Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Organization

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

George Winchester papers

Josiah Winchester papers

Margaret G. Sprague Winchester papers

Frances E. Sprague papers

Miscellaneous family papers

Miscellaneous professional and business legal documents, financial records, and correspondence

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Winchester Family Papers, 1783-1906



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Winchester (Family : Winchester, George, died 1851)
Title: Winchester family papers
Dates: 1783-1906
Abstract: Papers of George Winchester, attorney, judge, and state senator from Natchez, Mississippi; his nephew, Josiah Winchester, also an attorney; and other family members, reflect legal, political, social and economic affairs including slavery, the plantation system, and the post-Civil War era in the Natchez area.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.00028
Extent: 14.5 linear feet
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

George Winchester, a native of Massachusetts, moved to Natchez, Mississippi, around 1820, and became a prominent attorney, politician, Mississippi Supreme Court justice (1826-1829) and state senator (1836-1837). His nephew Josiah Winchester joined him in his Natchez law practice around 1835 and later became a judge. In 1846 Josiah married Margaret G. Sprague, a daughter of Frances E. Sprague and Sturges Sprague, a former law partner of George Winchester. Twelve children were born to the Winchesters.

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Scope and Contents

Correspondence, financial records, legal documents, literary productions, maps, and printed material document the lives and careers of George and Josiah Winchester, and Josiah's family. Professional documentation reflects the legal affairs of prominent land owners, businessmen, and political figures of the Natchez, Mississippi, region and adjacent parts of Louisiana, especially Stephen Duncan, John C. Jenkins, and Wade Hampton and their families. Personal correspondence and financial records illuminate 19th-century life in the Natchez area. Social and economic issues including slavery, the plantation system, post-Civil War labor problems, bankruptcies, mortgage foreclosure sales, and claims against the United States government are reflected in the papers.

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Organization

Organized into six series I. George Winchester papers. II. Josiah Winchester papers. III. Margaret G. Sprague Winchester papers. IV. Frances E. Sprague papers. V. Miscellaneous family papers. VI. Miscellaneous business and professional papers.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically by type of material.
Organization and arrangement pending for a portion of the papers. Contact repository for further information.

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Duncan, Stephen, 1787-1867
Hampton, Wade, 1752-1835
Jenkins, John Carmichael, 1809-1855
Sprague, Frances E., -1892
Sprague, Sturges
Winchester, George, -1851
Winchester, Josiah, 1814-1877
Winchester, Margaret G. Sprague, 1824-1906
Subjects
Cotton trade
Judges
Land tenure
Lawyers
Manners and customs
Plantation life
Plantations
Plantations--Economic aspects
Slavery
Places
Louisiana
Mississippi
Natchez

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Winchester Family Papers, Natchez Trace Collection, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)

1985-311

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Detailed Description of the Collection

box
2E903 [SRH1230007050] George Winchester papers
Correspondence
Professional
General
1816-1836
box
2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Letter and account record, from Edward N. Rogers, March 31, 1832
Letter to N. Rogers and Sons, including legal charges owed George Winchester, June 18, 1834, 1832-1834
Letter from ___ Gilbert, October 4, 1835
box
2E904 [SRH1230007051] 1837-1843
box
2E905 [SRH1230007052] 1844-1851, undated
Josiah Winchester, 1837-1850, undated
Corporate board memberships, 1836-1846, undated
Personal
Family and friends, 1816-1850, undated
box
2E906 [SRH1230007053] Whig political party, 1844, 1850
Trinity Episcopal Church, Natchez, Mississippi, 1835-1847
Honorary memberships, 1837-1838, 1845
Legal case correspondence, financial records and legal documents
Mrs. F. A. Browder estate, 1830-1835, undated
John C. Jenkins, 1840-1846
General, 1823-1843, undated
box
2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] List, "Cases as Issues for Judge Winchester", 1835
box
2E906 [SRH1230007053] Financial records
1818-1851, undated
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2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Ledger sheet, account with ___ McGraw, 1848
box
2E906 [SRH1230007053] Miscellaneous materials
Joseph G. Waters notebook, [last page lists receipts of Winchester and Metcalfe, 1816, 1823]
Waterloo Plantation accounting records, 1829-1834
Essays debating issues of slavery and secession of slave states, undated
Fragments, 1837, 1841, undated
box
2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Survey map, "Plat of Conflicting Claims," Claiborne County, Mississippi, March 14, 1823
Survey map, portions of Washington, Mississippi, and St. Helena, Louisiana, certified in 1835 for claims of John F. Carmichael, 1827
box
2E926 [SRH1230006801] Unsorted materials, 1810-1848, undated
Fragile and uncleaned

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box
2E907 [SRH1230007054] Josiah Winchester papers
Professional and business records
Stephen Duncan legal matters
Property acquisitions, financial records and legal documents, 1860-1877, undated
Bank of Mississippi case, correspondence, 1873-1879, undated
Wade Hampton and heirs, correspondence, 1855-1885
General correspondence and other materials
1840-1869
box
2E908 [SRH1230007055] 1870-1884, undated
John C. Jenkins estate
Correspondence, 1855-1879, undated
Claim against the United States government, petition, depositions, briefs, and proceedings, 1867-1877
Financial records
1855-1869, undated
box
2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Education expenses of Alice Jenkins, ledger sheet, 1868-1869
box
2E908 [SRH1230007055] Jenkins children, personal correspondence, 1865-1894
Thomas B. Sprague plantation business, correspondence, 1864-1878, undated
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2E909 [SRH1230007056] Cotton factors/commission merchants, correspondence and financial documents, 1863-1881, undated
Chinese labor plan, correspondence, 1869-1879, undated
General materials
Correspondence
1837-1866
box
2E910 [SRH1230007057] 1867-1887, undated
Financial records
1838-1878, undated
box
2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Ledger sheet, account with Holmes and Stockman, 1865
Ledger sheet, account with Fred Clark, 1880
box
2E910 [SRH1230007057] Legal documents, 1850-1874
box
2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Broadside advertising blooded stock sale, Anthony Hoggatt plantation, November 23, 1855
Supplement to the New Orleans Daily Crescent, pages 5 and 6, September 17, 1859
box
2E910 [SRH1230007057] Miscellaneous notes, memoranda, and fragments, undated
box
2E911 [SRH1230007058] Personal papers
Correspondence
Family, 1836-1881, undated
General, 1838-1879, undated
Financial records
Tuition bills for Winchester children, 1858-1872, undated
Tax receipts, 1844-1875
General expenses, 1838-1884, undated
Miscellaneous materials
Oath of allegiance, 1864
Memorial card, 1887
Newspaper clipping, Natchez Bar resolutions on Josiah Winchester's death, November 14, 1887
Winchester children, correspondence and other materials
Frank Winchester, 1854-1879, undated
Virginia Winchester, 1859-1878, undated
Louisa Winchester, 1859-1877, undated
George Winchester II
1864-1880, undated
box
2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Accounting record, February 27, 1880
box
2E911 [SRH1230007058] Margaret Winchester, 1867-1868, undated
Josiah Winchester, Jr., 1887, 1901, 1906, undated
Sprague Winchester, 1868, 1900-1902
Robert Lee Winchester, undated
box
2E926 [SRH1230006801] Unsorted materials, 1830-1880, undated
Fragile and uncleaned

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box
2E912 [SRH1230007059] Margaret G. Sprague Winchester papers
Correspondence
Josiah Winchester
Letters to, 1850-1855, 1881
Letters from, 1851-1872, undated
Winchester children, 1857-1893, undated
General, 1835-1872, undated
box
2E927 [SRH1230006802] Josiah Winchester, Winchester children, 1853-1864, undated
Fragile and uncleaned
box
2E912 [SRH1230007059] Financial records, household expenses and clothing bills, 1842-1872, undated
box
2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Account bill, 1861-1862
Account bill, 1869-1870
box
2E912 [SRH1230007059] Cooking recipes, undated
box
2E927 [SRH1230006802] Unsorted materials, 1840-1867, undated
Fragile and uncleaned

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box
2E913 [SRH1230007060] Frances E. Sprague papers
Correspondence
Margaret G. Sprague Winchester
1840-1878, 1889, undated
box
2E927 [SRH1230006802] 1848-1870, undated
Fragile and uncleaned
box
2E913 [SRH1230007060] General, 1831-1888, undated
Financial records
Tax receipts, 1837-1858
General, 1836-1869, undated
Legal documents, 1838-1858, undated
Memorial card, 1892
box
2E927 [SRH1230006802] Unsorted materials, 1825-1860, undated
Fragile and uncleaned

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2E913 [SRH1230007060] Miscellaneous family papers
Correspondence and other materials relating to Winchester and Sprague family members
1810-1869, 1896, 1901, undated
box
2E927 [SRH1230006802] 1826-1866, undated
Fragile and uncleaned
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2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Broadside advertisement for Burnett's Flavoring Extracts, Boston, Massachusetts, undated
Gleason's Pictorial magazine, Boston, Saturday, May 21, 1853

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2E914 [SRH1230007061] Miscellaneous professional and business legal documents, financial records, and correspondence
1783-1822
box
2E915 [SRH1230007062] 1823-1827
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2E916 [SRH1230007063] 1828-1833
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2E917 [SRH1230007064] 1834-1838
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2E918 [SRH1230007065] 1839 - June 1841
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2E919 [SRH1230007066] July 1841-1845
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2E920 [SRH1230007067] 1846-1851
box
2E921 [SRH1230007068] 1852-1869
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2E922 [SRH1230007069] 1870-1891, undated
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2E923-2E925 Undated
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2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Opinion, Mississippi High Court of Errors and Appeals, Lewis a Slave vs The State , 1847
Affidavit, Merritt M. Robinson, New Orleans, a plaintiff in a United States District Court case, 1846
Indenture for property sale, Natchez, Mississippi, 1799
Indenture for property sale, Adams County, Mississippi Territory, 1801
Indenture for property sale, Adams County, Mississippi Territory, 1804
Indenture for property sale, Port Gibson, Mississippi, 1808
Indenture for property sale, Natchez, Mississippi, 1825
Indenture for property sale, Natchez, Mississippi, 1836
Certified copy of 1815 agreement for the disposition of property in Adams County, Mississippi, styled
"Winthrop Sargent and wife to David Urquhart and others", 1845
Mercantile account record, Mrs. E. Warfield, Jr. with D. S. Goodloe, Lexington, 1845-1847
Account record, I. L. Lang? of Grand Gulf with Isaac Phillips of Philadelphia, 1835-1836
Property valuation appeal from Isaac A. Newman to the Board of Supervisors, 1870
Account record, Daniel McGraw estate, 1824-1825
Vicksburg hospital list of indigent patients with charges allowed by the court for payment to Dr. C. R. Nutt, 1832-1833
box
2E928 [SRH1230006803] Uncleaned and fragile materials
1783-1822
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2E929 [SRH1230006804] 1823-1827
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2E930 [SRH1230006808] 1828-1832
box
2E931 [SRH1230006809] 1833-1837
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2E932 [SRH1230006810] 1838-1840
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2E933 [SRH1230006811] 1841-1847
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2E934 [SRH1230006812] 1848-1879, 1899
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2E935-2E936 undated
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2.325/AA14c [SRH1230010031] Oversize items, 1823-1844

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