Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University

John Wesley Mooar:

An Inventory of His Papers, 1871-1917 and undated, at the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library

Descriptive Summary

Creator Mooar, John Wesley, 1846-1918
Title: John Wesley Mooar Papers,
Dates: 1871-1917 and undated
Abstract: Papers relating to business activities of brothers John Wesley Mooar and J. Wright Mooar as buffalo hunters and ranchers in Texas.
Collection # S 720.1
Quantity: 2 small boxes (0.6 linear feet)
Language English.
Repository Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University

Biographical Sketch

A buffalo trader and rancher, Mooar was born in 1846 in Pownal, Vermont. He lived in New York from 1861 to 1872, receiving and selling buffalo hides sent by his brother J. Wright Mooar. He joined his brother in Kansas in 1872, and they moved to Texas in 1873. With the decline of the buffalo trade, the brothers established the Mooar Brothers Ranch in Scurry County, Texas. John Wesley Mooar married Margaret McCollum and they had two children, Lydia Louise Mooar and John Combs Mooar. In addition to his ranching and business interests, Mooar assisted in bringing the Texas and Pacific Railroad to Colorado City, Texas. Mooar died in 1918 in Colorado City, Texas.

Scope and Contents

The collection includes correspondence, financial material, printed material, and a diary relating to the business and personal concerns of the Mooar brothers. It bulks (1871-1900) with financial materials of the Mooar brothers' business enterprises. There are lesser amounts of correspondence dealing with personal and family matters. Of particular interest is a letter describing the battle of Adobe Walls.


Access Restrictions

Open for research

Index Terms

The subject headings used by the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library are derived from the Library of Congress and/or locally developed.

Subjects (Persons)

Mooar, John Wesley, 1846-1918.
Mooar, J. Wright (John Wright), 1851-1940.


Mooar Brothers Ranch (Tex.)
Scurry County (Tex.)--History.
Mitchell County (Tex.)--History.


Adobe Walls, Battle of, Tex., 1874.
American bison hunting--Texas--History.
American bison.

Related Material

For related materials located in the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, see the following collections:

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

John Wesley Mooar Papers, 1871-1917 and undated, Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Gift, 1955

Processed by

Abel Ramirez, June 2003


Branch, Edward Douglas. The Hunting of the Buffalo.Lincoln, Neb.: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.

Robinson, Charles M. The Buffalo Hunters. Austin, Texas: State House Press, 1995.

Collection Inventory

Papers, 1871-1917 and undated

box folder
1 1 Correspondence, Notes, etc., 1871-1875
2 Correspondence, Notes, etc., 1876-1877
3 Correspondence, Notes, etc., 1877-1879
4 Correspondence, Notes, etc., 1880-1881
5 Correspondence, Notes, etc., 1882-1889
6 Correspondence, Notes, etc., 1890-1917
7 Financial Documents - Bills and Receipts, 1881-1901
8 Financial Documents - Bound Volumes, (4 items) 1976-1880
box folder
2 1 Financial Documents - Bound Volumes, (6 items) 1881-1890
2 Miscellaneous Documents - Correspondents, Maps, etc., 1871-1891 and undated
1 Financial Document - Mooar Brothers Bills and Receipts, bound volume, 1899-1901