Southern Methodist University

Chauncey D. Clarke correspondence

A Guide


Creator: Clarke, Chauncey D.
Title: Chauncey D. Clarke correspondence
Dates: 1890s-1911
Abstract: The collection consists mostly of letters both to and from Chauncey D. Clarke, whose business interests included the family-owned Clarke Bros. Whiskey Manufacturing Company, mining, and ranching in Arizona. This correspondence provides a glimpse of the period of rapid development in the territory and state of Arizona.
Accession No: MSS 81
Extent: 2 boxes (1.5 linear feet)
Language: Material is in English
Repository DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University

Biographical Note

Chauncey Dwight Clarke was born in Peoria, Illinois in 1858, to Charles S. and Melissa M. Clarke. His father Charles established Clarke Distilleries, and Chauncey and his brothers continued the family business as Clarke Bros. Whiskey Manufacturing Company. The signature brand for the company was Clarke’s Pure Rye. The company was part of the Whiskey Trust, but by 1893 they parted ways. The family business folded during Prohibition, and the distilling facility was sold to U.S. Industrial Alcohol Company, which marketed Clarke’s Pure Rye until the 1940s.

Chauncey moved to Arizona in the 1890s for health reasons, and married Marie Rankin there in 1894. The Clarkes lived in Arizona, Altadena, and Los Angeles before building an estate in Santa Fe Springs, California. Chauncey Clarke purchased a ranch in Coachella Valley, California where he grew dates and raised Arabian horses. He died in California in 1926 and his ashes were scattered in the Arizona mountains near his gold mine.


“The Clarkes.” Santa Fe Springs, California: Accessed October 23, 2012.

Sullivan, Jack. “Charles Clarke and “secrets” of the Whiskey Trust.” The Potomac Pontil, 2008, (2 November 2012).

United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service. “National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Clarke Estate.” Accessed October 23, 2012.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The collection consists mostly of letters both to and from Chauncey D. Clarke, whose business interests included the family-owned Clarke Bros. Whiskey Manufacturing Company, mining, and ranching in Arizona. Chauncey managed Charles Bros. Whiskey Manufacturing, with some help from his brothers, Sumner and Charles. Chauncey also managed the Santa Maria Gold Company in Arizona, and was involved in other mining and business ventures, including Clarke, Greenhut and Co.

The majority of these letters relate to Chauncey D. Clarke’s business ventures. Subjects include property, investments, livestock, insurance, mortgages and loans, legal matters, and mining machinery. Other correspondence relates to purchases and services. Interesting billheads from department stores, publishers, clothing manufacturers, investment companies, insurance companies, architects, plumbers, and hardware companies are included.

Most of the Clarke family lived in Illinois, near the family’s whiskey business. It appears that Chauncey was the only family member living in Arizona, where he ran the Santa Maria Gold Company. Personal letters in series three reveal that Chauncey had two brothers, Sumner R. Clarke and Charles C. Clarke. Mary Clarke and Lucy Clarke Speed may have been Chauncey’s sisters. Lucy Clarke Speed was married to John K. Speed. Sumner R. Clarke is married to May and Charles C. Clarke is married to Alice. Also included in series three is Robert D. Clarke (possibly the son of either Charles or Sumner) and Cora, who may be a daughter.

Arrangement of the Collection

The collection is organized into 3 series:
Series 1: Business correspondence with individuals, 1890s-1911
Series 2: Commercial correspondence, 1890s-1911
Series 3: Family and friends correspondence, 1894-1911


Access to Collection:

Collection is open for research use.

Publication Rights:

Permission to publish materials must be obtained from the Director of the DeGolyer Library.

Copyright Statement:

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain copyright authorization.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following terms in the Southern Methodist University Libraries' online catalog. Researchers desiring related materials may search the catalog using these terms.
Clarke, Chauncey D.
Clark family.
Ranching -- Arizona -- History -- To 1912.
Mines and mineral resources -- Arizona -- History -- To 1912.
Whiskey industry -- Illinois -- 19th century.
Arizona -- History -- To 1912.
Clarke Bros. Whiskey Manufacturing Company.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Chauncey D. Clarke correspondence, DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University.

Acquisition Information

Purchase, 1996.

Processing Information

The collection was processed by library staff in 1997.

Finding aid written by

Cynthia Franco, 2012.

Finding aid encoded by

Cynthia Franco, 2012.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Business correspondence with individuals, 1890s-1911
120 folders

This series includes business correspondence with individuals, arranged alphabetically.
Box Folder
1 1 O.B. Abbott
2 Charles D. Ainsworth, Counsellor at Law
3 Richard Allen
4 W.C. Alvord
5 Thomas Armstrong, Jr.
6 John Green Ballance
7 Thomas Ballantine
8 Sam and Cada Barrett, managers of Clarkes’ ranch
9 W.H. Beardsley
10 Carl Behn
11 E.J. Bennitt & Co.
12 Frederick G. Bernoudy
13 C.S. Black
14 G.H. Blakeslee
15 E.C. Bloomfield
16 Harold Boedhker
17 T.C. Bowe
18 T.W. Bowlus
19 John J. Brooks
20 W.H. Cale
21 C. Campbell
22 Shirley Christie
23 Charlie Christy
24 Ralph B. Clapp
25 C. Everett Connor
26 Eugene Cram
27 Theodore H.M. Crampton
28 F.M. Crissman
29 Henry Davis
30 Ed Day
31 W.E. Defty, mining engineer at Llewellyn Iron Works
32 A.L. Dowler
33 Arthur J. Edwards
34 O.A. Ensign
35 W.A. Ensign
36 G.J. Farnsworth
37 J.D. Feldmann, Jr.
38 E.W. Fisher
39 B.A. Fowler
40 W.M. Gilbert
41 George Goodfellow
42 Roy S. Goodrich
43 J.B. Greenhut
44 A.W. Gregg, architect
45 J.S.(Jim) Griffin
46 George Leal Grosvenor, architect
47 W.P. Hall
48 W.A. Hancock
49 H.P. Hansen
50 A.W. Hard
51 N.F.W. Hazeldine
52 Dwight B. Heard
53 E.C. Hedger
54 H. Hershkowitz
55 L.E. Hewins
56 Fen S. Hildreth
57 Jas. W. Hill
58 H.L. [Hine?]
59 C.J. Hirsh
60 George W. Hoadley
61 J.H. Homestead, ranch manager
62 W.A. Hood
63 James A. Hornbeak
64 Jay Hotchkiss, Standard Oil Company
65 Ed [Hure?]
66 J.P. Jensen
67 O.B. Jones, attorney
68 E. Kennedy
69 [D.?] A. King
70 George V. Klotzbach
71 H.K. Landis
72 L.B. Larimer, Commercial Trust Company
73 J.P. Ludlam
74 Dan McDermott
75 J.B. McHarold
76 Philip J. McKenna, attorney
77 J. McMillan
78 W.P. Meredith
79 C.W. Miller
80 John L. Misner
81 I.A. Moore
82 T. Vaughan [Morgan?]
83 P.I. Mulvane
84 George A. Murphy
85 W.J. Murphy
86 J.A. Newman
87 Miss E. Nichols
88 Wm. S. Parry
89 Charles Parvin
90 B.S. Patrick
91 J.E. Peck
92 Dr. D.M. Purman
93 J.C. Rankin
94 C.A. Reed
95 Geo. M. Rhule
96 J.C. Rinkie
97 W.H. Ryder
98 George B. [Scarnwell?]
99 G.H. Scofield
100 E.B. Seward
101 Frederick H. Smith
102 J.M. Smith
103 J. Sorrey, Jr.
104 C.S. [Sovring?]
105 W.H. Spaw
106 J.K. Spur
107 Theo J. Stegner
108 A.L. Stetson
109 H.M. Stevenson
110 George W. Thomas
111 J.H. Thompson
112 D.C. Thorne
113 S.W. Thorne
114 Thomas Twomey
115 D.C. Vhor
116 Judge E.W. Wells
117 J.H. Wheat
118 Sam B. Williams
119 Dr. K.D. Wise
120 C.S. Wright

Series 2: Commercial correspondence, 1890s-1911
157 folders

This series includes business correspondence mostly on billheads, arranged alphabetically.
Box Folder
1 121 Anthony Loan & Trust Co.
122 D. Appleton & Co. Publishers
123 Arizona Gazette
124 Arizona Graphic
125 Arizona Improvement Company
126 Arizona Journal-Miner
127 Arizona Lumber & Timber Co.
128 Arizona Water Company
129 Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
130 Aztec Land and Cattle Company
131 Babbitt Company
132 Baker and Hamilton, wholesale hardware-agricultural implements
133 Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company
134 Bashford Burmister Co.
135 D.L. Bigham and Co., Carriage and Builders
136 Blackman Shirtmaker
137 Bradley Pulverizer Co.
138 Braganza Gold Mining Co.
139 F.W. Braun and Co.
140 Brown Palace Hotel
141 Bullard and Bondre
142 R.H. Burmister and Sons Company, general merchandise
143 D.H. Burtis, plumber and tinsmith
144 Buxton and Company, fruits and produce
145 Byron Jackson Machine Works
146 Capitol Paint Shop
147 Capper and Capper, shirt makers
148 T.W. Chamberlain Lumber Company
149 Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway
150 Chicago Title and Trust Co.
151 Clarke Bros. and Co. [includes letters to other Clarke family members]
152 Clarke, Greenhut and Co.
153 Clark-Pratt Vehicle Company
154 Clarke, Quien and Morse, jobbers and manufacturers
155 Colorado Iron Works, Mining Machinery
156 Congress Gold Co.
157 Copper Queen Hotel [addressed to Mrs. C. Clarke]
158 Country Club of Peoria
159 Crane Company, wrought pipe and fittings
160 Cratty, Jarvis and Cleveland
161 Denver Fire Clay Company
162 Department of the Interior
163 E.M. DePew and Co., bicycles and cycle sundries
164 J.B. Doner, dealer in hardware, lumber
165 J.W. Dorris, grocer
166 Joseph Dougherty, general merchandise and mining supplies
167 Ellson and Delf, exporters of Japanese fine art goods
168 Evans Loan and Investment Co.
169 Fraser and Chalmers Inc., mining machinery, steam engines, boilers
170 A.C. Frost and Company
171 Fulton Engineering and Ship Building
172 Furry and Bollinger
173 Glendale Mercantile Co./Glendale Hardware and Lumber Co. (J.B. Doner, Manager)
174 Golden Link Mining Company
175 M. Goldwater and Bros., ladies’ and children’s dress goods
176 Graves Manufacturing Co.
177 Greene and Griffin, real estate, loans, insurance and rental agency
178 Hamilton and Armstrong, Lawyers
179 Hammond Manufacturing Co.
180 John L. Hasbrouck and Sons
181 Dr. John R. Haynes
182 Joshua Hendy Machine Works
183 B. Heyman Furniture Co.
184 W.I. Hollingsworth and Co., real estate and loans
185 Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation
186 Hoops and Ludwig Mantel Co.
187 Hotel Adams, Phoenix, Arizona
188 Internal Revenue Service, District of New Mexico
189 Inter-state Typewriter Co.
190 Iron Springs Outing Club
191 Jones Dry Goods Company (Carl Behn, secretary)
192 Kelly and Stephens, retailers
193 H. Kennedy and Co., real estate and investment brokers
194 King Annealing Process Co.
195 L.R. Kurtz, insurance
196 Lincoln Bartlett Company
197 Live Stock Sanitary Board of Arizona
198 J.B. Long Hardware Co.
Box Folder
2 1             Los Angeles and Phoenix Real Estate Exchange
2      Mandel Brothers
  Maricopa Club
4    Recorder of Maricopa County
5    Maricopa and Phoenix and Salt River Valley Railroad Co.
6      Marshall Field and Co.
7     Martin and Kurtz, real estate, loans, insurance
8         McDougall and Cassou Co., men’s outfitters
9   H.H. McNeil Company, stationers
10   Mercantile Bank of Memphis
11   Merchants Dispatch Transportation Company
12 Merchants National Bank of Peoria
13  Merralls Mill Company
14   Messinger, photographer
15 Mexican and Indian Curio Company
16   P. Minor, Arctic Ice Manufacturer
17    Mitten and Nesbit Company, general merchandise
18   Moore Mercantile Co.
19 Moran, Kraus and Mayer
20   National Bank of Arizona
21 National Institute of Science
22  National Laundry Co.
23   W.P. Nelson Company, fine paper hangings
24   Niagara Fire Insurance Co.
25 D. Nicholson the Fashionable Tailor
26  Norton and Kennedy, real estate and investment brokers
27 Norwich Union Fire Insurance
28  Orr and Jones Mining Property
29 Thomas A. Orr, real estate broker
30    William R. Orr and Company
31 Overland Telephone and Telegraph Company
32 Pacific Cycle Company
33   Pacific Mail Steamship Co.
34     Parlin and Orendorff Co., manufacturers of agricultural implements
35  Peoria Gas and Electric Company
36   Philadelphia Book Depot
37   Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Co.
38  Phoenix Land and Trust Co.
39  Phoenix National Bank
40 Phoenix Title and Trust Company
41 Phoenix Trust Co. – Investment Securities
42   H. Porter Saddle and Harness Co.
43   Postal Telegraph Cable Company
44   J.S. Prouts Pharmacy
45 Ricketts and Banks, chemists, assayers and mining engineers
46  H.F. Robinson, irrigation engineer and surveyor
47   Russell State Bank
48 Salt River Valley Water User’s Association
49  San Francisco Plating Works
50    Sanitas Nut Food Co.
51   Santa Fe, Prescott and Phoenix Railway Co.
52 Santa Maria Gold Co.
53 Scoville Plumbing Co.
54  Scribner’s Magazine
55       Sigel-Campion Live Stock Commission Co.
56  Spaulding and Co., jewelers
57 Spitzel and Co.
58   Standard Asbestos Manufacturing Co.
59    State of California Mutual Building and Loan Assocation
60    Theo Stegner Brokerage Co.
61      Sterns, Horton and Abbott
62  Tarr and McComb Mining, Machinery and Supplies
63 Ezra W. Thayer, shelf and heavy hardware
64 Thomas A. Edison Jr. Chemical Company
65   Thomas and Clarke, manufacturers of Puritan brand crackers
66 Title and Trust Company, Peoria, Illinois
67  Treasurer and Tax Collector of Yavapai County, Arizona – Dennis A. Burke
68 Union Iron Works, mining and general machinery
69 University of Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station
70 Isaac Walker Hardware Co.
71 W.P. Walker Company
72  Walker and Werner, builders of fine carriages and buggies
73 Weirick and Lacham
74 Western Bank Note Co.
75   T.W. Wilmarth Co., gas and electric light fixtures
76   J.W. Wilson Clothing
77   H.J. Woollacott, fine liquors
78  Yavapai County, Assessor recorder, Board of Supervisors
79 Zeiger and Co. and its successor, Martinez Mercantile Co.

Series 3: Family and friends correspondence, 1894-1911
36 folders

This series includes business and personal correspondence with family and friends, arranged alphabetically.
Box Folder
2 80 Charles C. Clarke
81 Marie R. Clarke
82 Sumner R. Clarke
83 T.E. Clarke
84 C.G. Elliott
85 Emma
86 Lucy M. Heames [cousin]
87 Naphtalie
88 Elizabeth Hurlbut
89 I. Leggat
90 Lucy
91 Mohammet
92 W.M. Randall
93 Agnes S. Rankin
94 Dr. Harrison E. Stroud
95 Thomas E. Campbell
96 Thomas I. Ballantine letters to Sumner Clarke and J.B. Greenhut
97 Sam Barrett to Sumner Clarke
98 J.B. Carpenter to Mr. Rankin
99 William Dibbens to Mrs. Clarke
100 A.C. Frost letter to J.C. Rankin
101 Barbara Haus to Mrs. and Miss Clarke
102 Marie R. Clarke to Bubby
103 Clarke family to J.C. Rankin
104 Sumner and R.D. Clarke letters
105 Anna Patrick to Mrs. Clarke
106 A.D. Kerrell telegram to L.H. Landis
107 J.C. Marties to R.C. Powers
108 Alice to Mrs. Rankin
109 J.C. Rankin and Mrs. Rankin letters
110 Alice to Marie and Chauncey [Clarke]
111 Alice and Naphtalie letters
112 Flo to Marie
113 Jodie and John letters
114 Jodie and Lucy letters
115 Jodie and Pop letters
116 Unknown letters to Chauncey D. Clarke