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Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Chart of Texas Ranger Organizations

Description of Series

Republic Ranger records, 1839-1846, bulk 1845,

Pre-Civil War Ranger records, 1846-1862, undated,

Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, 1865-1866,

Minute Men records, 1860-1877, bulk 1872-1874, undated,

Frontier Forces records, 1870-1874,

Special State Troops/Special Force records, 1874-1881,

Frontier Battalion records, 1874-1901, undated,

Ranger Force records, 1901-1962, undated, bulk 1901-1918,

Transcripts and notes, 1852-1975,

Records of State claims against the United States, 1871-1890,

Records concerning federal Ranger pensions, 1908-1932, undated,

Ranger reminiscences, 1937,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Adjutant General's Department:

An Inventory of Adjutant General's Department Ranger Records at the Texas State Archives, 1839-1975, undated, bulk 1854-1918



Overview

Creator: Texas. Adjutant General's Department.
Title: Adjutant General's Department Ranger records
Dates: 1839-1975, undated
Dates (Bulk): bulk 1854-1918
Abstract: These comprise the records of the various military organizations known—formally or informally—as "Texas Rangers": Republic Rangers (1839-1846), pre-Civil War Rangers/Mounted Volunteers/Minute Men (1846-1862, and undated), Minute Men (1865-1866 and 1872-1874, undated), Frontier Forces (1870-1874), Frontier Men (1874), Frontier Battalion (1874-1901), Special State Troops/Special Force (1874-1881), and Ranger Force (1901-1935, thereafter administered by the Texas Department of Public Safety). Records include correspondence, monthly returns, scouting reports, records of arrests, and quartermaster records, dating 1839-1975, undated, bulk 1854-1918.
Quantity: 41.44 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Sponsor: This collection was adopted for enhanced preservation by Dr. Glen Sample Ely in honor of TSLAC historian Donaly Brice and his many years of dedicated service.

Agency History

Whereas under the republic the adjutant general was subservient to the secretary of war, under statehood the position was elevated to that of head of all military departments. After annexation, the 1st Texas Legislature provided for an adjutant general to be appointed by the governor, in "an Act to organize the Militia of the State of Texas" (April 21, 1846). The duties which fell to the adjutant general included the issuance of all military orders; the maintenance of records of appointments, promotions, resignations, deaths, commissions, etc.; the receipt of monthly and annual returns, and muster rolls from the various military units; the keeping of the records of general courts martial; recruitment and enrollment of rangers and militiamen; and now, the issuing of all bounty and donation land warrants on the basis of military service to the republic. This last duty was assumed by the commissioner of claims, pursuant to an act of the legislature passed August 1, 1856; the office of the adjutant general had been the victim of apparent arson in October 1855, allegedly by persons engaged in land certificate fraud. The issuing of bounty and donation land warrants defaulted to the General Land Office in 1861. The position of adjutant general was itself reestablished by the Militia Law of February 14, 1860, by which act he also assumed the duties of quartermaster general and ordnance officer of the state.

With the Civil War came the reorganization of the office. An act of December 25, 1861, created an adjutant and inspector general, who would also serve as quartermaster and commissary general, and ordnance officer. Oversight of the 33 brigades of the Texas State Troops plus the Frontier Regiment fell to this office, just as later adjutants general would split their time between the militia and the rangers (whatever the prevailing terminology). The demands of the Confederate States Army, often conflicting with the needs and desires of the State of Texas, would affect the entire period of the War.

During the Congressional phase of Reconstruction, the military affairs of the State of Texas, and many aspects of civil government, were controlled by the commander of the District of Texas (1866-1868), or of the 5th Military District (1868-1870). Within months of Texas' readmission to the Union under radical Republican Governor Edmund J. Davis (1870), the legislature created the Frontier Forces (June 13), the State Guard and Reserve Militia (June 24), and the State Police (July 1), all of which were commanded by a newly restored state adjutant general. On November 25, 1871, the legislature added a fifth organization, the Minute Men. The first adjutant general so appointed, James Davidson, absconded with over $37,000 of state funds in 1872. The State Guard and Reserve Militia were merged into a simple state militia on March 19, 1873, and the State Police force was abolished April 22, 1873.

The place of the Frontier Forces was taken in 1873 and 1874 by the Rangers and the Frontier Men, and finally by the Frontier Battalion, organized by an act passed April 10, 1874, and placed under the command of Major John B. Jones. At about the same time one can date the evolution of the Texas Volunteer Guard as the definitive militia organization for the state. On July 22, 1876, "an Act to suppress lawlessness and crime in certain parts of the state" authorized the creation of the Special State Troops, commanded first by Captain Leander McNelly and subsequently by Captain J.L. Hall. In the last year of the operation of this special force (1880-1881), it was commanded by Captain Thomas L. Oglesby.

The Frontier Battalion was reorganized as the Ranger Force by an act of the Legislature on March 29, 1901. From time to time this regular force was supplemented by specially commissioned Special Rangers, Railroad Rangers, Cattlemen's Association Rangers, and Loyalty Rangers. Finally, on August 10, 1935, the Ranger Force was transferred to the Texas Department of Public Safety.

(Sources include Proctor, Ben H. "Texas Rangers," and Cutrer, Thomas W. "Fifth Texas Cavalry," Handbook of Texas Online, both accessed on January 11, 2018, and the records themselves.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the various military, militia, and ranger units of the Republic and of the State of Texas. These records consist of a variety of types of documents, including correspondence, powers of attorney, quartermaster records, pay roll indexes, transcripts, photostats, notes, monthly returns, enlistment rolls, collective oaths, lists of fugitives, capiases, records of scouts, statements of arrests, claims jackets, lists of Rangers, claims, and records regarding pensions.

These comprise the records of the various military organizations known—formally or informally—as "Texas Rangers": Republic Rangers (1839-1846), pre-Civil War Rangers/Mounted Volunteers/Minute Men (1846-1862, and undated), Minute Men (1865-1866 and 1872-1874, undated), Frontier Forces (1870-1874), Frontier Men (1874), Frontier Battalion (1874-1901), Special State Troops/Special Force (1874-1881), and Ranger Force (1901-1935, thereafter administered by the Texas Department of Public Safety). Records of the Frontier Regiment and Mounted Regiment (1861-1865) are integrated into the Texas State Troops records of the Adjutant General's Civil War records. Records include correspondence, monthly returns, scouting reports, records of arrests, and quartermaster records, dating 1839-1975, and undated, bulk 1854-1918.

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Organization of the Records

These records are organized into 12 series and 31 subseries:
Republic Ranger records, 1839-1846, bulk 1845, 1.12 cubic ft.
Pre-Civil War Ranger records, 1846-1862, undated, 2.88 cubic ft.
  • Correspondence, 1846-1861, bulk 1854-1860, 0.43 cubic ft.
  • Powers of attorney, 1852-1862, 0.24 cubic ft.
  • Quartermaster records, 1850-1862, undated, bulk 1858-1861, 2.03 cubic ft.
  • Index to pay rolls, 1861, 1867, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860, 0.16 cubic ft.
  • Transcripts, photostats, and notes, 1850-1861, 0.05 cubic ft.
Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, 1865-1866, 0.11 cubic ft.
Minute Men records, 1872-1874, undated, 0.32 cubic ft.
Frontier Forces records, 1870-1874, 2.36 cubic ft.
  • Correspondence, 1870-1872, 1.09 cubic ft.
  • Monthly returns, 1870-1871, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Quartermaster records, 1870-1874, 1.21 cubic ft.
Special State Troops/Special Force records, 1874-1881, 0.84 cubic ft.
  • Correspondence, 1876-1880, 0.12 cubic ft.
  • Monthly returns, 1874-1880, 0.24 cubic ft.
  • Statements of arrest, 1877-1878, bulk 1877, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Certificates of service, 1877-1878, bulk 1878, 0.12 cubic ft.
  • Quartermaster records, 1874-1881, 0.28 cubic ft.
Frontier Battalion records, 1874-1901, undated, 24.11 cubic ft.
  • Correspondence, 1874-1901, undated, 1.37 cubic ft.
  • Enlistment rolls, 1877-1883, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Collective oaths, 1874-1885, 1890-1900, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Lists of fugitives, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, undated, bulk 1875, 0.13 cubic ft.
  • Capiases, 1873-1881, 1895, 1898, undated, bulk 1874-1878, 0.17 cubic ft.
  • Records of scouts, 1876-1901, 2.41 cubic ft.
  • Statements of arrests, 1877-1878, 0.3 cubic ft.
  • Monthly returns, 1874-1901, 7.74 cubic ft.
  • Quartermaster records, 1874-1901, undated, 11.49 cubic ft.
  • Claims jackets, 1874-1877, 1881, 1899, bulk 1875, 0.4 cubic ft.
  • Transcripts and notes, 1873-1901, 0.05 cubic ft.
Ranger Force records, 1901-1962, undated, bulk 1901-1918, 9.27 cubic ft.
  • Correspondence, 1901-1962, undated, bulk 1917-1923, 0.95 cubic ft.
  • Scout reports, 1901-1917, undated, 1.01 cubic ft.
  • Monthly returns, 1901-1918, 4.06 cubic ft.
  • Lists of Rangers, 1902-1938, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
  • Printed matter, 1901-1923, 1961, undated, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Quartermaster records, 1901-1939, bulk 1901-1915, 2.98 cubic ft.
Transcripts and notes, 1852-1975, 0.05 cubic ft.
Records of State claims against the United States, 1871-1890, 0.12 cubic ft.
Records concerning federal Ranger pensions, 1908-1932, undated, 0.12 cubic ft.
Ranger reminiscences, 1937, 0.13 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.

The large volume of general orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects:
Peace officers--Texas.
Crime--Texas.
Military surveillance--Texas.
Subjects (Organizations):
Texas. Militia.
Texas Rangers.
Places:
Texas--Boundaries.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas.
Returns (military reports)--Texas.
Orders (military records)--Texas.
Financial records--Texas.
Payroll records--Texas.
Rosters--Texas.
Functions:
Protecting republic.
Protecting state.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed, portions of many 19th and 20th century governors' records concern the Texas Rangers and related matters.
Texas Comptroller's Office Texas Ranger pensions, 1917, 1928, 1931, 1938, 1959-1990, bulk 1959-1990, 0.94 cubic ft.
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee of the House and Senate in the Investigation of the Texas State Ranger Force transcript of proceedings, 1919, 0.74 cubic ft.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice records, 1849-2004, 170.08 cubic ft. and 4.1 GB (145 files).
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Copies of Texas Ranger correspondence, 1874-1900, 1932, 0.1 cubic ft. [This 265-page bound typescript bears the internal note:"Texas Rangers Data from the files of Adjutant General commencing with the formation of the Frontier Battalion, by James A. King and Major Coffee—Very Valuable." Much of it is taken from the published reports of the Adjutant General. Arrangement is chronological. There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection. Call number is 2-23/963.]
Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, about 1917-about 1972, 3.53 cubic ft. [This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives. There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection, other than index cards in the Texas State Archives search room. However, Stephens' book (listed below) may serve as a kind of index. Call numbers are 1972/140-1 thru 8.]
Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence, 1846-1943, bulk 1861-1933, 121.62 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department Army papers, 1835-1846, 16.28 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, 1835-1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 131.25 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935, 190.5 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department Civil War records, 1855, 1860-1866, undated, bulk 1861-1865, 17.96 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records, 1865-1873, undated, 7.87 cubic ft.
John J. Dix papers, 1860-1928, 1.41 cubic ft.
John Salmon Ford papers, 1858-1866, 1870-1876, 1883-1896, undated, bulk 1861-1865, 4.45 cubic ft.
Publications
Texas Adjutant General's Department, List of Fugitives from Justice, 1878, 1880, 1891, and 1900 (the 1880 and 1900 reports were bound with the Adjutant General's reports, and the 1878 and 1891 reports were published separately).
A list of fugitives from justice indicted for felonies in the state of Texas and a descriptive list of escaped convicts,"compiled from official records by John P. Kirk," 1886.
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115, 1976/048, 1978/126, 1980/240, and unknown

The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with additional transfers on February 20, 1962, and December 3, 1975. The Texas Department of Public Safety transferred some Ranger Force records to the Texas State Archives on June 16, 1978, and a box of newspaper clippings on July 15, 1980. Accession records are too incomplete to determine if any other records were transferred.

Processing Information

Processed by Tony Black, May 1988

Folder-level description and editing for DACS compliance by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017

Additional folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018

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Chart of Texas Ranger Organizations

  1. Rangers:
    • Republic Mounted Volunteers, Spies, Mounted Gunmen, etc. (1836-1845)
    • Pre-Civil War Rangers, Mounted Volunteers, Minute Men (1846-1861)
    • Frontier Regiment/Mounted Regiment of Texas State Troops (1861-1865)
    • Frontier Forces (1870-1873)
    • Rangers/Frontier Men (1873-1874)
    • Frontier Battalion (1874-1901)
    • Ranger Force (1901-1935)
  2. Other Organizations (not including militia):
    • Minute Men (1841-1842; 1865-1866; 1872-1874)
    • Provisional State Troops (1871)
    • Special State Troops (1876-1880)
    • Special Force (1880-1881)

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Detailed Description of the Records

Republic Ranger records, 1839-1846, bulk 1845,
1.12 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Republic of Texas Rangers. These records consist of quartermaster records and other accounts: vouchers, receipts, auditor's statements, requisitions for funds, certificates of loss, abstracts of disbursements, accounts current, etc. The last two types of records are generally oversized and therefore are housed separately. As a whole the records date 1839-1846, but the bulk date from 1845; within that year a further breakdown exists, by county (company). The companies represented (and their commanders) include the following: Corpus Christi Ranging Corps (P. Hansbrough Bell and H. Clay Davis); Goliad and Refugio Counties Ranging Corps (John T. Price); Milam County Rangers (Richard S. Teal); Robertson County Rangers (Thomas J. Smith); the Corps of Rangers stationed at San Antonio de Bexar (John C. Hays and R.A. Gillespie); and Travis [and Bastrop] County Ranging Corps (David C. Cady and A. Coleman).
Correspondence concerning Republic Rangers can be found in the Texas Adjutant General's Department Army papers.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, and alphabetically by county therein. Oversized items are listed separately within this series.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department Army papers, 1835-1846, 16.28 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Texas Revolution military rolls, 1835-1836, 0.27 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, United States Volunteers military rolls, 1835-1837, 1842, bulk 1842, 0.41 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Army of the Republic military rolls, 1836-1842, bulk 1839-1841, 1.8 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Republic of Texas Militia military rolls, 1836-1845, bulk 1838-1839, 4.01 cubic ft.
Republic of Texas Minute Men military rolls, 1841-1842, 0.83 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Campaigns of 1842 military rolls, 1842, 0.27 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Army of the Republic service records, 1836-1845, 6 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Republic Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records may have been transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Republic Ranger quartermaster records
Box Folder
401-1152 1. Quartermaster records, 1839-1843
2-3. Quartermaster records, 1844
Quartermaster records, 1845:
4-6. Corpus Christi Ranging Corps
7. Goliad and Refugio Counties Ranging Corps
8. Milam County Rangers
9. Robertson County Rangers
10-11. San Antonio Ranging Corps
12-14. Travis County Ranging Corps
15-16. Quartermaster records, 1846
Republic Ranger accounts and abstracts
Oversize Folder
401-1242 1. Corpus Christi Rangers, 1845
[Records include reports from the Corpus Christi Rangers by Capt. P. Hansbrough Bell. These include quarterly abstracts of quartermaster department expenditures; quarterly reports of commissary stores purchased and issued; and a report of the Republic of Texas' account current with Capt. P.H. Bell's company.]
2. Goliad Rangers, 1845
[Records include reports from the Goliad Rangers by Lt. John T. Price. These include quarterly abstracts of quartermaster department expenditures; quarterly reports of commissary stores purchased and issued; and a report of the Republic of Texas' account current with Lt. John T. Price's company.]
3. San Antonio Rangers, 1843, 1845
[Records include reports from the San Antonio Rangers. These include quarterly abstracts of quartermaster department expenditures; quarterly reports of commissary stores purchased and issued; and reports of the Republic of Texas' account current with Capt. Robert A. Gillespie's Bexar County Ranger corps and with Capt. John C. Hays' company.]
4. Travis County Rangers, 1845
[Records include reports from the Travis County Rangers. These include quarterly reports of quartermaster stores purchased and issued to Capt. D.C. Cady's company and reports of the Republic of Texas' account current with Lt. A. Coleman.]
Oversize Folder
401-1238 1. Corpus Christi Rangers, 1845
[Records include a document regarding the Republic of Texas' account with Lt. D.C. Cady of the Travis County Ranging Corps; a quarterly abstract of commissary stores for the corps at Austin; and a quarterly abstract of quartermaster department expenditures for the Travis County Rangers by Lt. D.C. Cady.]
1. Travis County Rangers, 1845
[Records include a quarterly abstract of commissary stores for the Ranger corps at Corpus Christi under commander P.H. Bell.]
Map-case Folder
401-1322 3. Abstract of commissary stores, Corpus Christi Rangers, 1845

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Pre-Civil War Ranger records, 1846-1862, undated,
2.88 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the pre-Civil War Texas Rangers. These records include correspondence, powers of attorney, quartermaster records, an index to payrolls, jackets and wrappers, transcripts, photostats, and notes. They comprise records of the Texas Rangers, Mounted Volunteers, and Minute Men companies which operated between the annexation of Texas and the Civil War. They date 1846-1862 and undated.
The correspondence includes mainly letters from Governors Pease and Runnels and letters to and from Governor Sam Houston, concerning Ranger activities, dating 1846-1861, bulk 1854-1860. Many were submitted as part of the State claims against the U.S. government in 1871-1872. In addition, a large proportion of the items are things other than traditional correspondence, for example: contracts (for subsistence, for transportation, for services as a surgeon, etc.), affidavits of loss, copies of legislative bills, certificates of death, special orders, appointments of company paymasters, affidavits giving evidence of heirship, letters of credit, bonds, "IOU"s, certificates of election of officers, lists of wounded (1859), memos of instruction, and two monthly company returns (1860).
The powers of attorney were made by individual Rangers and also by groups of Rangers, 1852-1862, for the express purpose of collecting pay and other monies owed to them.
The quartermaster records include the following: requisitions, special requisitions, invoices of ordnance, lists of quartermaster stores delivered, receipts, shipping bills, freight vouchers, statements (of disbursements, of expenses, of forage, of arms), abstracts, returns, accounts of auction sales, lists of articles lost/destroyed, claims (signed by the comptroller and the treasurer), memos of amounts paid to various companies, vouchers, travel vouchers, officers' pay vouchers (oversized), reports of persons and articles employed and hired, payrolls of extra-duty persons, accounts current, etc. They comprise records documenting the activities of the office of the quartermaster, responsible for the supplies (including provisions, forage, medicines, and ordnance) and the services (payroll, transportation, etc.) required for maintaining a force of Rangers, dating 1850-1862, bulk 1858-1861.
The "Index to Pay Rolls," contains (pasted on the fly leaf) "an alphabetical list of payrolls of companies serving in defense of frontier, prior to January 28, 1861, and called out by Governor Sam Houston prior to March 2, 1861," which is signed "Auditorial Board, Austin, March 11, 1867."
The annotated jacket covers and wrappers at some time were removed from the documents to which they pertained, mostly quartermaster records and powers of attorney, but also muster rolls and pay rolls, and correspondence. The original documents housed by jackets and wrappers date 1848-1860. Many have the stamp of the U.S. War Department, dated 1871 or thereabouts, showing them to have been part of the claims files.
The transcripts and photostats are of correspondence, muster rolls, legislation, and miscellaneous documents (such as pages from the 1850 census which included Bexar County Rangers). The records from which these were copied are dated 1850-1861.
Organization
These records are organized into six subseries:
Correspondence, 1846-1861, bulk 1854-1860, 0.43 cubic ft.
Powers of attorney, 1852-1862, 0.24 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1850-1862, undated, bulk 1858-1861, 2.03 cubic ft.
Index to pay rolls, 1861, 1867, 0.05 cubic ft.
Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860, 0.16 cubic ft.
Transcripts, photostats, and notes, 1850-1861, 0.05 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Texas Ranger (pre-Civil War) military rolls, 1846-1861, 4.57 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Mounted Volunteers service records, 1854-1861, 2 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Regular Rangers service records, 1855-1861, 1901-1935, bulk 1901-1935, 7.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor James Pinckney Henderson records, 1846-1847, 0.47 cubic ft.
Texas Governor George T. Wood records, 1848-1849, 0.24 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Peter Hansbrough Bell records, 1849-1853, 1.88 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Elisha Marshall Pease records of the first two terms, 1853-1857, 1.88 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Hardin Richard Runnels records, 1857-1859, 1.41 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Sam Houston records, 1824-1862, bulk 1859-1861, 2.5 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Correspondence, 1846-1861, bulk 1854-1860,
0.43 cubic ft.
These records consist of correspondence, mainly letters from Governors Pease and Runnels, and letters to and from Governor Sam Houston, concerning Ranger activities, dating 1846-1861, bulk 1854-1860. Some of the letters are originals, and some are copies certified by either the Adjutant General or by Secretary of State James P. Newcomb and submitted as part of the State claims against the U.S. government in 1871-1872. In addition, a large proportion of the items are things other than traditional correspondence, for example: contracts (for subsistence, for transportation, for services as a surgeon, etc.), affidavits of loss, copies of legislative bills, certificates of death, special orders, appointments of company paymasters, affidavits giving evidence of heirship, letters of credit, bonds, "IOU"s, certificates of election of officers, lists of wounded (1859), memos of instruction, and two monthly company returns (1860).
Additional correspondence concerning pre-Civil War Rangers may possibly be found in the Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically. Oversized items are listed separately in this subseries.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Correspondence
Box Folder
401-1153 1. Correspondence, 1850-1852
[Records include a letter from Adjutant General Col. James Shackleford Gillett regarding stations and supplies; a voucher for a lost flintlock pistol; a contract between Adjutant General Col. J.S. Gillett and Elder B. Barton to supply companies with subsistence and forage; a letter from Colden Denman to B.F. Hill regarding a petition to raise a Ranger company for frontier defense in Bexar County; and wrapper sheets for applications to raise Ranger companies.]
2. Correspondence, 1854
[Records include surgeons' contracts for Captains Giles S. Boggess and John G. Walker's companies; a document regarding pay for a private in Capt. G.S. Boggess' company; a letter to Speaker of the House H.R. Runnels regarding a House resolution; a certificate of death for a soldier from Nacogdoches County; a document granting a Collin County soldier's power of attorney to Capt. William Fitzhugh; correspondence regarding a bill providing payment for six Ranger companies; and a list of captains of Texas Volunteer companies "called out by Governor Pease," including Captains G.S. Boggess, W.R. Henry, Charles E. Travis, John G. Walker, W. Fitzhugh, and P.H. Rogers.]
3. Correspondence, 1855
[Records include a report and letter from Capt. H.E. McCulloch to Adjutant General Col. J.S. Gillett; a letter from Capt. John S. Ford to Col. J.S. Gillett regarding a report from Capt. James H. Callahan; a letter from Capt. J.H. Callahan to Lt. Edward Burleson regarding Special Order No. 1 and supplies; a certificate from Capt. W.R. Henry regarding destruction of a muster roll and volunteer pay; a letter from Capt. J.H. Callahan to Lt. E. Burleson regarding Special Order No. 2 and rations; a statement from Lt. E. Burleson regarding Capt. J.H. Callahan's death; letters to an adjutant general in San Antonio from Capt. S. Burbank at Fort Duncan reporting an armed Ranger party crossing into Mexico in pursuit of Native Americans and reporting on conditions at Piedras Negras; a letter from Brig. Maj. Gen. Persifor F. Smith to Assistant Adjutant General Lt. Col. L. Thomas regarding disturbances on the Rio Grande; part of a letter from Brig. Maj. Gen. P.F. Smith to commander Don Emilio Langberg in Coahuila regarding border conditions and Indian depredations; an extract from a letter from E.M. Pease to Col. John D. Pitts appointing Captains Benton, Callahan, and Henry as paymasters; an honorable discharge for a bugler in Capt. Rogers' company; affidavits stating that soldiers in Capt. James H. Callahan's company lost horses in the battle at Piedras Negras on October 7, 1855; and various power of attorney documents.]
4. Correspondence, 1855
[Records include an affidavit regarding John Walker becoming a captain and commander of "B" Company under Gen. J.S. Gillett and affidavits from Captains James H. Callahan and William R. Henry regarding officers and soldiers losing animals, equipment, and guns "in the battle of Escondido south of the Rio Grande on the 3rd day of October 1855" and in the battle of Piedras Negras on October 17, 1855. Records also include an affidavit from Capt. James H. Callahan stating that William H. Clopton of his company was killed in battle; a statement from Levi English regarding company pay; and a receipt for paymaster Col. John D. Pitts for services rendered in Capt. J.H. Callahan's company.]
5. Correspondence, 1856
[Records include documents appointing Capt. Giles S. Boggess, James H. Raymond, Col. A.M.M. Upshur, James W. Throckmorton, and Col. John D. Pitts paymasters for the Texas Mounted Volunteers from Governor Elisha M. Pease; power of attorney documents for members of various companies; letters regarding estates of deceased soldiers from Captains G.S. Boggess and Nat Benton's companies; affidavits from Captains J.H. Callahan and Nat Benton stating that members of their companies lost horses, equipment, and arms in the battle of Escondido and in the battle of Piedras Negras; a message from Gov. E.M. Pease to the Legislature regarding payment for the companies commanded by William Tom, W.G. Tobin, and Levi English; a message from Gov. E.M. Pease to the Legislature regarding citizens petitioning him for protection against Indians and his desire for the state to help pay for armed companies for frontier protection ("I am well satisfied that these companies were actually necessary to keep the frontier settlements from breaking up"); a letter from Gov. E.M. Pease to Col. James B. Shaw regarding Col. A.M.M. Upshur organizing a Ranger company at Brenham; a letter from Gov. E.M. Pease to Col. J.S. Gillett asking for muster rolls; an honorable discharge certificate for a private from Capt. William R. Henry's company; a statement from Capt. R.W. Black regarding his service; a bond for Capt. Giles S. Boggess as paymaster for the Texas Mounted Volunteers; a letter regarding pay from Swenson & Swisher of Austin to Miller & Wheat of Lockhart; a letter from C. West asking Maj. C.R. Johns to retrieve his mail; and document from Capt. G.S. Boggess regarding a muster roll of Capt. John G. Walker's company and their pay.]
6. Correspondence, 1856
[Records include certificates of death, supporting documents regarding heirship, and powers of attorney for soldiers in various Ranger companies; a document from Gov. E.M. Pease appointing James H. Raymond paymaster of three companies of Mounted Volunteers; a pay voucher for Capt. W.R. Henry's company; a statement from Capt. W.R. Henry regarding John Fairbanks' service; an honorable discharge certificate; an affidavit from Capt. John W. Sansom stating he was never mustered out of service and therefore did not submit final muster or pay rolls; and a statement from Secretary of State Edward Clark certifying that Col. James S. Gillett was appointed by the governor to enroll and inspect volunteers in Milam County.]
7. Correspondence, 1857
[Records include a joint resolution from the Legislature calling upon the United States government "to refund the money heretofore paid out by the State of Texas for the defence of her frontier since the twenty eighth day of February 1855"; power of attorney documents for privates in Captains Tobin and P.H. Rogers' companies; affidavits from Captains Edward Burleson and Nat Benton stating that soldiers lost arms in the battle of Escondido; documents from Gov. E.M. Pease appointing Thomas C. Frost to enroll a company to protect Coryell and Comanche Counties from Indian depredations, A.H. Roads as paymaster for Capt. G.H. Nelson's company, Neil Robinson to raise a company for Lt. John S. Hodges to command, and for Lt. John H. Conner to enroll and command a company from Brown and San Saba Counties; statements from privates in Capt. William G. Tobin's company stating that they are entitled to pay; and inspection documents from Capt. J.H. Callahan upon mustering Capt. Nat Benton's company out of service.]
8. Correspondence, 1858
[Records include documents from Gov. H.R. Runnels appointing Capt. James Bourland to raise a Ranger company for frontier protection, William A. Pitts as second lieutenant in Capt. Ford's company, and Lt. Edward Burleson as paymaster of Capt. Ford's company; a statement from Capt. John Davenport confirming Silas Webster's service; a power of attorney document for Thomas S. Johnson in Lt. John S. Hodge's company; a letter to Col. James B. Shaw regarding Capt. John Sansom's company pay; a line of credit document for Lt. Edward Burleson from Comptroller James B. Shaw; a letter from Capt. John S. Ford to Comptroller James B. Shaw regarding his company's muster roll; a letter to Comptroller J.B. Shaw regarding a private's service and pay in Capt. William R. Henry's company; Quitman Rifles election returns; a statement from Lt. John Seaborn Hodges regarding his service in the Texas Mounted Volunteers; a letter from Lt. J.S. Hodges to Gov. H.R. Runnels about Indian depredations and tracking; a letter to S.M. Swenson from Capt. John S. Ford regarding rations for Fort Belknap; a letter from Capt. John S. Ford ordering Lt. Edward Burleson to go to San Antonio to purchase mules, accept public property, and proceed to headquarters; a letter regarding rations furnished to Capt. John S. Ford by John Williams; a letter to Col. H.K. Craig from Gov. H.R. Runnels regarding six shooters and supplies; and a contract between Capt. John S. Ford and S.M. Swenson to furnish Rangers with supplies.]
9. Correspondence, 1858
[Records include documents from Gov. H.R. Runnels appointing John R. Gibbons as first lieutenant of a Texas Ranger company, John S. Ford as a senior captain to raise a Ranger company, Lt. John Williams to raise a small Ranger company in San Saba and Llano Counties, Neil Robinson as paymaster for various companies; and Capt. John S. Ford as a commander of a special militia of 100 additional men for tracking Native Americans and to "co-operate with the Officers of the regular Army." Records also include powers of attorney and supporting documents for soldiers in various companies; statements from citizens confirming they were paid by Lt. Edward Burleson for public equipment, horses, and arms lost on the Canadian River; Neill Robinson's bond as paymaster; a document from quartermaster Lt. E. Burleson certifying rations supplied by S.W. Swenson; documents relating to Charles E. Aikens' honorable discharge from Capt. W.R. Henry's company; a letter from Pvt. John Mason to Phelps & Johnson promising to pay for a horse furnished to him as a member of Capt. John S. Ford's company; and a letter from Gov. H.R. Runnels to Secretary of War John B. Floyd enclosing a condensed statement of advances made by the state for frontier defense.]
10. Correspondence, 1859
[Records include "Instructions to the Commanding Officer of the Texas Mounted Volunteers" from Gov. H.R. Runnels, instructing commanders to go to Cameron County to arrest Juan Nepomuceno Cortina and any of his followers "engaged in said insurrection" using whatever resources necessary; Capt. John S. Ford's reports of the killed and wounded at the Battle of Rio Grande City in December 1859; a report from Capt. William G. Tobin on the fight with J.N. Cortina at Rio Grande City; a copy of instructional memoranda from Gov. H.R. Runnels to Col. Bourland, instructing him to protect exposed settlements, pursue enemy trails, reclaim stolen property, keep expenses down, and to break up the trade between Indians and Confederates; a letter from a Brownsville citizen reporting that the town is barricaded and anxious about J.N. Cortina being stationed outside with his troops; a certificate of election for Maj. William G. Tobin to command the Rangers at Brownsville; honorable discharge certificates for privates in Capt. James Bourland's company; a statement from Capt. William G. Tobin regarding mustering a company out of service; various documents and correspondence between Gov. E.M. Pease, Judge William E. Jones, Maj. Gen. Persifer F. Smith, Capt. James H. Callahan, and Bexar County citizens regarding Indian depredations from 1855 to 1857; a citizens' petition to Gov. H.R. Runnels asking for a reward to be offered for a murderer in Gonzales County; a letter from Gov. H.R. Runnels to Capt. John S. Ford instructing him to muster a company of men for frontier protection; a power of attorney document for a soldier in Capt. John S. Ford's company; bonds between Gov. H.R. Runnels and men providing Rangers with arms; a letter from W.W. Lowe at Camp Cooper regarding traitors; a letter from Capt. John S. Ford at Camp Leon to Comptroller Clement R. Johns regarding muster rolls; election returns for the Lampasas Guards, including Hillary Ryan as captain; contracts for supplies and supply transport; correspondence from Adjutant General S. Cooper in Washington, D.C. to Secretary of War John B. Floyd regarding quartermaster reports of ordnance, arms, and supplies furnished to the Texas Rangers from 1854 to 1858; arms and ordnance receipts and vouchers for Maj. John S. Ford's company; a memorandum from November 1859 listing the number of volunteers serving under Captains Benton, Callahan, English, Henry, Tobin, and Tom; a letter from Thomas J. Johnson to Comptroller Maj. Clement R. Johns regarding blacksmith services for G.S. Boggess' company; a document from Gov. H.R. Runnels appointing John Henry Brown, Richard Coke, George B. Erath, and others as peace commissioners to represent Texas in a peace negotiations with Native Americans; a letter from Gov. H.R. Runnels to Capt. James Bourland extending his company's service; correspondence between Secretary of War John B. Floyd and Senator Jefferson Davis, Chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs regarding Senate Resolution 59, regarding Texas' financial claims against the United States "for reimbursement of expenses incurred for the support of volunteers called out by the Governor"; and correspondence regarding quartermaster reports to Adjutant General Col. Cooper in Washington, D.C., regarding disbursements made to or on account of the six companies of Texas volunteers called out by Gen. P.F. Smith from 1854 to 1857.]
11. Correspondence, 1860
[Records include a letter from H.H. Hunter of the 24th Brigade at Mormon Hill in Burnett County regarding the Mountain Guard cavalry company; correspondence regarding allegations against Capt. John H. Conner's company for charging Llano County area citizens to return their horses after they were recovered from Indian depredations; a letter from John Salmon in Erath regarding Indian depredations and horse theft; a letter from John Levens regarding a fugitive being captured across the Rio Grande; a bond for Perry E. Wilson as tax collector and assessor of Clay County; a letter from J.D. Turner regarding Capt. E. Burleson moving his company and leaving the Camp Colorado area vulnerable to Indian depredations; a letter from S.M. Swenson to Capt. E. Burleson regarding rations and transportation costs on the Nueces River; a report from mustering officer J.M.W. Hall regarding printing bids; a medical report from Capt. Conner's company surgeon George R.C. Todd; a letter from a Brownsville citizen to Judge H.S. Haynes asking to raise a company of Rangers; a letter from Capt. E. Burleson to Frank Gildart asking to borrow some of Capt. Conner's pack mules; letters from Capt. E. Burleson to Lt. J.E. McCord regarding Capt. E. Burleson's company having no rations; a voucher for flour for Lt. John Salmon's company; a letter to Maj. William G. Tobin regarding conflict with J.N. Cortina; a letter from Capt. Peter Tomlinson to Gov. Sam Houston reporting success in a conflict with Native Americans; a letter from a Bastrop resident to Gov. Sam Houston asking to raise a Ranger company; a letter to Capt. J.H. Hall regarding the collection of public arms for troops; an activity and instruction log ranging from Dec. 30, 1859 to Dec. 26, 1860; a letter from John S. Ford to Maj. Samuel Peter Heintzelman reporting conflict with J.N. Cortina ("Cortina's War"); and a report from Frank Gildart to Gov. Sam Houston regarding the state of camps for Captains E. Burleson, J.H. Conner, and John Williams and regarding mustering soldiers out of state service.]
12. Correspondence, 1860
[Records include a document instructing Capt. J.M.W. Hall to muster Ranger companies for Captains E. Burleson, J. Conner, and W.C. Dalrymple; a letter to Lt. John L. Walker regarding supplies; a letter from Col. M.T. Johnson to Lt. W. Lee Chalmers regarding a settlement between Lt. Chalmers and Capt. William Woods; a letter from Maj. Tobin to Maj. Heintzelman of the U.S. Army regarding organizing the first battalion of the Texas Rangers; a monthly return for Lt. Salmon's company at Camp Buchanan; correspondence between G.W. Vandeburg of Jacksboro and Gov. Sam Houston in which Vandeburg declines to command a Ranger company; a letter from mustering officer J.M.W. Hall instructing Capt. John Salmon to monitor the pass at Johnson's Peak before establishing a camp; delivery certifications for subsistence at Camp Belknap by Lt. Curtis Mays; reports from quartermaster John L. Hayne for Capt. J.H. Conner and Lt. James S. Gillett's companies; a letter from Maj. William G. Tobin to Maj. C.R. Johns regarding arms used during Cortina's War; statements from Maj. W.G. Tobin certifying that Lt. Arthur Pue of Capt. Littleton's company and a small detachment were sent to guard the steamer "Ranchero" while the rest of the company was mustered out of service, that William R. Henry was authorized to purchase horses to carry express messages to Gov. Sam Houston, regarding mistakes on the muster roll during Cortina's War and a Rio Grande expedition, and regarding a soldier's transfer to another company; a deposition from a private regarding his horse being left en route from Belknap to Austin; a letter from Capt. Peter Tomlinson to Gov. Sam Houston asking to employ local traders familiar with the terrain near Sabine; a letter from Chief Justice J.B. Harnell to attorney W.R. Wood regarding troops for frontier defense in Cherokee Creek; correspondence regarding Capt. John Williams' company and difficulties finding eligible men to recruit; a letter from a Victoria citizen regarding members of Maj. W.G. Tobin's company who did not turn in their arms after being mustered out of service; a statement from a Camp Holland soldier asserting Capt. Conner did not require citizens to pay him to return their recovered horses; and a bond for W.L. Chalmers for regimental quartermaster under Col. M.T. Johnson's command.]
13. Correspondence, 1860
[Records include a report from Capt. A.C. Hill to Gov. Sam Houston regarding a treaty with J.N. Cortina; bonds for James S. Gillett as quartermaster and commissary of Capt. J.H. Conner's company and for C.W. Howard to furnish Rangers at Brownsville with supplies; an affidavit from soldier James M. Bennett claiming Capt. Littleton organized a company election without consent; a return from Comanche County reporting Lt. Tom Price's election; a contract for Isaiah Taylor and John Catterton for supplying Captains E. Burleson, J.H. Conner, and W.C. Dalrymple; instructions from Capt. Burleson to J.E. McCord to procure supplies and bring them to San Antonio; a power of attorney document for R.H. Williams; a letter to Senator J. Hemphill regarding Maj. Gen. P.F. Smith's "letter to the commander of the Mexican forces in Coahuila"; a receipt for mules received by Col. M.T. Johnson; a letter from the Bexar County chief justice concerned that his area is in danger of Indian depredations; a letter from State Comptroller Clement R. Johns to Gov. Sam Houston regarding Texas Ranger expenses; letters from Capt. J.H. Conner at Camp Holland to Gov. Sam Houston regarding Indian depredations, scouting, and the state of troops and asking to take a leave of absence; a report from J.E. McCord regarding allegations that Capt. J.H. Conner charged citizens to return recovered horses; a report from Lt. Dixon Walker to Gov. Sam Houston regarding Camp Conner; a petition from Bandera, Sabine, and Uvalde County citizens to Gov. Sam Houston asking to keep Capt. Peter Tomlinson's company in their area; a petition from Lampasas citizens to retain Lt. Moses Hughes' company in their area; a report from Capt. E. Burleson at Camp Blanco to Gov. Sam Houston regarding Lt. J.E. McCord's appointment as quartermaster and moving his company headquarters; a letter from J.W. Belton in Bell County to Gov. Sam Houston reporting that he raised a company for frontier protection; a letter from Frank Gildart at Camp Holland regarding Capt. J.H. Conner's visit to Col. M.T. Johnson; and a report from Capt. E. Burleson at Camp Colorado regarding Mexican diplomacy and Capt. J.H. Conner's conduct.]
14. Correspondence, 1860
[Records include a letter from M.G. Anderson in Brown regarding Indian depredations and requesting protection; a letter from Sam Williams in San Saba requesting a mustering officer; letters from John S. Bidwell in New York and Y.H. Dunlop in Virginia writing on behalf of soldiers who offer their services to the Texas Rangers; a letter from Powhatan Jordan in San Antonio asking to be surgeon or captain of a Ranger company; a report from John Salmon regarding suspicions and his being mustered out of service; correspondence regarding S.M. Swenson, supplies, and transportation; a report from Capt. W.C. Dalrymple at Camp Wichita regarding his leave of absence; a letter from Thomas Claybrooke in McLennan County regarding pay for Capt. L. Ross' company; a letter from C.L. Jordan in Weatherford asking to raise a company of Minute Men in his area; a letter from W.G. Tobin to Comptroller C.R. Johns regarding arms and a mistake on a muster roll; a letter from Capt. Peter Tomlinson reporting that he has organized a Ranger company and regarding Indian depredations near Sabine; a letter from soldier James M. Bennett claiming Capt. Littleton held a company election without consent; orders from Gov. Sam Houston to Lt. Charles W. Lewis to muster Capt. E. Burleson's company out of service with honorable discharges; a bond for John Milton Swisher as paymaster for Captains John S. Ford and John Henry Brown's companies; a bond for Lt. James E. McCord as quartermaster and commissary for Capt. Burleson's company; a letter from W.C. Dalrymple in Georgetown reporting difficulty finding eligible and equipped men to recruit; and a letter from Sam. A. Blain of the Wichita Agency regarding Indian depredations.]
15. Correspondence, 1860
[Records include a quarterly surgeon's report of the sick and wounded for Capt. J.S. Ford's company at Brownsville; an April 1860 monthly return for Lt. Dixon Walker's company in Bosque County; a report of Rangers in the field for April 1860 from mustering officer J.M.W. Hall; a letter from Peter Tomlinson in Rio Grande City enclosing a petition from men who want to be reenlisted after being mustered out of service; and election returns for Capt. Ross' company near Belknap and for the Brownsville City Guards.]
16. Correspondence, 1860
[Records include Orders No. 1-7 from mustering officer Frank Gildart instructing Lieutenants Gideon P. Cowan, Erasmus Frandtzen, C.W. Lewis, McFadden, William O'Hair, James Patten, and W.R. Wood to disband their companies, turn over state horses and arms, report desertions, and turn in muster rolls to the governor.]
17. Correspondence, 1860
[Records include copies of resolutions in the state legislature in favor of U.S. reimbursement for frontier protection; correspondence between Jefferson Davis and Secretary of War John B. Floyd regarding Texas claims and the Senate Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia; a bond for John M. Swisher as paymaster for Captains Brown, Bourland, and Ford's companies; a letter from Coryell County Chief Justice M. McCutchen regarding local matters; a bond for Lt. A. Nelson; a document from Hamilton County Court regarding mustering Minute Men into service; orders from Frank Gildart to attorney George W. Morris regarding correspondence; and various affidavits, lists, and proofs of heirship relating to Ranger business.]
18. Correspondence, 1861
[Records include certificates for various Texas Ranger companies, including Lieutenants N. Benton, J.H. Conner, and T.C. Frost, as well as Captains R.W. Black, J.S. Boggess, J.H. Callahan, T.K. Carmack, J.M. Davenport, Levi English, William Fitzhugh, John S. Ford, William R. Henry, John S. Hodges, Preston, P.H. Rogers, John W. Sansom, W.G. Tobin, W. Tom, Charles E. Travis, and John G. Walker. Records also include correspondence and reports regarding Texas claims against the U.S. for frontier protection costs.]
Oversized items
Oversize Folder
401-1242 5. Adjutant general report on bounty land, 1846-1847
[Records include a report by Adjutant General William G. Cook of bounty land warrants issued in 1846 and 1847.]
5. Monthly returns, 1860
[Records include monthly returns for Lt. John Salmon's Ranger detachment in Erath County, for Lt. R.M. White's company stationed by Camp Houston in Hamilton County, and for Lt. Dixon Walker's company at Flat Creek.]
5. Remarks on muster rolls, Minute Companies, about 1860
5. Certification of paymaster appointments, 1861
[Records include a document from Gov. Sam Houston certifying paymasters for 17 Ranger companies.]
Powers of attorney, 1852-1862,
0.24 cubic ft.
These records consist of powers of attorney made by individual Rangers and also by groups of Rangers, 1852-1862, for the express purpose of collecting pay and other monies owed to them.
In addition, there are lists of powers of attorney for 18 companies, 1855-1859, bulk 1855-1856, arranged alphabetically by the name of the Captain or Lieutenant commanding the company, including the following commanders: Nat Benton, Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James H. Callahan, Thomas K. Carmack, John H. Conner, J.M. Davenport, Levi English, William Fitzhugh, Thomas C. Frost, William R. Henry, John S. Hodges, P.H. Rogers, John W. Sansom, William G. Tobin, William Tom, C.E. Travis, and John G. Walker. The information in these lists includes: number, from whom, to whom, where proven (county), by whom, and date of approval. At least three of the companies also contain lists of affidavits of lost property, giving number, names, value, by whom, where made, before whom, and date of affidavit.
Many of these powers of attorney and lists are stamped "War Department, 1871," indicating that they were submitted to—and later returned by—the U.S. government as part of the claims that were filed in that year by the state, for reimbursement of the expenses of frontier defense.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly alphabetically by the last name of the individual making the power of attorney, followed by multiple powers of attorney for whole companies, arranged by the last name of the company commander.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Powers of attorney, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Box Folder
401-1185 1. Lists of powers of attorney, 1855-1859, bulk 1855-1856
[Records include lists of powers of attorney given by members of various companies, including men serving under Captains Nat Benton, Black, Giles S. Boggess, Callahan, Davenport, Levi English, and Fitzhugh and Lieutenants Thomas K. Carmack, John H. Conner, and T.C. Frost. Records also include a list of affidavits of lost property from members of Capt. Callahan's company.]
2. Lists of powers of attorney, 1855-1859, bulk 1855-1856
[Records include lists of powers of attorney given by members of various companies, including men serving under Lt. J.S. Hodges and Captains William R. Henry (2 companies), P.H. Rogers, John H. Sansom, William G. Tobias, William Tom, C.E. Travis, and John G. Walker.]
Powers of attorney, 1852-1862
Box Folder
401-1185 3. A
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "A" serving in companies commanded by Captains Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, and Peter Tomlinson.]
4. B
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "B" serving in companies commanded by Captains John Beaver, Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, Edward Burleson, John M. Davenport, H. Clay Davis, Levi English, William Henry, Charles E. Travis, and John G. Walker.]
5. C
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "C" serving in companies commanded by Captains Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, John M. Davenport, and Gideon K. Lewis.]
6. D
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "D" serving in companies commanded by Captains Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, Callahan, W.F. Cotton, John M. Davenport and John Davidson. Records also include a note regarding provisions for Capt. G.S. Boggess' company.]
7. E-F
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "E" and "F" serving in companies commanded by Captains Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, Levi English, and William R. Henry. Records also include a note regarding pay for expressman services for Capt. W.R. Henry's company.]
8. G
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "G" serving in companies commanded by Captains Reading W. Black, James Bourland, John H. Conner, Levi English, William R. Henry, Gideon K. Lewis, P.H. Rogers, and Charles E. Travis.]
9. H
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "H" serving in companies commanded by Captains N. Benton, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, Edward Burleson, John H. Conner, and W.F. Cotton.]
10. J-K
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "J" and "K" serving in companies commanded by Captains Giles S. Boggess and James Bourland.]
11. L
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "L" serving in companies commanded by Captains Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, and John Henry Brown.]
12. Mc
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "Mc" serving in companies commanded by Captains Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John M. Davenport, William Fitzhugh, and P.H. Rogers.]
13. M
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "M" serving in companies commanded by Captains N. Benton, Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, Levi English, and John C. Mays.]
14. N-O
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "N" and "O" serving in companies commanded by Captains John Henry Brown, Levi English, and John Samson. Records also include a pay voucher for a private in Capt. L. English's company.]
15. P
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "P" serving in companies commanded by Captains N. Benton, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, J.H. Callahan, William R. Henry, and Gideon K. Lewis.]
16. R
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "R" serving in companies commanded by Captains Nat Benton, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, and John M. Davenport.]
17. S
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "S" serving in companies commanded by Captains Jesse Billingsley, Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, Levi English, and William R. Henry.]
18. T
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "T" serving in companies commanded by Captains Reading W. Black, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, John M. Davenport, Levi English, William R. Henry, and Charles E. Travis.]
19. V
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "V" serving in companies commanded by Captains Reading W. Black and John Henry Brown. Records also include a document regarding provisions for Capt. Owen Shaw's company.]
20. W
[Records include power of attorney documents for men whose surnames begin with "W" serving in companies commanded by Captains Nat Benton, Giles S. Boggess, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, John Lawrence Donelson, Levi English, William R. Henry, Gideon K. Lewis, P.H. Rogers, and John G. Walker.]
21. Multiple powers of attorney
[Records include power of attorney documents listing multiple men serving in various companies, including those of Captains Reading W. Black, James Bourland, John Henry Brown, John M. Davenport, Levi English, William R. Henry, W.G. Tobin, and John G. Walker.]
22. Multiple powers of attorney
[Records include power of attorney documents listing men serving in various companies, including those of Lt. T.C. Frost and Captains John Henry Brown, E. Burleson, James H. Callahan, John H. Conner, John S. Ford, Samuel Friend, John Seaborn Hodges, William R. Henry, Peter Tomlinson, Charles E. Travis, and John Williams.]
Quartermaster records, 1850-1862, bulk 1858-1861,
2.03 cubic ft.
These records include the following: requisitions, special requisitions, invoices of ordnance, lists of quartermaster stores delivered, receipts, shipping bills, freight vouchers, statements (of disbursements, of expenses, of forage, of arms), abstracts, returns, accounts of auction sales, lists of articles lost/destroyed, claims (signed by the comptroller and the treasurer), memos of amounts paid to various companies, vouchers, travel vouchers, officers' pay vouchers (oversized), reports of persons and articles employed and hired, payrolls of extra-duty persons, accounts current, etc. They comprise records documenting the activities of the office of the quartermaster, responsible for the supplies (including provisions, forage, medicines, and ordnance) and the services (payroll, transportation, etc.) required for maintaining a force of Rangers, dating 1850-1862, bulk 1858-1861.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, by year. Oversized records are listed separately, by type of document and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Box Folder
401-1153 19. United States vouchers, 1850-1851
[Records include payment vouchers for Capt. John S. Ford's company at Laredo for mules, horses, and corn; for mules and horses at Camp Los Ojuelos; and for Lt. Andrew J. Trussell's "D" Company.]
Quartermaster records
Box Folder
401-1153 20. Quartermaster records, 1853
[Records include vouchers for a special requisition for ordnance for Lt. G.K. Lewis' and other companies; for Dr. N.T. Sutherland's surgeon services in Lt. G.K. Lewis' company; for mules at San Antonio; for extra work done under Capt. Owen Shaw; for quartermaster property in Capt. G.K. Lewis' company; and for pay and supplies for servants for Lt. R. Miller, Lt. G.S. Wood, and Capt. G.K. Lewis. Records also include lists of property belonging to the state sold at auctions at Rio Grande City and Brownsville.]
21. Quartermaster records, 1854
[Records include vouchers for services, supplies, and transportation for Captains Fitzhugh, W.R. Henry, P.H. Rogers, Travis, and J.G. Walker's companies.]
22. Quartermaster records, 1854
[Records include power of attorney documents and vouchers for subsistence and transportation for Captains Boggess and Fitzhugh's companies.]
23. Quartermaster records, 1854
[Records include a provision return for Capt. P.H. Rogers' company; power of attorney documents and vouchers for supplies, services, and transportation for Captains Boggess, J.H. Callahan, Fitzhugh, W.R. Henry, P.H. Rogers, Travis, and J.G. Walker's companies; vouchers for fuel used by state troops; and a voucher for James S. Gillett's services as a mustering officer in Cameron.]
24. Quartermaster records, 1855
[Records include a list of medicines received at Fort Clark; a list of supplies received by Capt. Callahan's company from S.M. Swenson; a transportation voucher for Capt. E. Burleson; medical vouchers for services rendered in the battle of Escondido; vouchers for supplies, services, and transportation for Captains Callahan and William Tom; vouchers for pay for Captains J.W. Sansom and Rogers' companies; and a voucher for Col. John D. Pitts as paymaster and captain.]
Box Folder
401-1154 1. Quartermaster records, 1856
[Records include vouchers for William Pettit's services in Capt. William R. Henry's company; for John D. Pitts' transportation to and services in Capt. J.H. Callahan's company; for mustering officer James H. Raymond's services for Capt. Walker's company; for mustering officer services for Capt. Fitzhugh's company; and for various services rendered in Captains Boggess and Walker's companies.]
2. Quartermaster records, 1856
[Records include vouchers for transportation for Captains Boggess and Fitzhugh's companies; for mustering officer and paymaster services for Capt. Fitzhugh's company; for medical services rendered in Capt. Henry's company; and for special payment for Captain Boggess and Walker's companies. Records also include a bond for M. Throckmorton as paymaster for a Ranger company.]
3. Quartermaster records, 1856
[Records include vouchers for Dr. William W. Payne's medical services for Capt. Fitzhugh's company; for supplies for Captains P.H. Rogers and Boggess' companies; for transportation for John G. Walker's company; for payment for Capt. Henry's company; for Dr. John Work's medical services in Captains Travis and Walker's companies; and a power of attorney document for a member of Capt. Boggess' company.]
4. Quartermaster records, 1856
[Records include power of attorney documents and vouchers for supplies, services, and transportation for Captains Boggess, Fitzhugh, Travis, and Walker's companies. Records also include an advertisement for the Texas Rangers.]
5. Quartermaster records, 1857
[Records include salary payment vouchers for Captains Levi English, Fitzhugh, William G. Tobin, and William Tom's companies of Mounted Volunteers.]
6. Quartermaster records, 1858
[Records include vouchers for express services, for ordnance sent via steamship Magnoliafrom Galveston to Lavaca, and for forage and services rendered in Capt. John S. Ford's company; lists of medicines and surgical instruments turned over to W.P. Martin by Lt. E. Burleson; monthly statements of forage issued to Capt. John S. Ford's company for February, March, June, and August; invoices for ordnance turned over to assistant quartermaster Maj. M.M. Clark by paymaster D. Murphy; an abstract of ordnance stores purchased in Austin for Capt. J.S. Ford's company; and quartermaster accounts paid by John D. Pitts.]
7. Quartermaster records, 1858
[Records include vouchers for transportation, supplies, and services for Lt. E. Burleson and Capt. J.S. Ford's companies. Records also include vouchers for supply transportation for Lt. Nelson's detachment and to a detachment on Pecan Bayou.]
8. Quartermaster records, 1858
[Records include vouchers for transportation, supplies, and services for Capt. E. Burleson's company, including for surgeon Dr. Powhatan Jordan.]
9. Quartermaster records, 1858
[Records include vouchers for transportation, supplies, and services for Captains E. Burleson and Ford's companies.]
10. Quartermaster records, 1858
[Records include vouchers for blacksmithing services in Capt. Travis' company; for shipping from Galveston from E.B. Nichols & Co.; for horses and supplies for Capt. J.S. Ford's company; for Lt. E. Burleson's travel to and from Ft. Belknap; for mules for Lieutenants T.K. Carmack, John H. Conner, and T.C. Frost; and for rations S.M. Swenson furnished to Capt. J.S. Ford's company. Records also include letters from Lt. E. Burleson regarding S.M. Swenson's supply contract; a statement regarding horses and equipment taken in Indian depredations while in service of Lt. John H. Conner; a statement from Comptroller C.R. Johns regarding Lt. E. Burleson's pay; and a list of supplies received by Lt. E. Burleson.]
11. Quartermaster records, 1858
[Records include provision returns for Camps Adams, Davis, and Runnels, as well as for scouting and expeditions. Returns list number of men, dates, and ration amounts for beef, pork, flour, beans, rice, coffee, sugar, vinegar, candles, soap, and salt.]
12. Quartermaster records, 1858
[Records include vouchers for horses, clothing, mules, arms, ordnance, equipment, supplies, company pay, and blacksmithing services for Lieutenants E. Burleson, T.K. Carmack, and John S. Hodges' companies; statements regarding horses and equipment taken in Indian depredations while in service of Lt. John H. Conner; a statement that a soldier in Capt. John W. Sansom's company is entitled to pay; a requisition of funds for express services to the frontier; and an abstract for ordnance disbursed by Lt. E. Burleson for the second and third quarters of 1858]
13. Quartermaster records, 1858
[Records include vouchers for arms, company pay, mules, horses, transportation, rations, supplies, and express services for Capt. James Bourland, Capt. J.S. Ford, Lt. J.S. Hodges, and Lt. John Williams' companies; a voucher for Neill Robinson's paymaster services for Captains Black, Davenport, and Sansom's companies; an inspection report for clothing and equipment unsuitable for service; an invoice for ordnance turned over to Brig. Gen. West by Maj. W.A. Thornton; and a statement that James B. Shaw received Capt. Davenport's company muster roll.]
14. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include reports of forage issued to animals, as well as provisions and arms provided for Captains John S. Ford, Hampton, and William G. Tobin's companies; a list of quartermaster stores delivered by Capt. W.G. Tobin to Arthur Pue; and an abstract of quartermaster stores for Capt. J.S. Ford's company.]
15. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include various vouchers for mules, equipment, supplies, company pay, mules, arms, saddles, rations, express costs, blacksmithing, and hospital steward services for Lt. John S. Hodges and Captains H.W. Berry, G.S. Boggess, Henry Brown, John S. Ford, Littleton, and W.G. Tobin and H.R. Runnels' companies. Records also include power of attorney documents; property accounts and boundary surveys from agent Joseph Walker in Rusk County for Capt. W.C. Dalrymple; and a statement from Dr. Powhatan Jordan regarding ambulances and mules utilized in Capt. Littleton's company in a battle at Rio Grande City.]
16. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include reports of "Persons and Articles Employed and Hired by Capt. G. Hampton"; abstracts of arms, supplies, forage, and provisions issued to Capt. G. Hampton; provision returns for Capt. Tobin's company at Fort Brown; returns of auction sales of state property from Capt. Brown and Capt. Owen Shaw's companies; and a voucher for a horse for Capt. John S. Ford.]
17. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include monthly statements by Arthur Pue of forage issued to public animals and to guides under Capt. Tobin's command on a Rio Grande expedition from October to December, as well as monthly reports of "Persons and Articles Employed and Hired by Arthur Pue" for Capt. Tobin's company for October to December 1859.]
18. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include reports of "Persons and Articles Employed and Hired by Arthur Pue (quartermaster) for Capt. Tobin"; monthly requisitions for forage for Capt. Tobin's company horses in a Rio Grande expedition from October to December 1859; a statement of provisions issued to guides attached to Capt. Tobin's company in the fourth quarter of 1859; quarterly returns of public animals, wagons, horses, and other transportation used by Capt. Tobin's company; and returns of forage issued to public animals and horses under Capt. G. Hampton's command. Records also include abstracts from quartermaster Arthur Pue of Capt. Tobin's company for departmental expenditures; articles expended, lost, or destroyed; articles received from officers; and articles transferred to Capt. Hampton.]
19. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include returns for rations, corn, supplies, and extra services rendered in Capt. Ford's company and for ordnance issued in Capt. Tobin's company.]
20. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include a muster roll book of the Police Guard "ordered June 27th 1859" for Capt. John Henry Brown's company.]
21. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include provision returns by subsistence commissary officer Lt. Mat Nolan for Capt. H.W. Berry's company; an abstract for forage issued to public animals by quartermaster Lt. Mat Nolan; a statement of forage issued to public animals under Capt. H.W. Berry's command; and a requisition for public horses under Capt. H.W. Berry's command.]
22. Quartermaster records, 1859
[Records include statements regarding money owed to members of Capt. Henry Brown's company.]
23. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include a statement of advances made by the state for military services on the Rio Grande for Captains H.W. Berry, E. Burleson, Hampton, Tobin, and J.E. McCord's companies; vouchers for company pay, supplies, and services rendered for Captains Dalrymple, Fitzhugh, John S. Ford, J.M. Smith, and Harrison Sublett's companies; a voucher for renting a house in Rio Grande City as a temporary hospital for wounded Rangers; a document regarding a soldier providing a substitute for his services; a document from Capt. Hampton regarding company pay; and treasury warrants "for protection of the frontier" for soldiers and animals for Captains E. Burleson, Dalrymple, Fitzhugh, Ford, and Littleton, Col. Johnson, and Lt. Walker's companies.]
24. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include vouchers to Capt. J.M.W. Hall for services rendered as a mustering and inspecting officer, for travel expenses, and for rendering ordnance; vouchers for animals, wagons, and for services rendered in Captains John Henry Brown, E. Burleson, and Tomlinson's companies; vouchers for paymaster James H. Raymond's services in Captains Levi English, William G. Tobin, William Tom, and C.E. Travis' companies; a letter from state senators to Comptroller C.R. Johns regarding Ranger leadership; a document regarding advances made for Capt. Ford's company; and accounts of sales of public property sold at various auctions.]
25. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include promissory notes for articles furnished to Capt. W.C. Dalrymple's company by Samuel Mather & Co. and a note regarding a payment stoppage.]
26. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include abstracts of expenditures on behalf of the state by quartermaster Lt. G.P. Cowan and for claims of Capt. Mays' company; paymaster certificates for money due for supplies; power of attorney documents for members of Captains John Henry Brown, H.P. Howard, and P. Tomlinson's companies; vouchers for shoeing mules, travel expenses, ordnance, and services rendered in Captains W.C. Dalrymple and Tomlinson's companies; a document regarding money owed to Dr. H. Graham for his services under Lt. Curtis Mays; and notes regarding treasury warrants and amounts paid.]
27. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include treasury warrants for Edward Burleson and James Webb's services rendered in the protection of the frontier; vouchers for expressman services, horses, mules, supplies, and company pay; vouchers for services rendered in Captains E. Burleson, J.H. Callahan, Ford, and Walker's companies; vouchers for services rendered in Lieutenants J.H. Conner and James E. McCord's companies; accounts of auction sales of public property sold by J.M.W. Hall for Lt. John Salmon and Capt. W.C. Dalrymple's companies; a voucher for advertising on behalf of the Texas Rangers; vouchers for Joseph Walker and Frank Gildart's services as mustering officers; a requisition for forage for the animals under Capt. E. Burleson's command; an appraisal of P.D. Turner's horses by Capt. E. Burleson; and miscellaneous notes regarding money owed for supplies and payment stoppages.]
Box Folder
401-1155 1. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include an abstract of extra provisions issued to Capt. L. Ross' company by Lt. W.L. Chalmers; receipts for horses, medicine, supplies, subsistence, and mules for Capt. E. Burleson, commissary officer Lt. W.C. Chalmers, Col. Johnson, and Lt. Curtis Mays' companies; invoices of subsistence stores turned over by Capt. Dalrymple, Lt. J.E. McCord, and Peter Tomlinson to Lt. W.L. Chalmers; a list of articles used in public service at Camp Colorado by mustering officer Frank Gildart; a document regarding printing costs; accounts of property sold at public auction by Capt. J.M.W. Hall from Lt. Dixon Walker's company; a list of provisions issued to soldiers in Burnet County; a requisition for supplies to be purchased by Lt. J.E. McCord; a requisition for corn for Lt. White's company; and a quarterly statement of rations, forage, and subsistence for Capt. Ford's company.]
2. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include lists of supplies and rations received at San Marcos and Camp Radziminski by Capt. E. Burleson's quartermaster Lt. James E. McCord, at Camp Radziminski and Fort Belknap by Lt. W.L. Chalmers, and at Elm Creek Station for Capt. Rap's company; invoices of quartermaster stores turned over to Lt. W.L. Chalmers by Capt. Dalrymple's company at Camp Radziminski; an abstract of arms returned to the state department or disposed of by Capt. John S. Ford; depositions regarding a supply dispute for Lt. Fitzhugh's company; a letter to Capt. Dalrymple at Camp Belknap regarding rations; a bond for Robert M. White as quartermaster and commissary; and miscellaneous notes regarding supply purchases.]
3. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include vouchers for transportation, rent, a muleteer, forage, horses, mules, saddles, wagon repair, guide services, blacksmithing, and other services rendered for Capt. John S. Ford and Lieutenants Fitzhugh, W.L. Chalmers, James E. McCord, and various Ranger companies at San Antonio, San Marcos, Camp Belknap, and other locations.]
4. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include vouchers for express services, boat use, a guide, and a lost mule for a Mexican expedition by Capt. John S. Ford's company; for horse care and supplies in Lt. McCord's company and for quartermaster services in Capt. E. Burleson's company; for mules, transportation, horses, rations, supplies, and for "taking care of Camp Beaver"; for subsistence, mules, and supplies received by quartermaster James S. Gillett; for storage for Capt. J.H. Conner's company; and for travel expenses for Lt. W.L. Chalmers.]
5. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include a bond for R.W. McKee as quartermaster in Capt. W.C. Dalrymple's company; inventories of public property turned over to Lt. W. Lewis by Capt. E. Burleson's company and subsistence stores turned over to Lt. R.W. McKee by Capt. Dalrymple's company; provision returns for Captains Ford, Hampton, and Peter Tomlinson's companies; returns for forage for Capt. P. Tomlinson's company, for property received and issued by the quartermaster of Capt. Johnson's company, and for provisions received by Dixon Walker; lists of subsistence, horses, supplies, forage, and mules received by Lieutenants J. Carson and J.E. McCord at Camp Beaver, by Maj. William G. Tobin, and by Lt. Dixon Walker; a supply inspection report ordered by Capt. Hall; and miscellaneous notes regarding supplies purchased and received by Lt. Chalmers, Lt. Dixon Walker, Capt. Tobin, and Capt. G.S. Hampton.]
6. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include provision returns for Capt. E. Burleson, Capt. Littleton, Lt. John Salmon, Capt. Woods; statements of "Forage issued to and consumed by Public Animals" under Capt. John Littleton's command and at Fort Chadbourne and of "Rations of Forage and Subsistence issued by John H. Paschal at Brownsville" to Capt. Littleton's company; a quarterly report of property received and accounted for by quartermaster John H. Paschal of Capt. Littleton's company; receipts for a horse, mule, and supplies for Capt. Littleton's company, for medical supplies for Col. M.T. Johnson's company surgeon, and for supplies for Capt. Dalrymple's company at Fort Belknap; lists of supplies purchased for Capt. W.C. Dalrymple and Lt. R.W. McKee's companies; and abstracts of provisions and forage issued to Capt. Ford and G. Hampton's company and at Brownsville.]
7. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include provision returns for Capt. Hampton's company. They also include miscellaneous notes regarding supplies; animals; rations; forage; and services rendered for Captains E. Burleson, Hall, Hampton, Johnson, Littleton, and William M. Wood; and services rendered for quartermaster John H. Paschal, Col. M.T. Johnson, Maj. William Fitzhugh, and Lieutenants Chalmers, Pue, and D.H. Ragsdale.]
8. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include abstracts of provisions sold to officers by Lt. Chalmers, of disbursements made on account of Capt. E. Burleson's company, and of subsistence purchases on account of J.E. McCord's company; a deposition from Lt. Galt regarding escorting a train from Austin to Belknap; a letter regarding transportation of ordnance and rations from S.M. Swenson; ordnance inventories approved by quartermaster J.E. McCord; a provision return by Lt. Chalmers; and a receipt for hauling supplies from Fort Belknap to Fort Radziminski from Lt. Chalmers. Records also include vouchers for supplies, transportation, rent, rations, and blacksmithing services for Maj. Tobin and Lieutenants Ballantyne, Chalmers, and John Salmon's companies.]
9. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include a "Report of Persons and Articles employed and hired" in Capt. Tomlin's company for January and February 1860 by quartermaster Hampton. Records also include vouchers for rations, supplies, forage, transportation, mules, ordnance, blacksmithing, and company pay for Lt. Chalmers and Captains J.H. Conner, W.C. Dalrymple, and N.H. Darnell.]
10. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include vouchers for rations, supplies, mules, horses, and transportation for Lt. Chalmers and Captains John Henry Brown, E. Burleson, John H. Conner, W.C. Dalrymple, Tobin, and Woods; a letter from James E. McCord to Gov. Sam Houston regarding the Rangers' ordnance arrangement with Howard & Ogden; and a return of quartermaster stores furnished to Capt. E. Burleson's company.]
11. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include a contract with S.M. Swenson to supply troops on the Rio Grande. Records also include vouchers for transportation, mules, rations, provisions, supplies, horses, and special services rendered for Lieutenants Dixon Walker and White and Captains John Henry Brown, John H. Conner, W.C. Dalrymple, William Fitzhugh, John S. Ford, and Woods.]
12. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include vouchers for rations, mules, transportation, boarding, medicine, ordnance, and special services for Lieutenants W.L. Chalmers, Johnson, and Dixon Walker; Col. M.T. Johnson; and Captains W. Dalrymple, William Fitzhugh, T.J. Johnson, and Littleton's companies. Records also include power of attorney documents for members of Lt. Dixon Walker's company and a report of advances made as quartermaster for commissary stores and funeral expenses in Capt. W. Dalrymple's company.]
13. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include a supply examination report for Lt. Chalmers' company and vouchers for rations, supplies, transportation, mules, horses, and rent for Lieutenants Chalmers, Cowan, and John Salmon's companies.]
14. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include abstracts for provisions issued to Captains W.C. Dalrymple and W.M. Wood's companies; extra provisions issued to Captains Dalrymple, N.H. Darnell, G.S. Fitzhugh, and T.J. Johnson's companies; subsistence purchases made for quartermaster Lt. Dixon Walker's company of Bosque County Rangers; "articles and animals returned and destroyed" in William D. Howard's service; articles from various companies transferred to Capt. E. Burleson and others at San Saba; quartermaster expenditures for Lt. John Salmon's company; and articles received from officers at Fort Belknap by Capt. W.M. Wood. Records also include a voucher for mules for Capt. Conner's company; forage returns for Capt. John S. Ford's company; reports of wagons, horses, mules and property received by Capt. Ford's company; and of persons and articles employed and hired at Brownsville by William D. Howard.]
15. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include lists of supplies received by quartermaster Lt. Chalmers at Camp Radziminski and Fort Belknap; statements of animals, forage, and articles used by Lt. William D. Howard of Capt. Ford's company; reports of persons and articles employed and hired at Brownsville by William D. Howard of Capt. Ford's company; and provision returns for Capt. Ford's company.]
16. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include a provision return for Capt. M.W. Woods' company; a list of supplies received by Lt. John Salmon's company and by Fort Belknap regimental surgeon James H. Swindells; miscellaneous supply lists; a "list of exceptions to the claims of State of Texas under Sec. 6 of Act" regarding pay and muster rolls; an abstract of quartermaster Lt. John H. Cochran's accounts; and a document regarding Capt. Littleton's company.]
17. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include invoices for ordnance stores turned over to Capt. John Donelson at Brazos Santiago and to Lt. Chalmers by S.M. Swenson and quartermaster Lt. McKee of Capt. Dalrymple's company; lists of ordnance, arms, and supplies received by Lt. W.D. Howard, by Lt. James E. McCord at Camp Colorado, by Lt. Chalmers at Fort Belknap, from Howard & Ogden in San Antonio, and by Lt. D.H. Ragsdale of the Frio County Minute Men; miscellaneous notes regarding supplies, medicine, and ordnance for Lieutenants Chalmers and Johnson and other companies; a requisition on David Hirsch for ordnance stores for Lt. White's company under Capt. Hall's command; a document regarding Capt. George J. Hampton's purchases on a Rio Grande expedition given to Capt. John S. Ford; and a letter to the secretary of state from E. Nicholas regarding Texas finances and accounts.]
18. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include an abstract of supplies purchased by Lt. Lon Price of a Comanche County Minute Men detachment; lists of provisions and ordnance issued to Blanco County Minute Men quartermaster J.M. Patton, Burnet County quartermaster William O'Hair, Comanche County Minute Men quartermaster Lon Price, the Coryell County Minute Men quartermaster, Eastland County quartermaster William F. Stephens, Lampasas County quartermaster Moses Hughes, and Llano County quartermaster G.P. Cowan; lists of subsistence received by quartermaster William F. Stephen; a list of supplies by quartermaster Lt. A. McFadin; a document certifying a muster roll and supply values; and a power of attorney document for H.A. Hammer.]
19. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include vouchers for subsistence, company pay, and special services rendered for Lt. W. Charles Lewis' company of Mason County Minute Men, Lt. John H. Cochran's Young County Minute Men, Lt. W.M. Watkins' Medina County Minute Men, and Captains Levi English, William G. Tobin, and William Tom's companies; reports of ordnance and rations used by a Mason County Minute Men detachment, of horses lost in a battle with Native Americans in Clay County by Lt. R.T. Rieger's company of Wise County Minute Men, and provisions issued to the Young County Minute Men by quartermaster John H. Cochran; vouchers for transportation for San Saba Minute Men supplies and for subsistence received at Fort Belknap for Capt. E. Burleson's company; and miscellaneous notes regarding powers of attorney, supplies, and mustering officer Frank Gildart.]
20. Quartermaster records, 1860
[Records include lists of powers of attorney for Lt. W.R. Wood's company and of enlisted Minute Men; vouchers for supplies, ordnance, rations, company pay, and special services rendered for Lt. J.H. Cochran's Minute Men, for Lt. John Kennedy's company, for Bell County Minute Men quartermaster Davidson, for Quartermaster Charles Lewis' company, and for Lt. McFaddin's Minute Men; and an abstract of articles expended and a forage return for Lt. John Kennedy's Minute Men.]
21. Quartermaster records, 1861
[Records include a list of articles used in Capt. W.M. Wood's company; vouchers for ordnance, services rendered, wagons, and supplies for Captains W.C. Dalrymple and John S. Ford's companies; inventories of clothing and equipment turned over to Lt. King by quartermaster Lt. A. Leigh at Fort Chadbourne and of supplies certified by Comptroller A. Bledsoe; a letter to S.M. Swenson from Gov. Sam Houston regarding rations and forage for J.E. McCord's company; and miscellaneous notes regarding inventories of quartermaster property turned over to Lt. King, a roll book for Brazoria County volunteers, finances for Capt. Dalrymple's company, a supply contract with S.M. Swenson, and supplies received at Camp Colorado by Capt. Curtis Mays.]
22. Quartermaster records, 1861
[Records include vouchers for rent, wagons, transportation, medicine, forage, and rations for Maj. William Fitzhugh, Lt. Salmon, and Captains W.C. Dalrymple, J.S. Ford, John Littleton, Ross, and Walker; reports regarding hauling government property from Capt. Salmon's camp in Buchanan to Lt. Walker's camp in Erath; vouchers for hospital rooms for sick and wounded members of Captains John S. Ford and Littleton's companies; and lists of ordnance and supplies from S.M. Swenson to Capt. Dalrymple and other companies.]
23. Quartermaster records, 1861
[Records include a letter from Col. W.C. Dalrymple to S.M. Swenson regarding rations for quartermaster Lt. Walker's company; a list of items received by quartermaster Lt. Walker's company; and vouchers for mules, provisions, forage, rations, services, and transportation for Colonels Johnson and W.C. Dalrymple and Captains Key and Webb's companies.]
24. Quartermaster records, 1861
[Records include abstracts for money due and paid to Sam Mather from men in Capt. Dalrymple's company; vouchers for services rendered in Captains E. Burleson, W.C. Dalrymple, Erath, Harrison, C. May, Ross, Sublett, and Tomlinson's companies; and power of attorney documents for members of Capt. Curtis May's company.]
25. Quartermaster records, 1861
[Records include vouchers for transportation, ambulance repair, and other services rendered for Col. Dalrymple, Lt. McFaddin, and Captains Erath, Harrison, and Mays' companies; copies of state treasury warrants for "protection of the frontier" for privates in Captain Burleson and Conner's companies and for Joseph Walker; a letter regarding claims against the state to Comptroller C.R. Johns; and letters from S.M. Swenson and E.P. Nicholson to C.R. Johns regarding treasury warrants.]
26. Quartermaster records, 1862
[Records include a voucher for services rendered in Capt. John Davidson's company in Cortina's War and abstracts of claims for services in Captains Burleson, Donelson, S. Friend Frost, Price, and Sansom's companies during Cortina's War.]
27. Quartermaster records, undated
[Records include abstracts of forage stoppages for men under J.E. McCord's and Capt. E. Burleson's command and of claims drawn by members of Capt. Sansom's company; a report estimating subsistence funds required for the three Ranger companies commanded by Captains H. Clay Davis, G.K. Lewis, and Owen Shaw; reports of ordnance stores used by Capt. John S. Ford's company and medicines used by Capt. Burleson's company; a requisition for forage, horses, and mules for Camp Reeves; lists of company pay for Captains William Fitzhugh, F.C. Frost, and William R. Henry's companies; a power of attorney document for members of Capt. Davidson's company; a report estimating pay and allowances for one month for one company of mounted volunteers; and miscellaneous notes regarding Ranger leaders, powers of attorney, cotton, purchases, and S.M. Swenson.]
Oversized quartermaster records
Oversize Folder
401-1242 6. Quartermaster returns, abstracts, and lists, 1858-1859
[Records include abstracts of forage issued by Lt. E. Burleson; of provisions received and issued at Camp Runnels by Lt. William N.P. Marlin; of articles expended, lost, or destroyed under the direction of Lt. W.N.P. Marlin and Capt. John S. Ford; of purchases paid for by quartermaster Capt. J.S. Ford; of purchases made by Maj. J.S. Ford on a Rio Grande expedition; of state property turned over to Gov. H.R. Runnels by Lt. E. Burleson; of quartermaster stores delivered to Lt. W.N.P. Marlin by Lt. E. Burleson; and of stores delivered to quartermaster Capt. G. Hampton by Capt. J.S. Ford. Records also include an account of state commissary stores sold at public auction at Camp Leon by Capt. J.S. Ford.]
7. Quartermaster returns and abstracts, 1860
[Records include abstracts of provisions issued to Captains W.C. Dalrymple, N.H. Darnell, G. Fitzhugh, T.J. Johnson, L. Ross, and William M. Wood's companies of Mounted Rangers in Col. M.T. Johnson's regiment by Lt. W.L. Chalmers; of provisions and extra issues to Col. M.T. Johnson's regimental staff by Lt. W.L. Chalmers; of provisions issued to Native Americans under Capt. P.F. Ross' supervision; of articles expended, lost, or destroyed in Capt. John M. Wood's company; and of articles transferred to various officers by Capt. John M. Wood.]
8. Quartermaster returns and abstracts, 1860
[Records include an account of medicines received, used, and remaining at Fort Belknap; lists of subsistence stores and public property received by Lt. Robert Ballentyne and Capt. W.M. Wood; and lists of quartermaster stores used at Beaver Camp under Capt. E. Burleson. Records also include returns of provisions and property received, issued, and lost by Capt. T.J. Johnson, commissaries G.J. Hampton and Lt. J.E. McCord, and by Lt. J.R. McKee. Additional records include abstracts of provisions for Capt. E. Burleson's company by Lt. W.L. Chalmers; of purchases made in the field by Lt. J.E. McCord for Capt. W.C. Dalrymple; of articles purchased by and provisions issued in the field by Capt. John M. Woods in Col. M.T. Johnson's command; of articles received from officers and contractors and of articles transferred to officers by quartermaster Lt. J.E. McCord; and of forage issued at San Antonio, "on the march," and at Beaver Camp by quartermaster Lt. J.E. McCord.]
9. Quartermaster returns and abstracts, 1860
[Records include returns of various Minute Men companies. These include returns of provisions received and issued by Lieutenants W.M. Watkins and John Kennedy's companies; of provisions received by Lt. Gideon P. Cowan of the Llano County Minute Men and by Lt. John H. Cochran of the Young County Minute Men; of provisions and ordnance received by quartermasters Lt. W. Charles Lewis of the Mason County Minute Men and Lt. H.A. Hammer of the Pack County Minute Men; of provisions purchased by quartermaster Lt. William F. Stephen of the Eastland County Minute Men; of ordnance and public property received by Lt. F.W. Fauntleroy of the Coryell County Minute Men; of subsistence and public property received by Lt. Moses Hughes of the Lampasas County Minute Men; and of subsistence received by Lt. Erasmus Frandtzen of the Gillespie County Minute Men.]
10. Accounts current, 1852-1853, 1858-1861
[Records include accounts current documents from paymaster James H. Durst regarding Captains H.C. Davis, G.K. Lewis, and O. Shaw; from paymaster Lt. E. Burleson regarding his accounts with the state for subsistence for various companies; from paymaster John M. Swisher for various companies; from Mason County Minute Men quartermaster W. Charles Lewis regarding funds expended by his detachment; and from quartermaster Lt. J.E. McCord regarding the account of Capt. E. Burleson. Records also include medical department documents from quartermaster Lt. J.E. McCord; a document regarding funds received and disbursed on account of public property sold at Fort Mason by W. Charles Lewis; and a document regarding subsistence received by Lt. R.W. McKee of Capt. W.C. Dalrymple's company.]
11. Accounts, 1856-1860
[Records include miscellaneous documents regarding accounts between the state and Ranger companies. These include documents regarding pay and subsistence for three Minute Men companies by John D. Pitts; for volunteers in Captains Benton, Callahan, and Henry's companies; for Captains L. English, W.G. Tobias, and Tom's companies; for soldiers "for the better protection of the Frontier"; for troops on the Rio Grande; and for expenses and supplies in Captains H. Nelson, Tobin, Tom, and J. Williams' companies. Documents also include a list of regular pay, subsistence, and additional pay for peace commissioners for Captains Bourland, Brown, and Ford's companies.]
12. Vouchers, 1856, 1859-1860
[Records include vouchers for subsistence, ordnance, supplies, transportation, blacksmithing, express services, forage, and special services rendered for Maj. William G. Tobin; for Captains John Henry Brown, E. Burleson, Callahan, Travis, and Walker's companies; for Gov. H.R. Runnels; and for paymaster John M. Swisher.]
12. Abstracts of expenditures, 1858-1860
[Records include abstracts of expenditures for pay and services rendered for Captains E. Burleson and John S. Ford and quartermasters and Lieutenants J.E. McCord and R.W. McKee. Documents also include abstracts for hospital department and commissary department purchases by Lt. W.L. Chalmers in Col. M.T. Johnson's regiment and an abstract of amounts retained by the state comptroller.]
13. Abstracts of advances, 1854-1859
[Records include statements of advances made by the state for frontier defense to various companies. Abstract A is for Captains Nat Benton, James H. Callahan, and W.R. Henry. Abstract B is for Captains G.S. Boggess, W. Fitzhugh, W.R. Henry, P.H. Rogers, C.E. Travis, and J.G. Walker. Abstract C is for Captains L. English and W.G. Tobin. Abstract D is for Captains T.K. Carmack, J.H. Conner, T.C. Frost, and J.S. Hodges. Abstract E is for Captains R.W. Black, J.M. Davenport, and J.W. Sansom. Abstract F is for Captains J.S. Ford, W.N.P. Marlin, and J. Williams. Abstract G is for Captains J. Bourland, J.H. Brown, and J.S. Ford.]
14. Ordnance records, 1858, 1860, bulk 1860
[Records include a requisition for arms and accoutrements for the Quitman Rifles volunteer company in Austin; abstracts and returns of ordnance issued to various Texas Mounted Ranger companies under Col. M.T. Johnson's command by Lt. W.L. Chalmers; and abstracts of ordnance received and issued at Beaver Camp by quartermaster Lt. James E. McCord for Capt. E. Burleson's company.]
15. Officers pay vouchers, 1853-1861
[Records include pay vouchers from paymaster John M. Swisher to Capt. James Bourland and Lieutenants Alex Boatwell and Aaron Burleson; for Lt. E. Burleson of Capt. Ford's company; from paymaster James H. Raymond to Lieutenants Thomas K. Carmack, George W. Chapman, and John H. Conner of Capt. C.E. Travis' company; for Capt. H. Clay Davis; from paymaster James M. Throckmorton to Lt. F.M. Dougherty of Capt. William Fitzhugh's company; for Capt. Giles S. Boggess; and from Comptroller Clement R. Johns to Capt. H.W. Berry.]
16. Officers pay vouchers, 1853-1861
[Records include pay vouchers from paymaster James H. Raymond to Lieutenants Levi English, T.C. Frost, and John Seaborn Hodges; from paymaster John M. Swisher to Lieutenants G.H. Fitzhugh and John R. Gibbons; from paymaster James W. Throckmorton to Capt. William Fitzhugh; for Capt. John S. Ford; from paymaster Capt. Giles S. Boggess to Lt. Thomas A. Garrett of Capt. John G. Walker's company and to Lt. Caleb G. Garrison of Capt. Giles S. Boggess' company; from Comptroller Clement R. Johns to Capt. G.J. Hampton and to Lt. William D. Howard of Capt. Ford's company; and from paymaster John D. Pitts to Capt. William R. Henry.]
17. Officers pay vouchers, 1853-1861
[Records include pay vouchers from paymaster James H. Raymond to Lieutenants Robert E. Jones and William M. Rust of Capt. William Tom's company; for Lt. William N.P. Martin; from paymaster Lt. E. Burleson to Lieutenants Allison Nelson, William A. Pitts, and William G. Preson of Capt. John S. Ford's company; from paymaster John M. Swisher to Lt. E.C. Perry; and from quartermaster Upshaw to Lt. Edwin W. Rogers of Capt. Patrick H. Rogers' company. Documents also include a voucher from paymaster John D. Pitts to Lt. Samuel A. Jackson of Capt. William R. Henry's company for pay, clothes, forage, subsistence, and servant pay.]
18. Officers pay vouchers, 1853-1861
[Records include vouchers for forage, clothing, horses, and servant pay for Lt. Jordan D. Scott of Capt. Charles E. Travis' company of Texas Mounted Volunteers; for paymaster John M. Swisher; and for Lt. James H. Tankersley of Capt. John S. Ford's company from paymaster E. Burleson. Records also include vouchers from paymaster James H. Raymond to Lt. Joel M. Walker of Capt. Levi English's company and Captains W.G. Tobin, William Tom, and Charles E. Travis; for Lt. William Tom of Capt. William R. Henry's company; from paymaster James Throckmorton to Lt. Andrew J. Trussell of Capt. Fitzhugh's company; from Comptroller Clement R. Johns to Captains Peter Tomlinson and Joseph Walker; for Lt. John Williams; for Lt. Eli Wood of Capt. Giles S. Boggess' company; and for Lt. Alexander S. Wright of Capt. P.H. Rogers' company.]
19. Pay rolls of extra-duty men, 1859-1861
[Records include lists of names, occupations, and pay for extra duty men employed by quartermaster Capt. G.S. Hampton; by quartermaster Mat Noland of Capt. H.W. Berry's company; by quartermaster Arthur Pue of Capt. W.G. Tobin's company; by quartermaster Lt. R.W. McKee of Capt. W.C. Dalrymple's company; by quartermaster John H. Paschal of Capt. Littleton's company at Brownsville; and by quartermaster James Walker in Capt. Curtis Mays' company. Records also include reports of persons and articles employed and hired by quartermaster Mat Nolan of Capt. H.W. Berry's company and a pay roll of extra duty men hired under Capt. J.S. Ford.]
19. Miscellaneous quartermaster records, 1860-1862
[Records include miscellaneous quartermaster records, including lists of names and amounts due and a document regarding the state's account with paymaster John D. Pitts.]
Oversize Folder
401-1238 2. Quartermaster returns and abstracts, 1858-1860
[Records include abstracts of subsistence and supply purchases made by quartermaster Lt. E. Burleson; of property received by Capt. William G. Tobin; of provisions issued by Lt. E. Burleson to Capt. J.S. Ford's company; of purchases made by quartermaster Lt. W.L. Chalmers for Col M.T. Johnson's regiment; and of provisions issued by commissary James E. McCord to Capt. E. Burleson's company at Beaver Camp. Records also include returns of provisions and quartermaster stores received and issued by Lt. E. Burleson at Camp Runnels.]
3. Statements, 1855-1860
[Records include statements showing amounts appropriated and used by the state for frontier defense by Comptroller Clement R. Johns; a statement of expenses by paymaster Col. John D. Pitts for the six companies called upon by Gen. P.F. Smith for frontier defense, including those of Captains N. Benton, James H. Callahan, and H.R. Henry; documents regarding services rendered in several captains' companies, including R.W. Black, John Davenport, and John Sansom; documents regarding pay for various companies, including those of Lieutenants Thomas Carmack, John H. Conner, T.C. Frost, and John S. Hodges; and a summary of expenses for Capt. John Littleton's company.]
4. Ordnance records, 1858, 1860
[Records include abstracts of ordnance issued by Secretary of State Eber Worthington Cave and of disbursements made by Texas for frontier protection volunteers (for Captains Benton, Black, Callahan, Camancho, Connor, Davenport, English, Henry, Tobin, and Tom and Lieutenants Ford, Frost, Hodges, and Preston); a return of ordnance stores received and issued at Camp Runnels by quartermaster Lt. E. Burleson; and a document regarding commissary, quartermaster, and ordnance stores for Col. M.T. Johnson's command by regimental quartermaster Lt. W.L. Chalmers.]
4. Miscellaneous quartermaster records, 1855-1861
[Records include a "List of Persons and Articles employed and hired" in the regimental quartermaster's department by Lt. W.L. Chalmers and a document regarding paymaster Col. John D. Pitts' company being current in its account with the state (including pay for Captains Benton, Callahan, and Henry's companies).]
Map-case Folder
401-1322 3. Return of provisions, 1860
3. Statements of arms: Captains Tobin and Ford, 1860, undated
4-5. Quartermaster abstracts, 1858-1860
5. Quartermaster return, 1860
Index to payrolls, 1861, 1867,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consists of a volume labeled "Index to Pay Rolls," which contains (pasted on the fly leaf) "an alphabetical list of payrolls of companies serving in defense of frontier, prior to January 28, 1861, and called out by Governor Sam Houston prior to March 2, 1861," which is signed "Auditorial Board, Austin, March 11, 1867." This list includes name of commander, rank, inclusive dates of service, time served, and remarks.
The remainder of this volume consists of an alphabetical index of commanding officers of Texas military companies (apparently of the Civil War era—some have the notation "Frontier Regiment"), giving the name of company commander, number of roll, and a notation of either "G" = Good or "B" = Bad. It appears that those commanders listed on the introductory sheet—and therefore, presumably, loyal to the Union—were marked "Good," whereas those not on that list were marked "Bad." This volume thus serves a dual purpose: as a record of pre-Civil War Ranger activity, and as a Reconstruction assessment (in 1867) of that earlier activity (and of subsequent Civil War activity).
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically within each portion of the volume.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Index to payrolls, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Volume
401-1132 Index to payrolls, 1861, 1867
Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860,
0.16 cubic ft.
These records consist of annotated jacket covers and wrappers which at some time were removed from the documents to which they pertained, mostly quartermaster records and powers of attorney, but also muster rolls and pay rolls, and correspondence. The original documents housed by jackets and wrappers date 1848-1860. Many have the stamp of the U.S. War Department, dated 1871 or thereabouts, showing them to have been part of the claims files.
Arrangement
These records are arranged in no particular order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Jackets and wrappers, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Box Folder
401-1192 14. Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860
[Records include document jackets and wrappers that typically are the outside or last page of a set of rolled or grouped pages, with a synopsis of the documents they envelop. The jackets and wrappers in this folder regard adjutant general reports; Adjutant Generals William G. Cooke, James S. Gillett, and John D. Pitts' accounts and vouchers; Frank Gildart's services as a mustering officer; muster and pay rolls for Captains James Bourland and John Williams; a detachment commanded by Lt. N.O. McMillin; powers of attorney; contracts and bids; Capt. G.H. Nelson's company; a special requisition for G.K. Lewis' company; an official order to disband from Gov. Sam Houston; commissary and ordnance returns; special services rendered; auction sales; transportation; pay rolls; medical service; boarding; and accounts and vouchers for Lt. Ballantyne's company of Bandera County Minute Men, for Maj. S. Ford's company, and for Capt. W.R. Henry's company.]
15. Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860
[Records include document jackets and wrappers regarding powers of attorney for members of various Ranger companies.]
16. Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860
[Records include document jackets and wrappers regarding expenses; pay rolls; powers of attorney; provisions; company pay and pay for services rendered in Captains John S. Ford, Henry, William G. Preston, Rogers, Travis, and Walker's companies; transportation for Capt. Fitzhugh; advertising costs; and muster rolls.]
17. Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860
[Records include document jackets and wrappers regarding abstracts, vouchers, special services rendered, pay rolls, and powers of attorney for Lieutenants J.J. Dix and John Salmon and Captains R.W. Black, James H. Callahan, W.C. Dalrymple, J.W. Davenport, Fitzhugh, Ford, G.J. Hampton, Andrew Herron, Charles Løvenskiold, P.H. Rogers, J.W. Sansom, William G. Tobin, William Tom, and Peter Tomlinson's companies.]
18. Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860
[Records include document jackets and wrappers regarding abstracts, returns, expenses, provisions, accounts, vouchers, quartermaster business, and hospital stores for Lieutenants John Salmon and Dixon Walker; quartermaster Lt. John H. Paschal; Captains E. Burleson, E. Cameron, W.C. Dalrymple, T.J. Johnson, Littleton, and W.M. Woods; Col. M.T. Johnson; and Maj. John S. Ford's companies.]
Transcripts, photostats, and notes, 1850-1861,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of later copies (both transcripts and photostats) of correspondence, muster rolls, legislation, and miscellaneous documents (such as pages from the 1850 census which included Bexar County Rangers). The records from which these were copied are dated 1850-1861.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Transcripts, photostats, and notes, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Box Folder
401-1192 19. Transcripts, photostats, and notes, 1850-1859
[Records include typed and handwritten copies and Photostats of various documents. These include a Photostat of a letter to the governor regarding organizing the Texas Rangers. Other records include muster rolls; an 1850 Census of Bexar County; a document regarding a company "to be raised by Mr. William A.A. Wallace," (also known as "Big Foot"); a joint resolution regarding Rangers on the Rio Grande and Cortina's invasion; a document in which Gov. H.R. Runnels appoints Edward Burleson first lieutenant and quartermaster in Capt. S. Ford's company; a letter from Dr. P. Jordan to Edward Burleson regarding Brownsville citizens barricading themselves against Cortina's forces; a letter from Gov. H.R. Runnels to Capt. John S. Ford sending congratulations for bravery in the face of Indian depredations; a letter from "C" Company Capt. J.H. Rogers to Charles Dubose regarding pay for Capt. H.W. Berry's company; and a letter from Gov. H.R. Runnels to attorney John Williams appointing him to enroll a company in San Saba and Llano Counties for frontier protection. Records also include lists of "officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates of the Quitman Rifles,""Houston Turner Rifles" members, men in Capt. John Williams' company detachment commanded by Newton D. McMillin, and Milam Rifles members and officers; executive documents; newspaper clippings regarding Reading W. Black's Minute Men in Uvalde; and excerpts from James Truslow Adams' 1946 Dictionary of American History.]
20. Transcripts, photostats, and notes, 1860-1861
[Records include typed copies and photostats of various documents. These include correspondence between archivist Harriet Smither and J.P. Nenney from 1927 regarding a muster roll and discharge document; a 1920 letter to Smither regarding W.C. Dalrymple's regiment and muster roll from 1860; and a letter from the Texas State Library to Mrs. Ed Baker of Mineral Wells regarding Capt. J.J. Cureton's muster roll. Records also include a certificate from paymaster John M. Swisher regarding pay for a private in Capt. Conner's company; lists of company members for Capt. E. Burleson from 1849 to 1860, Capt. John Williams for 1859, and for Capt. L.S. Ross for 1860; a statement from Sam Houston authorizing attorney C.W. Howard to supply Rangers with rations and forage; text from "An Act for the Protection of the Frontier" and from "An Act to provide for the settlement of the claims of the company commanded by Capt. John Williams"; letters from 1861 from Capt. A.B. Burleson to Capt. Johnson regarding Johnson's men in Burleson's custody and from Mason County Chief Justice Julius Schuchard regarding a scouting expedition by Capt. Biberstein; and Photostats of a document to Gov. Sam Houston from Capt. A.C. Hill regarding a roll of company members and of a memorandum from Gov. Sam Houston regarding Lt. T.C. Frost's company of Mounted Rangers.]

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Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, 1865-1866,
0.11 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Minute Men of the State of Texas. These records consist of various reports of duty of the 1st and 2nd Parker County Minute Men (Captains L.L. Tackitt and Howard Harteford, respectively) and the Wise County Minute Men (Captain John Teague), 1865-1866. These records are called by a variety of names—regular scouts, reports of extra duty, and extra calls—and each covers one month. In all cases, the information given is uniform: name, rank, and number of days served. In addition, there is one collective power of attorney for the "2nd Parker County Minute Company, Texas State Troops" (September 10, 1866). Housed separately are the oversized quarterly returns of the 1st Parker County Minute Company, 1865-1866; but the information in these returns is identical to the other reports of duty, and each quarter is broken down by monthly totals.
Correspondence concerning Minute Men may possibly be found in the Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by county/company, and therein chronologically. Oversized returns are listed separately.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Minute Men military rolls, 1865-1866, 0.14 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Minute Men service records, 1855-1862, 1872-1874, 0.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Pendleton Murrah records, 1863-1865, 2.25 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Andrew Jackson Hamilton records, 1865-1866, 3.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor James W. Throckmorton records, 1866-1867, 2 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records may have been transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Reports of duty
Box Folder
401-1156 1. 1st Parker County Minute Men, 1865-1866
2. 2nd Parker County Minute Men, 1866
3. Wise County Minute Men, 1865
Oversized quarterly returns
Oversize Folder
401-1243 1. 1st Parker County Minute Company, 1865-1866

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Minute Men records, 1860-1877, bulk 1872-1874, undated,
0.32 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Minute Men of the State of Texas. These comprise the records of Minute Companies that existed between 1872 and 1874, and undated, including mainly the following types of quartermaster records: vouchers, receipts, requisitions, and abstracts of disbursements—mostly for ordnance, but also for payments for services rendered. Pay claims are maintained separately, and include the amounts claimed in aggregate as pay for the privates of each company. Also housed separately are the oversized accounts current, with attached requisitions and abstracts of disbursement.
There are three oversized pre-printed forms, dating April, July, and August, 1872, which are returns of property captured from Indians by Wise County Minute Men, commanded by Lieutenant R.T. Rieger. Information on these returns includes: date, description of property, probable name of owner and residence, where captured, value, and disposition made of said property.
In 1874, when the minute men companies were disbanded, each company reported lists of the men wishing to retain their carbines, with the cost to be deducted from their pay.
In addition, there are several general lists. One is a list of minute companies in the service of the State of Texas during 1873, including: the company letter, county, station, commanding officer, date of entry into service, and notes as to reorganization status. Another is a list of minute companies that were armed (undated). There is also a typescript list of minute men companies from 1860 and 1877, giving letter, county, years, and commanding officers.
Finally, there are two volumes that contain records on the Minute Men. One contains month by month accounts of the members of Minute Men companies, January 1872-April 1874. The other volume, labeled "Ordnance and ordnance stores issued (loaned to State military organizations beginning 1870, No. 1)," contains the following information: date, company, name of captain, unit/county, and number of each type of ordnance and ordnance store (Winchester carbine, slings, swivels, screw drivers, etc.) for Minute Companies (1872-1874), Volunteer Minute Companies (1872-1876), and Ranger Companies (1873-1876). The end of the volume contains a list of Winchester carbines as reported on returns of ordnance at the comptroller's office and on annual returns of the adjutant general (1871-1872), plus a statement of the actual disposition of Winchester carbines (1874). A note indicates "January 1, 1877 transferred to Ordnance Book No. 3."
Correspondence concerning Minute Men may possibly be found in the Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record. Quartermaster records are arranged alphabetically by county, and therein chronologically; the monthly account book is arranged alphabetically by company.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Minute Men service records, 1855-1862, 1872-1874, 0.5 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Minute Men records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records may have been transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Box Folder
401-1156 4. Lists of Minute companies, 1860-1877, bulk 1872-1873
5. Reports on retention of carbines, 1874
Quartermaster records, 1872-1874
Box Folder
401-1156 6. General
7. Blanco County
7. Brown County
7. Burnet County
7. Coleman County
7. Comanche County
7. Cook County
7. Denton County
8. Erath County
9. Kerr County
10. Gillespie County
10. Lampasas County
10. Llano County
11. Mason County
11. Maverick County
11. Medina County
11. Montague County
11. Palo Pinto County
12. San Saba County
12. Wise County
Pay claims, 1872-1875
Box Folder
401-1156 13. Brown-Gillespie Counties
14. Kendall-Wise Counties
Oversize Folder
401-1243 2. Returns of property captured from Indians, Wise County, 1872
3. Accounts current, 1872-1875, bulk 1872-1873
Volume
401-1071 Monthly accounts, Minute Companies, No. 1, 1872-1874
Volume
401-1072 Ordnance issues, 1870-1876

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Frontier Forces records, 1870-1874,
2.36 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Frontier Forces of the State of Texas during Reconstruction. These records consist of correspondence, monthly returns, and quartermaster records for the Frontier Forces, dating 1870-1874.
The correspondence also includes military orders, reports of scouts, journals of marches, certificates of disability, reports of the sick, certificates of loss, powers of attorney, etc. They comprise the correspondence of the Frontier Forces, dating 1870-1872. The majority consists of letters received by the adjutant general concerning the Frontier Forces. Besides such letters as those requesting that Rangers be sent to a location, or acknowledging the receipt of a commission, there are such items as reports of scouts, journals of marches, certificates of disability, reports of the sick, certificates of loss, general orders, powers of attorney, etc. In addition, there is a volume (with an index) that is a register of letters received concerning the Frontier Forces, as well as the State Guard and the Reserve Militia, between July 18, 1870 and January 10, 1871. Finally, there are two volumes containing military orders from 1870 through 1912. Besides the Frontier Forces, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc.
The monthly returns for seven companies date 1870-1871. Each return lists the numbers of commissioned officers and enlisted men present and absent, by status and by rank, alterations since the last return, numbers of horses serviceable and non-serviceable, and number of rifles and rounds of ammunition; the names of all enlisted men on extra duty; the names of all absent enlisted men; the names of all commissioned officers; alterations by name; and remarks (including in a couple of cases a record of scouts). In addition, there are two lists of deserters (two men), for Company B, October 1870.
The quartermaster records and paymaster records for the Frontier Forces, 1870-1874, document the procurement and disposition of government property (quartermaster stores, medical supplies, and ordnance) and services. The types of documents represented include monthly returns, requisitions, receipts, vouchers, claims, bills of lading, statements and abstracts of disbursements, "IOU"s, accounts current, etc. Besides the loose documents, there are 17 volumes of quartermaster records.
Organization
These records are organized into three subseries:
Correspondence, 1870-1872, 1.09 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1870-1871, 0.05 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1870-1874, 1.21 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Frontier Forces military rolls, 1870-1873, undated, bulk 1870-1871, 0.97 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Frontier Forces service records, 1870-1871, 0.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Edmund Jackson Davis records, 1869-1874, 15.5 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Frontier Forces records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
The large volume of general orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Correspondence, 1870-1872,
1.09 cubic ft.
These records include correspondence, military orders, reports of scouts, journals of marches, certificates of disability, reports of the sick, certificates of loss, powers of attorney, etc. They comprise the correspondence of the Frontier Forces, dating 1870-1872. The majority consists of letters received by the adjutant general concerning the Frontier Forces, usually abstracted on the reverse, with a filing code such as "L[etter] R[eceived] 324 AGO ST 1870." Besides such letters as those requesting that Rangers be sent to a location, or acknowledging the receipt of a commission, there are such items as reports of scouts, journals of marches, certificates of disability, reports of the sick, certificates of loss, general orders, powers of attorney, etc.
In addition, there is a volume that is a register of letters received concerning the Frontier Forces, as well as the State Guard and the Reserve Militia, between July 18, 1870 and January 10, 1871. As with most such registers, the format includes the date the letter was received by the adjutant general, a file number (in red ink), the name of the correspondent, the disposition of the letter (in red ink), the place, the date, and a brief summary of the purport. An index accompanies the register.
Finally, there are two volumes containing military orders from 1870 through 1912. One volume (fragile) contains general orders from June 24, 1870 through January 8, 1912, some handwritten but most pasted down. Besides the Frontier Forces, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented: State Police, State Guard, Reserve Militia, Frontier Battalion, Ranger Force, Texas Volunteer Guard, and Texas National Guard. Another volume contains special orders, from August 1870 through April 2, 1897 (mostly handwritten); again, all military organizations are represented. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc.
Additional correspondence concerning the Frontier Forces may possibly be found in the Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Frontier Forces records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
The large volume of general orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Box Folder
401-1156 15. Correspondence, 1870
[Records include letters by Capt. A.H. Cox, commanding officer of Company B Frontier Forces, while stationed at Fort Griffin written to Adjutant General Col. James Davidson concerning provision requests, receipt of commissions, and return of company; a print from the Adjutant General's office issuing General Order No. 3; letters from Capt. Cox to Col. John W. Glenn concerning the company; a letter from H.Y. Winchester concerning distribution of supplies; request from Maximo Aranda, Presiding Justice of El Paso Co., to Governor Edmund J. Davis requesting aid due to Indian depredations; a letter from Franklin Jones reporting a theft; and two "Journal of March" documents.]
16. Correspondence, 1870
[Records include letters by Capt. A.H. Cox, commanding officer of Company B Frontier Forces, written to Adjutant General Col. James Davidson concerning provision and voucher requests, muster roll corrections, dishonorable discharges, and his company's arrival at Stephensville [sic]; a letter by John W. Glenn mustering in five men; a letter to Capt. Gregoria Garcia of Company N from the Office of State Police in El Paso, requesting aide; a voucher for transport of Co. N; a letter by Capt. Cox naming new camp near Stephensville [sic] "Camp Davidson"; a "March Journal" scouting the surrounding terrain; correspondence concerning the discharge of Pvt. J.L. Singleton for the killing of Pvt. Frank Holmes including discharge papers for both; and the Final Statement and Inventory of Effects for Pvt. Holmes.]
17. Correspondence, 1870
[Records include letters written in an official capacity including affidavits for loss of property, power of attorney for pay deductions, reports of the sick and unfit for duty, and recommendations for service; "Scout Reports" for Companies A, C, and G; letters from company physicians declaring men unfit for service; muster and pay rolls for Company A and J; a list of commanding officers by company; and wrappers from letters concerning Cpt H.J. Richarz of Company E.]
18. Correspondence, 1871
[Records include letters to the paymaster dealing with financial issues including the request of pay certificates and vouchers, submission of Final Statements, and reports of fraud; journals of scouting missions carried out from Fort Davidson; a report of Indian depredations from Company F; and a note of muster dates for Capt. John R Kelso.]
19. Correspondence, 1871
[Records include letters to the paymaster dealing with financial issues including requests for pay certificates and vouchers; affidavits dealing with transfer of funds and lost property; physician notes declaring men unfit for duty; and general orders issued to commanding officers.]
20. Correspondence, 1871
[Records include affidavits clearing responsibility for loss of property, specifically mules and horses; wrappers for correspondence; and letters to Governor Edmund J. Davis concerning frontier protection.]
21. Correspondence, 1872
[Records include letters to the paymaster dealing with financial issues including the request of pay certificates and vouchers, stolen certificates, and stoppages; legal documents including power of attorney letters and affidavits concerning transfers of money; a statement from A.C. Hill, late lieutenant of Company F Frontier Forces, that certifies a list of deserters and their stolen property; and a letter from the paymaster concerning a lack of funds available to cover two pay certificates.]
Volume
401-1011 Register of letters received, 1870-1871
Volume
401-984 General orders, 1870-1872
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1912, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Volume
401-1012 Special orders, 1870-1872
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1897, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Monthly returns, 1870-1871,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of monthly returns for seven companies (A, B, D, F, G, H, and N), numbering between one and three returns per company, 1870-1871. Each return lists the numbers of commissioned officers and enlisted men present and absent, by status and by rank, alterations since the last return, numbers of horses serviceable and non-serviceable, and number of rifles and rounds of ammunition; the names of all enlisted men on extra duty; the names of all absent enlisted men; the names of all commissioned officers; alterations by name; and remarks (including in a couple of cases a record of scouts).
In addition, there are two lists of deserters (two men), for Company B, October 1870. Information on these includes name, rank, description, birthplace, residence, occupation, and enlistment data.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by company.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Frontier Forces records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Oversize Folder
401-1243 4. Monthly returns, 1870-1871
[Records include the monthly returns of several Frontier Forces companies including Companies A and G under Capt. C.G. Falcon, Company B under Capt. A.H. Cox, Companies D and F under Capt. Gregoria Garcia, Company F under Capt. D.P. Baker, and Company H under Cpt B. Chamberlain.]
4. Descriptive list of deserters, Company B, October 1870
Quartermaster records, 1870-1874,
1.21 cubic ft.
These comprise the records of the quartermaster and of the paymaster for the Frontier Forces, 1870-1874, documenting the procurement and disposition of government property (quartermaster stores, medical supplies, and ordnance) and services. The types of documents represented include monthly returns, requisitions, receipts, vouchers, claims, bills of lading, statements and abstracts of disbursements, "IOU"s, accounts current, etc.
Besides the loose documents, there are 17 volumes of quartermaster records. Two volumes itemize appropriations for the adjutant general during Radical Reconstruction, giving the date approved, an explanation of each item, and the amount. Each volume is divided into sections: adjutant general, clerks, telegraphing, printing, books, stationery, contingent expenses, postage, porter hire, wood, State Police, enrolling the Militia and State Guard, arming both, paymaster, arsenal, furniture, and—in the second volume (1872-1874), Minute Companies and Ranger Companies. There is a table of contents inside the front cover of each volume.
Another volume records requisitions of funds from January 1873 through January 1874, largely relating to pay, which includes militia companies as well as Rangers.
A volume labeled "Blotter—all entered in new Cash Book," plus a corresponding volume labeled "Frontier Cash Book, 1870-1871," contain a variety of records for the Frontier Forces, 1870-1871, including: quartermaster vouchers, commissary's vouchers, ordnance vouchers, medical vouchers, paymaster's vouchers, certificates of indebtedness for Companies D and I, and stoppages of sundry companies.
"Frontier Cash Book, 1872" contains a record of vouchers filed in the State Treasury by Adjutant General James Davidson, and on which money was drawn from the treasury in payment. Information includes columns for date, company, name, amount due for services, cash stopped, balance due, certificate of indebtedness, cartridges, and remarks.
Another volume is also labeled "Frontier Cash Book," and contains two sections. The first (pages 8-52) is a record of pay of Minute Men, by company; information includes date of enlistment, number, name, rank, and (for Companies A through C but not D through V) the monthly amount of pay (January-December, 1872). The second section (pages 102-183) records disbursements of the Frontier Defense Fund by Colonel Frank L. Britton, adjutant general (November 1872-January 1874); information here includes: date of payment, number of check, on whom drawn, in whose favor, dates of services, amount, and the total paid to each company, with periodic summaries (accounts current). Pages 1-7 constitute an index.
A volume labeled "Ordnance and ordnance stores issued (loaned to State military organizations beginning 1870, No. 1)" contains the following information: date, company, name of captain, unit/county, and number of each type of ordnance and ordnance store (Winchester carbine, slings, swivels, screw drivers, etc.) for Minute Companies (1872-1874), Volunteer Minute Companies (1872-1876), and Ranger Companies (1873-1876). The end of the volume contains a list of Winchester carbines as reported on returns of ordnance at the comptroller's office and on annual returns of the adjutant general (1871-1872), plus a statement of the actual disposition of Winchester carbines (1874). A note indicates "January 1, 1877 transferred to Ordnance Book No. 3."
A volume of Frontier Forces accounts, 1870-1871, contains the following columns: favor of whom, presented by whom, on what account, dates from and to, amount, and comments (e.g., rations, ordnance, freight, hire of team, etc.). It contains two indexes: one to companies (A-P), and one to names.
A series of volumes include accounts for each of seven companies (A, C, D, E, F, K, and P) of the Frontier Forces, 1871-1872. The information listed includes date, name, rank, term (months and days), and amounts in a series of accounts that vary from company to company (e.g., carbine, government sale, C.G. Falcon, Holt & Levy, certificate, etc.), plus total pay.
A volume labeled "Frontier Claims, Private Accounts," 1870-1871, contains columns for date, company, favor of whom, on what account, dates from and to, amount, and remarks. Arrangement is by the 15 private firms to whom the accounts were due; an alphabetical index to these firms is included.
Finally, there is one letterpress book that contains copies of the outgoing correspondence from Captain Alfred D. Evans, Paymaster (March 14, 1871-March 14, 1872), primarily concerning the Frontier Forces, but also a few letters concerning the State Police, State Guard, and Reserve Militia. There is an index attached to the inside front cover of the volume.
Arrangement
For most groups, the records are arranged by type of record, and therein chronologically. The Frontier Forces accounts book dating 1870-1871 is arranged alphabetically by company.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Frontier Forces records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Quartermaster records
Box Folder
401-1156 22-29. 1870
Box Folder
401-1157 1-10. 1871
11-13. 1872
14-15. 1873
16. 1874
Oversized quartermaster records
Oversize Folder
401-1243 5. 1870
6-8. 1871
9. 1872
10. 1873
Oversize Folder
401-1238 5. 1871-1872
[Records include a document regarding paymaster Capt. Alfred D. Evans' account with the state relating to the "Frontier Fund" by Adjutant General W.H. King, as well as abstracts of disbursements made by Capt. A.D. Evans on account of said fund.]
Appropriations
Volume
401-1066 1870-1872
Volume
401-1065 1872-1874
Frontier cash books
Volume
401-1142 1870-1871
Volume
401-1069 1872
Volume
401-1070 1872-1874
Frontier Forces accounts
Volume
401-1073 Frontier Companies accounts, 1870-1871
Volume
401-1074 Companies A and P, 1871
Volume
401-1075 Company C, 1871-1872
Volume
401-1076 Company D, 1871-1872
Volume
401-1077 Company E, 1871-1872
Volume
401-1078 Company F, 1871-1872
Volume
401-1143 Company K, 1871-1872
Other Frontier Forces quartermaster records
Volume
401-1067 Requisitions of funds, 1873-1874
Volume
401-1068 Frontier Forces, blotter, 1870-1871
Volume
401-1072 Ordnance issues, 1870-1876
Volume
401-1079 Frontier claims, private accounts, 1870-1871
Volume
401-1104 Letterpress book, Paymaster, 1871-1872

Return to the Table of Contents




Special State Troops/Special Force records, 1874-1881,
0.84 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Special State Troops and the Special Force. These records consist of correspondence, monthly returns, statements of arrest, certificates of service, and quartermaster records for the Washington County Volunteer Militia, the Special State Troops, and the Special Force, which operated to suppress lawlessness between 1874 and 1881.
The correspondence of the Special State Troops/Special Force, dating 1876-1880, consists primarily of telegrams, mainly from J.L. Hall (also known as Jesse L. Hall), concerning the activities of the Special State Troops between 1876 and 1879. Other items include reports of T.L. Oglesby's detachment (September and October, 1879); proceedings of an examining court investigating murder charges against G.W. Talley, a private in the Special State Troops (1878); and oaths of the members of the Special Force (1879). Also included are transcripts of correspondence concerning the Special State Troops, especially from 1878.
The monthly returns, dating 1874-1880, are for the Washington County Volunteer Militia, the Special State Troops, and the Special Force. Each return gives the following information: station; date; numbers of commissioned officers and enlisted men present and absent, by status and by rank; alterations since the last return; a return of property (quantity, description, and condition); and a record of scouts. Beginning in August 1879 (and sporadically before that date), the returns also give statements of arrests, including: date, names of parties arrested, charge, where arrested, by whom, and result.
The 10 monthly "Statements of Arrest and Attempts to Arrest; also other duties performed in guarding prisoners and jails, scouts, etc., etc.," are for J.L. Hall's company of Special State Troops, dated February-August and October-November, 1877, and February-March 1878. They contain the following information: date, name of person arrested, charged with what crime, where arrested, and result of arrest as far as known; date, name of person to be arrested, and charged with what crime; and other duties performed.
The certificates of service are documents certified by Captain J.L. Hall concerning individual men in his company of Special State Troops (from late 1877 through 1878). Each certificate indicates the date of muster, the amount of pay due, and any amount owed.
The quartermaster records of the Special State Troops/Special Forces are mainly vouchers for supplies and services, dated 1874-1881. Maintained separately are monthly ration returns for the Special Force commanded by Hall and Oglesby, stationed at San Diego, Texas (August 1879-December 1880).
Organization
These records are organized into five subseries:
Correspondence, 1876-1880, 0.12 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1874-1880, 0.24 cubic ft.
Statements of arrest, 1877-1878, bulk 1877, 0.05 cubic ft.
Certificates of service, 1877-1878, bulk 1878, 0.12 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1874-1881, 0.28 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Special State Troops military rolls, 1876-1880, 0.14 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Special Force military rolls, 1880-1881, 0.05 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Richard Coke records, 1873-1877, 2.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Richard Bennett Hubbard records, 1870-1878, bulk 1877-1878, 3.06 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Oran Milo Roberts records, 1861-1883, bulk 1878-1883, 8.46 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Special State Troops/Special Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Correspondence, 1876-1880,
0.12 cubic ft.
These records comprise the correspondence of the Special State Troops/Special Force, dating 1876-1880. They consist primarily of telegrams, mainly from J.L. Hall, concerning the activities of the Special State Troops between 1876 and 1879. Other items include reports of T.L. Oglesby's detachment (September and October, 1879); proceedings of an examining court investigating murder charges against G.W. Talley, a private in the Special State Troops (1878); and oaths of the members of the Special Force (1879).
Also included are transcripts of correspondence concerning the Special State Troops, especially from 1878. Some of the originals of these items appear above, but much of them are from the Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, to the year. Transcripts are filed separately.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Box Folder
401-1157 17. Correspondence, 1876-1877, bulk 1877
[Records include telegraphs from Lt. Jesse L. Hall, commander of the Special State Troops/Special Force, to Adjutant General William Steele concerning arrests, dealings with prisoners and extradition laws, pay, and Lt. Hall's travel; wrapper sheets for correspondence from 2nd Lt. John B. Armstrong; and newspaper articles concerning a meeting of stock owners in support of the Special State Troops and the promotion of Lt. Hall over Capt. L.H. McNelly as company commander.]
18. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include telegraphs from Capt. Jesse L. Hall, commander of the Special State Troops/Special Force, to Adjutant General William Steele concerning arrests and recovery of cattle, commendations, pay, and Capt. Hall's travel; wrapper sheets for correspondence; proceedings of an examining court investigating murder charges against G.W. Talley, a private in the Special State Troops; and correspondence referencing payment requests and arrests.]
19. Correspondence, 1879
[Records include telegrams to Adjutant General John B. Jones concerning activities of the Special State Troops/Special Force including arrests and travel; wrapper sheets for correspondence; letters regarding pay, travel, and arrests; semi monthly reports on the activities of Lt. Thomas L. Oglesby's detachment; a record of the dates of muster for Capt. Jesse L. Hall and Capt. L.H. McNelly; and oaths of the members of the Special Force.]
20. Correspondence, 1877-1880, bulk 1878
[Records include typed copies of correspondence from Capt. Jesse L. Hall, commander of the Special State Troops/Special Force, to Adjutant General William Steele concerning arrests and travel; petitions from the residents of DeWitt County and Refugio County requesting an extension of the term of service for the Special State Troops; a letter to Governor Richard Bennett Hubbard Jr. regarding a meeting of stock owners in Goliad to raise funds for the Special State Troops; and letters from wholesale grocer H. Runge & Co. referring to a neglect to approve vouchers earned by supplying the Special State Troops.]
21. Correspondence, 1877-1880, bulk 1878
[Records include typed copies of correspondence addressed to Adjutant General William Steele or Adjutant General John B. Jones concerning arrests, travel, and pay certificate and voucher verification requests; proceedings of an examining court investigating murder charges against G.W. Talley, a private in the Special State Troops; and a monthly return for the Special State Troops for the month of November.]
Monthly returns, 1874-1880,
0.24 cubic ft.
These records consist of oversized monthly returns, dating 1874-1880, for the following companies:

DESIGNATION: COMMANDING OFFICER: DATES:
Washington County
Volunteer Militia Leander H. McNelly October 1874-
June 1876
Special State Troops Leander H. McNelly August, 1876-
December, 1876
J. Lee Hall February 1877-
December 1878
Special Force J. Lee Hall August 1879-
May 1880
Thomas L. Oglesby June-December,
1880
Each return gives the following information: station; date; numbers of commissioned officers and enlisted men present and absent, by status and by rank; alterations since the last return; a return of property (quantity, description, and condition); and a record of scouts. Beginning in August 1879, the returns also give statements of arrests, including: date, names of parties arrested, charge, where arrested, by whom, and result.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Box Folder
401-1244 1. Monthly returns, 1874-1875
[Records include the monthly returns of the Washington County Volunteer Militia under Lt. L.H. McNelly from December 1874 to December 1875.]
2. Monthly returns, 1876
[Records include the monthly returns of the Washington County Volunteer Militia under Lt. L.H. McNelly from January to June and the Special State Troops under Capt. McNelly from August to December; and a roll of members mustered in to the company of Texas State Troops dated July 1876. Entries include a number of arrests made in DeWitt County on the charge of murder in December.]
3. Monthly returns, 1877
[Records include the monthly returns of the Special State Troops under Lt. Jesse L. Hall from February to December. Entries include the escort of prisoners from DeWitt County in June.]
4. Monthly returns, 1878
[Records include the monthly returns of the Special State Troops under Capt. Jesse L. Hall from January to November (Lt. Hall received a promotion to Capt. December 1, 1877).]
5. Monthly returns, 1879
[Records include the monthly returns of the Special Force under Capt. Jesse L. Hall from August to November.]
6. Monthly returns, 1880
[Records include the monthly returns of the Special Force under Capt. Jesse L. Hall from January to May and under Capt. Thomas L. Oglesby from June to December.]
Statements of arrest, 1877-1878, bulk 1877,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of 10 monthly statements of arrest for J.L. Hall's company of Special State Troops, dated February-August and October-November, 1877, and February-March 1878. These pre-printed, oversized forms, labeled "Statement of Arrest and Attempts to Arrest; also other duties performed in guarding prisoners and jails, scouts, etc., etc.," contain the following information: date, name of person arrested, charged with what crime, where arrested, and result of arrest as far as known; date, name of person to be arrested, and charged with what crime; and other duties performed.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Statements of arrest, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Oversize Folder
401-1238 7. Statements of arrest, 1877-1878
[Records include statements of arrest for the Special State Troops under Lt. J.L. Hall from February 1877 to November 1877 and March 1878; and other duties performed, which details the activities of the company including guarding and transporting prisoners, assisting sheriffs in protecting witnesses, scouting missions, and the return of property. Entries include the arrest of King Fisher in May 1877 and the arrest of John Wesley Hardin in August 1877.]
Certificates of service, 1877-1878, bulk 1878,
0.12 cubic ft.
These records consist of documents certified by Captain J.L. Hall concerning individual men in his company of Special State Troops (from late 1877 through 1878). Each certificate indicates the date of muster, the amount of pay due, and any amount owed.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by last name of the man, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Certificates of service, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Certificates of service
Box Folder
401-1157 22. A-G, 1877-1878
23. H-L, 1877-1878
24. Mc-M, 1877-1878
25. P-T, 1877-1878
26. W, 1877-1878
Quartermaster records, 1874-1881,
0.28 cubic ft.
These comprise quartermaster records of the Special State Troops/Special Forces, mainly vouchers for supplies and services, dated 1874-1881. Maintained separately are monthly ration returns for the Special Force commanded by Hall and Oglesby, stationed at San Diego, Texas (August 1879-December 1880).
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, by year. Ration returns are filed separately, as are oversized quartermaster records.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Quartermaster records
Box Folder
401-1158 1. 1874
2-3. 1875
4-5. 1876
6-9. 1877
10-11. 1878
12. 1879
13. 1880
14. 1881
15. Ration returns, 1879-1880
Oversize Folder
401-1244 7. Oversized quartermaster records, 1874-1875, 1878

Return to the Table of Contents




Frontier Battalion records, 1874-1901, undated,
24.11 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Frontier Battalion of the State of Texas (the predecessor of the Ranger Force). These records include correspondence, enlistment rolls, collective oaths, lists of fugitives from justice, capiases, records of scouts, statements of arrests, monthly returns, quartermaster records, claims jackets, and transcripts and notes. They comprise the records of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1874-1901. Major John B. Jones was appointed to command the Frontier Battalion in May 1874 and would serve until his appointment to the office of Adjutant General in January 1879, at which point he served in both roles until his death in July 1881.
The correspondence consists of letters and telegrams received and sent concerning the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, and undated. Many of the letters are reports from Rangers, and many others deal with quartermaster business. Also included are general and special orders, petitions, powers of attorney, certificates of disability, and newspaper clippings. Most of the items are abstracted on the reverse. Many of the pieces with no date are scouting reports which have become separated from their monthly returns. In addition, there are three volumes containing military orders from the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, as well as for the entire range of military organizations from the time Texas was readmitted to the Union after Reconstruction. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc. Finally, one volume contains rosters for Companies B, D, E, and F (1899-1900), plus a list of requests for Rangers (1900), mixed in with records of the Texas Volunteer Guard.
The enlistment rolls consist of twelve lists containing descriptions of new recruits for the Frontier Battalion, dating 1877-1883, for Companies A (1877-1878), C (1878-1883), and E (1877-1880).
The collective oaths consist of oaths signed by two or more members of the Frontier Battalion, mostly on preprinted forms, dating 1874-1885, 1890-1900.
There is one volume and some loose documents, comprising lists of fugitives from justice, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, and undated, bulk 1875. Information on a typical list includes name, physical description, crime, and dates of crime and/or indictment. There is also a list of rewards offered by the Governor of Arkansas for fugitives committing crimes between 1873 and 1877; this list provides the following information: date, name, crime, where wanted, and amount of reward.
The capiases are warrants for arrest against accused persons, dating 1873-1881, 1895, 1898, bulk 1874-1878. Also included is an index to an unidentified and undated list of capiases; this is an alphabetical list of individuals and also of counties.
The records of scouts, regarding expeditions conducted by individuals, detachments, and companies of the Frontier Battalion date 1876-1901. One group includes loose monthly reports previously filed with the appropriate monthly return. Most of these are without identification (on the document itself) of the company or the year to which they pertain, and many are without identification of the month. The folder, therefore, is the identifying element. In addition, there are eleven volumes, and parts of three other volumes, that contain records of scouts. Of unusual interest are a series of weather reports for 1880-1882, filed by Company C for the following months: February, March, April, November, and December, 1880; January 1881; and March 1882.
The monthly statements of arrest for the companies of the Frontier Battalion, 1877-1878, contain the following information: date, name of person arrested, charged with what crime, where arrested, and result of arrest as far as known; date, name of person to be arrested, and charged with what crime; and other duties performed.
The monthly returns of the companies of the Frontier Battalion date 1874-1901. Information contained on these returns includes: station, date, number of officers and men present and absent (by status and by rank), alterations, numbers of horses and mules, and remarks; a return of public property, and the increase/decrease in public property; a record of scouts; and a recap of arrests and attempts to arrest. Loose documents that were previously filed with these returns are now maintained as separate subseries of the Frontier Battalion's records. There are also five returns of property captured from Indians by Company A (November 1874), Company C (July 1874), and Company D (November and December 1874, and August 1875). These contain the following: date, description of property, probably name of owner and residence, where captured, value of property, and disposition made of said property.
Quartermaster records consist of quartermaster correspondence, requisitions, estimates of provisions needed, receipts, invoices, bills of lading, statements, expense accounts, ration returns, vouchers, abstracts, appropriations, etc. They comprise the various records of the Quartermaster of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1874-1901, and undated. Records of ordnance—which are not very numerous—are included as well. Maintained separately are the following types of documents, mostly on pre-printed forms: monthly ration returns; vouchers; and oversized quarterly abstracts of disbursements on account of frontier defense, abstracts of vouchers collected and paid on account of frontier defense, and accounts current. There are nine letterpress books that contain copies of the outgoing correspondence of the quartermaster of the Frontier Battalion, 1883-1902. Each volume contains an index. There are also 17 other volumes containing quartermaster records, described in the appropriate subseries description in this finding aid.
The claims jackets of pay vouchers for members of the Frontier Battalion, which at some time were removed from documents that are now located mostly in the Service records series of the Adjutant General's records, date 1874-1877, 1881, and 1899 (with the bulk dating 1875).
The last subseries, transcripts and notes are copies of documents dating 1873-1901, mainly typed transcripts, including Frontier Battalion correspondence, muster rolls, pay rolls, and other documents, plus various notes on the Frontier Battalion compiled at some unknown time.
There are names and events that are repeated throughout the documents created by the Frontier Battalion. These include, but are not limited to, John Wesley Hardin, the Sam Bass gang, and the Salt War of San Elizario. Hardin was a well-known gunfighter and outlaw active from 1867 until his capture in 1877. He drew the ire of the Frontier Battalion with his participation in the Sutton-Taylor feud and the murder of Deputy Sheriff Charles Webb. The Sam Bass gang stole $60,000 in newly minted gold pieces from a Union Pacific train in Nebraska. Fleeing to Texas, the gang was brought down in Round Rock. Finally, the Salt War of San Elizario began in the late 1860s as a dispute over the rights to salt deposits east of El Paso. The conflict ended with mob violence in 1877.
Organization
These records are organized into eleven subseries:
Correspondence, 1874-1901, undated, 1.37 cubic ft.
Enlistment rolls, 1877-1883, 0.05 cubic ft.
Collective oaths, 1874-1885, 1890-1900, 0.1 cubic ft.
Lists of fugitives, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, undated, bulk 1875, 0.13 cubic ft.
Capiases, 1873-1881, 1895, 1898, undated, bulk 1874-1878, 0.17 cubic ft.
Records of scouts, 1876-1901, 2.41 cubic ft.
Statements of arrests, 1877-1878, 0.3 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1874-1901, 7.74 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1874-1901, undated, 11.49
Claims jackets, 1874-1877, 1881, 1899, bulk 1875, 0.4 cubic ft.
Transcripts and notes, 1873-1901, 0.05 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Texas Ranger military rolls, 1873-1874, 0.69 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Frontier Battalion military rolls, 1874-1901, 8.76 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Frontier Battalion service records, 1874-1901, bulk 1874-1898, 19 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Richard Coke records, 1873-1877, 2.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Richard Bennett Hubbard records, 1870-1878, bulk 1877-1878, 3.06 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Oran Milo Roberts records, 1861-1883, bulk 1878-1883, 8.46 cubic ft.
Texas Governor John Ireland records, 1879-1887 bulk 1883-1887, 0.47 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Lawrence Sullivan Ross records, 1887-1888, 0.24 cubic ft.
Texas Governor James Stephen Hogg records, 1889-1894, undated, 17.17 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Charles Allen Culberson records, 1891-1899, 10.34 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Joseph D. Sayers records, 1886-1903, bulk 1899-1903, 14.57 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Copies of Texas Ranger correspondence, 1874-1900, 1932, 0.1 cubic ft. (This 265-page bound typescript bears the internal note: "Texas Rangers Data from the files of Adjutant General commencing with the formation of the Frontier Battalion, by James A. King and Major Coffee—Very Valuable." Much of it is taken from the published reports of the Adjutant General. Arrangement is chronological.)[There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection. Call number is 2-23/963.]
Publications
Texas Adjutant General's Department, List of Fugitives from Justice, 1878, 1880, 1891, and 1900 (the 1880 and 1900 reports were bound with the Adjutant General's reports, and the 1878 and 1891 reports were published separately).
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
The large volume of general orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Additional folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Correspondence, 1874-1901, undated,
1.37 cubic ft.
These records include correspondence, military orders, petitions, powers of attorney, certificates of disability, newspaper clippings, etc., of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1874-1901 and undated. The correspondence consists of letters and telegrams received and sent concerning the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, and undated. Many of the letters are reports from Rangers, and many others deal with quartermaster business. Also included are general and special orders, petitions, powers of attorney, certificates of disability, newspaper clippings, and so forth. Most of the items are abstracted on the reverse. Many of the pieces with no date are scouting reports which have become separated from their monthly returns. The researcher can find additional correspondence concerning the Frontier Battalion in the Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence.
In addition, there are three volumes containing military orders from the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, as well as for the entire range of military organizations since Texas was readmitted to the Union after Reconstruction (State Police, State Guard, Reserve Militia, Frontier Forces, Ranger Force, Texas Volunteer Guard, and Texas National Guard). One large, fragile volume contains general orders, some handwritten but most posted down, and also includes orders from the four years prior to the establishment of the Frontier Battalion, and the eleven years after its dissolution. Two volumes contain special orders, the first volume from July 15, 1874 through April 2, 1897 (mostly handwritten), and the second volume from April 2, 1897 through May 18, 1901 (mostly pasted down); again, all military organizations are represented, and include orders from the four years prior to the establishment of the Frontier Battalion. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc.
Finally, one volume contains rosters for Companies B, D, E, and F (1899-1900), plus a list of requests for Rangers (1900), mixed in with records of the Texas Volunteer Guard.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, to the year.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
The large volume of general orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Frontier Battalion correspondence
Box Folder
401-1158 16. Correspondence, 1874
[Records include bills of sale for horses and mules; letters granting power of attorney; General Order No. 2 from the Adjutant General's office establishing the organization of the Frontier Battalion; reports on the condition of Company E; and scout reports of activity.]
17. Correspondence, 1874
[Records include bills of sale for horses and mules; letters granting power of attorney; newspaper articles concerning the Frontier Battalion and the appointment of Maj. John B. Jones as commander; wrappers removed from their original documents concerning muster rolls and supplies; certificates of disability; a certificate of appointment to third corporal; letters dealing with financial matters; and General Order No. 5 which reminds the troops not to share rations with camp followers.]
18. Correspondence, 1875
[Records include letters dealing with financial issues such as pay certificates and vouchers for supplies and service; correspondence between Maj. John B. Jones and Lt. D.W. Roberts of Company D concerning supplies, recruitment, the state of the company, and scout reports; and reports on the state of Company B.]
19. Correspondence, 1875
[Records include correspondence between Maj. John B. Jones and Lt. D.W. Roberts of Company D concerning supplies, the state of the company, and scout reports; letters dealing with the issue of supplying corn to Company D; an oath of service witnessed by Maj. Jones; and a letter from Maj. Jones to Adjutant General William S. Steele confirming the reduction in the companies.]
20. Correspondence, 1875
[Records include correspondence between Maj. John B. Jones and Lt. D.W. Roberts of Company D concerning supplies, the state of the company, and scout reports; general and special orders regarding the operation of the battalion and safety concerns; newspaper clippings of wanted ads and regarding Indian depredations; and wrappers separated from their original documents.]
21. Correspondence, 1876
[Records include correspondence dealing with a change in command of Company B from Sgt. C.H. Hamilton to Lt. George W. Campbell; reports of monthly activity from Sgt. Hamilton, Lt. Campbell, and Lt. D.W. Roberts of Company D; and letters concerning supplies and finances.]
Box Folder
401-1158A 1. Correspondence, 1876
[Records include general and special orders regarding transfers, dismissals, promotions and demotions, recruitment, and payroll issues.]
2. Correspondence, 1877
[Records include correspondence between Capt. Neal Coldwell of Company A and Major John B. Jones concerning movement of the company, arrests, discharges, and monthly reports.]
3. Correspondence, 1877
[Records include correspondence between Lt. George W. Campbell of Company B and Maj. John B. Jones regarding discharges, arrests, supplies, and monthly reports; letters to the suppliers of Company B concerning compensation and supplies needed; and letters dealing with the disorderly conduct of Thomas Pickett and J. West in Fort Belknap.]
4. Correspondence, 1877
[Records include reports of operation from Company B to Maj. John B. Jones; correspondence regarding supplies for Company B; itemized supply lists; and letters concerning the disorderly conduct of Thomas Pickett.]
5. Correspondence, 1877
[Records include correspondence between Lt. George W. Campbell of Company B and Maj. John B. Jones regarding arrests, supplies, and monthly reports; letters to and from suppliers of Company B; and requests for a ranger presence at events.]
6. Correspondence, 1877
[Records include correspondence between Adjutant General William Steele and Maj. John B. Jones regarding the procurement and distribution of arms, arrests, and the conflict in San Elizario; a letter from Company B to Maj. Jones concerning Thomas Pickett and H.P. Stevens; and a letter from Jones to a judge in Lampasas addressing habeas corpus.]
7. Correspondence, 1877
[Records include documents related to the conflict in San Elizario including a special order requesting Company C to relocate, a number of newspaper articles about the conflict, and a list of names; special orders issued by Maj. John B. Jones concerning discharges, resignations, reinstatements, and transfers; general orders concerning the promotion of Lt. N.O. Reynolds to command of Company E and restrictions on ammunition usage; and a bail bond issued by the State of Texas.]
Box Folder
401-1159 1. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include letters from Capt. Neal Coldwell of Company A to Maj. John B. Jones containing monthly reports of operations; correspondence dealing with indictments, arrests, and extradition from Mexico; a letter recommending D.M. Young as a replacement for Capt. Coldwell and a letter from Capt. Coldwell protesting the recommendation; and correspondence regarding topics in relation to Company A including money vouchers, supplies, and the suspect nature of recruits and aid in the area.]
2. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include correspondence between Capt. Junius Peak of Company B and Maj. John B. Jones concerning the establishment and movement of camps, illness in camp, pursuit and rewards for criminals, and reports of operations; letters regarding topics in relation to Company A including money vouchers, supplies, arrests, and transfer of public property; and correspondence between Lt. George W. Campbell of Company B and Maj. Jones regarding discharges and monthly reports.]
3. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include correspondence between Capt. Junius Peak of Company B and Maj. John B. Jones concerning supplies, cattle thieves, lists of available forage and supplies, and reports of operation; semi monthly reports and reports of operations from Lt. George W. Campbell of Company B; and letters pertaining to Company B including requests for men, supplies, and reimbursement for supplies.]
4. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include correspondence between Lt. George W. Campbell of Company B and Maj. John B. Jones concerning supplies, discharges, arrests and rewards, and the disbandment of the company; a letter from Maj. Jones to Adjutant General William Steele requesting a promotion of Junius Peak to the rank of Captain; letters from Maj. Jones to Capt. Peak concerning supplies, Capt. Peak's commission, and vouchers requiring verification; and letters from Sgt T.S. Floyd to Capt. Peak regarding his pursuit of Sam Bass.]
5. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include semi monthly reports for Company B written by Lt. George W. Campbell and Capt. Junius Peak; correspondence between Capt. Peak and Maj. John B. Jones concerning the granting of furlough, expense vouchers, and directions for operation; a letter from Maj. Jones to Adjutant General William Steele regarding the discharge of sixteen men from Company B; a letter to Lt. George W. Arrington about assuming command of Company C; and a certified account of the dollar value of items lost to the mob at San Elizario.]
6. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include correspondence between Lt. N.O. Reynolds of Company E and Maj. John B. Jones regarding fugitives and arrests, reorganization and movement of camp, recruitment, supplies, and the armed escort of John Wesley Hardin.]
7. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include correspondence dealing with the reward offered for train robbers led by Sam Bass; three statements related to the mob event at San Elizario; and a report that details the number of dead and wounded from December 1877 to April 1878.]
8. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include correspondence between Maj. John B. Jones and U.S. Marshal Stillwell H. Russell regarding the pursuit and arrests of a number of train robbers associated with Sam Bass; and correspondence between Maj. Jones and Adjutant General William Steele regarding transportation, arrests, and logistics related to the capture of the robbers.]
9. Correspondence, 1878
[Records include general and special orders regarding discharges, promotions, and conduct.]
10. Correspondence, 1879
[Records include monthly reports for Company A for January, February, May, June, and July; letters dealing with financial matters; and correspondence between Lt. G.B. Broadwater and Adjutant General John B. Jones regarding enlistments, supplies, and a complaint against Sgt. Thomas L. Oglesby.]
11. Correspondence, 1879
[Records include correspondence between Capt. Junius Peak of Company B and Adjutant General John B. Jones regarding Indian depredations, horse theft and recovery, and reports of supplies and movements; letters to the quartermaster concerning money for supplies for Companies B, C, and D; a ledger of horses stolen; a list of fugitives located; and a letter detailing the misdeeds and whereabouts of John and George Riley Presley.]
12. Correspondence, 1879
[Records include monthly reports for Company D for April and September and Company E for April; general and special orders regarding the forwarding of monthly returns and payroll to newly instated Adjutant General John B. Jones, the promotion of Neal Coldwell to quartermaster, discharges, and supplies; and wrappers removed from their original documents regarding discharges, reports, and a smallpox outbreak near Company A.]
13. Correspondence, 1880
[Reports include quartermaster correspondence concerning financial issues such as pay vouchers, proposals to furnish supplies, and ration returns; an enlistment oath of service for two men of Company D under Capt. Daniel W. Roberts; a letter from Sgt. Ed Hageman to Cpl. William Scott addressing a rumor that Cpl. Scott threatened his life; a telegram to Adjutant General John B. Jones requesting assistance from Capt. Junius Peak and Company B in Pecos County; and a document recording resolutions of Company B in appreciation of Capt. Peak upon his resignation.]
14. Correspondence, 1880
[Records include letters to the quartermaster from Capt. Junius Peak and Lt. Ira Long of Company B, Capt. Daniel W. Roberts of Company D, and Lt. Charles L. Nevill of Company E concerning supplies, vouchers, monthly returns, and ration returns; letters to Adjutant General John B. Jones from Companies B and E regarding arrests, matters of payment for men and creditors, travel, and the request of more men; telegrams from Capt. Neal Coldwell to Gen. Jones regarding the capture of Jesse Evans, August Gross (alias John Gunter), and Charlie Graham; and a request for further ranger support to secure the prisoners and the region surrounding Fort Davis.]
15. Correspondence, 1880
[Records include special orders for Company E regarding promotions, a suspension, discharges, transfers, and the dishonorable discharge of Sgt. Ed Hageman; Special Order 21 of Company E which addresses codes of conduct including curfew, language in the presence of ladies, and the handling and discharge of arms; wrappers separated from their original documents regarding the handling of prisoners and supply issues; and a scout report written by Capt. George W. Arrington of Company C to Adjutant General John B. Jones concerning the tracking of Indians and the discovery of a series of lakes, dubbing one Ranger Lake.]
16. Correspondence, 1881
[Records include letters to the quartermaster from Capt. Samuel A. McMurry of Company B, Lt. Charles L. Nevill of Company E, and Capt. Thomas L. Oglesby of Company F regarding monthly returns and ration returns, supplies, the movement of headquarters, and payment records; letters to Adjutant Generals John B. Jones and W.H. King regarding movement, arrests, and discharges; a description of stolen livestock; letters from men seeking discharge; a bill of sale for two mules; enlistment oaths signed by men of Companies B and E; a subpoena requesting the presence of several rangers in the El Paso County court; and a letter to Capt. D.W. Roberts of Company D promising a "big fish" for capture in South Llano.]
17. Correspondence, 1881
[Records include correspondence between Quartermaster Capt. Neal Coldwell, Attorney General J.H. McLeary, and attorney D.E.E. Braman concerning the purchase of land in Kerr County; letters to the quartermaster concerning supplies and pay vouchers; a letter to Capt. Coldwell regarding his refusal of the position of adjutant general, the changing political landscape, and a conflict with the Kerr County land; a letter from a Starr County judge to Capt. Thomas L. Oglesby regarding a gang led by William Cruz wanted for murder; and a letter from Capt. Coldwell to Governor O.M. Roberts about citizens of El Paso, Texas, pushing back against the expansion of the "Zona Libre" into El Paso, Mexico.]
18. Correspondence, 1881
[Records include wrappers separated from their original documents regarding updates from the field, pursuits and arrests, a citizen petition to keep Company E in place, prisoner escapes, and a complaint from Capt. Charles Nevill about the disorder of Company A under Capt. George W. Baylor; general orders regarding the reorganization and downsizing of Company E; special orders announcing discharges and promotions; and a muster roll of Company D during the tenure of Capt. D.W. Roberts as commanding officer from 1877 to 1881.]
19-23. 1882
24-26. 1883
27-29. 1884
Box Folder
401-1160 1-3. 1885
4-5. 1886
6. 1887
7. 1888
8. 1889
9. 1890
10. 1891
11. 1892
12. 1893
13. 1894-1895
14. 1896
15. 1897
16. 1898
17-18. 1899
19. 1900-1901
20. undated
Military orders
Volume
401-984 General orders, 1874-1901
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1912, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Volume
401-1012 Special orders, 1874-1897
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1897, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Volume
401-1013 Special orders, 1897-1901
[Note: Covers Texas Volunteer Guard as well as Frontier Battalion.]
Volume
401-1100 Rosters for Companies B, D, E, and F, 1899-1900
Requests for Rangers, 1900
Enlistment rolls, 1877-1883,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of twelve lists containing descriptions of new recruits for the Frontier Battalion, dating 1877-1883, for Companies A (1877-1878), C (1878-1883), and E (1877-1880). Information on each recruit includes: name, rank, age, height, hair, eyes, complexion, occupation, nativity, enlistment data (when, where, and by whom), and appraisement (value) of horses.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Enlistment rolls, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Box Folder
401-1160 21. Enlistment rolls, 1877-1883
Collective oaths, 1874-1885, 1890-1900,
0.1 cubic ft.
These records consist of oaths signed by two or more members of the Frontier Battalion, mostly on preprinted forms, dating 1874-1885, 1890-1900. The text of this oath is as follows: "We do solemnly swear (or affirm) that we will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent upon us as members of the Frontier Battalion until [date] unless sooner discharged, according to the best of our skill and ability, and agreeably to the Constitution and laws of the United States and of this State. So help us God."
Oaths that were signed by no more than one individual can be found in the Service records series of the Adjutant General's records.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Collective oaths, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Collective oaths
Box Folder
401-1160 22. 1874-1885
23. 1890-1895
24. 1896-1900
Lists of fugitives, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, undated, bulk 1875,
0.13 cubic ft.
These records consist of one volume and some loose documents, comprising lists of fugitives from justice, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, and undated, bulk 1875. The latter includes lists of fugitives from justice from several counties: Burnet (post-1879), Gregg (1874-1878), Harrison (1865-1876), Kimble and adjoining counties [1877], Kinney (1877), Navarro (1898), Palo Pinto (1899), Refugio (1899), San Saba (1899), Stephens (1899), and Tarrant (undated). Information on a typical list includes name, physical description, crime, and dates of crime and/or indictment.
There is also a list of rewards offered by the Governor of Arkansas for fugitives committing crimes between 1873 and 1877; this list provides the following information: date, name, crime, where wanted, and amount of reward.
The volume labeled "Record of criminals by county, crime, description" is in reality a list of "Fugitives from Justice," dating about 1875. The 4,180 entries include the following information: county, a consecutive number, name of the criminal, offense, when committed, when indicted, and remarks (including physical description). The same information—for some, but not for all of these counties—was published by the Adjutant General's office in 1878.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by county.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Publications
Texas Adjutant General's Department, List of Fugitives from Justice, 1878, 1880, 1891, and 1900 (the 1880 and 1900 reports were bound with the Adjutant General's reports, and the 1878 and 1891 reports were published separately).
A list of fugitives from justice indicted for felonies in the state of Texas and a descriptive list of escaped convicts, "compiled from official records by John P. Kirk," 1886.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Lists of fugitives, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Box Folder
401-1160 25. Lists of fugitives, 1865-879, 1898-1899
[Records include lists of persons evading arrest, many of which are labeled by county; a circular for the members of the Western Detective Association that lists wanted men and stolen property as well as their posted rewards; and a detailed description of the Omaha Train Robbers, including Sam Bass, that offers a $10,000 reward.]
26. Arkansas reward lists, 1873-1877
[Records include a list of rewards offered by the governor of Arkansas for fugitives committing crimes between February 1873 and October 1877 that offer information on date, name, crime, where they are wanted, and the amount of reward offered.]
Volume
401-1081 Fugitives from justice, 1875
Capiases, 1873-1881, 1895, 1898, undated, bulk 1874-1878,
0.17 cubic ft.
These records consist of capiases (warrants for arrest) against accused persons, dating 1873-1881, 1895, 1898, bulk 1874-1878. Most of them are on pre-printed forms, which take the following format: "The State of Texas, To the Sheriff or any constable of _____ County/any officer of the Frontier Forces/Battalion, Greeting: You are hereby commanded to take the body of _____ if to be found in your county, and him safely keep so that you may have him personally present before the District Court of _____ County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse thereof, in the town of _____ on [date]; he then and there to be and remain from day to day...until he be discharged by due course of law, to answer an indictment, no. _____, found at the [month] term, A.D. [year] of the District Court of said county, for [charge]. Herein fail not under penalty of law, but of this writ make due return, showing how you have executed the same."
Also included is an index to an unidentified and undated list of capiases; this is an alphabetical list of individuals and also of counties (which are underscored), each entry followed by a simple number between 1 and 14.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the accused person.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Capiases, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Box Folder
401-1160 27. Capiases, A-B
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in A-B including capiases issued out of DeWitt County.]
28. Capiases, C-D
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in C-D, including a capias for twenty-five men accused of rioting in DeWitt County possibly associated with the Sutton-Taylor Feud, and a capias for two men who interfered with the arrest of John Wesley Hardin for a misdemeanor in October 1874 in Comanche.]
29. Capiases, E-G
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in E-G including capiases issued out of DeWitt County.]
30. Capiases, H-I
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in H-I including a capias for John Hardin in Hill County for murder in August 1874 and a capias for John W. Hardin in DeWitt County for carrying a pistol in June 1874.]
31. Capiases, J-L
[Records include a transfer sheet for a tintype of James Kather and capiases for surnames beginning in J-L including a capias for the arrest of Samuel Larre in Atascosa County for the murder of Dick Johnson, a freedman, in December 1874.]
32. Capiases, Mc-M
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in Mc-M including capiases issued out of DeWitt County.]
33. Capiases, N-O
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in N-O including capiases issued out of DeWitt County with multiple defendants.]
Box Folder
401-1161 1. Capiases, P-R
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in P-R including capiases issued out of DeWitt County, a capias for Felix H. Pirtle for assault with intent to murder which mentions the shooting of Sheriff Brown of Lee County in 1876, and a capias and guilty plea of Thomas Pickett of Frontier Battalion Company B for disturbing the peace in Young County.]
2. Capiases, S-V
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in S-V including capiases issued out of DeWitt County.]
3. Capiases, W-Y
[Records include capiases for surnames beginning in W-Y including capiases issued out of DeWitt County.]
4. Index to list of capiases, undated
[Records include an index to an unidentified and undated list of capiases that alphabetically lists individuals and counties; each entry is followed by a simple number between 1 and 14.]
Records of scouts, 1876-1901,
2.41 cubic ft.
These comprise records of scouting expeditions conducted by individuals, detachments, and companies of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1876-1901. One group includes loose monthly reports previously filed with the appropriate monthly return. Most of these are without identification (on the document itself) of the company or the year to which they pertain, and many are without identification of the month. The folder, therefore, is the identifying element. The researcher should also see the Frontier Battalion records, Monthly returns, for missing and also supplemental reports.
In addition, there are eleven volumes, and parts of three other volumes, that contain records of scouts; these are described below.
A series of four volumes labeled "Reports of Operations of State Troops" or "of Frontier Battalion" provide reports of scouts and reports of Special Rangers for the various companies of the Frontier Battalion, the Special State Troops, and the Special Force (1876-1895). The format of these reports includes the date, a reference to correspondence or to a muster roll, an abstract of the report, and a tally (e.g., 1 scout, 1 arrest, 1 keeping peace, 360 miles).
One volume contains a guard list and a total enlistment list for Company A of the Frontier Battalion (1883), plus half a dozen or so records of scouts, possibly for Company E (1883-1887).
Another volume contains a monthly log of the number of arrests (by offense), the number of scouts, and the miles travelled, for Companies A through F (1890-1891), Company B (1897-1899), and Companies A through F (1898-1900).
Five volumes contain records of scouts for specific companies of the Frontier Battalion: Company E (July 1874-March 1877; September 1877-April 1879; 1879-1880; and October 1881-March 1886), and Company F (1876-1879). The first also contains ration accounts, cartridge accounts, records of guard duty, etc. The last also includes a list of the type of gun each Ranger was issued, with the serial numbers of the Springfield rifles.
A miscellaneous volume contains accounts current for the Frontier Battalion, 1883-1885, also broken down by company; a recapitulation of arrests (including a newspaper clipping of the same); and a memo of amounts paid.
A "Book of Accounts of Company A, Frontier Battalion" contains accounts, a record of scouts, and daily reports for December 1874 through April 1875. "Volume Number 2 commencing 1882: Company A, Frontier Battalion" contains an index which also includes volume Number 1 (1877-1882). The miscellany incorporated into this volume includes an enlistment roll, a hay record, a cartridge record, a record of scouts (1883-1885), and an oath.
Of unusual interest are a series of weather reports for 1880-1882, filed by Company C for the following months: February, March, April, November, and December, 1880; January 1881; and March 1882. Each report gives conditions for each day of the month, a.m. and p.m. For example: "Cloudy wind N.", "snow wind N.," or "cold and clear wind S.," or "heavy rain wind S."
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of scouts, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Company A:
Box Folder
401-1180 1A. Records of scouts, 1881
[Records include a report of Capt. George W. Baylor's Company A tracking a camp of Indians suspected of robbing a stagecoach carrying U.S. Mail and killing the driver and one passenger, and the ensuing attack which resulted in the death of one man, three women, and two children and the capture of one woman, two children, and livestock and weapons.]
1B. Records of scouts, 1900
2. Records of scouts, 1901
Company B:
3. Records of scouts, 1891
4. Records of scouts, 1892
5. Records of scouts, 1893
6. Records of scouts, 1894
7. Records of scouts, 1897
8. Records of scouts, 1899
9. Records of scouts, 1900
10. Records of scouts, 1901
Box
401-1182 Company C:
23. Weather reports1880-1882
Box
401-1180 Company D:
11. Records of scouts, 1876
[Records include a record of scouts reporting arrests and activities carried out by Company D for the month of January including the arrest of Reuben Boyce.]
12. Records of scouts, 1877
[Records include a Statement of Arrests made by Lt. F.M. Moore of Company D for April and a Record of Scouts for June.]
13. Records of scouts, 1882
14. Records of scouts, 1884
15. Records of scouts, 1885
16. Records of scouts, 1888
17. Records of scouts, 1889
18. Records of scouts, 1890
19. Records of scouts, 1891
20. Records of scouts, 1893
21. Records of scouts, 1897
22. Records of scouts, 1898
Company E:
23. Records of scouts, 1877-1880
[2 journals of field notes]
[Records include two journals containing the records of scouts for Company E written by Lt. C.L. Nevill from September 1877 to April 1879 in the first book and April 1879 to August 1880 in the second. Entries include information that also appears on the monthly returns including the escort of John Wesley Hardin in September 1878, the death of Richard Dublin in January 1879, and the pursuit and death of Sam Bass in July 1878.]
24. Records of scouts, 1877-1878
[Records include two records of scouts for Company E for January 1878 signed by Lt. B.S. Foster and September 1877 with an entry for the arrest of Roll Dublin.]
25. Records of scouts, 1878
[Records include reports of scouts for Company E for January and May.]
26A. Records of scouts, 1879
[Records include operations of Company E for February through April, signed by Sgt. C.L. Nevill.]
26B. Records of scouts, 1881
[Records include a typed account of an attack on an Indian camp by Lt. C.L. Nevill's Company E in cooperation with Capt. George W. Baylor's Company A (see also 401/1180-1A).]
27. Records of scouts, 1883
28. Records of scouts, 1884
29. Records of scouts, 1891
30. Records of scouts, 1892
31-32. Records of scouts, 1893
33-35. Records of scouts, 1894
36-39. Records of scouts, 1895
Box Folder
401-1181 1-3. Records of scouts, 1896
4-7. Records of scouts, 1897
8-9. Records of scouts, 1898
10-11. Records of scouts, 1899
12-13B. Records of scouts, 1900
14-15. Records of scouts, 1901
Box
401-1181A Company F:
1. Records of scouts, 1877
[Records include a supplement to the report of March for Company F under Lt. Pat Dolan which details the raid of an Indian camp and the capture of 13 stolen animals.]
2. Records of scouts, 1881
[Records include the records of scouts for Company F under Capt. T.L. Oglesby for May through September.]
3. Records of scouts, 1881
[Records include the records of scouts for Company F under Capt. T.L. Oglesby for October through December.]
4-5. Records of scouts, 1882
6-7. Records of scouts, 1883
Box Folder
401-1182 1-2. Records of scouts, 1884
3. Records of scouts, 1885
4. Records of scouts, 1886
5. Records of scouts, 1887
6. Records of scouts, 1888
7. Records of scouts, 1889
8. Records of scouts, 1890
9-10. Records of scouts, 1891
11-13. Records of scouts, 1892
14. Records of scouts, 1893
15-16. Records of scouts, 1894
17. Records of scouts, 1895
18. Records of scouts, 1896
19. Records of scouts, 1899
20-21. Records of scouts, 1900
22. Records of scouts, 1901
Operations of State Troops
Volume
401-1082 Vol. 1: August 1, 1876-December 31, 1881
Volume
401-1083 Vol. 2: January 1, 1882-November 30, 1885
Operations of Frontier Battalion and reports of Special Rangers
Volume
401-1084 Vol. 3: December 1, 1885-November 30, 1892
Volume
401-1085 Vol. 4: December 1, 1892-[1895]
Records of scouts (volumes)
[8 volumes]
Volume
401-1096 1883-1887
Volume
401-1098 1890-1891, 1897-1900
Volume
401-1144 Company E, 1874-1877
Volume
401-1118 Company E, 1881-1886
Volume
401-1097 Company F, 1876-1879
Volume
401-1102 Miscellaneous: accounts, arrests, 1883-1885
Volume
401-1145 Miscellaneous: Company A, 1874-1875
Volume
401-1101 Miscellaneous: Company A, 1882-1885
Statements of arrests, 1877-1878,
0.3 cubic ft.
These records consist of monthly statements of arrest for the companies of the Frontier Battalion, 1877-1878. These pre-printed, oversized forms, labeled "Statement of Arrest and Attempts to Arrest; also other duties performed in guarding prisoners and jails, scouts, etc., etc.," contain the following information: date, name of person arrested, charged with what crime, where arrested, and result of arrest as far as known; date, name of person to be arrested, and charged with what crime; and other duties performed.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Statements of arrests, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Statements of arrests, 1877-1878
Oversize Folder
401-1238 8. Company A
[Records include monthly statements of "Arrests and Attempts to Arrest, which I have made in which I participated since I joined Company A Frontier Battalion. Also other duties performed in Guarding Prisoners and Jails, Scouts, etc., etc." approved by Capt. Neal Caldwell for "A" Company.]
8. Companies A and C (detachments)
[Records include monthly statements of "Arrests and Attempts to Arrest, which I have made in which I participated since I joined Company A Frontier Battalion. Also other duties performed in Guarding Prisoners and Jails, Scouts, etc., etc." approved by N.O. Reynolds for "A" and "C" detachments.]
8. Companies A and E
[Records include monthly statements of "Arrests and Attempts to Arrest, which I have made in which I participated since I joined Company A Frontier Battalion. Also other duties performed in Guarding Prisoners and Jails, Scouts, etc., etc." approved by Capt. Neal Caldwell for "A" and "E" detachments.]
9. Company C
[Records include monthly statements "of Arrests and Attempts to Arrest, which I have made in which I participated since I joined Company C Frontier Battalion. Also other duties performed in Guarding Prisoners and Jails, Scouts, etc., etc." prepared by sergeants John C. Sparks and James Leverett and by Lt. G.W. Arrington.]
10. Company E
[Records include monthly statements "of Arrests and Attempts to Arrest, which I have made in which I participated since I joined Company E Frontier Battalion. Also other duties performed in Guarding Prisoners and Jails, Scouts, etc., etc." by Lt. N.O. Reynolds and company returns from Lt. B.S. Foster at Buck Creek in Coleman County.]
11. Company D
[Records include monthly statements "of Arrests and Attempts to Arrest, which I have made in which I participated since I joined Company D Frontier Battalion. Also other duties performed in Guarding Prisoners and Jails, Scouts, etc., etc." by commander D.W. Roberts.]
11. Company F
[Records include monthly arrest statements by Lt. Pat Dolan from Capt. Dolan's "F" Company.]
Monthly returns, 1874-1901,
7.74 cubic ft.
These records consist of oversized monthly returns of the companies of the Frontier Battalion, dated 1874-1901. Information contained on these returns includes: station, date, number of officers and men present and absent (by status and by rank), alterations, numbers of horses and mules, and remarks; a return of public property, and the increase/decrease in public property; a record of scouts; and a recap of arrests and attempts to arrest. Loose documents that were previously filed with these returns are now maintained as separate group of the Frontier Battalion's records, including Reports of scouts, Statements of arrest, Correspondence, and Quartermaster records (including Ration returns). Therefore the researcher should consult each of those groups of records as well for additional documentation. Many of the returns have two and three copies.
There are also five returns of property captured from Indians by Company A (November 1874), Company C (July 1874), and Company D (November and December 1874, and August 1875). These contain the following: date, description of property, probably name of owner and residence, where captured, value of property, and disposition made of said property.
Finally, there is one Return of the Frontier Battalion dated November 20, 1874, which includes: the letters of each company, the numbers of officers and enlisted men present and absent (by rank), and remarks.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and then chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Oversize Folder
401-1244 15. Returns of property captured from Indians, 1874-1875
15. Return of Frontier Battalion, 1874
Monthly returns, Company A
Box Folder
401-1246 1. Monthly returns, 1874
[Records include the monthly returns for Company A under Capt. John R. Waller from June to October, Lt. James W. Millican in November, and Lt. J. Thomas Wilson in December. Entries include the arrest of seven men believed to be a part of John Wesley Hardin's gang and an exchange of gunfire between Hardin and Waller in which Hardin was wounded in the shoulder in June.]
2. Monthly returns, 1875
[Records include the monthly returns for Company A under Lt. J. Thomas Wilson from January to April and Lt. Ira Long from September to December.]
3. Monthly returns, 1876
[Records include the monthly returns for Company A under Lt. Ira Long from January to August, Lt. J.M. Denton from September to November, and Capt. Neal V. Coldwell in December.]
4. Monthly returns, 1877
[Records include the monthly returns for Company A under Capt. Neal Coldwell from January to May and July to December.]
5. Monthly returns, 1878
[Records include the monthly returns for Company A under Capt. Neal Coldwell from March to June, August, and September, and under Lt. G.B. Broadwater in November and December.]
6. Monthly returns, 1879
[Records include the monthly returns for Company A under Lt. G.B. Broadwater for March and April, and under Sgt.. Thomas L. Oglesby from May to July.]
7. Monthly returns, 1880
[Records include the monthly returns for Company A under Capt. George W. Baylor from September to December. Entries include a report of the pursuit of the Mescalero Apache chief Victorio in September.]
8. Monthly returns, 1881
[Records include the monthly returns for Company A under Capt. George W. Baylor from February to December.]
Oversize Folder
401-1246 9. 1882
10. 1883
11. 1884
12. 1885
13. 1900
14. 1901
Monthly returns, Company B
Box Folder
401-1247 1. Monthly returns, 1874
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Capt. George W. Stevens from June to November and Lt. Ira Long in December. Entries include an account of the "Lost Valley Fight," a conflict that contributed to the Red River War in July.]
2. Monthly returns, 1875
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Lt. Ira Long from January to April, Lt. George W. Stevens from September to November, and Sgt. C.H. Hamilton in December. (Capt. Stevens was disbanded from service December 9, 1874, along with four other officers due to a reduction of force in response to a lack of funds, but returned as a lieutenant in June 1875 after Lt. Long's resignation).]
3. Monthly returns, 1876
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Sgt C.H. Hamilton from January to March, Lt. Hamilton from April to September (July missing), and Lt. George W. Campbell in November and December.]
4. Monthly returns, 1877
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Lt. George W. Campbell from January to August.]
5. Monthly returns, 1878
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Lt. George W. Campbell from March to May and Capt. Junius Peak from June to December; also included are supplementary monthly returns from Capt. Peak's detachment from May to July and Sgt. J. E. Van Ripper who briefly commanded Company B when it had been pared down to a force of five men. Entries include the pursuit of Sam Bass and his confederates detailed in the returns for May, June and July.]
6. Monthly returns, 1879
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Capt. Junius Peak from May to December (September and October missing).]
7. Monthly returns, 1880
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Capt. Junius Peak in February and March, Lt. Ira Long from April to November, and Cpt Bryan Marsh in December.]
8. Monthly returns, 1881
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Capt. Bryan Marsh from February to August (June missing) and Capt. Samuel A. McMurry from September to December.]
Oversize Folder
401-1247 9. 1882
10. 1883
11. 1884
12. 1885
13. 1886
14. 1887
Oversize Folder
401-1248 1. 1888
2. 1889
3. 1890
4. 1891
5. 1892
6. 1893
7. 1894
8. 1895
9. 1896
10. 1897
Oversize Folder
401-1249 1. 1898
2. 1899
3. 1900
4. 1901
Monthly returns, Company C
Box Folder
401-1249 5. Monthly returns, 1874-1875
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under E.F. Ikard from June to December 1874, and Lt. L.P. Beaveret for January and February 1875.]
6. Monthly returns, 1876-1877
[Records include monthly returns for Company B under Capt. John C. Sparks from October 1876 to November 1877 (February missing) and returns from Lt. John B. Tays' detachment in San Elizario for November and December 1877. Entries include the report in Lt. Tays' November return which reads "some trouble among the Mexicans on account of (Charles) Howard's arrival all quiet now".]
7. Monthly returns, 1878
[Records include monthly returns for Company C under Lt. George W. Arrington from February to December (October missing), and a detachment of Company C under Lt. John B. Tays in February and March and Lt. James A. Tays from April to November.]
8. Monthly returns, 1879
[Records include monthly returns for a detachment of Company C under Sgt. Marcus Ludwick from January to August and Lt. George W. Baylor from September to December.]
9. Monthly returns, 1880
[Records include monthly returns for Company C under Capt. George W. Arrington from January to November (February missing), and monthly returns from a detachment of Company C under Lt. George W. Baylor from January to July.]
10. Monthly returns, 1881
[Records include monthly returns for Company C under Capt. George W. Arrington from January to December.]
Oversize Folder
401-1249 11. 1882
Oversize Folder
401-1250 1. 1883
2. 1884
3. 1885
4. 1886
5. 1887
6. 1900
7. 1901
Monthly returns, Company D
Box Folder
401-1250 8. Monthly returns, 1874
[Records include monthly returns for Company D under Capt. Cicero Rufus Perry from June to December.]
9. Monthly returns, 1875
[Records include monthly returns for Company D under Lt. Daniel W. Roberts from January to December (May and July missing). Entries include a report of the movement of men in order to deal with the events of the Mason County War in March and September, as well as the hunt for Scott Cooley, a major player in the Mason County War in November.]
10. Monthly returns, 1876
[Records include monthly returns for Company D under Lt. Daniel W. Roberts from January to August and Lt. Frank M. Moore from September to December.]
11. Monthly returns, 1877
[Records include monthly returns for Company D under Lt. Frank M. Moore from January to August and Capt. Daniel W. Roberts from October to December.]
Box Folder
401-1251 1. Monthly returns, 1878
[Records include monthly returns for Company D under Capt. Daniel W. Roberts from February to April, August, November, and December.]
2. Monthly returns, 1879
[Records include monthly returns for Company D under Capt. Daniel W. Roberts from March to December.]
3. Monthly returns, 1880
[Records include monthly returns for Company D under Capt. Daniel W. Roberts from January to December.]
4. Monthly returns, 1881
[Records include monthly returns for Company D under Capt. Daniel W. Roberts from January to September and Lt. L.P. Sieker from October to December.]
Oversize Folder
401-1251 5. 1882
6. 1883
7. 1884
8. 1885
9. 1886
10. 1887
Oversize Folder
401-1252 1. 1888
2. 1889
3. 1890
4. 1891
5. 1892
6. 1893
7. 1894
8. 1895
9. 1896
10. 1897
Oversize Folder
401-1253 1. 1898
2. 1899
3. 1900
4. 1901
Oversize Folder
401-1239 1. 1899-1900
Monthly returns, Company E
Box Folder
401-1253 5. Monthly returns, 1874
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Capt. William J. Maltby from June to November.]
6. Monthly returns, 1874-1875
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Lt. B.S. Foster from February to December (June and July missing); a muster roll for Company E under Lt. Foster that gives a description of each man; a muster roll dated September 1875 that lists the value of each man's horse and depicts its brand; and weekly reports of Company E which are spreadsheets accounting for the number of men for a range of dates.]
7. Monthly returns, 1876
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Lt. B.S. Foster from January to June.]
8. Monthly returns, 1876
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Lt. B.S. Foster from July to December.]
9. Monthly returns, 1877
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Lt. B.S. Foster from January to May; monthly returns for June and July when Company E was attached to Company A under the command of Capt. Neal Coldwell; and monthly returns for the newly reformed Company E under Lt. N.O. Reynolds for September through December. Entries include the arrest of Sam Higgins (a participant in the Horrell-Higgins feud) and the escort of John Wesley Hardin to Comanche for trial in September; the escort of John Wesley Hardin to jail in Travis County in October; the arrest of Dell Dublin and escort of John Ringo in November; and the pursuit of Richard Dublin in December.]
10. Monthly returns, 1878
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Lt. N.O. Reynolds from January to December. Entries include the pursuit and death of Richard Dublin in January; the arrest of John Ringo in February; the arrest and escort of Dell Dublin as well as the escort of states witnesses in his trial in April and May; an account of the shootout, arrest, and death of Sam Bass in July; and the escort of John Wesley Hardin to prison in Huntsville in October.]
Box Folder
401-1254 1. Monthly returns, 1879
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Lt. N.O. Reynolds from January to July and Lt. C.L. Nevill from August to December. Arrest entries for November include Roll Dublin, Ruben Boyce, William Potter, and Black Burt for Stage Robbery.]
2. Monthly returns, 1880
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Lt. C.L. Nevill from January to December. Entries include the pursuit of Reuben Boyce after his escape from jail in January and the arrest of Jesse Evans in August for robbery and murder.]
3. Monthly returns, 1881
[Records include monthly returns for Company E under Lt. C.L. Nevill from January to August and October to December.]
Oversize Folder
401-1254 4-5. 1882
6-7. 1883
8-9. 1884
Oversize Folder
401-1255 1-2. 1885
3-4. 1886
5. 1887
6. 1891
7. 1892
8. 1893
9. 1894
10. 1895
Oversize Folder
401-1256 1. 1896
2. 1897
3. 1898
4. 1899
5. 1900
6. 1901
Oversize Folder
401-1239 2. 1894-1895, 1898
3. 1899-1900
Monthly returns, Company F
Box Folder
401-1256 7. Monthly returns, 1874
[Records include monthly returns for Company F under Capt. Neal Coldwell from June to December.]
8. Monthly returns, 1875
[Records include monthly returns for Company F under Capt. Neal Coldwell from January to May and July to December (Lt. Coldwell was demoted due to lack of funds on September 1st).]
9. Monthly returns, 1876
[Records include monthly returns for Company F under Lt. Neal Coldwell from January to August and Lt. Pat Dolan from September to December (November missing).]
10. Monthly returns, 1877
[Records include monthly returns for Company F under Lt. Pat Dolan from January to December.]
Box Folder
401-1257 1. Monthly returns, 1878
[Records include monthly returns for Company F under Capt. Pat Dolan from January to December (Dolan was promoted December 1877).]
2. Monthly returns, 1881
[Records include monthly returns for Company F under Capt. Thomas L. Oglesby from May to December.]
Oversize Folder
401-1257 3. 1882
4. 1883
5. 1884
6. 1885
7. 1886
8. 1887
9. 1888
10. 1889
Oversize Folder
401-1258 1. 1890
2. 1891
3. 1892
4. 1893
5. 1894
6. 1895
7. 1896
8. 1897
Oversize Folder
401-1259 1. 1898
2. 1899
3. 1900
4. 1901
Quartermaster records, 1874-1901, undated,
11.49 cubic ft.
These consist of quartermaster correspondence, requisitions, estimates of provisions needed, receipts, invoices, bills of lading, statements, expense accounts, ration returns, vouchers, abstracts, appropriations, etc. They comprise the various records of the Quartermaster of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1874-1901, and undated, including the following types of loose documents: letters and telegrams received by the Quartermaster; requisitions (for rations, for medical stores, for fuel, forage, and straw, etc.); estimates of provisions needed; receipts; invoices; bills of lading; statements; expense accounts; lists of rations on hand; accounts of public property expended, lost, and destroyed; requisitions of funds; etc. Records of ordnance—which are not very numerous—are included as well.
Maintained separately are the following types of documents, mostly on pre-printed forms: monthly ration returns; vouchers; and oversized quarterly abstracts of disbursements on account of frontier defense, abstracts of vouchers collected and paid on account of frontier defense, and accounts current.
There are nine letterpress books that contain copies of the outgoing correspondence of the quartermaster of the Frontier Battalion, 1883-1902, including John O. Johnson (1883-1885), L.P. Sieker (1885-1893 and 1899-1902), G.H. Wheatley (1893-1895), W.H. Owen (1895-1899), and E.M. Phelps (1899). Each volume contains an index.
There is a group of volumes labeled variously "Appropriations and Disbursements (of same)," or "Cash Book," or "Cash Book and Appropriations," etc., covering the period 1878 through 1899, covering all expenses of the Adjutant General's office, including frontier defense. The information contained in these volumes includes date, name, purpose, company, amount, and comments. Each volume is divided into sections (usually indicated by a table of contents at the beginning of the volume), such as frontier defense; handling and transportation of arms and ammunition; stationery, postage, and telegraph; tables, shelving, and furniture; incidental expenses; removing and guarding records and furniture saved from the burning of the Capitol; fees for commissions received; etc. One volume additionally lists officers commissioned (1893-1899) and Special Rangers appointed (1891-1899).
Two volumes list rations received by and issued to specific companies of the Frontier Battalion. One of them corresponds to Captain C.L. Nevill's and Captain J.T. Gillespie's Company E (1880-1886); this volume also tallies mules and horses issued to that company. The other volume contains ration accounts for Company F (1876-1878); the first two pages contain, in addition, an account of arms issued to that same company, 1876-1877.
One volume contains ordnance accounts for Lt. Pat Dolan's Company F, Frontier Battalion (1876-1879), including—in debit and credit format—date, purpose, and amount for each individual.
A volume labeled "Transfer Book, Col. A.E. Devine to Col. L.T. Rogers, February 1, 1907" contains items from both the Frontier Battalion and the Ranger Force. Among the former type of record are a register of vouchers for the Frontier Battalion (1893-1897), and corn/hay and beef accounts for Company F (1895-1897).
The volume which contains records of scouts for Captain Dolan's Company F (1876-1879) also includes a list of the type of gun each Ranger was issued, with the serial numbers of the Springfield rifles.
A volume labeled "Cash Book (cost of) Frontier Forces," 1874-1875, gives pay roll accounts and sundry accounts for the Webb County Frontier Men, the Nueces and Rio Grande Counties Frontier Men, and each company of the Frontier Battalion. Another volume contains cash accounts of the Frontier Battalion and the Special Force, 1879-1881, arranged by company.
There is a volume containing miscellaneous data, possibly all for Company A of the Frontier Battalion, May-June, 1874. This includes rations issued, brands of mules and horses, a memorandum of beef, cartridges issued to men on scouts, reports of Captain Waller's Company A, and soap issued.
A large, deteriorated volume contains quartermaster records, special orders, and circulars for various companies of the Frontier Battalion, 1879-1883.
A miscellaneous volume contains accounts current for the Frontier Battalion, 1883-1885, also broken down by company; a recapitulation of arrests (including a newspaper clipping of the same); and a memo of amounts paid.
"Volume No. 2 commencing 1882: Company A, Frontier Battalion" contains an index which also includes volume Number 1 (1877-1882). The miscellany incorporated into this volume includes an enlistment roll, a hay record, a cartridge record, a record of scouts (1883-1885), and an oath.
An unpaginated volume gives various accounts for both the Frontier Battalion (1897-1901) and the Ranger Force (1901-1906). For Companies B, C, D, and E (1897-1901), information includes: date, name, for what purpose (e.g., beef, oats, supplies, drugs, etc.), company, number (of voucher?), amount, to whom paid, and remarks. In addition, there is a list of pay accounts, 1901.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by several different types. Therein, most quartermaster records are arranged roughly chronologically, by year. Ration returns are arranged by year, then by company, then by month. Vouchers are arranged by year, then alphabetically within each year. Abstracts, letterpress books, and appropriations are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Quartermaster records
Box Folder
401-1161 6-12. 1874
13-20. 1875
21-22. 1876
23-24. 1877
25-27. 1878
28. 1878-1880
Box Folder
401-1162 1-6. 1879
7-11. 1880
12-17. 1881
18-25. 1882
Box Folder
401-1163 1-5. 1883
6-13. 1884
14-17. 1885
18-19. 1886
20-21. 1887
22-23. 1888
Box Folder
401-1164 1-3. 1889
4. 1890
5-7. 1891
8-11. 1892
12-19. 1893
20-23. 1894
Box Folder
401-1165 1-5. 1894
6-8. 1895
9-15. 1896
16-20. 1897
21-22. 1898
Box Folder
401-1166 1-4. 1898
5-13. 1899
14. 1900
15. 1900-1901, bulk 1900
16. undated
Ration returns
Box Folder
401-1166 17. 1874
18. 1876
19. 1877
20. 1878
21-22. 1879
23-24. 1880
25-26. 1881
Box Folder
401-1167 1-2. 1882
3-4. 1883
5-6. 1884
7-8. 1885
9-10. 1886
11-12. 1887
13. 1888
14. 1889
15. 1890
16. 1891
17. 1892
18. 1893
Box Folder
401-1168 1-2. 1894
3-4. 1895
5-6. 1896
7-8. 1897
9-10. 1898
11-12. 1899
13-14. 1900
15. 1901
Vouchers
Box Folder
401-1168 16-21. A-D, 1874
Box Folder
401-1169 1-27. E-Z, 1874
Box Folder
401-1170 1-24. 1875
Box Folder
401-1171 1-15. 1876
16-24. 1877
25-27. A-G, 1878
Box Folder
401-1172 1-11. H-Y, 1878
12-21. 1879
Box Folder
401-1173 1-9. 1880
10-17. 1881
18-24. 1882
Box Folder
401-1174 1-17. 1883
18-21. A-C, 1884
Box Folder
401-1175 1-19. D-W, 1884
Box Folder
401-1176 1-11. 1885
12-19. 1886
20-21. A-H, 1887
Box Folder
401-1177 1-6. J-Y, 1887
7-8. 1888
9-14. 1889
15. 1890
16-19. 1891
20-24. 1892
Box Folder
401-1178 1-5. 1893
6-10. 1894
11-12. 1895
13-17. 1896
18-19. 1897
20-24. 1898
Box Folder
401-1179 1-6. 1899
7-11. 1900
12. 1901
Abstracts
Oversize Folder
401-1244 9. 1875
10. 1876
11. 1877
12. 1878-1880
13. 1882
14. 1883
Oversize Folder
401-1245 1-2. 1884
3. 1885
4. 1886
5. 1887-1888
6. 1889-1890
7. 1891-1892
8. 1893-1895
9. 1895-1897
Outgoing correspondence (Letterpress books)
Volume
401-1105 August 22, 1883-May 3, 1886
Volume
401-1106 May 3, 1886-June 6, 1887
Volume
401-1107 June 14, 1887-March 28, 1890
Volume
401-1108 March 29, 1890-September 2, 1891
Volume
401-1109 September 3, 1891-January 19, 1893
Volume
401-1110 February 3, 1893-February 19, 1895
Volume
401-1111 February 21, 1895-January 23, 1899
Volume
401-1112 February 6, 1899-January 8, 1901
Volume
401-1113 January 10, 1901-September 4, 1902
Appropriations
Volume
401-1089 September 1, 1878-February 28, 1887
Volume
401-1090 1881-1885
[Supplement.]
Volume
401-1091 March 1, 1887-January 23, 1891
Volume
401-1092 January 23, 1891-February 28, 1893
Volume
401-1093 1891-1899
Ration accounts
Volume
401-1086 Company E, 1880-1886
Volume
401-1087 Company F, 1876-1878
Other quartermaster records
Oversize Folder
401-1244 8. Oversized quartermaster records, 1874
Oversize Folder
401-1238 6. Property returns, 1874-1875
[Records include property returns from quartermaster Capt. Martin M. Kenney for companies "A" through "F."]
Volume
401-1088 Ordnance account book, Company F, 1876-1879
Volume
401-1103 Transfer book: register of vouchers, 1893-1897
Volume
401-1097 Record of scouts, Company F, 1876-1879
Volume
401-1094 Cash book, Frontier Forces, 1874-1875
Volume
401-1095 Cash book, Special Force/Frontier Battalion, 1879-1881
Volume
401-1099 Frontier Battalion, miscellaneous: 1874
Volume
401-1119 Frontier Battalion, miscellaneous: 1879-1883
Volume
401-1102 Frontier Battalion, miscellaneous: accounts, arrests, 1883-1885
Volume
401-1101 Frontier Battalion, miscellaneous: Company A, 1882-1885
Volume
401-1080 Frontier Battalion/Ranger accounts, 1897-1901
Claims jackets, 1874-1877, 1881, 1899, bulk 1875,
0.4 cubic ft.
These records consist of the jacket covers to pay vouchers for members of the Frontier Battalion, which at some time were removed from documents that are now located mostly in the Service records series of the Adjutant General's records. They date 1874-1877, 1881, and 1899 (with the bulk dating 1875). They have been retained because they occasionally supply additional information concerning these men's service.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly alphabetically by last name of the claimant, or, in the case of multiple claimants, of the first name on the list.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Claims jackets, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Claims jackets, 1874-1877, 1881, 1899, bulk 1875
Box Folder
401-1193 1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D-F
5. G
6. H
7. I-J
8. L
9. M
10. N
11. O-P
12. R
13. S
14. T-V
15-16. W
17. Miscellaneous
Transcripts and notes, 1873-1901,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of copies of documents dating 1873-1901, mainly typed transcripts, including Frontier Battalion correspondence, muster rolls, pay rolls, and other documents, plus various notes on the Frontier Battalion compiled at some unknown time.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Transcripts and notes, Frontier Battalion records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Transcripts, notes
Box Folder
401-1193 18. 1873-1879
19. 1880-1899
20. 1874-1901

Return to the Table of Contents




Ranger Force records, 1901-1962, undated, bulk 1901-1918,
9.27 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Ranger Force of the State of Texas. These records consist of correspondence, scout reports, monthly returns, lists of rangers, printed matter, and quartermaster records, comprising the records of the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1962, and undated, bulk 1901-1918. Most of these records predate 1918, and only a very few date after 1935, when the Ranger Force was transferred from the Adjutant General's office to the newly-created Texas Department of Public Safety.
The correspondence consists of incoming and (especially) outgoing correspondence concerning the Ranger Force, particularly copies of letters sent by the quartermaster. They date 1902-1962, and undated, bulk 1917-1923. Most items deal with very routine matters; the Ranger correspondence for 1917 is a notable exception, containing letters concerning Special Ranger commissions, pensions, etc. Also included with the Ranger correspondence are a small number of newspaper clippings. There is one large, fragile volume that contains general orders from June 24, 1870, through January 8, 1912; besides the Ranger Force, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented. In addition, there is one letterpress book containing copies of a small amount of the outgoing correspondence of Colonel L.P. Sieker, Quartermaster General (January 13-March 4, 1905), plus some of E.M. Phelps (October 12, 1906). Finally, there is an unbound scrapbook containing newspaper clippings apparently compiled by the Department of Public Safety in the first three years of its existence, 1935-1937. The articles clipped deal with the Texas Rangers and also with activities of the Department of Public Safety.
The scout reports conducted by members of the Ranger Force date 1901-1917 and undated. Most of these were removed from the monthly returns, although some are still attached to the returns themselves. As with the reports of the Frontier Battalion, many of these documents have no identifying notations as to company, year, or sometimes even month; the folder specifies in which return they were found.
The monthly returns of the companies of the Ranger Force date 1901-1918. Information contained on these returns includes: station, date, number of officers and men present and absent (by status and by rank), alterations since the last monthly report, numbers of horses and mules, and remarks; a return of the number, description, and condition of public property, and the increase/decrease in public property; reports of scouts and arrests; and a recapitulation of arrests made in the month (including date of arrest, name of prisoner, charge, by whom arrested, where arrested, and disposition made of prisoner). Loose documents that were previously filed with these returns are now maintained separately, including mainly reports of scouts, but also ration returns, correspondence, and quartermaster records.
There are two enlistment logs, plus various lists of Rangers/Special Rangers/Loyalty Rangers, dating 1902-1938, and undated.
The printed matter consists of printed general orders, legislation, and pamphlets associated with the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1923, 1961, and undated.
The quartermaster records consist of expense accounts, receipts, invoices, freight bills, and other records of supplies and services purchased, plus ration returns and vouchers. They comprise the quartermaster records of the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1939, bulk 1901-1915. In addition, there are nine volumes containing quartermaster records.
Organization
These records are organized into six subseries:
Correspondence, 1901-1962, undated, bulk 1917-1923, 0.95 cubic ft.
Scout reports, 1901-1917, undated, 1.01 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1901-1918, 4.06 cubic ft.
Lists of Rangers, 1902-1938, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
Printed matter, 1901-1923, 1961, undated, 0.05 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1901-1939, bulk 1901-1915, 2.98 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed, portions of many 20th century governors' records concern the Texas Rangers and related matters.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Ranger Force military rolls, 1901-1910, 1913-1914, undated, 2.24 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Regular Rangers service records, 1855-1861, 1901-1935, bulk 1901-1935, 7.5 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Special Rangers service records, 1916-1934, 22.5 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Loyalty Rangers service records, 1918, 2.5 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Railroad Rangers service records, 1922-1935, 8 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State fugitive records, 1837-1965, bulk 1875-1915, 83.13 cubic ft. (originals), 13 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Ranger Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115, 1976/048, 1978/126, 1980/240, and unknown others
On February 21, 1934, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives "Letters, Q.M.C., Rangers Force, 1905." On February 20, 1962, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives ("some Ranger records"). On December 3, 1975, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives a sizable amount of Ranger Force records, including monthly returns and ration returns (1912-1915), vouchers, receipts for expenses, scout reports, and miscellaneous correspondence. On June 16, 1978, the Texas Department of Public Safety transferred another group of monthly returns and ration returns (1913-1919), plus 10 volumes. Finally, on July 15, 1980, the Texas Department of Public Safety transferred a box of newspaper clippings.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Correspondence, 1901-1962, undated, bulk 1917-1923,
0.95 cubic ft.
These records include correspondence, military orders, and newspaper clippings, dating 1901-1962 and undated, bulk 1917-1923. The correspondence consists of incoming and (especially) outgoing correspondence concerning the Ranger Force, particularly copies of letters sent by the quartermaster. They date 1902-1962, and undated, bulk 1917-1923. Most items deal with very routine matters; the Ranger correspondence for 1917 is a notable exception, containing letters concerning Special Ranger commissions, pensions, etc. Also included with the Ranger correspondence are a small number of newspaper clippings.
There is one large, fragile volume that contains general orders from June 24, 1870 through January 8, 1912, some handwritten but most pasted down. Besides the Ranger Force, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented: State Police, State Guard, Reserve Militia, Frontier Forces, Frontier Battalion, Texas Volunteer Guard, and Texas National Guard.
In addition, there is one letterpress book containing about 25 pages, copies of a small amount of the outgoing correspondence of Colonel L.P. Sieker, Quartermaster General (January 13-March 4, 1905), plus some of E.M. Phelps (October 12, 1906).
Finally, there is an unbound scrapbook containing newspaper clippings apparently compiled by the Department of Public Safety in the first three years of its existence, 1935-1937. The articles clipped deal with the Texas Rangers and also with activities of the Department of Public Safety.
For the bulk of substantive correspondence concerning the Ranger Force, the researcher should consult the Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence.
Arrangement
The loose records are arranged roughly chronologically, by year.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Ranger Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. The large volume of general orders is also very fragile. Therefore these may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Correspondence
Box Folder
401-1183 1. 1902
2. 1903
3. 1904
4. 1905
5. 1906
6. 1907
7. 1908
8. 1909
9. 1910-1913
10. 1914
11. 1915
12. 1916
13-21. 1917
22-24. 1918
25-31. 1919
Box Folder
401-1184 1-4. 1920
5-7. 1921
8-14. 1922
15-17. 1923
18. 1924
19. 1925
20. 1926
21. 1927
22. 1928
23. 1929-1932
24. 1947-1948, 1950-1951, 1962
25. undated
Volume
401-1114 Letterpress book, Quartermaster, Ranger Force, 1905-1906
Volume
401-984 General orders, 1901-1912
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1912, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Box
1980/240 Department of Public Safety newspaper clippings, 1935-1937
Scout reports, 1901-1917, undated,
1.01 cubic ft.
These records consist of loose reports of scouts conducted by members of the Ranger Force between 1901 and 1917, and undated. Most of these were removed from the monthly returns, although some are still attached to the returns themselves. As with the reports of the Frontier Battalion, many of these documents have no identifying notations as to company, year, or sometimes even month; the folder specifies in which return they were found. Generally fragile, the most deteriorated of these reports have been pieced together and photocopied for preservation of their content.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Scout reports, Ranger Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Scout reports, Company A
Box Folder
401-1186 1. 1901
2. 1902
3-4. 1903
5. 1904
6. 1905
7. 1906
8. 1907-1908
9. 1908
10. 1909-1911
11. 1911
12. 1912
13-15. 1914
16. 1915
17. 1916 [?]
Scout reports, Company B
Box Folder
401-1186 18. 1901
19. 1902-1904
20. 1902
21. 1904
22. 1908
23. 1909
24. 1910
25. 1911
26. 1912
27. 1913
28. 1914
29. 1915
30. 1916
31. 1917
Scout reports, Company C
Box Folder
401-1187 1-2. 1901
3. 1902-1904
4-6. 1902
7-9. 1903
10-12. 1904
13-14. 1905
15-16. 1906
17. 1907-1908
18-19. 1907
20. 1908
21. 1909
22. 1910
23. 1911
24. 1915
Scout reports, Company D
Box Folder
401-1188 1. 1902
2. 1906
3. 1907-1908
4. 1910
5. 1911
6-7. 1915
8. 1917
9. undated
Monthly returns, 1901-1918,
4.06 cubic ft.
These records consist of oversized monthly returns of the companies of the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1918. Information contained on these returns includes: station, date, number of officers and men present and absent (by status and by rank), alterations since the last monthly report, numbers of horses and mules, and remarks; a return of the number, description, and condition of public property, and the increase/decrease in public property; reports of scouts and arrests; and a recapitulation of arrests made in the month (including date of arrest, name of prisoner, charge, by whom arrested, where arrested, and disposition made of prisoner). Loose documents that were previously filed with these returns are now maintained separately, including mainly reports of scouts, but also ration returns, correspondence, and quartermaster records. Some of the returns have two copies.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and then chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Ranger Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Monthly returns, Company A
Oversize Folder
401-1259 5. 1901
6. 1902
7. 1903
8. 1904
9. 1905
10. 1906
Oversize Folder
401-1260 1. 1907
2. 1908
Oversize Folder
401-1239 4. 1908
Oversize Folder
401-1260 3. 1909
4. 1910
5. 1911
6. 1912
7. 1913-1914, bulk 1914
8. 1915
Monthly returns, Company B
Oversize Folder
401-1260 9. 1901
10. 1902
11. 1903
Oversize Folder
401-1261 1. 1904
2. 1905
3. 1906
4. 1907
5. 1908
6. 1909
7. 1910
8. 1911
9-10. 1912
11. 1913
12-13. 1914
Oversize Folder
401-1262 1. 1915
2. 1916
3. 1917-1918
Monthly returns, Company C
Oversize Folder
401-1262 4. 1901
5. 1902
Oversize Folder
401-1239 5. 1902
Oversize Folder
401-1262 6-7. 1903
8. 1904
9. 1905
10. 1906
Oversize Folder
401-1263 1. 1907
Oversize Folder
401-1239 5. 1906-1907
Oversize Folder
401-1263 2. 1908
3. 1909
4. 1910
Oversize Folder
401-1239 6. 1908-1910
Oversize Folder
401-1263 5. 1911
6. 1912
7. 1913
8. 1914
9-10. 1915
Monthly returns, Company D
Oversize Folder
401-1264 1. 1901
2. 1902
3. 1903
4. 1904
5. 1905
6. 1906
7. 1907
8. 1908
9. 1909
10. 1910-1911, bulk 1910
11. 1915
12. 1918
Monthly returns, Company E
Oversize Folder
401-1264 13. 1917-1918
Monthly returns, Company F
Oversize Folder
401-1264 14. 1918
Monthly returns, Company G
Oversize Folder
401-1264 14. 1917
Lists of Rangers, 1902-1938, undated,
0.2 cubic ft.
These records consist of two enlistment logs, plus various lists of Rangers/Special Rangers/Loyalty Rangers, dating 1902-1938, and undated.
The enlistment logs are two volumes that give enlistment data on Regular Rangers, Special Rangers, and Railroad Rangers (1919-1938), including Cattle Raisers Association Special Rangers/Inspectors (1919 and 1933-1938). The data includes the following: date of discharge/transfer/resignation, rank, name, date of enlistment, and (for Special Rangers) city or town of residence. The index on page 1 of each volume includes the names of the railroad companies that were assigned Rangers.
The loose lists include the following:
  • A list of Rangers with enlistment dates between 1916 and 1917. Information on this list includes date of enlistment, name, occupation, address, age, marital status (for some), plus a color coding for sheriffs, railroad [rangers], and mayors.
  • A list of inspectors for the Cattle Raisers Association who were Rangers without pay, dated September 25, 1918, giving name and address; also, a list of regular Rangers by company, dated September 22, 1920, giving name, rank, pay, and station.
  • An undated list stating "The following now hold commissions as Special Rangers," giving name, rank, and occupation. This list was paired with the following list, and therefore probably post-dates 1919.
  • A list stating "These Special Rangers had their commissions revoked January 15, 1919, and as yet none have been reappointed"; information includes name, occupation, and town.
  • An undated list of Loyalty Rangers, giving name, town, and county.
  • Two different lists of Loyalty Rangers, arranged by county, giving county, name, post office address, telegraphic address, phone, and by whom recommended.
Arrangement
The enlistment logs are arranged roughly chronologically, and then by company or railroad. The loose lists are arranged roughly chronologically, with entries in each list generally arranged alphabetically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Lists of Rangers, Ranger Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1978/126, and unknown others
The two enlistment logs were transferred to the Archives Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Department of Public Safety on June 16, 1978. Accession data on the other lists is unknown.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Lists of Rangers
Box Folder
401-1188 10. Rangers, 1916-1917
11. Rangers, 1918, 1920
12. Special Rangers, 1919 [?]
13. Ex-Special Rangers, 1919
14. Loyalty Rangers (alphabetical), undated
15-16. Loyalty Rangers (by county), undated
17. Other lists, 1899/1902-1910, 1909, 1913, 1932
Enlistment logs
Volume
401-1115 1919-1933
Volume
401-1116 1933-1938
Printed matter, 1901-1923, 1961, undated,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of printed general orders, legislation, and pamphlets associated with the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1923, 1961, and undated.
There are five General Orders (1901, 1911, 1915, and 1917), all publications of the Act of the 27th Legislature "to provide for the organization of a Ranger Force." There is one circular (1909) concerning pensions.
Pamphlets include the following: a copy of Rule and Regulations governing the Ranger Force (1919); a booklet compiled by Fred R. Rymer, entitled The Story of the Texas Rangers: Excerpts from the book by Walter Prescott Webb, undated [post-1935]; a pamphlet published by the Texas Department of Public Safety, The Texas Ranger (1961); and a poem by Pierre Bernard Hill, a Ranger chaplain, "The Ranger's Prayer" (undated).
Finally, there is a 106-page bound typescript compilation of "Ranger Laws" (undated), covering laws enacted between 1823 and 1923.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Printed matter, Ranger Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Box Folder
401-1184 26. General orders, 1901, 1911, 1915, 1917
27. Miscellaneous printed matter, 1919, 1961, undated
28. Blank forms
29. Ranger laws, undated
Quartermaster records, 1901-1939, bulk 1901-1915,
2.98 cubic ft.
These records consist of expense accounts, receipts, invoices, freight bills, and other records of supplies and services purchased, plus ration returns and vouchers. They comprise the quartermaster records of the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1939, bulk 1901-1915.
Ration returns and vouchers are maintained separately from the other quartermaster records.
In addition, there are nine volumes containing quartermaster records, most of them transferred to the State Archives by the Department of Public Safety on June 16, 1978.
One volume labeled "Transfer Book, Col. A.E. Devine to Col. L.T. Rogers, February 1, 1907" contains items from both the Frontier Battalion and the Ranger Force. Among the latter type of record are quartermaster issues and ordnance issues (both from 1906), and a list of quartermaster supplies returned from Camp Mabry (December 1905).
One volume contains Ranger accounts for 1906-1919, giving the following information: date, name, company, for what (e.g., payroll, incidental expenses, supplies, telephone messages, etc.), voucher number, and amount.
One volume lists Ranger accounts (such as salaries and supplies) for 1919 (pages 1-83), plus ordnance accounts for 1919-1933 (pages 254-300).
Three volumes consist of Ranger accounts for 1919-1922 and 1926-1931, divided into the following areas: salary, subsistence, forage, ammunition, transportation, telephone and telegraph, rent, fuel, lights, water, horseshoeing, and auto upkeep. A table of contents inside the front cover serves as a guide.
Three volumes constitute Account Journals for the Ranger Force (1919-1939), arranged chronologically, including the following information: date, voucher number, rank, name, account (e.g., payroll, forage, subsistence 7 men, etc.), company, warrant number, and amount. The amount is listed under one of a series of columns, including: salary, subsistence, forage, travel allowance, transportation, rent, telephone and telegraph, horseshoeing, auto expense, camp equipment, express and freight, stamps and stationery, or ammunition.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of document, and therein roughly chronologically. Ration returns are arranged by year, then by company, and then by month; vouchers are arranged roughly chronologically, by year.
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Ranger Force records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1976/048, 1978/126, and unknown others
On February 21, 1934, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives "Letters, Q.M.C., Rangers Force, 1905." On December 3, 1975, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives a sizable amount of Ranger Force records, including ration returns (1912-1915), vouchers, receipts for expenses. On June 16, 1978, the Texas Department of Public Safety transferred another group of ration returns (1913-1919), plus 10 volumes.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Tiffany Criswell, April 2017
Quartermaster records
Box Folder
401-1188 18-19. 1901
20-26. 1902
27-31. 1903
Box Folder
401-1189 1-3. 1904
4. 1905
5-9. 1906
10-12. 1907
13. 1908
14. 1909
15. 1910-1911
16. 1914-1915, bulk 1915
17. 1916-1917, bulk 1917
18. 1918-1920, 1922, bulk 1918
Ration returns
Box Folder
401-1189 19. 1901
20-21. 1902
22-23. 1903
24-25. 1904
26-27. 1905
28-29. 1906
Box Folder
401-1190 1-2. 1907
3-4. 1908
5-6. 1909
7-8. 1910
9. 1911
10-11. 1912
12. 1913
13-14. 1914
15. 1915
Vouchers
Box Folder
401-1190 16. 1901
17-21. 1902
Box Folder
401-1191 1-5. 1903
6-8. 1904
9-10. 1905
11-13. 1906
14-16. 1907
Box Folder
401-1192 1. 1908
[Records include vouchers for transportation, arms, subsistence, rent, telegrams, telephone service, medical bills, supplies, and company expenses for James Lockhart and Captains Frank Johnson, J.H. Rogers, and Tom M. Ross' companies. Records also include vouchers for Pacific Express Company shipping to Capt. Frank Johnson in Weatherford, for forage from Marks Grain Company in Austin, for ordnance from Walter Tips in Austin, for veterinary costs from Swift & Biebel, and for attending the trial of R.O. Kenley in Houston.]
2. 1908
[Records include vouchers for transportation, ordnance, telegrams, telephone service, forage, subsistence, and supplies for Capt John R. Hughes, Capt. Frank Johnson, and other Ranger leaders. Records also include vouchers for firearms from Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company, for Pacific Express Company shipping to Capt. Frank Johnson, for forage from Marks Grain Company in Austin, and for ordnance from Walter Tips in Austin.]
3. 1908
[Records include vouchers for transportation, subsistence, supplies, and company pay for Capt. R. Hughes and Capt. J.H. Rogers' companies. Records also include vouchers for ordnance from Walter Tips in Austin.]
4. 1908
[Records include vouchers for transportation, subsistence, forage, and supplies for James Lockhart and Captains John R. Hughes, J.H. Rogers, and Tom M. Ross' companies. Records also include a voucher for Adjutant General J.O. Newton's travel expenses "incurred in investigation of charges against Rangers J.D. Dunaway and Sam McKenzie."]
5. 1909
[Records include vouchers for transportation, subsistence, forage, and supplies for Captains John R. Hughes, J.H. Rogers, and John B. Watson's companies. Records also include vouchers for ordnance from Walter Tips in Austin and for arms from Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company.]
6. 1909
[Records include vouchers for transportation, subsistence, forage, supplies, telephone service, and other Ranger expenses for Captains John R. Hughes, J.H. Rogers, and Tom M. Ross' companies. Records also include vouchers for arms from Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company, for ordnance from Walter Tips in Austin, and for a Bates numbering machine and a Bates dating machine shipped to Adjutant General J.O. Newton in Austin from Clarke & Courts in Galveston.]
7. 1910
[Records include vouchers for telegrams, transportation, telephone service, forage, medical and surgical service, supplies, and ordnance for Adjutant General J.O. Newton and Captains M.E. Bailey, Frank Johnson, and J.H. Rogers' companies. Records also include vouchers for ordnance from Walter Tips in Austin and for a month of room, board, treatment, and nursing for a Ranger at the Works Sanitarium in Brownsville.]
8. 1910
[Records include vouchers for subsistence, forage, supplies transportation, telegrams, telephone service, and miscellaneous Ranger expenses for Captains John R. Hughes, Frank Johnson, and J.H. Rogers. Records also include vouchers for arms from Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company, for ordnance from Walter Tips in Austin, and for forage from Marks Grain Company in Austin.]
9. 1910
[Records include vouchers for transportation, subsistence, forage, and supplies for George Buchanan, Murphy Walker, and Captains J.H. Rogers and Tom M. Ross' companies. Records also include vouchers for Adjutant General J.O. Newton's travel expenses from Austin to Brownsville and back and for Adjutant General Department salaries for January 1910.]
10. 1913
[Records include vouchers for forage, transportation, rations, postage, ordnance, and special services rendered for Emmett E. Walker; assistant Adjutant General E.R. York; and Captains J.M. Fox, John R. Hughes, and J.J. Sanders.]
11. 1914
[Records include vouchers for arms, transportation , subsistence, forage, supplies, and telegrams for J.B. Watson and Captains J.M. Fox, John R. Hughes, and J.J. Sanders' companies. Records also include vouchers for doctors examining the body of Clemente Vergara in Laredo.]
12. 1914
[Records include vouchers for horses, transportation, subsistence, forage, supplies, special services rendered, and miscellaneous Ranger expenses for John B. Watson and Captains J.M. Fox, John R. Hughes, and J.J. Sanders' companies. Records also include a list of travel expenses approved by assistant quartermaster general Emmett E. Walker and vouchers for J.J. Sanders' travel to Laredo to examine Clemente Vergara's body and for Henry Hutchings for expenses "incurred at Laredo and Eagle Pass in the suppression of lawlessness and crime."]
13. 1915, 1918
[Records include vouchers for company pay and miscellaneous Ranger expenses for Capt. J.J. Sanders' company.]
Ranger accounts
Volume
401-1120 1906-1919
Volume
401-1117 1919-1933
Volume
401-1121 1919-1920
Volume
401-1122 1920-1922
Volume
401-1123 1926-1931
Ranger account journals
Volume
401-1137 1919-1921
Volume
401-1138 1923-1931
Volume
401-1139 1931-1939
Other
Volume
401-1103 Transfer book: Quartermaster and ordnance issues, 1905-1907

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Transcripts and notes, 1852-1975,
0.05 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the various military, militia, and ranger units of the Republic and of the State of Texas. These records consist of transcripted copies of documents and notes concerning Texas Rangers over the course of their history. The originals from which the copies were made date 1852-1975. An example is a 28-page alphabetical list of Texas Rangers, 1854-1935, giving name, rank, unit, and date of service.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Transcripts and notes, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: unknown
Accession records are too incomplete to determine when these records were transferred.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Box Folder
401-1193 21-22. Transcripts, notes, 1852-1975
23. Lists of Texas Rangers and stations, 1854-1935

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Records of State claims against the United States, 1871-1890,
0.12 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the various military, militia, and ranger units of the Republic and of the State of Texas. These records consist of correspondence and copies of correspondence, memoranda, and copies of legislation, all of which document the progress of the claims that the State of Texas made against the United States government for frontier protection. These claims were pursued between 1871 and 1890, under the aegis of various state and federal laws, for service both before and after the Civil War. The persons involved in this series of claims include State of Texas officials (Governor Edmund J. Davis, the State Comptroller, the State Treasurer, the President of the Senate, Texas Secretary of State James P. Newcomb as agent for the claims), and federal officials (the Secretary of War, the Quartermaster of the U.S., the Second Comptroller of the U.S., U.S. Representative J.D. Sayers). Many of the pre-Civil War Ranger records previously described, such as powers of attorney and quartermaster records, were forwarded to the federal government in support of these claims, stamped "War Department, 1871" (plus file numbers), and subsequently returned to the state when processed. The letters from the 1880s in this group are also typically stamped, for example, "War Department, 1885"; or "Quartermaster General, March 1886"; or "State War Claims, December 1886."
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Texas Ranger (pre-Civil War) military rolls, 1846-1861, 4.57 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Provisional State Troops military rolls, 1871, 0.05 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Frontier Forces military rolls, 1870-1873, undated, bulk 1870-1871, 0.97 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Minute Men military rolls, 1872-1877, bulk 1872-1874, 3.36 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Texas Ranger military rolls, 1873-1874, 0.69 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Frontier Battalion military rolls, 1874-1901, 8.76 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Frontier Forces service records, 1870-1871, 0.5 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Frontier Battalion service records, 1874-1901, bulk 1874-1898, 19 cubic ft.
Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, [ca. 1917]-[ca. 1972], 3.53 cubic ft. (This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives.) [There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection, other than index cards in the Texas State Archives search room. However, Stephens' book (listed below) may serve as a kind of index. Call numbers are 1972/140-1 thru 8.]
Publications
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of State claims against the United States, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: unknown
Accession records are too incomplete to determine when these records were transferred.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Folder-level description by Lauren Davis, June 2018
Records of State claims
Box Folder
401-1194 1. Records of State claims, 1871
[Records include correspondence to and from Governor Edmund J. Davis concerning funds due Texas from the United States government for frontier defense that had initially been requested in 1860 but were refused due to a belief that Texas would secede.]
2. Records of State claims, 1871
[Records include an act authorizing Governor Edmund J. Davis to receive the funds owed Texas by the United States government; an act in which Gov. Davis names Secretary of State James P. Newcomb as his agent in the pursuit of repayment; a letter from Newcomb to the secretary of the treasury requesting payment; and a supporting document which lists how Ranger companies had been paid up to this point.]
3. Records of State claims, 1871
[Records include envelopes and scraps of paper separated from their original context concerning Ranger companies and their financial claims.]
4. Records of State claims, 1872-1877
[Records include a bill that assigned three commissioners to the case of the state of Texas in order to ascertain the amount that Texas is owed; a motion calling on the secretary of war to explain why Texas has not been paid; letters dealing with the case; and a memorandum from the United States Comptroller's Office that details why Texas is not owed money for 1860 and that the burden of proof is on Texas to show that frontier defense was necessary after 1870.]
5. 1885-1886
6. 1889-1890

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Records concerning federal Ranger pensions, 1908-1932, undated,
0.12 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the various military, militia, and ranger units of the Republic and of the State of Texas. These records consist of various documents relating to federal pensions awarded to Texas Rangers between 1908 and 1932, and undated, including the following types of records:
  • Printed copies of federal and state legislative documents:
    • Act of Congress of May 30, 1908 (in Circular No. 3);
    • H.R. 13048, 63rd Congress, 2nd Session (1914);
    • H.R. 655, 64th Congress, 1st Session (1916);
    • Correspondence relative to the construction of the Act of March 4, 1917 relating to Texas Rangers, furnished to the Committee on Pensions, 65th Congress, 2nd Session (1918);
    • H.R. 4, 67th Congress (1922);
    • H.R. 12532, 69th Congress (1927);
    • Senate Bill (S.B.) 287, 41st Legislature (1929);
    • H.J. Resolution 343, 70th Congress (1929);
    • Hearing before the Subcommittee on Pensions, House of Representatives, 72nd Congress, 1st Session (1932)—an 81-page booklet;
  • memoranda and instructions concerning the administration of claims (1908, 1918, 1922);
  • lists of Ranger organizations accepted—and rejected—as pensionable under the acts of 1908 and 1927;
  • various correspondence between the Bureau of Pensions of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the Texas State Archivist (1924 and 1929), including a four-page list of pensioners; and
  • a typical file of pension correspondence, between applicant Walter "Pete" Calloway and various state and federal officials (U.S. Senator Morris Sheppard, Adjutants General Henry Hutchings and James A. Harley, Commissioners of the Bureau of Pensions, and U.S. Representative John A. Key), 1917-1918.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, 1835-1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 131.25 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935, 190.5 cubic ft.
Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, [ca. 1917]-[ca. 1972], 3.53 cubic ft. (This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives.) [There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection, other than index cards in the Texas State Archives search room. However, Stephens' book (listed below) may serve as a kind of index. Call numbers are 1972/140-1 thru 8.]
Publications
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records concerning federal Ranger pensions, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: unknown
Accession records are too incomplete to determine when these records were transferred.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Records concerning federal Ranger pensions
Box Folder
401-1194 7. 1908-1918
8. 1922-1929
9. 1928-1932
10. undated
11-12. Correspondence concerning the pension of W.P. Calloway, 1917-1918

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Ranger reminiscences, 1937,
0.13 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the various military, militia, and ranger units of the Republic and of the State of Texas. These records consist of personal reminiscences, both manuscript and typescript, of seven ex-Rangers; these brief memoirs were solicited by Harriet Smither, Texas State Archivist, in April and May 1937. The periods of service of the men who responded to her request range from "after the Civil War" to after 1927. These are the dates that appear below in parentheses after each man's name.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Ranger reminiscences, Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: unknown
These brief memoirs were solicited by Harriet Smither, Texas State Archivist, in April and May 1937.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, May 1988
Ranger reminiscences, 1937
Box Folder
401-1234 8. Ellington, G.W. (1874)
9-10. Holston, J. Willis (1883-1885)
11. Kimbell, R.G. (1878-1881)
12. McPeeters, H.T. (post-Civil War)
13. Roberts, William B. (ca. 1868-1869)
14. Secrest, R.Y. (1927-?)
15. Taylor, J.H. (1874-1875)

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