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Biographical Note

Scope and Contents Note

Arrangement of the Collection


Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Series 1: : Professional Life, 1962 - 1988

Series 2: Emmie V. Slaughter and Ogden Baine correspondence, 1930-1940s

Series 3: Slaughter/Baine family papers, 1909 - 1999

Series 4: Awards, 1960s-1970s

Southern Methodist University

Emmie Baine papers, 1900 – 1999


Creator: Baine, Emmie V.
Title: Emmie Baine papers
Dates: 1900 – 1999
Abstract: Emmie V. Baine (1916-1999) served in leadership positions at Southern Methodist University from 1962 to 1988. Baine founded the Women’s Symposium in 1966, helped charter the SMU Gender Studies Program in 1972, and opened the Women’s Center in 1973 Her papers primarily include family correspondence and memorabilia; however, the collection also includes student letters, news clippings and correspondence about her work at SMU.
Identification: SMU 2006.0387
Quantity: 7 boxes (4 linear feet)
Language: Material is in English
Repository: DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University

Biographical Note

Emmie Vida Slaughter Baine was born on November 17, 1916 in Millerville, Alabama to Vida Albany Foshee Slaughter, a teacher who built a school in Millerville, and Myles Jasper Slaughter, a teacher prior to becoming a country doctor. Baine had two siblings, an older sister, Bennie Celia Slaughter, and a younger brother, John McAdory Slaughter, who both became doctors.

Baine met her future husband, Dr. Ogden Baine (1909-1962), while she was a student, and he was a professor at Southwestern University in Memphis, Tennessee. They married on August 23, 1940 and became the parents of two children: Mary Foshee Baine Carr, born on January 8,1947, and Robert Slaughter Baine, born on March 27, 1952.

Baine’s educational background included an A.B. with distinction from Southwestern University in Memphis, and a Master of Social Work from Tulane University in New Orleans. She served as a social caseworker for the Family Service Society in Memphis, which used college students as volunteer caseworker aides. In 1944, the Baines moved to Dallas. Dr. Baine, was chairman of the Southern Methodist University chemistry department from 1945 until his death from cancer in 1962.

In 1962 after her husband’s death, SMU President Willis Tate appointed Baine as the Dean of Women. Baine served SMU in multiple leadership positions including Dean of Women, and Dean of Women and Co-Director of Student Life, Dean of Student Programs and University Coordinator for Women, University Coordinator for Women, and Coordinator for Leadership Development. Baine retired from SMU in 1988 following 26 years of service.

Baine's work at SMU made her a pioneer in the Dallas women's movement. In 1966, as part of SMU's 50th anniversary celebration, Baine established the Women's Symposium which was the first of its kind in the Southwest and the longest continuously-running, multicultural, multigenerational forum in the nation. The symposium was designed to encourage women to assume social and political leadership roles through partnerships with businesses and community leaders. The symposium provided the framework for the development of the Women's Studies program at SMU in 1972, the first one in the southwest. Baine's activism was discussed by Dr. Barbara Reagan, SMU Professor of Economics and President of Faculty Senate, in a 1982 article in the Dallas Times Herald which said "It started at SMU before the women's movement became a big issue in this part of the country and provided a safe vehicle for young women to ask questions..."

In 1973, Baine opened the SMU Women’s Center, another first for the Southwest. Its mission was to maintain support for women and women’s issues on campus. The same year Baine served as Co-chair for the SMU/HEW Student Rights Conference. The conference took place on January 24, 1974 and included workshops on topics such as athletics, Chicano studies, Afro-American studies, counseling, and University housing and student rights. Baine was the Chair for SMU’s first President's Commission on the Status of Women, that examined issues of concern to female faculty, staff, and students.

Upon Baine’s retirement from SMU, President Emeritus Willis M. Tate commended Baine’s creation of the Women’s Symposium. According to Tate, this development changed the life for women at SMU and challenged the community to embrace woman power when he said, “All of this came by the philosophy and leadership of [Emmie] and very few ever have the chance to refocus a University.”

Baine died on September 22, 1999, at the age of 82.


“Biographical Information,” Emmie V. Baine, Faculty/Staff Collection, SMU 1992.0148, SMU Archives.

Bryant, Debi. "Sandra CorSette Tinkham: The Power of One." Women's Enterprise, March 1998.

Castleberry, Vivian, “Emmie Baine: A peaceful revolutionary leads Dallas women,” Dallas Times Herald, March 21, 1982.

Castleberry, Vivian. "Whatever Happened to the Women's Movement?" D Magazine, November 1987. Accessed June 21, 2018. https://www.dmagazine.com/publications/d-magazine/1987/november/whatever-happened-to-the-womens-movement/.

Simnacher, Joe, “Emmie Baine, women’s rights proponent, dies,” The Dallas Morning News, October 1, 1999.

Turner, Alan, “Baine’s contributions to women will live on,” The Daily Campus 85, no. 28 (1999): 1, 9.

Tygrett, Judy, “All things possible, Altrusa winner says,” Dallas Times Herald, March 22, 1967.

Wilcox, Walter. "HEW, SMU to Conduct Student Rights Meeting." The Daily Campus (Dallas), no. 50 (December 4, 1973).

Retirement Speech for “Emmie V. Baine”, May 5, 1987. (Box 52, folder 30) Willis M. Tate papers, SMU 1995.0250, SMU Archives.

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Scope and Contents Note

The Emmie V. Baine collection is organized into four series. The first series focuses on the professional life of Emmie Baine and primarily contains correspondence, pamphlets, and news clippings. Series 2 is comprised solely of correspondence written between Ogden Baine and Emmie V. Slaughter prior to their marriage in 1940. Series 3 documents the Slaughter and Baine families. In addition to news clippings and letters, the series contains other materials such as telegrams, V-mail, schoolwork, a yearbook, photographs, greeting cards, and a rolodex. One folder of ephemera includes programs, calendars, and a 1938 dance card. This is the largest series. Series 4 contains three awards given to Emmie Baine.

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Arrangement of the Collection

The collection is organized into 4 series:
Series 1: Professional Life, 1962 - 1988
Series 2: Emmie V. Slaughter and Ogden Baine correspondence, 1930-1940s
Series 3: Slaughter/Baine family papers, 1909 - 1999
Series 4: Awards, 1960s - 1970s

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Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research use.

Publication Rights:

Permission to publish materials must be obtained from the Director of the DeGolyer Library.

Copyright Statement:

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain copyright authorization.

Sensitive Material Statement:

Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which DeGolyer Library assumes no responsibility.

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following terms in the Southern Methodist University Libraries' online catalog. Researchers desiring related materials may search the catalog using these terms.
Subjects (Persons)
Baine, Emmie V.
Baine, Ogden
Slaughter, Bennie Celia
Subjects (Organizations)
Southern Methodist University -- History
Women college students – Texas -- Dallas
Document Types
Correspondence – Texas – Dallas – 20th century

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Related Material

This is one of the collections in the Archives of Women of the Southwest.

Southern Methodist University Women's Center records, SMU 2005.0370

Southern Methodist University Women's Symposium records, 1966-ongoing, SMU 2006.0389

“Status of women at professional levels and recommendations for an affirmative action plan” by Emmie V. Baine and others, SMU 2006.0380

“The report of the Commission on the Status of Women, Southern Methodist University,” 1972-73 / Joan Allison [et al.] Emmie V. Baine, chairperson, SMU 2009.0419.

The education of women for social & political leadership: a symposium at Southern Methodist University in honor of its semi-centennial year 1915-1965. Call Number: HQ1420 .E3 1967

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Emmie V. Baine papers, Southern Methodist University Archives, DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University

Acquisition Information

Gift, Mary Baine Carr, 2014.

Processing Information

The first four folders in the first series comprise the original collection of Emmie Baine papers. After receiving two large boxes of mostly unorganized materials from Mary Carr, Emmie Baine’s daughter, the remaining series and folders were created by Debbie Frick.

Finding aid written by Debbie Frick, 2014.

Encoded by Ada Negraru, 2019.


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Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: : Professional Life, 1962 - 1988
1 box

Emmie Baine’s years as the Dean of Women, and then later as the University Coordinator for Women at Southern Methodist University, from 1962 - 1988 are the emphasis of this series which contains correspondence, pamphlets, and news clippings.
Box Folder
1 1 Emmie V. Baine profile and resume
2 Emmie V. Baine obituaries, tributes, memorial program
3 Grant proposal, Women’s Studies, SMU, 1972
4 Emmie V. Baine - programs and pamphlets
5 Student letters to Emmie Baine
6 Correspondence re: Emmie Baine’s work at SMU
7 Congratulatory correspondence re: Emmie Baine’s awards
8 Newspaper clippings re: Emmie Baine’s work at SMU
9 Newspaper clippings re: Emmie Baine’s awards

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Series 2: Emmie V. Slaughter and Ogden Baine correspondence, 1930-1940s
1 box

This series includes the letters between Emmie Vida Slaughter and Ogden Baine prior to their marriage. Some correspondence was written when Ogden Baine was pursuing postdoctoral work at the University of Munich in the late 1930s.
Box Folder
1 10-12 Letters from Emmie to Ogden, 1930s
Box Folder
2 1-4 Letters from Ogden to Emmie, 1930s
5 Letters from Ogden to Emmie, 1940s
6 Letters from Emmie to Ogden, 1940s

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Series 3: Slaughter/Baine family papers, 1909 - 1999
4 boxes

The remaining portions of Emmie Baine’s personal papers are included in this series and contain correspondence during her life as a working woman and mother. The majority of the materials are dated in the 1930s and 1940s. The papers are arranged chronologically by format. The series begins with correspondence, is followed by newspaper clippings, and ends with memorabilia.
This series begins with materials about Emmie, followed by her husband (Ogden), her sister (Bennie Celia Slaughter), and continues with ancillary information about other family members. Materials with unidentified dates which pertain to a particular family member conclude each person’s grouping.
Dr. Bennie Celia Slaughter, Emmie Baine’s sister, was the first female doctor to be employed as a pediatrician at the Dallas [Texas] Medical and Surgical Clinic. She also worked as a clinical instructor in pediatrics at the Southwestern Medical School in Dallas. One family member who is mentioned briefly in the series is Rodney Baine, the younger brother of Ogden Baine.
Box Folder
2 7 Emmie V. Slaughter’s Correspondence, 1930s
Box Folder
3 1 Letters to Emmie Vida Baine, 1940s
2 Letters to Emmie Vida Baine, 1950s
3 Letters to Emmie Vida Baine, 1960s
4 Emmie V. Slaughter Baine’s Correspondence, undated
5 Unidentified letter re: travel, 1930s
6 Letters to Emmie and Ogden Baine, 1940s
7 Letters to Emmie and Ogden Baine, undated
8 Ogden Baine correspondence, 1930s
9-10 Letters to Ogden Baine, 1940
11 Letter to Ogden Baine from a colleague, 1961
12 Ogden Baine correspondence, undated
13 Slaughter Family correspondence, 1920s
14 Bennie Celia Slaughter’s correspondence, 1930s
Box Folder
4 1 Bennie Celia Slaughter’s correspondence, 1940s
2 Bennie Celia Slaughter’s correspondence, 1950s
3 Bennie Celia Slaughter’s correspondence, undated
4 Letter from the Alabama Archives, 1909
5 Dr. & Mrs. Slaughter correspondence, 1930s
6 John McAdory Slaughter’s correspondence, 1930s
7 Letters from John McAdory Slaughter to Emmie, 1940s
8 Mrs. M. J. Slaughter’s correspondence, 1940s-1950s
Box Folder
5 1 Mary Baine’s (daughter) correspondence, 1940s - 1960s and undated
2 Robert Baine’s (son) correspondence, 1950s - 1960s and undated
3 Letter from Rodney Baine to his mother, undated
4 Slaughter Family correspondence, undated
5 Unidentified correspondence 1930s
6 Newspaper clippings re: Emmie V. Slaughter,
7 Newspaper clipping of Emmie and Ogden Baine’s wedding announcement, 1940 August 23
8 Newspaper clippings, 1940s
9 Newspaper clippings re: Dr. Ogden Baine
10 Newspaper Clippings, lunch invitation, and speech cards re: Bennie Celia Slaughter
11 Newspaper Clippings re: Baine brothers, undated
12 Newspaper Clipping, The Dallas Morning News re: voter registration laws in Texas, 1967 January 24
13 Emmie V. Slaughter’s freshman yearbook, Alabama College, The Technala, 1935
14 Baines’ Rental Agreement and Home Sale Contract, 1940s
15 Ogden and Emmie Baine’s certificates of Church membership, 1945
16 Schreiner Institute, Kerrville, Texas, 1967 - 1968
Box Folder
6 1 Census certificate, 1900
2 Emmie Baine’s baby hair
3 Slaughter family schoolwork
4 Stories and a poem
5 Speeches, mostly unidentified
6-7 Photographs
8 Greeting and holiday cards
9 Ephemera
Box Item
7 1 Rolodex

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Series 4: Awards, 1960s-1970s
1 box

Box Item
7 2 Mature Woman Award, Altrusa Club of Dallas, 1967 March 21
3 Alpha Lambda Delta service, undated
4 Southern Methodist University ten year service award, 1974

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