University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

John Nance Garner Papers, 1874-1968



Creator Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967
Title: John Nance Garner papers
Dates: 1874-1968
Abstract: The papers document the career of John Nance Garner, including scrapbooks, photographs, correspondence, audio-visual material, news clippings, blueprints, and political cartoons, as well as genealogical information on the Garner family.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.00384
Extent: 12 linear feet (manuscript, scrapbooks, sketches, political cartoons, photographs)
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Biographical Note

The remarkable life and career of John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner, the most powerful vice president in U. S. history and the second most powerful politician in the U.S. during the Great Depression of the 1930s, began in Red River County on November 22, 1868. After being admitted to the Texas bar in 1890, he moved to Uvalde for health reasons and married Mariette (Ettie) Reiner, who became his partner and a central influence in his career.

After more than 20 years in the U. S. House of Representatives (two years as its Speaker), Garner served as vice president during Franklin D. Roosevelt's first two administrations. As vice president, Garner played a critical role in the passage of much of the federal legislation aimed at alleviating or ending the most severe economic crisis in U. S. history. Garner's influence and power were rooted in his keen knowledge of government and his close friendships with key individuals like Congressman Sam Rayburn; Houstonian Jesse H. Jones, head of the powerful Reconstruction Finance Corporation; and newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst.

In 1940, Garner hoped to succeed Franklin Roosevelt as president. Roosevelt's decision to seek a third term, however, caused a permanent end to their already strained relationship and resulted in Garner's decision to retire from public service. Although many emerging Texas politicians sought his counsel, Garner chose a quiet life with his favorite hobbies of hunting and fishing in South Texas. He died on November 7, 1967.

After his wife died in 1948, Garner gave his home in Uvalde in 1952 to the city to be used as the Ettie Garner Public Library. After a new library opened in Uvalde in 1973, the former Garner home became a museum to exhibit materials documenting Garner's life and career and to educate the public about one of the most important and colorful political figures in Texas and American history. In 1999, the John Nance Garner Museum became a division of the University of Texas Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.


Scope and Contents

Scrapbooks, photographs, correspondence, audio-visual material, news clippings, blueprints, political cartoons, and genealogical information on the Garner family comprise the John Nance Garner Papers, 1874-1968, documenting the life and career of John Nance Garner. Letter-size photocopies of the political cartoons provide convenient access to the cartoon collection and are available for researcher use. Additionally, the collection includes a transcript and CDs recording a 1960 interview with Garner.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research use.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967
Corporate Names
Democratic Party (Tex.)
United States. Congress. House
United States. Congress. House. Office of the Speaker of the House
Subjects
Legislators
Politicians
Politics and government
Politics, Practical
Vice-Presidents
Places
Texas
United States
Uvalde
Document Types
political cartoons

Related Materials

See also the John Nance Garner Museum.

For additional photographs of John Nance Garner and Mariette Garner, see the Prints and Photographs Collection.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

John Nance Garner Papers, 1874-1968, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Frances Rodgers, May 1975. Revised by Stefanie Wittenbach and Kari Williams, August 1984, Lynn Bell, June 2002, August-September 2003, March 2004, September 2005, and Paloma Graciani Picardo, April 2016.


OCLC Number

436444648


Accession Numbers

86-261; 2000-026; 2001-094; 2002-124; 2002-131; 2002-147; 2002-202; 2002-204; 2003-110; 2004-037; 2004-206; 2005-041; 2006-248; 2006-249; 2007-151; 2007-179; 2008-073; 2008-205; 2009-224; 2009-264; 2011-091; 2016-071; 2016-201


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

box
2.325/D18d [SRH1230000701] Papers
folder
2.325/OD9 Architectural blueprints
Family tree printed on film, "Descendants of John Nance Garner II and Rebecca Walpole Garner" , 1993
Copy of New York Times article on Garner, 1937
Page from Crystal City (Texas) Sentinel, 1959
box
2.325/Lo3c [SRH1230001643] Newsclippings
box
3J164 [SRH1230017290] Papers
box
2D91 [SRH1230005811] Garner Museum transfers to UT, 1999
box
3L201 [SRH1230017917] Mr. and Mrs. Garner's Honorary Degrees, Baylor University, 1936
box
3S178 [SRH1230021891] Photostat of Law degree diploma, August 26, 1935
box
2F302 [SRH1230007338] Letter from Garner to Ralph Yarborough, September 8, 1960
General
[2009-264]
Letter from Garner to J.E. Webb, San Antonio, November 25, 1911
General
[2009-264]
Letter to Clarence J. Owens, October 15, 1919
Letter to James B. Wells, April 4, 1922
Letter to Charles Schwager, November 16, 1932
Mrs. (John Nance) Garner, 1932
Scrapbooks
box
2F302 [SRH1230007338] March 1933-December 1934
December 1934-December 1935
(2), December 1934-December 1935
December 1935-December 1938
January 1939-April 1940
November 1913-March 1925
General
[1921- JNG's 1st speech in Congress]
December 1931-February 1932
February 1932-March 1932
March 1, 1932-April 18, 1932
April 18, 1932-May 6, 1932
May 6, 1932-June 25, 1932
June 25, 1932-July 8, 1932
July 8, 1932-September 17, 1932
September 17, 1932-November 20, 1932
November 20, 1932-July 2, 1933
December 1934-December 1935
Letter from Franklin D. Roosevelt, April 21, 1934
Letter from President Harry Truman, September 8, 1948
John Nance Garner
box
2F303 [SRH1230007339] Letters, 1939-1963
Note signed by Garner and Franklin D. Roosevelt as vice president-elect and president-elect (birthday greetings), November 23, 1932
Scrapbooks
June 1933 – September 1934
Sept. 1934 – March 1936
March 1936 – Nov. 1936
December 1936 – December 1937
Jan. 1938 – December 1938
July 8 – August 1, 1939
January 1939 – January 1940
March 1940 – May 1940
SWTx Jr College
Undated [school child's project]
box
3B24 [SRH1230015040] February 20, 1932 –March 3, 1932
January 1946 – November 1965
Correspondence to J. Garner
Ledger, 1952-1958
Ledger, 1946-1947
Telegrams
box
4Jc170a [SRH1230033044] 90th Birthday
50th Wedding Anniversary/Birthday/Christmas
Condolences, 1967
Birthday
Correspondence, 1960-1966
Newsclippings, 1965-1967
Far East Trip
box
4Jc170a [SRH1230033044] Inauguration Programs
Post cards, American Mail Line News, China Press Weekly article
Correspondence – Philippines
Invitations, Guest List
Correspondence, 1948-1957
Correspondence, 1958-1959 misc.
Interview with Garner, Texas delegates, post cards
box
4Jc170b [SRH1230033054] Museum Correspondence, 1979-1983
Museum visitors' sign-in log, 1991-1992
Photos, U-Mail, Military Clothing list, Aeronautical Journal
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, Uvalde phone directory (1959), Garner quotes, misc. items
Correspondence: Greeting Cards
U.S. Senate Resolutions re: Garner, 1967-1968
Birthday Greetings: Agnes Cotton School, 1965
Typescript of speech to U. S. House of Representatives on the occasion of Garner's ascendency to the Speaker of the House and Bertrand Snell taking over Garner's former position as minority leader
box
4Jc170c [SRH1230033015] Garner for President: Poem, Newsweek cover 1934, Letter to Rayburn, misc. items
Articles and interviews with Garner, US News– Political Cartoons
Official Program of Inaugural Ceremonies 1933, Honorary Chairman Certificate
Inauguration, 1933
Inauguration program, 1937
Invitation (bound) to open the World's Fair, A Century of Progress, Chicago, 1933
Admission pass for Mrs. Garner to the Texas Centennial Exposition, Dallas, 1936
Pocket New Testament found in jacket belonging to Garner
Inaugural invitations,1965, Resolution to honor Garner, 1956
Probate Papers, Inheritance Tax Appraisement
box
4Jc170d [SRH1230033025] Atlee Ayres Letters
Ettie Garner: Ettie Garner's counterpane pattern; Letters from Ettie, 1893-1894
Reiner Family Papers: Land deeds, 1874-1879; Ettie's commencement, 1887
Printed materials, 1930s
List of invitations
Congressional Record re: Garner's death, 1967
Correspondence and printed material, 1901-1939, undated
Sheet music, 1936-1939
Ephemera, miscellaneous printed materials
Correspondence, re: death of Garner, 1967
Dedication of Historical Marker
Texas Congressional Delegation – miscellaneous, Proclamation No. 16785
box
4Jc171 [SRH1230033035] Funeral guestbook, "Inscribed memories", November 1967
Congressional Record, 1967
Political cartoons (photocopies of originals at the Garner Museum)
National Democratic Convention Official Souvenir Program, 1928
The Democratic Party Book (Pres. Jefferson-Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt), 1801-1936
Scrapbooks, Garner and Uvalde, circa 1930-circa 1939
Uvalde County Historical Survey committee and Dedication of the Texas Historical Marker of the Garner Memorial Building, Nov. 22, 1965
Garner's birthday telegrams, 1958-1959
box
2.325/D18d [SRH1230000701] Life magazine featuring John N. Garner on the cover, May 2, 1938
box
4N41b [unk_111090] Scrapbooks
box
4N41c [unk_111091] Scrapbooks: Philippines
box
2W56 [SRH1230020212] Photographs, oversize
box
2W61 [SRH1230020073] Photographs, oversize
box
2W62 [SRH1230020174] Photographs, oversize
box
3S110.1 [SRH1230029293] Photographs (black and white prints, 2 tintypes)
box
3X136 [SRH1230027953] Photographs
Black and white print of John Nance Garner and Will Rogers, autographed by both men
accession number 2009-224
Black and white print of John Nance Garner, Mrs. Garner, their son Tully and his wife, and their grand daughter Genevieve [AR 2012-039], 1933
box
3S139 [SRH1230029545] Oversize photograph [Garner and Will Rogers]
box
3S137 [SRH1230029548] Photograph album
Sketches and drawings (political cartoons)
box
2W94 [SRH1230020087] The Texas Sphinx, Dunning
By Heck! Harder than I reckoned it would be to keep my mind on fishing!, Berryman
All right, Cowboy, now let's see you ride 'im!, Berryman
Why shucks, Chief, they said you'd make grass grow in the streets and you can't even make it grow on the White House lawn, Berryman
Leap year, Manning
A Nance in His Pants
In Nance's Pantry, Manning
In the Spring
Another Foolish Vote Getting Idea, Jerry Costello, Albany Evening News
Openwide
If You Want Any Nuggets
The President Refuses
I'll Take the Wheel, Nick, Knott
Don't Look Now, Manning
Says the Sit-Down Man to the Cactus, Manning
Bantie, Manning
New Blood in the Game, Knott
No I'm Not Hunting
Reckless Mountain Boys, Manning
The Sphinx of Uvalde, Knott
Going Somewhere on his Own Hoss, Knott
44 Convention Votes, Knott
The Test, Knott
Dear Mr. Speaker, National Tribune
Can He Sell the Old Man?, Knott
Them That Has
John, they aren't Mates!, Dallas Journal, Patton
The "Stop-Roosevelt" Movement, Knott
Homekeeping Hearts are Happiest, Knott
The Easter Parade, Gregg
That Whiskey Drinking Evil Old Man, Elderman
Democratic Spring Headgear
Kind of Flatters Pat, Manning
Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Berryman
The 1932 Presidential Derby in On!, Berryman
I Know My Stuff, Mac, Berryman
Toughest Campaign I've Ever Been In, Berryman
Telling Texas!, Berryman
Are You Wet or Dry?, Berryman
House See-Sawing!, Berryman
All Set for the New Deal, Berryman
Ajax!, Berryman
Wish He Didn't Have to Jump It, Berryman
Jack, Ol' Dear, I Just Can't Do It!, Berryman
By Heck! A Bunch of These New Senators Must Be Usin' It, Berryman
An' They Thought I'd be Spendin' my Vacations Eatin' & Speakin' Roun' the Country! I Reckon Not!, Berryman
Vice President Garner Says He Will Not be Back to Work Til After Christmas, Berryman
Only a Lone Star Nightmare!, Berryman
Jack, You Said We Needn't Look For Much From That End of the Building, Berryman
Waiting for Orders, Berryman
If They Had Uncle Sam's Constitution They Couldn't Do It, Berryman
Stock Market Takes Nose Dive, Berryman
Debt Payment Controversy, Berryman
On the Budget Balancing Farm, Berryman
Budget Balancing Bay, Berryman
Jack, You've Gotta Take Care of My Boy—That Guy Can't Do All the Work, Berryman
Only Thing He Lost Was His Tongue, Berryman
They Have Much Quicker Service Over There!, Berryman
I Never Cared For Publicity Anyhow!, Berryman
I Like This New Deal. Remember How V.P. Dawes and V.P. Curtis Had To Work During Fall Campaigns?, Berryman
Hell's Bells! Looks Like a Rival For My Job, Berryman
That's a Good Disguise, Wish I Could Make Up So That Folks Wouldn't Recognize Me!, Berryman
Our Vice-President in the Orient, Berryman
Under the Dome, Berryman
I Hope the Ol' Girl Doesn't Get Stung!, Berryman
The Good Story!, Berryman
President Roosevelt Yields Air Waves to G.O.P, Berryman
Charlie, I Just Fished, Didn't Make Any Noise An' They Bit Just Fine, Berryman
Me Thinks Mine Must Be the Most Changeable of Mugs, Berryman
Democratic House Majority, Berryman
Budget Balancing, Berryman
Garner and Roosevelt Boom, Berryman
I Can Think of Better Ways to Pass th' Summer Than Being the Senate's Chronic Audience, Berryman
Another Democratic Difference, Berryman
Garner Carries California by 45,000 Over Roosevelt, Berryman
Now I Reckon They'll Stop Talking About That V.P. Obscurity Stuff!, Berryman
Democratic National Publicity Bureau Announces that the Vice-President Will Make a Speech or Give an Interview in September, Berryman
Oh, Horrors! I Just Dreamed There Was a Senate Tie-vote and I was Asleep at the Hotel, Berryman
Texas P.O. Patronage, Berryman
House Democratic Majority, Berryman
House Sales Tax Rodeo, Berryman
G.O.P. Labor Days, Berryman
Jack Garner in a Hot Corner!, Berryman
Talking of Thanksgiving Turkey!, Berryman
Gosh! It Buzzes All by Itself, Berryman
Isn't It Nice That We Don't Have to Say Anything?, Berryman
I Wouldn't Have Believed Jack Would Ask Such Embarrassing Questions!, Berryman
Fish Bite Best When It's Quiet!, Berryman
Did You See This, Jack?, Berryman
Harpo Marx After 30 Year Silence Decides to Say Something, Berryman
I'm Not Gonna Play With You Anymore, Berryman
Garner Speakership Corral, Berryman
Hallowe'en, Berryman
Flying High, Berryman
The Never Say Die Spirit, Berryman
The Late Chauncey Olcott Had a Great Hobby of Collecting Old Wooden Indian Cigar Signs So Much in Use Years Ago, Berryman
We Have Lots of Things You Like, Berryman
House Organization Clover Field, Berryman
Wild Hog Shooting Has Become a Popular Sport in the Lone Star State, Berryman
Easter Eggs, Berryman
Mr. Garner was Deer Hunting Yesterday, Berryman
They All Keep Fresh and They Won't Spoil, Berryman
You Fellows Go On Home It's Peace and Quiet He Wants, Berryman
Which Side Are You Gonna Mount Him From Jim?, Berryman
For the Royal Garden Party, Berryman
box
2W95 [SRH1230020088] Newspapers Say the Voters Are Tired of So Much Speaking in This Campaign, Berryman
Ah, Ha! A Real Texas Jack Rabbit, Berryman
Come On Boys! I Ain't Afraid Of Any Imaginary Or Any Other Line!
Why Not Give The Speaker Something To Do?
I Know You Can Talk, Berryman
Pictorial Political News Bulletin, Berryman
The Oculist, Berryman
Relief Appropriation, Berryman
The Sphinx of the 1938 Political Campaign, Berryman
We're Being Watched to See If We Keep That Cooperation Pledge, Berryman
Legislative Cooperation, Berryman
Mr. Garner Finally Yields To Temptations and Accepts Honorary Degree From Baylor University, Berryman
During the Recess, Berryman
Gov. Roosevelt Will Claim That Hoover is the Radical, Berryman
The Evening Star Marathon 2 p.m. Tomorrow, Berryman
Fifteenth Texas Congressional District Nomination, Berryman
The Recent Presidential Fight Was Never As Hot As This!, Berryman
Chairman Democratic National Campaign—New York Headquarters, Berryman
Roosevelt and Garner Make Grand Political Slam!, Berryman
Speaking of Sphinxes, Berryman
Chief How About Cutting Out Our Extra Dinners This Year?, Berryman
Nothing Less Than a $500,000,000 Tax Cut For Us, Berryman
We've Got To Hand It To Him, He's Not Yes Man, Berryman
Upon What Meat Doth This Our Caesar Feed, That He Is Grown So Great?, Berryman
Congressional Death Notice, Berryman
We're Going To Have Trouble With Those Youngsters If We're Not Careful, Berryman
Enough To Melt A Heart Of Stone, Berryman
Worth Two In The Bush!, Berryman
Franklin D. Roosevelt and of New York, Berryman
Democratic Presidential Nomination—With Kindest Regards to the Vice President, Berryman
Anti-Repeal and Pro-Repeal, Berryman
Auntie, There's One That Has Absolutely No Strings Attached, Berryman
Anti-Third Term Primary, Berryman
1940 Candidate For President, Berryman
The Boy Stood On The Burning Deck, Berryman
A Study In Contrast Down Mexico Way, Berryman
Anti-Third Term, Berryman
Speaking of Hairbreadth Conditions, Berryman
By Heck Nobody Ever Made Them Soft Pedal!, Berryman
New Deal News, Berryman
Gee! That Feels Good!, Berryman
Embargo Off! Go To It! (1940 Just Around the Corner), Berryman
On The Senatorial Diamond, Berryman
After An Enthusiastic Report To The President On The Accomplishment Of The Extra Session!, Berryman
That Hot Spot!, Berryman
Job Holding Delegates Patronage, Berryman
A Great Naturalist, Berryman
Can't 'Oo Talk Any More?, Berryman
Protection Tariff, Berryman
Illinois Primary, Berryman
Carter Glass Says After All's Said and Done About The Third Term—He Is A Democrat and Will Vote For F.D.R., Berryman
Speaking of One Man Cars, Berryman
Next Prosperity Just Around The Wings, Berryman
Recent Senate Democratic Harmony, Berryman
I Don't Like To Oppose Farley But I'd Make Even A Sorrier Spectacle Ridin' Roun' The Country On A Jackass!, Berryman
W.P.A. Relief, Berryman
Convening Of The 76th Congress, Berryman
The Congressional Cherubs, Berryman
Garner Boom, Berryman
So Long Fellers Sorry You Can't Go Places, Berryman
I Might Be Willing To Run With The Great Texan, Berryman
Wisconsin Bulletin—The President Still Favorite But Garner Polls Enough To Ruin His Chances, Berryman
Still Waiting for "His Master's Voice", Berryman
The "I've Been Bitten By John L. Lewis Club", Berryman
Cute! But Not The Type, Van Baker
Tight Skates and Thin Ice, Van Baker
Sloppy Minded, Van Baker
All Ready And Waiting With A Burr Under The Saddle, Carey Orr
He's Started Something, Carey Orr
America's Champion Hog Caller, Carey Orr
Roll Along Little Dogies, Roll Along!, Kiser
Shake Pardner, Kiser
Wanted: A New Bed Time Story, Kiser
Cactus Jack's Easter Egg, Fred O. Seibel
If You Can't Brand 'Em Bulldog, S.J. Ray
The Spirit of '76, S.J. Ray
Ride 'Em Cowboy, S.J. Ray
The Little Man With The Big Shadow, Jack Burnett
1939 Political Show, Herbert Block
In The Department of Labor Classroom, Hungerford
Washington Nursery Rhyme, Hungerford, Pittsburgh Post
Snow White Garner, Hungerford
Score Budget Cuts, Karl Kae Knecht
Ohio Favorite Son, Knecht
Our First President—Our Next, Knecht
The Texas Way of Garnering Them, Knecht
50th Anniversary, Knecht
Politics Make Strange Buddies, Thomas, Detroit News
I Know When A Critter Needs A Rest, Thomas
Getting' So A Fellow Can't Even Fish, Sparling
They'll Be Comin' Round The Mountain, Shoemaker
If It Isn't Too Much To Ask, Talburt
Another Bull and Bear Movement!, Parrish
This Is Gonna Be Good!, Chas G. Werner
Cactus Jack Rides Again!, Atel
Teacher's Pet!
Rocking the Throne!
This Is What He Meant, Gregg
He's Welcome To Ride If He's Traveling Our Way!, Davenport
Ole Cactus Jack Comes Gallopin' Back!
Sunkist, Clubb
The Jack of Hearts
Happy Jack Garner Dem., Texas, Pattoni
It May Prove Embarrassing, Bill
For Some Good Little Democrats, Potters
He Means It!, Pattoni
Saved From Himself, Sykes
Wet or Dry?, Chasebel
Up To The Speakership, Shafel
He'll Swat That Fly No Matter Where It Lights, Jerry Doyle
The Next Horizon, Bateman
The Cowboy, Shafer
Throwing Out The First Boom, Bateman
The President's Dinner For the Vice President
Whose Tiger Is It?, Mac
The Political Rodeo, Summers
Illinois Roosevelt Vote, Luie Pease
Hold It Tight Jack
Getting Louder, Luie Pease
Make Up Your Minds!, Patton
Will He Drink?, Elderman
The Indispensable "Forgotten Man"
H-410-459 Playin' Em Close To The Vest!
Carefully Considered Comics, Berryman
Speakership Machine, Berryman
Modern Rip Van Winkle, Dunning
Speaker's Machine 1931, Berryman
Jefferson Day Dinner 1932, Faulkner
Unnumbered sketches 1-10
box
2.325/F263 [SRH1230001022] Photocopies of political cartoons, H-410-177 through H-410-469 and unnumbered sketches (access copy for researcher use)
Garner interview transcript and audio (3 CDs), 1960
Oversize sketches
box
2W96 [SRH1230020090] It Has Been Ridden To Death, John!, Gale
Race Between The Hare and The Turtle, A. Uverra
Stopping the Runaway, Westerman
Checking In!
Men Lewis Hates Club, Little
Why Johnny, What On Earth Have You Been Doing?
Ouch!
Puny Politics
Peek-A-Boo "Straddlebug"
The Latest Bear Movement
He'd Be Sager In Front Of It, Harper
folder
OD1199 Might Be A Right Neighborly Offer
Unlabeled poster "Delegates," Mahon
box
3X130 [SRH1230027948] Videotapes
box
2X81c [SRH1230014795] Audio: Center for American History exhibit opening program, 2002-2003
box
2X289 [SRH1230014775] AudioVisual
item
2002-022 Framed John Nance Garner portrait by Adrian Brewer
34" x 43" 41" x 52"
box
2.325/R74 33 LP recording of "John Nance Garner, An American Statesman from Uvalde/Landmarks in the History of Texas"
Includes small plastic canister with 35mm (?) filmstrip, in original cardboard mailing box
box
2.325/C4 [SRH1230000451] VHS videotape duplicate of filmstrip: "John Nance Garner, An American Statesman from Uvalde/ Landmarks in the History of Texas"
box
2X74d [SRH1230014824] DVD: "Garner Memorial Museum newsreel footage from 1930s - 4 clips"
Existence and Location of Copies
original in box 3X130