulk): [bulk 1918-1940
Abstract: Correspondence, photographs, military records, clippings, certificates, books, and genealogical research document the life of Willis G. Youens (1884-1943), a Texan physician who served in Europe with the U.S. Army Medical Section during World War I and later spent eight years with the Civilian Conservation Corps in Arizona.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01053
Extent: 2 linear feet
Language: English , French , German .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Willis George Youens was born on January 17, 1884 in Columbus, Texas. After graduating from Columbus High School, he entered the University of Texas School of Medicine at Galveston in 1902, graduating in 1907. He then began practicing as a physician in his hometown. Youens married Florence Fay Burford of Columbus in 1911, and they had five children. In 1917, Youens volunteered to serve in the United States military forces, and he was appointed First Lieutenant in the Medical Section of the Officers Reserve Corps, Army of the United States. He reported to Kelly Field, San Antonio in January 1918, and subsequently served as a Captain in France (July-November 1918) and Germany (December 1918-April 1919). Upon returning home, Youens continued his medical practice in Columbus. He joined the Civilian Conservation Corps in Arizona in 1934, remaining there until 1942. In 1934, Youens and his wife Fay divorced. He married Cynthia Tanner in Arizona in 1935, and they had four children. In 1942, Youens returned to Columbus, Texas to begin private practice. He died of a heart of attack in Columbus on April 25, 1943.

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, photographs, military records, clippings, certificates, books, and genealogical research document the life of Willis George Youens, Sr. Correspondence comprises the bulk of the collection, primarily letters Youens wrote to his wife, Fay, while serving in World War I, as well as letters he wrote to his children while working for the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in the 1930's. The letters portray the day-to-day experiences and trials of a physician serving overseas during World War I, and provide insight into life in the CCC camps during the Depression. Additional context for Youens' World War I service is found in his military records, books, and newspapers. The biographical and genealogical material provides information about Youens' ancestors and descendents, as well as further personal and family background.


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Youens, Willis G.
Corporate Names
Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)
Medical care
World War (1914-1918)
Document Types

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Willis G. Youens Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)


Detailed Description of the Collection


2.325/N9a [SRH1230001765] Correspondence
Letters sent
To his wife, Fay Youens
[19 letters], January-March, 1918
[18 letters], April-May 1918
[10 letters], June 1918
[14 letters], July-August 1918
[18 letters], September-October 1918
[8 letters], November 1918
[12 letters], December 1918
[18 letters], January 1919
2.325/N9b [SRH1230001766] [17 letters], February 1919
[21 letters], March 1919
[8 letters], April-May 1919
[1 letter], March 3, 1931
To his uncle, A. G. Youens, February 24, 1918
To his sister, Ada Tanner [photocopy], February 8, 1919
Postcards to family members, 1918-1919, undated
To his son, Willis G. Youens, Jr.
2.325/N30a [SRH1230001948] 1939
To his son, Thomas Youens [14 letters], 1935-1939
To his daughter, Mary Elizabeth Youens Brune (Mrs. E. K. Brune), 1934-1940
To his son, Harry Thomas Youens, 1934-1935
Telegrams and cables, 1918-1919, undated
World War I era: Youens in uniform; Germany; Youens family, 1918, undated
Youens and family members, circa 1905-circa 1940
Biographical and genealogical material
Timeline, life of Willis Youens; descendants of Willis Youens; descendents of Alfred Youens
Letter re. Youens' degree from the UT Galveston Medical Department, 1983
Transcriptions of newspaper articles about Youens, 1918-1919, 1929, 1943
World War I service: Military records and related material
Address roster and brief history, 163rd Ambulance Company, American Expeditionary Forces; Officer's Record Book; clipping, circa 1918-1919
Appointment letters, Captain in Medical Corps, United States Army, 1919
Post-war festivities: Programs, letter received, 1918-1919, undated
Postcards: Köln; Hospital of Brotherly Mercy, circa 1918-1919
Artifacts: Dog tags, piece of uniform [?], circa 1918
2.325/W19b [SRH1230002645] Military orders, 1918-1919
2.325/N30a [SRH1230001948] Medical practice: Assorted material
Medical records for Youens children, 1921-1923
Medical journals: Texas State Journal of Medicine, July 1943; The Journal of American Medicine , September 11, 1943
Prescription notepad, 1927
Nursing records for unidentified patients, Fay Youens, circa 1920-circa 1929
2.325/W19b [SRH1230002645] Order form books for opium, Columbus Drug Store, 1944-1946
French-English English-French Dictionary, E. F. G. Pocket Series, Paris: T. Nelson & Sons, undated
United States Army Infantry Tactics, by Major General Emory Upton. New York: D. Appleton and Company, revised edition, 1885
Plan Commode de Paris avec l'Itinéraire des Autobus et Tramways. Paris: L. Joly, Editeur. With fold-out map of Paris, undated
Drill Regulations and Service Manual for Sanitary Troops, United States Army, 1914, Corrected to April 15, 1917. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1917
2.325/AA13d [SRH1230010060] Newspapers and periodicals
San Antonio Express , November 11, 1918
The Stars and Stripes, official newspaper of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), France, December 27, 1918
2.325/D36g [SRH1230000779] The Visitor, weekly illustrated paper for young people, Methodist Episcopal Church, Nashville, Tennessee, January 8, 1911
Oversized documents
Texas Board of Pharmacy license, color reproduction, January 18, 1910
Certificate, Commission as First Lieutenant, Medical Section, Officers' Reserve Corps of the Army of the United States, September 28, 1917
Program, Washington's Birthday Anniversary Celebration on the Rhine, American Expeditionary Forces, Coblenz, Germany, February 22, 1919
UT memorabilia and assorted material, circa 1931-1932
Final schedule of classes and rooms, Long Session of 1931-1932
2.325/W19b [SRH1230002645] Student elections propaganda, undated
Handbook for the Guidance of Students in the Main University , 1931-1932
Co-Op advertising for textbook repurchases, undated
Programs: College Night, Glee Clubs concert, undated
Manual, "Nos. 2 and 2A Folding Cartridge Hawk-Eye Cameras (Model B),", undated