Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University

Margaret M. Henderson:

An Inventory of Her Papers 1943-1996 and undated, at the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library

Descriptive Summary

Creator Henderson, Margaret M.
Title: Margaret M. Henderson Papers,
Dates: 1943-1996 and undated
Abstract: The papers concern Margaret M. Henderson, whose career in the Marines spanned 21 years as a teacher and administrator, and culminated in her being named the Director of the Women Marines.
Collection # S 1261.1
Quantity: 2 boxes (2.0 linear feet)
Language English.
Repository: Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University

Biographical Sketch

Margaret M. Henderson was born in Cameron, Texas on February 6, 1911. After receiving a degree in business administration from the University of Texas in 1932, she taught in Lubbock, Texas until 1942. In 1943, she enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. Henderson completed Reserve Officer Training and began her career in the military as a second lieutenant. She served from 1943 to 1946 and then temporarily resigned from active duty to teach at Texas Technological College (now Texas Tech University). Henderson taught for two years then returned to the Marine Corps in 1948. Henderson spent most of her career in the Marines, which spanned 21 years, as a teacher and administrator. She reached the pinnacle of her career when she was named the Director of the Women Marines. She served in that position from 1959-1964. Following her retirement, Henderson was an active citizen in Lubbock, as a member of the United Fund Planning Council. The Henderson collection will serve researchers who are interested in one of the most important women to serve in the United States Armed Forces.

Scope and Contents

The papers from Margaret M. Henderson's collection consist of correspondence, reports, programs, newspaper clippings, orders, speeches, telegrams, travel vouchers, papers, calendars, literature, and memorabilia arranged in alphabetical order. There are also two books of commemorative U. S. postal stamps produced in honor of the Women Marines.

23 photos were transferred to Photographs and 1 LP record was transferred to Audio/Visual. The report on The History of the Marine Corps Women's Reserve is need of some minor conservation.


Access Restrictions

Open for research

Index Terms

The subject headings used by the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library are derived from the Library of Congress and/or locally developed.
Subjects (Persons)
Henderson, Margaret M.
Subjects (Organizations)
United States. Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services
United States. Marine Corps Women's Reserve
United States. Marine Corps
Women soldiers
Women soldiers--Texas
Women soldiers--United States
World War, 1939-1945
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Female
World War, 1939-1945--Women

Related Material

For related materials located in the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, see the following collections:

  • Goodfellow Air Force Base, Records [microfilm]

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Margaret M. Henderson Papers, 1943-1996 and undated, Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas


Collection accession #(s):

Gift, 1997

Processed by

Abel Ramirez, June 18, 2000

Collection Inventory


Manuscript Files

box folder
Box 1 1 Booklet- "Women Marines WWII Sketches," 1976
2 Calendar- Women Pioneers in WWI, 1996
3 Col. Henderson Biographies, 1959-1960 and undated
4 Comments and Recommendations to Director of Women Marines, 1963
5 Correspondence- Women in Service Panel, 1957
6 Correspondence and Programs, 1968
7 Defense and Advisory Committee on Women in the Services(DACOWITS)- Correspondence, 1971
8 Defense and Advisory Committee on Women in the Services(DACOWITS)- Twenty-fifth Anniversary, 1976
9 Graduation Program, 1943
10 History of the Flag/Flag Etiquette Book, 1964
11 Letter, Certificate for Pathfinder Award, 1984
12 Letter Included with Book "History of the Women Marines, 1946-1977," 1986
13 Letter to Col. Henderson, 1996
14 Literature- "History of Women in the Armed Services," 1976-1994
15 Newspaper Clippings- Post Marine Corps, Including Awards, 1968-1985
16 Newspaper Clippings and Photos- Director of Women Marines, 1961-1967 and undated
17 Official Orders-Graduation Papers, 1943-1966
18 Reports- Women Marines in the 1980s, 191-1983
19 Speeches, 1952-1987
20 Telegram from Lyndon B. Johnson, 1959
21 Temporary Orders and Travel Vouchers, 1948-1963
22 Women Marines Association Songbook, 1974
23 Women Marines Recruitment Literature, 1963 and undated
box folder
Box 2 1 Book- "A History of the Women Marines," 1986
2 Booklet- "Marine Corps Women's Reserve in World War II," 1964
3 Booklet- "Musical Women Marines," 1981
4 Correspondence, 1966
5 Folder- Twenty-fifth Anniversary Meeting, 1976
6 Minutes- DACOWITS Fall Meeting, 1971
7 Minutes- DACOWITS Twenty-fifth Anniversary Meeting, 1976
8 Report- "History of the Marine Corps Women's Reserve," 1945
9 Retirement Ceremony- Photographs(Copies), 1966
10 Retirement Ceremony- Photographs(Copies) and Certificates, 1966
11 Stamps- Women Marines Commemorative U.S. Postage stamp, 1968
12 Stamps- Women Marines Commemorative U.S. Postal Card, 1968