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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

National Guard of Texas Historical Sketch

Thirty-Sixth Division Historical Sketch

Ninetieth Division Historical Sketch

Frank S. Tillman Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Thirty-Sixth Division papers, 1917-1936, undated,

Ninetieth Division papers, 1920, 1939,

Texas Participation in World War I printed materials, 1915-1920, 1928,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Frank S. Tillman:

An Inventory of the Frank S. Tillman Collection at the Texas State Archives, 1915-1939, undated



Overview

Creator: Tillman, Frank S., 1888-1939
Title: Frank S. Tillman collection
Dates: 1915-1939, undated
Abstract: The Frank S. Tillman collection contains printed material, diaries, rosters, lists of wartime deaths, and assorted material produced between 1915 and 1939, documenting and describing the participation of Texas soldiers in World War I. The material, created by both participants and commentators of the events they describe, concerns the recruitment, composition, training, transportation, combat service, casualties, occupation duties, and demobilization of Texas soldiers and military units between 1917 and 1919. The bulk of the collection concerns the Thirty-Sixth Division while the remainder deals with the Ninetieth Division, the Adjutant General of Texas, and other Texas soldiers. Major Frank S. Tillman was a veteran of the Thirty-Sixth Division. Rosters and diaries for the Thirty-Sixth Division and lists of the dead described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive.
Quantity: 0.83 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in part with funds provided by the Texas Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board for the Texas Archival Resources Online project.

National Guard of Texas Historical Sketch

The National Guard of Texas was mustered into federal service on August 5, 1917, for service in Europe during World War I. The majority of Texas guardsmen became members of the Thirty-Sixth Division. Texas national guardsmen were also a part of the 117th Supply Train of the Forty-Second "Rainbow" Division, the first National Guard division to go overseas.

(Sources include: Olson, Bruce A. "Texas National Guard," Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 21, 2017.)

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Thirty-Sixth Division Historical Sketch

The Thirty-Sixth Division was organized in August and September 1917 from National Guard organizations in Texas and Oklahoma. It trained at Camp Bowie in Fort Worth, Texas, from October 1917 to July 1918 under the command of Major General E. St. John Greble. The division traveled to France in July and August 1918, where its command was transferred to Major General William R. Smith. The Thirty-Sixth Division successfully participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive in October 4-28, 1918. It fought around the area north of Blanc Mont, advancing a total of 21 kilometers to the hills south of the Aisne River before being relieved by a French division. The Thirty-Sixth Division returned to the United States between February and June 1919 and its sub-units were demobilized at Camp Bowie at various times between March and June 1919. The division's veterans held reunions at Fort Worth, Texas, in 1933 and 1934.

(Sources include: Dawson III, Joseph G. "Thirty-Sixth Infantry Division," Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 21, 2017.)

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Ninetieth Division Historical Sketch

The Ninetieth Division was organized between August and October 1917, primarily of men from Texas and Oklahoma. It trained at Camp Travis in San Antonio, Texas, until its transportation to France in June and July 1918. Major General Henry T. Allen commanded the division both while training in the United States and while serving in Europe during the war. The Ninetieth Division successfully participated in the St. Mihiel operation, a major American offensive, beginning on September 12, 1918. It extended its line of defense forward until September 16, when required to stop. The division was relieved by the American Seventh Division on October 10 and immediately moved to the Meuse-Argonne sector. It entered the line on October 21 and won a series of victories, including participation in a general attack that began on November 1 and reached the Meuse River on November 3. After a six-day delay in crossing the river, the division continued its advance until halted by the Armistice on November 11. Major General Charles H. Martin assumed command of the division on December 30, 1918, and the Ninetieth Division conducted occupation duties in Germany between December 1918 and May 1919. It ceased to function as a division upon its embarkation from France and its men were discharged at various camps around the country.

(Sources include: Winfrey, Dorman H. "Ninetieth Division," Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 21, 2017.)

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Frank S. Tillman Biographical Sketch

Captain Frank S. Tillman commanded Battery D (Fort Worth) of the First Field Artillery Regiment of the Texas National Guard when it was recruited in June 1917 and drafted into federal service the following month as part of the Thirty-Sixth Division. He was director of The Reconnaissance, a newspaper published at Camp Bowie where the Thirty-Sixth Division trained. Tillman served for the duration of the war and eventually attained the rank of major.

(Sources include: The records themselves.)

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Frank S. Tillman collection contains printed material, diaries, rosters, lists of wartime deaths, and assorted material produced between 1915 and 1939, documenting and describing the participation of Texas soldiers in World War I. The bulk of the collection concerns the Thirty-Sixth Division while the remainder deals with the Ninetieth Division, the Adjutant General of Texas, and other Texas soldiers. Major Frank S. Tillman was a veteran of the Thirty-Sixth Division. The material, created by both participants and commentators of the events they describe, concerns the recruitment, composition, training, transportation, combat service, casualties, occupation duties, and demobilization of Texas soldiers and military units between 1917 and 1919. Topics covered include campaigns in France, transportation to and from Europe, guarding and policing policies, recreational activities, and a reunion of the Ninetieth Division. Also present are reports from the Texas Adjutant General describing the organization and operations of the Texas National Guard, and a history of the Ninetieth Division.

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Organization of the Records

These materials are organized into three subgroups and six series:
Thirty-Sixth Division papers, 1917-1936, undated, 0.47 cubic ft.
  • Printed material, 1917-1936, 0.25 cubic ft.
  • Diaries, 1917-1919, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Rosters, 1917-1919, 1933-1934, undated, 0.12 cubic ft.
  • Assorted material, 1919, 1934, 0.05 cubic ft.
Ninetieth Division papers, 1920, 1939, 0.06 cubic ft.
Texas Participation in World War I printed materials, 1915-1920, 1928, 0.3 cubic ft.
  • Printed material, 1915-1920, 0.18 cubic ft.
  • Lists of World War I dead, 1928, 0.12 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished works are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Adjutant General's Department.
Texas. National Guard.
United States. Army. Division, 36th.
United States. Army. Division, 90th.
Subjects (Organizations):
United States Army--Military life.
United States. Army. Division, 90th--History.
United States. Army. Infantry Division, 36th.
Subjects:
Military historians--Texas.
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns--France.
World War, 1914-1918--Anniversaries, etc.
World War, 1914-1918--Casualties.
World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives, American.
World War, 1914-1918--Regimental histories--United States.
World War, 1914-1918--Sources.
Places:
United States--History--1913-1921.
Document Types:
Diaries--Texas.
Military records--Texas.
Publications (documents)--Texas.
Reports--Texas.
Rosters--Texas.
Functions:
Documenting military life.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Robert Wagner collection of 36th Division materials, [1922?], 1936-1938, 1940-1971, [1975?], bulk 1942-1945, 7.75 cubic ft., 2 audio tapes, 90 maps in the Historical Map Archive, and 80 photographs and 26 negatives in the Prints and Photographs Collection
American Legion collection, 1917-1945, 10 inches. [There is no finding aid for this collection. Call numbers are 2-22/867 thru 869.]
General John A. Hulen papers, 1887-1960, undated, 9.14 cubic ft.
Thirty-Sixth Division Association papers, 1857-1964 and [19--], 13 ft., 2 in. [There is no finding aid for these papers. Call numbers are 2-22/803 thru 836, 2-7/1336 thru 1343, 1349, 2-22L/14.]
Frank Tillman photograph collection, about 1914-1940s, 17.5 cubic ft. (about 3200 photographs) [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1/142.]
Clarence Lincoln and Nellie Donnan Test papers, 1776-1961, bulk 1894-1961, 2.36 cubic ft.
Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, Austin, Texas
Exact series of 36th Division related materials housed in this museum are unknown. Texas Military Forces Museum website.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series and subgroup), Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1984/142

These records were donated to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Frank S. Tillman on November 20 and December 4, 1933; January 17, June 14, September 4, November 1, and December 20 and 28, 1934; April 13 and 27, May 22, August 8, October 17, and November 22, 1935; February 6, 1936; and July 28, 1939. An accession number was assigned on May 29, 1984 for control purposes.

While news editor of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Tillman collected documents pertaining to the Thirty-Sixth Division and the participation of other Texas soldiers in World War I for deposit in the Texas State Library. He made his first donation on November 12, 1933, in response to a Fort Worth Star-Telegram article on the paucity of material in the Capitol archives and State Library on Texas participation in World War I. He donated items until at least 1939 when in a veterans' hospital in Muskogee, Oklahoma.

The following veterans also donated material to the collection via Frank Tillman: Major Ike Ashburn, Colonel Claude V. Birkhead, W.T. Carley, Captain Claude L. Drennon, Lieutenant Colonel Lloyd E. Hill, Lieutenant Colonel Dallas J. Matthews, Lieutenant Colonel J. Watt Page, Major Orsen E. Paxton, Sergeant Eugene Roundstream, and Colonel Herbert E. Stevenson.

Processing Information

Processed by Hans C. Rasmussen, April 2001

Finding aid converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by TARO using the style sheet v1to02.xsl, July 22, 2003

DACS compliance and Texas Digital Archive link added by Halley Grogan, June 2017

Other Formats for the Collection

Rosters and diaries for the Thirty-Sixth Division and lists of the dead described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/tillman-collection/.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Thirty-Sixth Division papers, 1917-1936, undated,
0.48 cubic ft.

This subgroup contains printed material, diaries, rosters, and assorted material concerning the Thirty-Sixth Division's activities in World War I and later reunions. The records date from 1917-1936, and undated. They include records created by the division and material concerning the division produced by other sources. The records describe the officers, training, transportation to France, combat service, and other activities of the division in Europe and the United States.
Organization
These materials are organized into four series:
Printed material, 1917-1936, 0.25 cubic ft.
Diaries, 1917-1919, 0.05 cubic ft.
Rosters, 1917-1919, 1933-1934, undated, 0.12 cubic ft.
Assorted material, 1919, 1934, 0.05 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the series), Thirty-Sixth Division papers, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Other Formats for the Collection
Rosters and diaries for the Thirty-Sixth Division described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/tillman-collection/.
Printed material, 1917-1936,
0.25 cubic ft.
This series contains newspapers, clippings, pamphlets, and monographs both published by and concerning the Thirty-Sixth Division between 1917 and 1936. The Thirty-Sixth Division and some of its sub-units published newspapers and pamphlets, most notably The Arrow Head, which was the divisional newspaper. These publications contain news reports, rosters, unit histories and timelines, cartoons, and photographs. They document events from the Thirty-Sixth Division's initial training, through its time spent in Europe, until several years after the end of the war.
The grouping of publications concerning the Thirty-Sixth Division contains newspapers, clippings, and monographs collected because they either discuss the division's activities or were published by entities associated with the Thirty-Sixth Division. The Reconnaissance was published at Camp Bowie in Fort Worth, Texas, where the Thirty-Sixth Division trained. Similarly, The Hatchet was published aboard the S.S. George Washington while transporting members of the division to France. Most of the clippings come from the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, but others are taken from The American Embarkation News, Stars and Stripes, and the Paris edition of The Chicago Tribune. These publications contain news reports on the training, transportation, and combat actions of the Thirty-Sixth Division.
Arrangement
The printed material is arranged by source of publication, then roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Printed material, Thirty-Sixth Division papers, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Publications of the Thirty-Sixth Division
Box
1984/142-1 "Thanksgiving Day with Battery 'D' 133rd Field Artillery,"November 29, 1917
"The Thirty-Sixth Division in the Great War,"about 1918-1919
The Arrow Head, Vol. 1, No. 4, March 21, 1919
Souvenir Edition of The Trail Log: Official Publication of the 131st (2nd Texas National Guard) Field Artillery,May 1, 1919
"Our Homes: 111th Field Signal Battalion, 36th Division, A.E.F.,"about 1925
Publications Concerning the Thirty-Sixth Division
Box
1984/142-1 The Reconnaissance, Vol. 1, No. 13 and Vol. 1, No. 22, November 17, 1917 and January 26, 1918
The Hatchet, Vol. 5, Nos. 1-11, July 19 - about July 29, 1918
The National Guardsman, Vol. 1, No. 18, January 18, 1919
Clippings on the Thirty-Sixth Division, 1917-1919, 1933, 1935
Clippings on Thirty-Sixth Division Officers, 1917, 1919, 1934-1936
Blanc Mont (Meuse-Argonne-Champagne) prepared in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1922)
Unit Journal 142nd Infantry, Vol. 1, No. 11, August 1930
[2 copies]
The Battle of Blanc Mont by Lieutenant Colonel Ernst Otto (Annapolis: United States Naval Institute, 1930)
Diaries, 1917-1919,
0.05 cubic ft.
This series contains diaries produced by units of the Thirty-Sixth Division between 1917 and 1919 to officially record activities. The diary of the 111th Ammunition Train chronicles the unit's actions from its organization on October 15, 1917 to its demobilization on March 31, 1919. It includes information on its training, transportation to France, officers, and daily activities in Europe and the United States. The war diary of the 1st Battalion of the 144th Infantry chronicles the mundane guarding and policing duties of the unit aboard the U.S.S. Pretoria en route to the United States on June 1-6, 1919.
Arrangement
The diaries are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Diaries, Thirty-Sixth Division papers, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Other Formats for the Collection
Diaries for the Thirty-Sixth Division described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/tillman-collection/.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1984/142-1 Diary of the 111th Ammunition Train, 1917-1919
War Diary 1st Battalion, 144th Infantry aboard U.S.S. Pretoria Returning from France to United States, 1919
Rosters, 1917-1919, 1933-1934, undated,
0.12 cubic ft.
This series contains rosters produced by the Thirty-Sixth Division and some of its sub-units between 1917 and 1919, 1933 to 1934 and undated. Most are official rosters drawn up periodically, but others were created for special uses such as transportation and reunions. Rosters of the entire Thirty-Sixth Division that were produced during the war list only officers and give their ranks, units, city or state of origin, and remarks on their duties and physical condition. Reunion rosters provide only names, units, and addresses. Rosters of sub-units of the Thirty-Sixth Division list both officers and enlisted men, but vary widely in the information they provide. Names, ranks, addresses, units, serial numbers, dates of birth, wages, and names of next of kin are among the information offered.
Arrangement
Rosters of the entire Thirty-Sixth Division precede rosters of its sub-units. The rosters are arranged roughly chronologically within each grouping.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Rosters, Thirty-Sixth Division papers, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Other Formats for the Collection
Rosters for the Thirty-Sixth Division described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/tillman-collection/.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Rosters of the Thirty-Sixth Division
Box
1984/142-1 Roster of Officers; National Guard of Texas; August 5, 1917
Roster of Officers; Camp Bowie, Texas; February 1, 1918
Roster of Officers after Blanc Mont-Champagne Battle as of November 1, 1918
Roster of Thirty-Sixth Division Reunions held at Fort Worth, Texas, October 1933 and October 1934
Rosters of Sub-Units of the Thirty-Sixth Division
Box
1984/142-1 Roster of 133rd Field Artillery, about 1917-1918
Roster of Machine Gun Company, 144th Infantry at Juviney, France; October 6, 1918
Roster of Men of 144th Infantry and Assignment to Compartments Aboard the U.S.S. Pretoria on Return from France to the United States, 1919
Berthing Space Rosters, Latrine and Police Details of the 144th Infantry Aboard the U.S.S. Pretoria on Return from France to the United States, 1919
Roster of 111th Field Signal Battalion, undated
Assorted material, 1919, 1934, undated,
0.05 cubic ft.
This series contains assorted material produced by and concerning the Thirty-Sixth Division in 1919, 1934, and unknown dates. The series contains the following items: a program for the semi-final football game between the Thirty-Sixth Division and the Seventh Division held on March 21, 1919 in the tournament for the American Expeditionary Forces championship; a field order for the inspection of the Thirty-Sixth Division by General John J. Pershing on April 9, 1919; Frank S. Tillman's badge for the Thirty-Sixth Division Reunion held at Fort Worth, Texas, October 6-7, 1934; and undated reports titled "36th Division: Record of Events" and "Military Record of Brigadier General John A. Hulen, Commanding Officer, 72nd Infantry Brigade, 36th Division."
Arrangement
The assorted material is arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Assorted materials, Thirty-Sixth Division papers, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1984/142-1 Assorted material, 1919, 1934, undated

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Ninetieth Division papers, 1920, 1939,
0.06 cubic ft.

This subgroup contains printed material produced in 1920 and 1939 describing the Ninetieth Division's activities in World War I and a later reunion. A History of the 90th Division by Major George Wythe (1920) describes the formation, training, transportation, combat service, occupation duties, and discharge of the soldiers of the Ninetieth Division. It also provides photographs, statistics, rosters of officers, casualty lists, and the texts of commendations bestowed on the division. The Report of the Third Annual Convention of Company L, 359th Infantry, 90th Division, provides an account of its meeting held at Jacksonville, Texas, on October 13, 1939.
Arrangement
The material is arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Ninetieth Division papers, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1984/142-2 A History of the 90th Division by Major George Wythe (The 90th Division Association, 1920)
"Old 'L' Company, 359th Infantry, 90th Division, Report of the Third Annual Convention,"1939

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Texas Participation in World War I printed materials, 1915-1920, 1928,
0.30 cubic ft.

This subgroup contains printed material published between 1915 and 1920 and lists of Texans who died while serving in World War I compiled in 1928. These sources detail the work of the Adjutant General of Texas, the activities of the Texas National Guard, and the participation of Texans in World War I. The subgroup includes reports of General John J. Pershing and the Adjutant General of Texas. It also contains lists of Texans in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Army Nurse Corps, who died while in the service of the United States during World War I.
Organization
These materials are organized into two series:
Printed material, 1915-1920, 0.18 cubic ft.
Lists of World War I dead, 1928, 0.12 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Participation in World War I printed materials, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Other Formats for the Collection
Lists of the dead described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/tillman-collection/.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Printed material, 1915-1920,
0.18 cubic ft.
This series contains four reports of the Adjutant General of Texas for the years 1915-1920. The Adjutant General submitted reports to the governor both annually and biannually. The reports describe the recruitment, organization, and operations of the Texas National Guard. They detail its involvement in civil emergencies within the State of Texas, its service during the war in Europe, and its policing duties along the Mexican border. The reports include appendices of general orders and rosters of National Guard units and their officers. The biennial report of 1919-1920 contains a thorough summary of the activities of the Thirty-Sixth Division in World War I (pp. 97-112).
This series also includes a copy of the Final Report of General John J. Pershing submitted to the Secretary of War in September 1919. It describes the organization, operations, supply, coordination, munitions, administration, and other miscellaneous subjects of the American Expeditionary Force's service in Europe during World War I. This copy includes annotations by Frank S. Tillman calling attention to sections of the report describing the actions of the Thirty-Sixth Division and Ninetieth Division.
Arrangement
The reports are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Printed material, Texas Participation in World War I printed materials, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1984/142-2 Biennial Report of the Adjutant General of Texas, 1915-1916
Biennial Report of the Adjutant General of Texas, 1917-1918
Annual Report of the Adjutant General of Texas, 1918
Biennial Report of the Adjutant General of Texas, 1919-1920
Final Report of Gen. John J. Pershing (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1920)
Lists of World War I dead,1928,
0.12 cubic ft.
This series contains lists of Texans in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Army Nurse Corps, who died while in the service of the United States during World War I. The lists were compiled in May 1928 from the records of the Office of the Adjutant General of Texas. The lists are arranged by counties and give the following information for each individual: name, serial number, race, residence, grade (i.e., rank), organization, date of death, and manner of death.
Arrangement
The lists are arranged alphabetically by county, then alphabetically by surname within each county.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Lists of World War I dead, Texas Participation in World War I printed materials, Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Other Formats for the Collection
Lists of the dead described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/tillman-collection/.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Lists of World War I dead (by county)
Box
1984/142-2 A-B
C-E
F-G
H-J
K-L
M
N-R
S-T
U-Z

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