Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University

Indian Schools:

An Inventory of the Collection, 1929-1945, at the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library

Descriptive Summary

Creator Jennings, Evelyn
Title: Indian Schools Collection,
Dates: 1929-1945
Abstract: The records pertain to various Indian Schools from 1929-1945.
Collection # S 477.1
Quantity: 2 boxes (2.0 linear feet)
Language English.
Repository: Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University

Biographical Sketch

Established in 1824 under the U.S. War Department, the Bureau of Indian Affairs was transferred to the U.S. Department of the Interior in 1849. The BIA held jurisdiction over Native American trade, removal to the West, protection from exploitation, concentration on reservations, and education. Unsuccessful in preventing wars and eliminating corrupt practices, the focus of the BIA was changed by the Dawes Act of 1887, the Burke Act of 1906, and through the Meriam Report of 1928. Prepared by W. Carson Ryan, Jr. the report suggested that education should be the primary function of the BIA. He also advised that Indian education be geared for all age levels and that it be closely tied to the community. Moreover, the report encouraged the establishment of day schools to serve as community centers and proposed reform on boarding schools, including the introduction of Indian culture into the curriculum. The progressive educational program was led by John Collier, who served as commissioner of Indian Affairs from 1933-1945.

Scope and Contents

The collection, pertaining to various Indian schools, consists of correspondence, financial material, original drawings by Indian children, literary productions, maps, printed material, schedules and lists, food and clothing allotment records, vaccination records, and scrapbook material.


Access Restrictions

Open for research

Index Terms

The subject headings used by the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library are derived from the Library of Congress and/or locally developed.
Subjects (Organizations)
Camp Verde Indian Sub Agency
Charles H. Burke Indian School
Cheyenne River Boarding School (Cheyenne River Indian Reservation, S.D.)
Pueblo Bonito School (Crownpoint, N.M.)
Navajo Service (Window Rock, Ariz.)
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
Santa Fe Indian School
Toadlena Boarding School (Toadlena, N.M.)
Wingate Vocational High School (Wingate, Ariz.)
Crownpoint (N.M.)--Social conditions
Santa Fe (N.M.)--Social conditions
Toadlena (N.M.)--Social conditions
Window Rock (Ariz.)--Social conditions
Fort Wingate (N.M.)--Social conditions
Adult education--New Mexico
Adult education--Arizona
Education and state--New Mexico--History
Education and state--Arizona--History
Education, Secondary--Arizona--History
Education, Secondary--New Mexico--History
Ethnobotany--Southwestern States
Horticulture--Southwestern States
Indians of North America--New Mexico--History
Indians of North America--Education--New Mexico
Indians of North America--Arizona--History
Indians of North America--Education--Arizona
Indians of North America--Ethnobotany
Indians of North America--Health and hygiene
Navajo Indians--Education
Navajo language--Study and teaching
School children--Food--New Mexico--History
School children--Food--Arizona--History
Weeds--Control--Southwestern States

Related Material

For related materials located in the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, see the following collections:

  • Ernest Wallace oral history interview [sound recording], 1975

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Indian Schools Collection, 1929-1945, Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas


Gift, 1959

Processed by

Abel Ramirez, 2000

Additional Sources

Roessel, Robert A. "Navajo Education, 1948-1978, Its Progress and Its Problems. "Rough Rock, Arizona: Navajo Curriculum Center, Rough Rock Demonstration School, 1979.

"Bureau of Indian Affairs Plans to Consolidate Off-Reservation Indian Boarding Schools: Report by the U.S. General Accounting Office. "Washington, D.C.: The Office, 1983.

Collection Inventory


Manuscript Files

box folder
1 1 Indian Materials: Correspondence, 1938-1942 and undated
2 Crownpoint Boarding School: Financial Material, 1939-1942 and undated
3 Navajo Service: Window Rock and Purchase Orders, 1940-1941
4 Indian Designs, undated
5 Crownpoint Boarding School: Literary Productions, 1938 and undated
6 Literary Production: General, 1936-1942 and undated
7 Naschitty School: Literary Productions, 1935
8 Navajo Service: Literary Productions, 1938-1942 and undated
9 Maps, 1937-1944
10 Charles H. Burke Indian School, 1936
11 Cheyenne River Boarding School, 1938-1942
12 Crownpoint Boarding School: Activity Curriculum, 1933
13 Crownpoint News, 1938-1942 and undated
Crownpoint Boarding School
box folder
1 14 Menus, 1937-1939 and undated
15 Reports and Schedules, 1936-1942 and undated
16 Miscellaneous, 1938-1940 and undated
17 Fern Yazzie School: Driver Training, 1941 and undated
18 Daily Schedules, undated
19 Isleta Day School News, 1940-1941
20 Navajo Agency: Fort Defiance, Arizona, 1935-1938
21 Annual Estimates: Various Schools, 1941-1942
Navajo Service
box folder
1 22 Window Rock Clothing Announcement, 1940
23 Home Economics, 1933-1942 and undated
24 Lists, 1941 and undated
25 Window Rock: Monthly Summary of Adult Accomplishments, 1941 and undated
26 Window Rock: Navajo Service News, 1936 and undated
27 Window Rock: Radio Broadcasts, 1938-1939
28 Window Rock: Radio Broadcasts, 1938-1939
29 Reports, 1939-1941
30 Miscellaneous, 1937-1941
box folder
2 1 New Mexico College of Agriculture, 1938-1941
Office of Indian Affairs Printed Materials
box folder
2 2 Health Materials, 1934-1942
3 Health Materials, 1934-1942
4 Miscellaneous, 1929-1942
5 Miscellaneous, 1933-1942
6 Paraje Day School, Paraje Tribune, 1939
7 Rosebud Reservation, Adult Education, 1939-1941
8 Santa Fe Indian School, 1937-1940
Toadlena Boarding School
box folder
2 9 Junior Tribal Council Minutes, 1940
10 Reports, 1933-1939
11 Miscellaneous, 1937-1941 and undated
Tohatchi Day School
box folder
2 12 Day School Teachers, 1936 and undated
13 Reports, 1936-1937
14 Miscellaneous, 1937-1941 and undated
15 Torreon Day School, Miscellaneous, 1940
16 Tuba City Boarding School, Home Economics Report, 1935-1936
17 Turtle Mountain Reservation, Adult Education and Rehabilitation Programs, undated
Wingate Vocational High School
box folder
2 18 Shush-Be-Toh News, 1943-1945
19 Miscellaneous, 1934 and undated
20 Navajo Service, Window Rock, Scrapbook Material, 1938
Toadlena Boarding School
box folder
2 21 Scrapbook Material, 1938
22 Wooden Clippings Album, undated
23 Printed Material, Miscellaneous, 1929-1942 and undated
24 Printed Material, Miscellaneous, undated