Southern Methodist University

Kay Schoedinger Collection on the Harwood Family

A Guide to the Collection


Creator: Schoedinger, Kay
Title: Kay Schoedinger Collection on the Harwood Family
Dates: 1865-1973
Abstract: Dr. Thomas Harwood served in the Civil War as chaplain of the 25th Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers. After the Civil War, Thomas and Emily Harwood were sent to New Mexico as Methodist missionaries. The collection includes Dr. Harwood’s diary from the war, photographs from the Harwoods’ mission schools, copies of government documents, the biography of Mrs. Emily J. Harwood, and related correspondence of Mrs. Schoedinger.
Accession No: Collection BridArch 3.096
Extent: 1 box (.25 linear foot)
Language: Material is in English
Repository Bridwell Library, Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University

Biographical Note

Thomas Harwood was born in 1829 in Maryland. He joined the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1841 in Delaware, and was licensed to preach in 1855 in Michigan. Thomas Harwood and Emily J. Duncan were married in 1863. In the spring of 1864, the 25th Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers was ordered to return to Vicksburg, causing the newlyweds to part. While on campaign, Harwood received the promotion from preacher to chaplain of the regiment. After Harwood was discharged, he was admitted on trial to the West Wisconsin Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church and appointed to serve at Tomah, Wisconsin. He joined the conference in full connection in 1868.

After ministering in Tomah from 1865 to 1867, Reverend Harwood served in Leon, Wisconsin from 1867 to 1869. In 1869 Bishop Edward R. Ames appointed Harwood to New Mexico, where he and his wife served together for nearly thirty-three years, until Emily’s death in 1902. In a community that was predominately Roman Catholic, the Harwoods successfully established several Methodist schools. In particular, a school for girls was opened in the early 1870s. By 1886, the Harwoods had founded six elementary schools and two academies.

In 1879 Harwood founded a devotional periodical, El Abogado Cristiano, with articles in both English and Spanish. Additionally, Harwood published Spanish-language Sunday school lessons and religious tracts. After Emily’s death, Dr. Harwood assisted in writing the biography of his late wife, Life of Mrs. Emily J. Harwood, and wrote the two-volume History of New Mexico Spanish and English Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church from 1850 to 1910. Both works were published by his own El Abogado Press.

In 1910 Harwood was elected chaplain-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic. Widower Thomas Harwood married Mary Emma Clark in 1911. Dr. Harwood died in 1916. Mary Emma Harwood died two decades later in 1936.


Harmon, Nolan B. “Harwood, Thomas.” Encyclopedia of World Methodism, vol. 1. Nashville: United Methodist Publishing House, 1974.

Kellogg, Harriet S, and Thomas Harwood. Life of Mrs. Emily J. Harwood. Albuquerque, N.M: El Abogado Press, 1903.

Náñez, Alfredo. History of the Rio Grande Conference of the United Methodist Church. Dallas: Bridwell Library, Southern Methodist University, 1980.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

This collection consists of the Civil War diary of Thomas Harwood, photographs of the early years of the Harwood schools in New Mexico, the biography of Mrs. Emily J. Harwood, and copies of government documents. All materials were collected and donated by Kay Schoedinger in 1973. Researchers will find these resources helpful in studying the Harwood’s lives and the history of Methodist missions in New Mexico.

Arrangement of the Collection

The collection contains a single series:
Series 1: Harwood and Schoedinger Materials, 1865-1973


Access to Collection:

The collection is open for research use. Patrons must sign the Acknowledgement of Legal Responsibility and Privacy Rights form before using this collection.

Publication Rights:

Permission to publish materials must be obtained from the Head of Special Collections of the Bridwell Library.

Copyright Statement:

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain copyright authorization.

Sensitive Materials Statement:

Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which Bridwell Library assumes no responsibility.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following terms in the Southern Methodist University Libraries' online catalog. Researchers desiring related materials may search the catalog using these terms.
Harwood, Thomas.
Harwood, Emily Jane Duncan, 1842-1902.
Methodist Episcopal Church -- Clergy.
Methodists -- New Mexico.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Chaplains.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives.

Related Materials

Winn, Robert Howard. The Diary of Thomas Harwood: A Personal Perspective of the Northern Chaplaincy During the Civil War. Thesis (Th. M.)--Dallas Theological Seminary, 1981.

Harwood, Thomas. Civil War Veteran Cabinet Card. 1880. Wisconsin Veterans Research Center, Madison, Wisconsin.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Kay Schoedinger Collection on the Harwood Family, Bridwell Library, Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University.

Acquisition Information

Kay Schoedinger donated the collection to Bridwell Library in 1973. Mrs. Schoedinger’s father, Bayliss Henry McCain, found the Harwood diary when renovating a house in Albuquerque, New Mexico in the 1930s. When Mrs. Schoedinger inherited the diary, she became interested in the Harwood family and began to collect information on them. Through contact with a former Harwood Boys College student and mission worker, Reverend H.O. Costales, Mrs. Schoedinger came into possession of the photographs and biography of Mrs. Emily J. Harwood.

Processing Information

Processed by Madeline Hoff, 2012.

Finding aid written by

Madeline Hoff, 2012.

Encoded by

Ada Negraru, 2013

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Harwood and Schoedinger Materials, 1865-1973

The Kay Schoedinger Collection on the Harwood Family includes letters written to and by Mrs. Schoedinger, the Civil War diary found by her father, government documents she obtained in 1967, and photographs and the book she received from Reverend Costales in 1968.
Box File
1730B 01 Book: The Life of Mrs. Emily J Harwood, 1903
02 Thomas Harwood’s Civil War diary, 1865
03 Government documents, 1886-1936
04 Photographs, 1896-1968
05 Donor correspondence, 1967-1973