Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Historical Note

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

School Land Registers, Undated [ca. 1890-1910]


Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

A Guide to the School Land Registers, Undated [1890-1910]



Overview

Creator: Texas. General Land Office.
Title: School Land Registers Collection
Dates: Undated [1890-1910]
Abstract: School Land Registers are oversized volumes that record the disposition of school land.
Identification: SLR
Quantity: 40 volumes
Location: Map Vault; File Vault
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

Historical Note

Throughout Texas’ history, land has been a plentiful public asset used to encourage immigration, pay and reward soldiers, raise money for public works, and encourage the building of railroads all through various land grant programs. Public education was also a major beneficiary of the state’s abundant land resources. In the late 1830s, Republic of Texas President Mirabeau Lamar made some of the first overtures towards establishing an endowment of land to be set aside for a public system of schools and a public university. By 1840, the Texas Legislature passed various acts granting four leagues of land to each county for the purposes of generating revenue for public schools within the counties through the parceling and sale of these lands. An initial grant of 50 leagues was also made to help fund a state university.

After the Republic era ended with statehood, Texas continued its program of using land to fund education. To this day, one of the biggest boons to education was the establishment of the Permanent School Fund (PSF) and the Permanent University Fund (PUF), which were accounts set up to receive proceeds of various state land sales and leases. Money generated by sales and leases of state land was deposited into these accounts and, with very few exceptions, was left there to grow. The interest generated by these accounts would then be spent on public schools and the public university system.[3] As the nineteenth century progressed, numerous land grant programs were established by the Texas Legislature. Additionally, various iterations of the Texas Constitution allocated certain percentages of the public domain for the PSF and PUF, and money generated by sale and lease of public lands was directed into the relevant education funds.

--taken from The Public School Lands and University Lands Bound Volumes

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The nature of the information captured in these volumes makes pinpointing a date range for each volume difficult. All but one of these volumes was copied from older, deteriorating books at an unknown time. Likewise, it would take a page by page search to determine the date of the last entry. What is known is that the bulk of the information was captured when school land sales were at their peak, roughly, 1890-1910.

Volume 8 (OS 98) is the only ledger book left from an older set of School Land Registers. The volume is missing the back and is in poor condition overall.

Each volume page records the following information:

  1. Part/Section
  2. Section Block
  3. Township
  4. Certificate Scrip Number
  5. Original Grantee
  6. Classification
  7. Acres
  8. Price per Acre
  9. Purchaser
  10. Date of Purchase
  11. File Number
  12. Date of Forfeiture
  13. Lessee
  14. Number of Lease
  15. Date of Lease
  16. Term of Lease

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Arrangement

The volumes are loosely arranged in alphabetical order by county with a key providing exact page ranges for each county. Each county is organized by Block and Section.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

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Index Terms

Indexes
Land Certificates
Land ownership--Texas
Public Lands--Texas.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Short title of Document], [Date: Day-Month-Year]. Box [#], Folder [#], p. [#]. School Land Registers (SLR). Archives and Records Program, Texas General Land Office, Austin.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

School Land Registers, Undated [ca. 1890-1910]

Volume
1 Anderson, Andrews, Angelina, Aransas, Archer, Armstrong, Atascosa, Austin, Bailey, Bandera, and Bastrop Counties
Volume
2 Baylor, Bee, Bell, Bexar, Blanco, Borden, Bosque, Bowie, Brazoria, and Brazos Counties
Volume
3-4 Brewster County
Volume
4 Briscoe, Brown, Burleson, Burnet, Caldwell, Calhoun, Callahan, Cameron, and Camp Counties
Volume
5 Carson, Cass, Castro, Chambers, Cherokee, Childress, Clay, Cochran, Coleman, Collin, and Collingsworth Counties
Volume
6 Coke, Colorado, Comal, Comanche, Concho, Cooke, Coryell, Cottle, and Crane Counties
Volume
7 Crockett, Crosby, Dallam, Dallas, and Dawson Counties
Volume
8 Deaf Smith, Delta, Denton, Dewitt, Dickens, Dimmitt, Donley, and Duval Counties
Volume
9 Eastland, Ector, Edwards, and Ellis Counties
Volume
10-11 El Paso County
Volume
12 Erath, Falls, Fannin, Fayette, Fisher, Floyd, Foard, Fort Bend, Franklin, Freestone, and Frio Counties
Volume
13 Gaines, Galveston, Garza, Gillespie, Glasscock, Goliad, and Gonzales Counties
Volume
14 Gray, Grayson, Gregg, Grimes, Guadalupe, Hall, Hale, Hamilton, and Hansford Counties
Volume
15 Hardeman, Hardin, Harris, Harrison, Hartley, Haskell, Hays, Hemphill, and Henderson Counties
Volume
16 Hill, Hockley, Hood, Hopkins, Houston, Howard, Hunt, Hutchinson, and Irion Counties
Volume
17 Jack, Jackson, Jasper, Jeff Davis, Jefferson, Johnson, Jones, Karnes, and Kaufman Counties
Volume
18 Kendall, Kent, Kerr, and Kimble Counties
Volume
19 King, Kinney, Knox, Lamar, Lamb, Lampasas, Lasalle, and Lavaca Counties
Volume
20 Lee, Leon, Liberty, Limestone, Lipscomb, Live Oak, Llano, Loving, and Lubbock Counties
Volume
21 Lynn, Madison, Marion, Martin, Mason, Matagorda, Maverick, McCulloch, McLennan, and McMullen Counties
Volume
22 Medina, Menard, Midland, Milam, Mills, Mitchell, Montague, and Montogomery Counties
Volume
23 Moore, Morris, Motley, Nacogdoches, Navarro, Newton, Noland, and Nueces Counties
Volume
24 Ochiltree, Oldham, Orange, Palo Pinto, Panola, Parker, Parmer, and Pecos Counties
Volume
24-26 Pecos County
Volume
26 Pecos, Polk, Potter, and Presidio Counties
Volume
26-27 Presidio County
Volume
27 Rains, Randall, Red River, and Reeves Counties
Volume
28 Reeves, Refugio, Roberts, Robertson, Rockwall, Runnels, Rusk, Sabine, San Augustine, San Jacinto, and San Patricio Counties
Volume
29 Schleicher, Scurry, Shackelford, and Shelby Counties
Volume
30 Sherman, Smith, Somervell, Starr, Stephens, Sterling, and Stonewall Counties
Volume
31 Sutton, Swisher, Tarrant, Taylor, and Terry Counties
Volume
32 Throckmorton, Titus, Tom Green, Travis, Tyler, Upshur, and Upton Counties
Volume
33 Val Verde, Van Zandt, Victoria, Walker, and Waller Counties
Volume
34 Ward, Washington, Webb, Wharton, and Wheeler Counties
Volume
35 Wichita, Wilbarger, Williamson, Wilson, Winkler, Wise, Wood, and Yoakum Counties
Volume
36 Jim Hogg, Jim Wells, Kenedy, Reagan, Willacy, Young, Zapata, and Zavala Counties
Volume
37 Terrell County
Volume
38 Brooks, Culberson, Kleberg, and Real Counties
Volume
39 Hudspeth County
Volume
OS 98 Webb, Schleicher, Sutton, Scurry, Sterling, Terrell, Throckmorton, Tarrant, Terry, Reagan, Uvalde, Walker, Waller, Wharton, Wheeler, Wichita, Wilbarger, Williamson, Wilson, Wise, Val Verde, Van Zandt, Victoria, Zavala, Taylor, Travis, Titus, Trinity, Tyler, Upton, and Upshur Counties

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