University of Texas Arlington

International Longshoremen's Association, Local 1273 Records:

A Guide

Descriptive Summary

Creator: International Longshoremen's Association. Local 1273 (Houston, Tex.)
Title: International Longshoremen's Association, Local 1273 Records
Dates: 1931-1965
Abstract: International Longshoremen's Association, Local 1273 of Houston, Texas was formed in 1930 when Local 896 was disbanded and reorganized. Records document the activities of the labor union and include minutes and a handwritten history of the organization. Photocopies of minutes and correspondence of Ladies Auxiliary No. 1, which served Local 1273, are also included.
Identification: AR19
Extent: 5 folders (0.2 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries

Historical Note

In 1895, several local unions of longshoremen in the United States and Canada joined together to form the International Longshoremen's Association (ILA). In 1914, an all-white local, Local 896, was organized in Houston and served as a sister union to all-black Local 872. The two locals initially engaged in a work sharing method known as the 50-50 system with each local supplying half of the men to work in unsegregated work gangs. Although the practice continued to be known as the 50-50 system, the work gangs became segregated in the late 1920's with each local alternating working forward and aft of ships as they arrived. Labor contract disputes, disagreements with the District office, increasing hostilities along the waterfront, and rising tensions within its membership led to the disbanding of Local 896 in 1930. It was reorganized as Local 1273 on January 8, 1930 with Charles Bradley acting as its first president.

The International Longshoremen's Association Ladies Auxiliary No. 1 was organized in 1931 and served Locals 1231, 1273, 1330, and 1350.

Scope and Contents

Records are comprised of a bound volume of minutes and also includes a handwritten draft of the history of Locals 896 and 1273 written by Maude Russell Lynch. The minutes record and describe the proceedings of meetings held by Local 1273 from January 31 to March 16, 1931. Topics addressed during meetings included communications with other unions, the reorganization of the union, membership, issues pertaining to individual members, working rules, and other general labor issues.

Also included are photocopies of correspondence, 1933-1939, and minutes, 1934-1939, of the Ladies Auxiliary No. 1 which document the Auxiliary's social, charitable, and organizational activities.


The collection is arranged by document-subject type in five folders. Within each document type, records are arranged chronologically.



Open for research.

Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Lynch, Maude Russell.
International Longshoremen's Association. Local 1273 (Houston, Tex.)--Records and correspondence.
International Longshoremen's Association. Ladies Auxiliary No. 1 (Houston, Tex.)--Records and correspondence.
Labor unions--Texas--Houston--History--Sources.
Houston (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Alternate Titles
Texas Labor Archives

Related Material

Maud Russell, Men Along the Shore, (New York: Brussel and Brussel, 1966).

Separated Material

Constitution, By-Laws, and Other Regulations (1936, 1949, 1960, 1962) of the International Longshoremen's Association, Local 1273 placed in AR417: Texas Labor Archives: Constitutions, By-Laws, and Rules.

Administrative Information


International Longshoremen's Association, Local 1273 Records, AR19, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.



Administrative Information


The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" project, 2014-2015.

Container List

Box Folder
1 1 I.L.A. Local 1273 - Minutes: Regular, Executive Board, Investigating Committee, Jan. 21, 1931 - March 16, 1931
and Grievance Committee
2 I.L.A. Local 1273 - History, by Maude Lynch, 1965
3 I.L.A. Ladies' Auxiliary #1- Minutes: Regular meetings, May 3, 1934 - Nov. 14, 1939
4 I.L.A. Ladies' Auxiliary #1 - Correspondence, 1933-1939
5 Miscellaneous, undated