Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Historical Note

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Indexes, 1836-1904; undated


Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

A Guide to the Land Certificate Index Collection, 1836-1904



Overview

Creator: Texas. General Land Office.
Title: Land Certificate Index Collection
Dates: 1836-1904
Abstract: Land Certificates were issued by the Mexican Government, the Republic of Texas, and the State of Texas entitling a grantee to a specific quantity of land in the unallocated public domain. Certificate indexes were created, updated, copied and re-copied throughout the 19th Century as the Republic and later the State managed the many land grant programs. There are 71 volumes included within this collection. Many can be grouped into sets. A few are not certificate indexes but are nonetheless related to the granting of lands to individuals.
Identification: LCIC
Quantity: 71 volumes
Location: OVR: Patent Room; File Vault
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

Historical Note

A land certificate is a document issued by the government, usually by a County or District Board of Land Commissioners, the General Land Office, the Texas Court of Claims, the Adjutant General, or the Secretary of War, entitling a grantee to a certain number of acres of land in the unallocated public domain. No specific parcel of land was connected to this document—it was the responsibility of the grantee to find their own land and have it lawfully surveyed. These certificates could be sold or transferred. The right to locate, survey, and patent the land passed to the assignee, although for the purposes of reference the name of the original certificate holder is retained as a means of identifying the surveyed tract. For some types of grants two certificates were issued—a conditional and an unconditional. A conditional certificate was issued in order to give the grantee the right to occupy a portion of the public domain, while the unconditional certificate was issued only after the completion of certain requirements (i.e. the land had to be lived on for three years, a portion of the land had to be cultivated).

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Collection consists of 71 volumes of certificate indexes, indexes of title, and registers of patent fees, 1836-1904 and undated.

A full listing of the types of information recorded in each index can be found in the spreadsheet, Land Certificate Index Inventory, 2018-11-27.

Return to the Table of Contents


Arrangement

The indexes are grouped into sets by class of certificate. Each volume includes a list of column headings intended to give the researcher a sense of what, if any, information of value is included.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

Indexes
Land Certificates
Land Grants
Land ownership--Texas
Public Lands--Texas.

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Short title of Document], [Date: Day-Month-Year]. Box [#], Folder [#], p. [#]. Land Certificate Index Collection. Archives and Records Program, Texas General Land Office, Austin.

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Collection

Indexes, 1836-1904; undated

Location
Patent Room Alphabetical Record of Bounty and Donation Certificates,Spine Title: Record of Bounty and Donation Certificates, undated
Marginal Register of Bounty and Donation Certificates, vol. 1,Spine Title: Register of Bounty & Donation Warrants, 1845-1857
Marginal Register of Bounty and Donation Certificates, vol. 2,Spine Title: Bounty & Donation Warrants, 1857-1892
Surname Index to the Marginal Register of Bounty and Donation Certificates,Spine Title: Index to Bounty Register, undated
Marginal Register of Bounty and Donation Certificates Returned,Spine Title: Marginal Register Bounty Warrants 1836-1841, 1859
Location
File Vault, OS 94 Register of land granted to disabled Veterans,Spine Title: Register of land granted to disabled Veterans, 1893
Location
Patent Room Certificates Approved by the Commissioner of Claims and Bounty and Donation Warrants,Spine Title: Headrights Register, 1856-1860
Certificates Registered with the Court of Claims,Spine Title: Headrights Register, 1858-1859
Certificates filed with the Commissioner of Claims,Spine Title: List of Certificates filed with the Commissioner of Claims, 1858-3-10 to 1858-6-11
Certificates reviewed by the Commissioner of Claims,Spine Title: Certificates Issued, 1857-1860
Certificates reviewed by the Commissioner of Claims,Spine Title: New Docket, 2, 1860-1861
Bounty Warrants Registered with the Court of Claims,Spine Title: Bounty Register Warrants, 1837-1838; 1846-1855
Register of Donation and Scrip Certificates presented to the Court of Claims,Spine Title: Bounty Warrant Register, undated
Register of Donation and Scrip Certificates presented to the Court of Claims (this entry lists details for the Scrip Certificates),Spine Title: Bounty Warrant Register, undated
Bounty and Donation Warrants issued by the Court of Claims,Spine Title: Bounty Donation Warrants 1836-1865, 1836-1865
Certificates issued by Fisher-Miller Colony,Spine Title: Register of Certificates, 1850-1851
Location
File Vault, OS 94 Index to lost certificates and miscellaneous deeds,Spine Title: Index to lost certificates and miscellaneous deeds, undated
Surname Index to Headright Certificates issued,Spine Title: Vouchers of Certificates issued. Lists certificates beginning Mexican Period to 1880's., 1820s-1880s
Location
File Vault, OS 114/12 Fragment of Register of Patents index (1 page),Spine Title: none, 11/18/1845-11/24/1845
Location
Patent Room Marginal Register of 1st Class Headright Certificates, 1-9093,Spine Title: Marginal Register 1st Class, undated
Surname Index to the Marginal Register of 1st Class Headright Certificates,Spine Title: Surname Index to the Marginal Register of 1st Class Headright Certificates, undated
Marginal Register of 1st Class Headright Certificates, 9094-15783,Spine Title: 1849-1871 | First Class | 2, 1849-1871
Marginal Register of 1st Class Headright Certificates, 15784-19640,Spine Title: Marginal Register | 3 | 1st Class Certificates, 1849-1871
Alphabetical Record of 1st Class Certificates,Spine Title: Record of First Class Certificates, 1904
Marginal Register of 2nd Class Headright Certificates 1-6686,Spine Title: Register of 2nd Class Headrights, 1839-1879
Surname Index to the Marginal Register of 2nd Class Headright Certificates,Spine Title: Index to Headrights 2nd class, undated
Alphabetical Record of 2nd Class Certificates,Spine Title: Record of Second Class Certificates, undated
Location
File Vault, OS 85 County Index to 2nd and 3rd Class Headright Certificates,Spine Title: Index to 2nd and 3rd Class Headright Certificates, undated
Location
Patent Room Alphabetical Record of 2nd and 3rd Class Headright Certificates,Spine Title: Script Certificates, 1836-1842
Alphabetical Record of 3rd Class Certificates,Spine Title: Record of 3rd Class Certificates, undated
Marginal Register of 3rd Class Headright Certificates, 1-10,000,Spine Title: Register of Headrights: 3rd Class (1-10000),
Marginal Register of 3rd Class Headright Certificates, 10,000-17,584,Spine Title: Register 3rd Class 2A (10000-17584),
Marginal Register of 3rd Class Headright Certificates, 17,584-24,999,Spine Title: Register 3rd Class 2B (17584-24999),
Marginal Register of 3rd Class Headright Certificates, 25,000-37,723,Spine Title: 3rd Class Headrights A-B (25000-37723),
Marginal Register of 3rd Class Headright Certificates, 37,723-38,139,Spine Title: Register of 3rd Class Headrights 1877-1886 (37723-38139), 1877-1886
Surname Index to the Marginal Registers of 3rd Class Headright Certificates,Spine Title: Index to 3rd Class Register, undated
Patent Application Register,Spine Title: Application Book, 1845-1846
Patent Application Register, Volume 1,Spine Title: Application Book, 1853-1854
Surname index to Patent Application Registers,Spine Title: Index to Application Books, undated
Location
File Vault, OS 114/1 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 12/11/1845-6/24/1846
Location
File Vault, OS 114/2 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 6/26/1846-1/4/1847
Location
File Vault, OS 114/3 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 4/14/1848-10/14/1848
Location
File Vault, OS 114/4 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 10/20/1848-6/12/1849
Location
File Vault, OS 114/5 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 6/12/1849-12/15/1849
Location
File Vault, OS 114/6 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 12/17/1849-5/29/1849
Location
File Vault, OS 114/7 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 6/2/1851-2/28/1853
Location
File Vault, OS 114/8 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 3/1/1853-7/31/1854
Location
File Vault, OS 114/9 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 8/1/1854-1/30/1855
Location
File Vault, OS 114/10 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 2/2/1855-2/27/1856
Location
File Vault, OS 114/11 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 3/1/1856-8/30/1856
Location
File Vault, OS 114 Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 6/1/1863-5/31/1865
Patent Fees Register,Spine Title: none, 12/13/1961-5/21/1984
Location
Patent Room Index to Premption Certificates,Spine Title: Index Certificates, 1853-1871
Marginal Register of Pre-emption Certificates 1-6159,Spine Title: Preemption 1 Marginal, 1870-1874
Marginal Register of Pre-emption Certificates 6160-20350,Spine Title: Preemption 2 Marginal 7-6189, 1874-1885
Marginal Register of Pre-emption Certificates 20351-29936,Spine Title: Preemption 2 Marginal 20351-29936, 1885-1901
Surname Index to the Marginal Registers of Pre-emption Certificates,Spine Title: Index to Preemption, undated
Location
File Vault, OS 99 Refunds to Purchasers of School Land,Spine Title: Block Book No. 2, 1893
Location
File Vault, OS 98 Public Free School Land Register, Volume 8,Spine Title: Public Free School Land Register, undated
Location
Spanish Collection Surname index to titles and field notes of the colonies,Spine Title: Index to Field Notes Plats, 1981
Surname index to titles and plats of the colonies,Spine Title: First General Index Accodding [sic] to Colonies, undated
Surname index to titles and field notes of the colonies,Spine Title: Index Titles Field Notes Plats, 1942
Surname index to titles and field notes of the colonies,Spine Title: Index Titles Field Notes Plats, undated
Surname index to titles and field notes of the colonies,Spine Title: none, no spine, brown and blue cover, undated
Surname index to titles and field notes of the colonies,Spine Title: Index to titles field notes and plats, 1998
Surname index to titles and field notes of the colonies,Spine Title: Abstract of titles in the Spanish department of the GLO, 1859
Translations and index to field notes of Mexican Titles by County: Anderson to Houston,Spine Title: Translations and index to field notes of spanish titles, undated (1840s)
Translations and index to field notes of Mexican Titles by County: Jackson-Wood,Spine Title: Translations and index to field notes of spanish titles, undated (1840s)
9 translations of title.,Spine Title: Translations 8, 143, 1872-1875
Location
Patent Room Record of Certificates issued by Special Act, Volume 1,Spine Title: Record of Certificates, 1840-1848
Record of Certificates issued by Special Act, Volume 4,Spine Title: Record of Certs issued by the Commission of GLO, 1856-9-1 to 1859-9-3; 1875-5-11 to 1883-03-31

Return to the Table of Contents