University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Clarence Edwin Ayres Papers, 1919-1972

Descriptive Summary

Creator Ayres, Clarence Edwin, 1891-1972.
Title Ayres (Clarence Edwin) Papers
Dates: 1919-1972.
Abstract Correspondence of Clarence Edwin Ayres (1891-1972), University of Texas professor of economics (1930-1969); also manuscripts and printed copies of his books, articles, and reviews.
Accession No.: AR 73-106; 81-30
OCLC No.: 22711835
Extent 15 ft., 4 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Clarence Edwin Ayres (1891-1972) received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Chicago in 1917. He taught at the University of Chicago (1917-1920), Amherst College (1920-1923), and Reed College (1924) before becoming the associate editor for the New Republic (1924-1927). In 1930, he joined the faculty at the University of Texas at Austin as Professor of Economics, a position he held until 1968. The author of nine books and countless articles, his seminal work is The Theory of Economic Progress (1944).

Influenced by Thorstein Veblen and John Dewey, Ayres rejected absolutism and touted a theory of value predicated on the freedom of inquiry. Ayers’s adherence to the freedom of inquiry naturally led to his ardent defense of academic freedom, a position which often placed him and his colleagues in the Department of Economics in conflict with the Board of Regents at UT. He vocally supported UT president Homer P. Rainey before the regents ousted Rainey, and in 1951 the Texas Legislature, branding Ayres as a Communist, voted 130-1 for the university to show cause as to why he should not be fired.


University of Texas Faculty Council. “In Memoriam: Clarence Edwin Ayres.” Accessed March 29, 2012.

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, literary productions, notes, clippings, and programs compose the Clarence Edwin Ayres Papers, 1919-1972. Arranged alphabetically or chronologically, the papers primarily consist of correspondence regarding economics, teaching, publishing, and events impacting UT. Notable correspondents include John Dewey, economist Franklin Knight, UT president Homer P. Rainey, and Ayres’s colleagues in the Economics Department, Robert H. Montgomery and Edward Everett Hale. Correspondence with the American Civil Liberties Union discusses academic freedom issues in Texas. Additionally, manuscripts and printed copies of his books, articles, and reviews document his career in academia and the evolution of his thought on economics and values.


Access Restrictions

Student and personnel records restricted 75 years from creation.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Ayres, Clarence Edwin, 1891-1972--Archives.
Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
Hale, Edward Everett, 1893-1975
Knight, Frank Hyneman, 1885-
Montgomery, Robert Hargrove.
Rainey, Homer P. (Homer Price), 1896-1985.
Montgomery, Robert Hargrove.
Veblen, Thorstein, 1857-1929.
Subjects (Organizations)
American Civil Liberties Union.
University of Texas. Dept. of Economics.
Academic freedom--Texas.
Economics--United States.
Institutional economics.
Austin (Tex.)--History--Sources.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Clarence Edwin Ayres Papers, 1919-1972, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Detailed Description of the Collection



3F284 A
ACLU, 1938-1943
ACLU, 1944-1945
ACLU, 1947-1956
ACLU, 1957-1971
Agriculture Department
American Association of University Professors
3F285 American Economic Association
Ames, Van Meter
Arnold, Samuel
Ashburn, Karl
Association for Evolutionary Economics
Axtelle, George E.
Ba - Bob
Bod - Bu
Baldenama, Ignacio
Barton, Samuel
Beckwith, Burnham P.
Bedichek, Roy
Bliven, Bruce
Bogart, E. L.
Bonjean, Charles
Bonnell, B.
Boulding, Kenneth E.
Brady, Robert A.
Brannen, Ted R.
Breit, William
Brown University Alumni
Buckner, Virginia
Burdine, Alton
3F286 Carlson, Valdemar
Cavley, Troy
Chalk, Alfred
Chinn, Grace
Church, C. C.
Clark, John Maurice
Consumer Affairs
Copland, Morris
Crosson, Pierre
Dale, Fredrick
Deoley, Bill
DeGregori, Thomas
Dewey, Davis R.
Dewey, John
Dodd, Paul A.
Dorfman, Joseph
Duncan Julian
Dowd, Douglas
3F287 Dunn, Clyde
Dye, Howard
Dyche, Durward H.
Eldridge, Seba
Elliot, Edwin I.
Etlinger, H. J.
Ewing, Cortes
Foster, Fagg
Frederick, William (Bill)
Gambs, John
Garnsey, Morris
Gaus, John
Geiger, George
Glade, Bill
Glass, Walter
Gonzales, Richard
Goode, W. J.
Goodrich, Carter
3F288 Gordon, Wendell
Gragg, John
Granbery, John
Grobbs, Clifton
Grunchy, Allan
Ha - Hec
Hei - Hy
Haisley, W. E. (Rip)
Hale, Everett
Hall, James K.
Hamilton, David
Hamilton, Walton
Hart, Joseph K.
3F289 Hawkin, Gaynell
Hayes, H. Gordon
Hill, Forest
Hill, Lewis
Himstead, Ralph
Hodges, John
Holland, Thomas
Homan, Paul
Hook, Sidney
Iowa Farm Bureau
Irons, Watrous H. (Bob)
J. Jackson, John
Johnson, Jack
Johnson, Richard
Johnson, Mr. & Mrs. Lyndon
Joughin, Louis & Jean
Junker, Louis J.
Kallen, Horace
Keezer, Dexter
3F290 Klein, Philip
Knight, Frank
Kreuger, Robert
Ku, P. M.
Labor Department
Landrum, Lynn
Lauton, William
League for Industrial Democracy
Leonard, William
Levy, Marion J. Jr.
Lindeman, Eduard
Linnenberg, Clem
3F291 Lissner, Will
Livingston, Leo
Lower, Milton D.
Lubin, Isadore
Lucas, Tully B.
Lundberg, George
Ma - Mel
Merr - Mini
Manny, Frank
May, Stacy
McCamy, James
Malick, Clay
Meiklejohn, Alexander
Melton, R. B. (Abe)
Melton, W. C. (Bill)
Metzler, William H.
Mills, C. Wright
Mitchell, Broadus
Mitchell, Clyde
Mund, Vernon
Murphree, Indus
3F292 N
Nelson, Eastin
O'Quinn, Louis M.
Palm, Martin D.
Patton, Robert D.
Paulson, W. E.
Peach, Nelson
Perry, Charner
Preston, N. H.
Publishers, A - Fo
Publishers, Fu - Ne
3F293 Publishers, New R - S
Publishers, Tech - Yale
Rainey, Homer P.
Ray, Joe M.
Record, Cy W.
Redford, Emmette S.
Reed, Louis S.
Reese, Jim E.
3F294 Reyer, Karl D.
Richardson, Rupert N.
Riley, Roderick H.
Robinson, Joan
Roll, Erich
Ryan, Bryce
Sa - Silber
Silberschmidt - Sprow
Stahman - Swift
Samuels, Warren
Scott, Elmer
Scoville, Warren
Seligman, Ben
Sibley, Eldridge
Singer, Helen and Milton
Sloan, Virginia
Smith, Walter B.
Social Science Research Council
Somaini, Eugenio
3F295 Spanish Intellectual Aid
Southwestern Social Science Association
Stinneford Claude
Stocking, George
Street, James
Taeusch, Carl F.
Tait, John W.
Thoman, Clemens
Thomas, Raymond D.
Thompson, Carey
Thorogood, James
Trant, James B.
University, 1934-49
University, 1950-1959
University, 1960-1970
Unver, Altan
3F296 V
Vining, Rutledge
Voertman, Robert
War Forum
Ware, Edith W.
Warne, Colston E.
Watkins, Myron W.
Watt, John R.
Williams, Elgin
Witte, Edwin E.
Wollman, Nathaniel
Woodruff, John
Yarborough, Joseph U.
Zeller, Norman
2E71 Correspondence, 1931-1932, 1943-1949
2E72 Correspondence, 1943-1949
2E73 Correspondence, 1943-1949
2E74 Correspondence, 1943-1949, 1970-1972
3F297 Recomendations:

3F298 Literary Productions:
"Hush! It's Butler!" in: Conklin, Groff, ed., The New Republic Anthology, Dodge Publishing Company, New York, Originally in: The New Republic, 1915-1935, 1936; Sept. 10, 1924
"The Gospel of Technology" in: Kallen, Horace M. and Sidney Hook eds., American Philosophy Today and Tommow, Lee Furman, Inc., New York, 1935
"A Critique of Pure Science" in: Smith, Thomas Vernor, Essays in Philosophy, The Open Court Publishing Company, Chicago, 1929
"Domesticity" in: Calverton, V. F., and Samuel D. Schmalhausen, eds., The New Generation, The Macaulay Company, New York, 1930
"Basis of Economic Statemanship" in: American Economic Review, XXIII:2. June 1933
"Values: Ethical and Economic" in: The International Journal of Ethics, XLIV:4, July 1934
"Moral Confusion in Economics" in: The International Journal of Ethics, XLV:2, January 1935
"Confusion Thrice Confounded" in: The International Journal of Ethics, XLV:3, April 1935
3F299 "Middletown Comes Clean" in: The Southern Review, III: 1, Summer, 1937
"Talking of Cities" in: The Southern Review, IV:2, Autumn 1938
"Dewey: Master of the Commonplace" in: The New Republic, LXXXXVII: 1259, January 18, 1939
"The Principles of Economic Strategy" in: The Southern Economic Journal, V:4, April 1939
"Dewey and His Studies in Logical Theory" in: Cowley, Malcolm and Bernard Smith, eds., Books That Changed Our Minds, Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc., New York, 1939
"The Wealth of Nations" in: The Southwestern Social Science Quarterly XXI: 1, June 1940
"The Conference in Review" in: Proceedings of the Conference on Consumer Credit, November 1940
3F300 "The Economic Essentials of a Lasting Peace" in: The Emancipator, IV: 8 & 9, April and May 1942
"Economic Value and Scientific Syn-Thesis" in: Am. Jour. of Economics and Sociology, I:4, July 1942
"Capitalism in Retrospect" in: Southern Economic Journal, IX:4, April 1943
"The Path of Progress" in: Southwest Review, XXVIIII:3, Spring 1943
"Technology and Progress" in: Antioch Review, III: 1, Spring 1943
"Twilight of the Price System" in: Antioch Review, III:2, Summer 1943
"The Significance of Economic Planning" in: Eldridge, Seba, ed., Development of Collective Enterprise, University of Kansas Press, Lawrence Kansas, 1943
3F301 "Academic Freedom in Texas" in: New Republic, III:23, Dec. 4, 1944
"The Ordeal of the Social Sciences" in: Southwestern Social Science Quarterly, XXV:4, March 1945
"What's the Matter with Texas?" in: New Republic, 113:10, September 23, 1945
"Impact of the Great Depression on Economic Thinking" in: American Economic Review, XXXVI:2, May 1946
"Bases for Limited Capitalism" in: Antioch Review, VI:1, Spring 1946
"Are Professors Dangerous" in: Southwest Review, XXXII:1, Winter 1947
"Free Market or Free Men?" in: University Observer, I:1, Winter 1947
"The New Economics" in: Southwest Review, Summer 1948
3F302 "Land of the Free Ride" in: American Quarterly, I: 1, Spring 1949
"Piecemeal Revolution" in: Southwestern Social Science Quaterly, XXX:1, June 1949
"Instrumental Economics" in: New Republic, 121:16, October 17, 1949
"The Industrial Way of Life" in: American Quarterly, I:4, Winter 1949
"The Value Economy" in: Lepley, Ray, ed., Value, A Cooperative Inquiry, Columbia University Press, New York, 1949
"What Should Teachers Swear?" in: Southwest Review, XXXV:4, Autumn 1950
"The Values of Social Scientists" in: Journal of Social Issues, VI:4, 1950
3F303 "The Co-ordinates of Institutionalism" in: American Economic Review, XLI:2, May 1951
"What the Citizen Needs to Know About Economics" in: Progressive Education, 29:7, May 1952
"Creeping Socialism: A Worm's-Eye View" in: Southwest Review, 37:4, Autumn 1952
"The Integration of Industrial Society" in: Burkhardt, Frederick, ed., The Cleavage in our Culture, The Beacon Press, Boston, 1952
"Technology and Progress" in: Bixler, Paul, ed., The Antioch Review Anthology, World Publishing Company, New York, 1953
"The Treason of the Intellectuals" in: New Leader, 36:17, April 27, 1953
"The Role of Technology in Economic Theory" in: American Economic Review, XLIII:2, May 1953
"Can Education Stay Secular?" in: New Leader, 37:25, June 21, 1954
"The Core of Conservatism" in: New Leader, 38:2, January 10, 1955
"Classical Tradition versus Economic Growth" in: Southwestern Social Science Quarterly, 36:4, March 1956
"The Pestilence of Moral Agnosticism in: Southwest Review, XLII:2, Spring 1957
"The Conflict of Values" in: Colorado Quarterly, VI:2, Autumn 1957
3F304 "Monopolistic-Competitive Price Theory" in: American Review, XLVIII:2, May 1958
"The Peril of the Social Sciences" in: The Graduate Journal, II:1, Spring 1959
"Excellence in an Industrial Society" in: Southwest Review, XLIV?2, Spring 1959
"Excellence in an Industrial Society" in: The Executive, 3:3, August 1959
"The Industrial Way of Life" in: The Texas Quarterly, II:2, Summer 1959
"Institutionalism and Economic Development" in: Southwestern Social Science Quarterly, 41:1, June 1960
"Comments of Professor Goodrich's Paper" in: Nelson, Eastin, ed., Economic Growth, University of Texas Press, Austin, 1960
3F305 "Economic Progress and the American South" in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, IX:2, January 1961
"Toward a Reasonable Society" in: The Executive, 5:11 April 1962
"Reason and Unreason" in: The Graduate Journal, V:2, Winter 1963
"The Legacy of Thorstein Veblen" in: Institutional Economics, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1963
"A Man, His Land and His Work" in: The Graduate Journal, VI:1, Winter 1964
"Science and Human Values" in: New Mexico Academy of Science Bulletin, 6:2, December 1965
"Nature and Man: The Emergence of the Social Sciences" in: The University of Denver Centenial Symposium, Big Mountain Press Denver, 1965
"Individualism - or Something: A Plea for Verbal Pluralism" in: Mills, Gordon, ed., Innocence and Power, University of Texas Press, Austin, 1965
"Guaranteed Income: An Institutionalist View" in: Theobald, Robert, ed., The Guaranteed Income, Doubleday and Company, Inc., Garden City, New York, 1966
3F306 "The Nature and Significance of Institutionalism" in: The Antioch Review, XXVI:1, Spring 1966
"The Theory of Institutional Adjustment" in: The Texas Quarterly, IX:1, Spring 1966
"Istota I Znaczenie Instytucjonalizmu" in: Tematy, VI:21 Spring 1967
"Ideological Responsibility" in: Journal of Economic Issues, 1:1 and 2, June 1967
"The Nature and Significance of Institutionalism" in: Non Dan, 2:3, Winter 1967
"Some Reflections on Regionalism" in: Social Science Quarterly, 49:1, June, 1968
"Communications" in: Journal of Economic Issues, II:3, September 1968
"Institutionalism and Economic Development, etc." in: Social Science Quarterly, 50:4, March, 1970
"The Place of the Market Economy in Institutional Thought" in: Social Science Quarterly, Marcy, 1971
"Notes and Communications" in: Journal of Economic Issues, V:3, September 1971
3F307 Reviews:
Characters and Events by John Dewey, in The International Journal of Ethics, January 1930
Economic and Social History of Eurpoe in the Later Middle Ages, by James Westfall Thompson, 1300-1530 June, 1932
The Economic Lessons of 1929-1931: etc. by A. H. Abbati, March, 1933
Ethical Systems and Legal Ideas by Felix S. Cohen, in Yale Law Journal, November 1933
The Frustration of Science by Sir Daniel Hall, et al. in The International Journal of Ethics, January 1936
What Man Has Made of Man by Mortimer J. Adler in The New Republic, February 16, 1938
Social Goals and Economic Institution by Frank D. Graham in Journal of Legal and Political Sociology, April, 1944
Intelligence in the Modern World: John Dewey's Philosophy by Joseph Ratner in The Republic, May 17, 1939
Beyond Supply and Demand: A Reappraisal of Institutional of Institutional Economics by John S. Gambs, in Political Science Quarterly, September 1946
The Economic Mind in American Civilization, 1606-1865 by Joseph Dorfman, in The Yale Law Journal, June 1946
The Struggle for the World by James Burnham, in The Texas Spectator, May 5, 1974
The Cheyenne Way: Conflict and Case Law in Primitive Jurisprudence by K. N. Llewellyn and E. Adamson Hoebel, in The Yale Law Journal, March, 1942
3F308 Economic Security and Individual Freedom: Can We Have Both by Albert Lauterbach, in The Journal of Political Economy, December, 1948
Readings in Economics ed. by Walter Adams and Leland E. Traywick, in The Journal of Political Economy, April, 1949
The Economic Mind in American Civilization by Joseph Dorfman, in Saturday Review, April 23, 1949
The Economic Theory of a Socialist Economy by Burnham P. Beckwith
The Road Ahead by John T. Flynn, in Saturday Review, December 3, 1949
Economic Man in Relation to His Environment by C. Reinold in The Virginia Qvarterly Review, Winter 1949
The English Middle Classes by Roy Lewis and Angus Maude in Saturday Review, April 8, 1950
The Economic Role of the State by William A. Orton, in Saturday Review, May 6, 1950
Economic Planning by Seymour E. Harris, in Saturday Review, July 8, 1950
Bold New Program by Willard R. Espy, in Saturday Review, September 16, 1950
The Philosophy of Thorstein Veblen by Stanley Matthew Daugert, in The Journal of Political Economy, October 1950
Peach by Investment by Benjamin A. Javits, in Saturday Review, October 14, 1950
Twentieth Century Unlimited by Bruce Bliven, in The New Leader, February 5, 1951
The Human Species by Anthony Barnett, in The New Leader, March 19, 1951
The Nineteen Fifties Come First by Edwin G. Nourse, in Saturday Review, April 7, 1951
The Great Idea by Henry Hazlitt, in Saturday Review, April 14, 1951
General Economic History by Max Weber, in The New Leader, June 4, 1951
Modern Social Legislation by Stefan A. Riesenfeld, Richard C. Maxwell, in Texas Law Review, June 1951
3F309 Beckoning Frontiers by Marriner S. Eccles, in Saturday Review, July 14, 1951
This Happened in Pasadena by David Hulburd in The New Leader, July 30, 1951
Roads to Agreement by Stuart Chase, in The New Leader, August 27, 1951
Fifty Billion Dollars by Jesse H. Jones with Edward Angly, in Saturday Review, November 17, 1951
American Capitalism by John Kenneth Galbraith, in Saturday Review, April 12, 1952
The Geography of Hunger by Josué de Castro, in The New Leader, May 19, 1952
Man, Money, and Goods by John S. Gambs, in Saturday Review, September 6, 1952
Ethics in Government by Paul H. Douglas, in The New Leader, December 22, 1952
The Nature of Culture by A. L. Kroeber, in Ethics, April, 1953
Preview for Tomorrow: The Unfinished Business of Science by Bruce Bliven, in The New Leader, June 8, 1953
Politics, Economics and Welfare by Robert A. Dahl and Charles E. Lindblom, in The New Leader, September 14, 1953
Economic Essays by R. F. Harrod, in Saturday Review, Economic Essays by Simon Kuznets, in Saturday Review, Sept. 19, 1953, September 19, 1953
The Challenge of Man's Future by Harrison Brown, in The New Leader, May 17, 1954
Government and Science by Don K. Price in The New Leader, January 31, 1955
Secularism is the Will of God by Horace M. Kallen in The New Leader, May 2, 1955
The Pursuit of Happiness: A Philosophy for Modern Living by R. M. HacIver, in The New Leader, November 14, 1955
Triumph of the Eggheads by Horace Coon, in The New Leader, December 5, 1955
The United States in History by James T. Shotwell, in The New Leader, April 16, 1956
Testament of a Liberal by Albert Guérard; The Power Elite by C. Wright Mills
The Rape of the Mind by Joost A. M. Meerloo, M. D. in The New Leader, September 3, 1956
Guides to Straight Thinking by Stuart Chase, in The New Leader, October 1, 1956
The Man Who Made the Nation by John Dos Passos; Woodrow Wilson by Silas Bent McKinley, in The New Leader, August 5, 1957
Strategic Surrender by Paul Kecskemeti, in The New Leader, June 30, 1958
Human Resources: The Wealth of A Nation by Eli Ginzberg, in Saturday Review, July 5, 1958
Five Ideas That Change the World by Barbara Ward, in The New Leader, May 11, 1959
Hellensim: The History of a Civilization by Arnold J. Toynbee, in The New Leader, September 7, 1959
3F310 Alexander Hamilton: Portrait in Pardon by John C. Miller, in The New Leader, March 7, 1960
The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Illumination by Harold F. Williamson, Arnold R. Daum, in The Journal of Southern History, May 1960
The Constitution of Liberty by Friedrich A. Hayek, in The New Leader, June 20, 1960
Epistemological Problems of Economics by Ludwig Von Mises, in The Southern Economic Journal, October 1961
Epistemological Problems of Economics by Ludwig Von Mises, in The Southern Economic Journal, April 1962
Anatomy of the Future by Roderick Seidenberg, in The Annals, July, 1962
The Social Bases of American Communism by Nathan Glazer, in The Journal of Southern History, August, 1962
A Radical's America by Harvey Swados, in The New Leader, October 15, 1962
Evaluations in Higher Education by Paul L. Dressel et al., in The Journal of Higher Education, October 1962
Main Currents in Modern Economics by Ben B. Seligman, in Commentary, April, 1963
A Non-Existent Man: An Autobiography by T. V. Smith, in The Journal of Higher Education, June, 1963
John R, Commons: His Assault on Laissez-Faire by Lafayette G. Harter, in Book Review, September, 1963
Market Theory and the Price System by Israel M. Kirzner, in Book Review, September, 1963
The Nation's Economic Objectives by Edger O. Edwards, in The Annals, November, 1964
The Problem of Social-Scientic Knowledge by William P. McEwen in The Journal of Political Economy
The Theory and Design of Economic Development by Irma Adelman and Erik Thorbecke, in Book Review, 1966
The Causes of the Industrial Revolution in England by R. M. Hartwell, in Journal of Economic Issues, June 1968
The Challenge of World Poverty: A World Anti-Povelty Program in Outline by Gunmar Myrdal, in Political Science Quarterly, September 1971
3F311 Literary Productions:
Typescripts: A - E
Typescripts: F - G
Typescripts: I - L
Typescripts: M - P
Typescripts: R - W
3F312 Miscellaneous:
Book Reviews
Bound Articles
Miscellaneous Manuscripts
Samuels, Warren J.: Institutional Economics: Retrospect and Prospect; The Knight-Ayres Correspondence
Printed Material:

3F313 Printed Material:
Cactus, 1944
Published articles and lectures

2E74 Literary productions of Ayres:
Huxley, 1931
2E75 Huxley, 1931
Theory of Economic Progress, 1943
2E76 Divine Right of Capital, ca. 1945
The Industrial Economy, 1952
2E77 The Industrial Economy, 1952
Other materials, 1921-1931 and undated
2E78 Other materials, 1919-1927 and undated
Work in progress, 1972

3Y27 Photograph
Photograph of sculpted bust of John Dewey [?], n. d.