Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Organization

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Index, undated

Articles and Agreement, May 14, 1863-February 18, 1943, undated

Contract, November 22, 1850

Diaries, 1864-1867

Diaries, 1867-1869, undated

Diaries, 1873

Letters, June 25, 1857-October 12, 1860

Letters, January 30, 1861-March 25, 1867

Letters, April 2, 1867-April 19, 1867

Letters, April 27, 1867- May 18, 1867

Letters, May 25, 1867-April 7, 1868

Letters, April 19, 1868-March 10, 1871

Letters, September 21, 1871-April 30, 1872

Letters, June 1, 1872-April 29, 1873

Letters, August 18, 1873-November 23 1888

Miscellaneous, August 31, 1859-July 18, 1872, undated

Permit, April 18, 1870

Record Documents, March 5, 1864-November 16, 1867

Tax Receipt, May 8, 1865

University of Texas Arlington

T.A. Caldwell Family Papers

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator:
Title: T.A. Caldwell Family Papers
Dates: 1850-1943
Dates (Bulk): 1867-1868
Abstract: Tennessee natives, T.A. Caldwell and his wife, Malinda Caldwell, established their home in Bonham, Texas, to raise their family and accommodate his position as a Presbyterian missionary assigned to teach school and preach in the Choctaw Nation, in Indian Territory. Through his letters to his wife and his diaries, he tells of his experiences away from his family while living among the Indians. The collection also includes Malinda Caldwell’s correspondence and diaries after her husband’s sudden death in 1867, as she adjusts to life as a widow and single mother.
Identification: AR674
Extent: 1 box (0.4 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries

Biographical Note

T.A. (Tillman Aiken) Caldwell was born on October 31, 1830 in Jefferson County, Tennessee. He married Malinda McGuire on July 29, 1857, and had five children together, four of whom lived into adulthood. He spent his life as a Presbyterian Missionary teaching in schools and preaching to the Choctaw Indians in Indian Territory, later known as the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. For a brief period he also worked as a merchant in Bonham, Texas. He died at the age of 37 on December 16, 1867, during the family’s journey to settle in the Choctaw Nation and was buried in Shreveport, Louisiana. Malinda McGuire Caldwell (H. M. Caldwell / Linda / Mrs. L. Caldwell) was born on October 8, 1839 in Jefferson County Tennessee. Following her husband’s death, she gave birth to their fifth child, Tillman Reynolds Caldwell in April 1868. She died at the age of 53, on March 24, 1893, in Bonham, Texas, and is buried in the Willow Wild Cemetery.

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Scope and Contents

This collection contains 62 original letters, diaries of T.A. Caldwell and Malinda Caldwell, news articles, legal documents, and other miscellaneous documents, ranging in date from 1850-1943. It was acquired by Roland S. Jary and given to University of Texas at Arlington Special Collections by his estate in 2015. The documents were indexed, dated, annotated, encapsulated and arranged by a previous owner prior to their arrival in Special Collections, with the exception of the final letter. The botanical cuttings from T.A. Caldwell’s grave were removed from that final letter, requiring a new mylar enclosure. The bulk of the collection contains the letters and diaries of T. A. Caldwell and his wife, H. Malinda Caldwell. Nineteen of the letters consist mainly of correspondence from T.A. Caldwell to Malinda, from March 5, 1867 to July 15, 1867, while he was away in “The Nation” as a missionary, teaching and preaching to the Choctaw Indians, as well as other correspondence to T.A. Caldwell from various family members and fellow missionaries. The remaining letters are to Malinda Caldwell, from her mother, Harriet McGuire, her siblings, other family members, friends, and acquaintances through their church and missionary work with the Indian Nations and date after T.A. Caldwell’s death in December of 1867. Two of the diaries are T.A. Caldwell’s from the time he spent living and working in the Indian Nation, as well as an attendance ledger for his school, inside one. The remaining diaries are Malinda Caldwell’s, including the one she kept during the family’s journey to Texas and the Choctaw Nation when T.A. Caldwell suddenly took ill and died in Louisiana. The rest of the collection includes early land deeds in Bonham, Fannin County, Texas and in Jefferson County, Tennessee, a list of household items sold off by T.A. Caldwell, a school program, and letters of certification for him to be appointed as a missionary and teacher in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations in Indian Territory.

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Organization

This collection is arranged alphabetically by folder title and chronologically thereunder, using the index created by the arrangement of a previous owner.

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research.

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Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons
Caldwell family--Archives.
Caldwell, T.A., (Tillman Aiken)--Archives.
Caldwell, Malinda McGuire, (H.M.)--Archives.
Organizations
Presbyterian Church in the U.S.--Indian Presbytery--19th century.
Subjects
Missionaries--Indian Territory--19th century.
Chowtaw Indians--Missions--19th century.
Pioneers--Texas--Bonham.
Places
Indian Territory--Missions--19th century--Diaries.
Southern states--Social life and customs--19th century--Diaries.
Bonham (Tex.)--Records and correspondence.
Jefferson County (Tenn.)--Records and correspondence.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection.

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Administrative Information

Provenance

Gift of Matt Jary, Executor of the Estate of Ronald S. Jary,April 2, 2015.

Citation

T.A. Caldwell Family Papers, AR674, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.

Acquisition

Gift,April 2, 2015.

Accessioned as number 2015-29.

Processing Information

Processed by Erica A. Eaves, April 2016. Due to the fragility of the two bound diaries they have been photocopied onto acid free paper. Material deaccessioned from this collection includes multiple photocopies of letters, diary pages, articles and records.

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Container List

Box Folder
1 1 Index, undated
Index of documents created by a previous owner.

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Box Folder
1 2 Articles and Agreement, May 14, 1863-February 18, 1943, undated
Contains an undated article of agreement between T.A. Caldwell and his neighbors for him to teach for five months. Also included are religious newspaper articles pertaining to the current and historical activities of the Presbyterian church, including two that tell the story of his Great Uncle, Rev. James Caldwell, known as “The Fighting Chaplin” during the American Revolution.

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Box Folder
1 3 Contract, November 22, 1850
Contains a contract for the sale of 220 acres in Jefferson County, Tennessee, by George W.B. Lockhart to William Minnis and William O’Neil.

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Box Folder
1 4 Diaries, 1864-1867
Contains a book with diary and attendance records kept by T.A. Caldwell while working in the Choctaw Nation. Due to the fragility of this diary it has been photocopied onto acid free paper.

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Box Folder
1 5 Diaries, 1867-1869, undated
Contains a diary of T.A. Caldwell from 1867, when he was teaching and preaching in the Choctaw Nation. The rest are Malinda Caldwell’s diaries.

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Box Folder
1 6 Diaries, 1873
Contains a diary of Malinda Caldwell’s dated by the previous owner of this collection as 1873. Due to the fragility of this diary it has been photocopied onto acid free paper.

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Box Folder
1 7 Letters, June 25, 1857-October 12, 1860
Contains correspondence to T.A. Caldwell and Malinda Caldwell from various family members and fellow missionaries.

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Box Folder
1 8 Letters, January 30, 1861-March 25, 1867
Contains correspondence to and from various family members and the Board of Missions. Also included are letters from T.A. Caldwell to his wife, Malinda Caldwell, while he was alone in the Choctaw Nation.

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Box Folder
1 9 Letters, April 2, 1867-April 19, 1867
Contains correspondence from T.A. Caldwell to his wife, Malinda Caldwell, while he was alone in the Choctaw Nation.

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Box Folder
1 10 Letters, April 27, 1867- May 18, 1867
Contains correspondence from T.A. Caldwell to his wife, Malinda Caldwell, while he was alone in the Choctaw Nation.

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Box Folder
1 11 Letters, May 25, 1867-April 7, 1868
Contains correspondence from T.A. Caldwell to his wife, Malinda Caldwell, while he was alone in the Choctaw Nation. Also included are letters to Malinda Caldwell from her mother, T.C. Anderson of the Board of missions and S.C. Walters after the death of her husband.

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Box Folder
1 12 Letters, April 19, 1868-March 10, 1871
Contains correspondence to Malinda Caldwell from family and friends, including Mrs. Jennie Reynolds who cared for T.A. Caldwell’s grave on her behalf. Also included are a letters from various church members offering help for her and her children and advice as to what she can do.

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Box Folder
1 13 Letters, September 21, 1871-April 30, 1872
Contains correspondence to Malinda Caldwell from her Uncle John L. Jacobs, friends and acquaintances.

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Box Folder
1 14 Letters, June 1, 1872-April 29, 1873
Contains correspondence to Malinda Caldwell from Mrs. Jennie Reynolds, A.H. Stearns, and other friends. Also included is a letter to her daughter Ida Caldwell from a friend.

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Box Folder
1 15 Letters, August 18, 1873-November 23 1888
Contains correspondence to Malinda Caldwell from Mrs. Jennie Reynolds, A.H. Stearns, and other friends. Also included is a letter to her daughter Ida Caldwell from Mollie, a possible cousin.

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Box Folder
1 16 Miscellaneous, August 31, 1859-July 18, 1872, undated
Contains a list of household items sold by T.A. Caldwell, a deed for 75 acres of land in Bonham, Texas, a bill for boarding two daughters, a school program and a certificate of membership in the International order of Odd Fellows.

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Box Folder
1 17 Permit, April 18, 1870
A permit to Mrs. H.M. Caldwell to make and use “Jackson’s Improved Washing Fluid” in her own family only.

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Box Folder
1 18 Record Documents, March 5, 1864-November 16, 1867
Contains a State of Texas, Fannin County, legal document between J.M. Littsworth and T.A. Caldwell for 75 acres in Fannin County. Also included is a letter of Certification for Rev. T.A. Caldwell, appointed by the Board of Missions at Lebanon Tennessee, as a Missionary in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations.

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Box Folder
1 19 Tax Receipt, May 8, 1865
Contains an Occupation Tax receipt for T.A. Caldwell.

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