Esther Webb Houseman art work and papers
A Guide to the Collection
Esther Webb was born in 1910 in Denver, Colorado. Her parents moved to Dallas when Esther was 1 ½ years old. At an early age, Esther became interested in art and took art classes at the Aunspaugh Art School in Dallas. She continued her studies in art at the College of Industrial Arts (now Texas Woman’s University) in Denton where she was graduated in 1933 with a Bachelor of Science degree. While attending CIA, Esther took a metalworking class from Thetis Lemmon, herself a talented artist, and met her life-long friend and colleague, Velma Davis. While driving back and forth together from Dallas to Denton the two would talk about having their own studio and gallery space where they could do their own work at their own pace and without the disruption of a class bell. In 1933, they opened the Dallas School of Creative Arts located at 2714 Greenville Avenue in a building owned by Velma’s father. With the help of Lyn Ford, brother of Texas architect O’Neil Ford, they learned to make their own furniture for the reception area. The first year of operation did not show much profit but Esther and Velma were determined to make their new school a success. Excellent instruction, a well-equipped classroom, and creative advertisement soon gained the attention of the Dallas community. In 1934 the Dallas Times Herald reported: "Miss Velma Davis and Miss Esther Webb are two young Dallas women who have established the Dallas School of Creative Arts on Greenville Avenue, and have equipped it with one of the finest laboratories in the Southwest for the practical making of jewelry, textile designs and all sorts of hand-wrought articles in silver, copper, pewter and other metals."
In 1935, the school was moved upstairs to 2714 ½ Greenville Avenue, and on September 29, 1935, the Dallas School of Creative Arts held its first open house and invited the public to visit the facility, complete with laboratory and gift shop. It did not take long for the school to become a center for all sorts of activities – classes, exhibitions, parties, and in general, good times with other artists. In addition to the classes and social activities, Esther and Velma continued to do their own work. Jerry Bywaters, art critic for The Dallas Morning News, announced that they received first prize in metalwork at the first annual Dallas Decorative Arts Exhibition at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts in 1935.
In order to improve their metalworking skills and learn new techniques, Esther and Velma decided to attend the Stout Institute in Menomonie, Wisconsin in the summer of 1936. There, the otherwise all-male class, nicknamed them "The Lady Blacksmiths" – a name they would later use in advertisements for their work. Both participated in the popular Dallas Art Carnivals during the 1930s and Esther had one of her enameled boxes accepted into the 8th Annual Allied Arts Exhibition at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts. Esther was also an active member of the Dallas Artists’ League.
On September 25, 1939, Esther married John Houseman, a structural engineer for the Army, in Denton, Texas, at the Little Chapel-in-the-Woods. Their marriage was the first one performed in the newly constructed chapel designed by O’Neil Ford. A year later, Velma married Texas artist Otis Dozier in the Dallas School of Creative Arts. Esther and Velma decided to close their school, especially since wartime prices were making it difficult to find metals for their work. The Housemans moved to Iowa during the war years but returned to Dallas in 1945. Esther taught design at Southern Methodist University in 1947, 1949, and 1950. The Doziers also returned to Dallas in 1945 after Otis’s left his teaching post at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center. Urged by local crafts people to reopen their school, Esther and Velma decided to do so but with a new name – The Craft Guild of Dallas – a school that continues to operate today. In 1957, Esther began working at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts with several job assignments including that of registrar, crafts coordinator, and curator of numerous craft exhibitions. Esther’s reputation as a professional craft artist earned her the title as the South Central Regional representative of the American Craftsmen’s Council of Trustees in 1962. Though she retired from the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts in 1975, Esther continued to work as an adjunct exhibition curator at the museum until her health began to decline. In 1979 she assisted with the blockbuster exhibition, Pompeii, A. D. 79, and during the early 1980s she worked with Barney Delabano, exhibition designer for the museum, in designing and positioning over 1,500 objects for the new museum building being planned for downtown Dallas. She died in Dallas in 1992.
Niweyk, Ellen Buie. "A lady blacksmith. The jewelry and metalwork of Velma Davis Dozier." Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, vol. 16, no. 2, Fall 2004, pp. 24-36. https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth35093/m1/26/
The Houseman collection consists of two print engravings, two pewter plates, one scrapbook, one "Lady Blacksmiths" poster, and archival materials that include clippings, correspondence, documents, ephemera, photographs, publicity, and published works. The scrapbook, entitled "Dallas School of Creative Arts, 1933 – 1935," contains additional photographs of the following – Dallas School of Creative Arts interior and exterior, metal work produced by Esther Webb Houseman and Velma Davis Dozier, Esther’s and Velma’s trips to the Big Bend in Texas during the summer of 1935 and the Stout Institute in Menomonie, Wisconsin during the summer of 1936. Correspondence, class brochures, and guests’ "sign-in" pages for the school’s open houses also comprise the scrapbook. The two archival boxes contain additional archival material and photographs relating to the School of Creative Arts.
Access to Collection:
Collection is open for research use. Appointment with curatorial staff at Hamon Library is required.
Permission to publish materials must be obtained from the staff of Jerry Bywaters Special Collections.
It is the responsibility of the user to obtain copyright authorization.
Esther Webb Houseman art work and papers, Bywaters Special Collections, Hamon Arts Library, Southern Methodist University.
Gift, Miss Carisa Houseman, 1995.
Gift, Mrs. Barbara Antle, 1997.
The Esther Webb Houseman collection was donated to Bywaters Special Collections in two parts, 1995 and 1997, by her daughter, Miss Carisa Houseman, and her sister-in-law, Mrs. Barbara Antle.
The Esther Webb Houseman art work and papers were donated in two parts beginning in 1995. The contents of each gift were divided into separate archival files for clippings, correspondence, documents, ephemera, photographs, publicity, published works, and scrapbooks. The photographs were housed separately in an archival box. The newspaper clippings were copied onto acid-free paper and placed in an archival box. The original newspaper clippings were stored in a separate archival box. Several items were placed in flat archival storage boxes including artwork, publicity, published works, and a scrapbook.
Processed by: Ellen Buie Niewyk, 2009.
Ellen Buie Niewyk, 2009.
Lara Corazalla, 2009.
Detailed Description of the Collection