Southern Methodist University

Lawrence T. Jones III Texas photography collection

A Guide to the Collection


Creator: Jones, Lawrence T.
Title: Lawrence T. Jones III Texas photography collection
Dates: 1846-1945
Abstract: Lawrence T. Jones III Texas photography collection contains a comprehensive overview of Texas photography, ca. 1846-1945. Jones assembled his collection over more than 30 years from the 1970s to 2008. This important collection documents all aspects of Texas photography including the various types practiced from its earliest introduction to the state, a large array of subjects and styles, and examples by numerous photographers, both professional and itinerant, who documented Texas, the contiguous states and Mexico. Included are daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, tintypes, stereographs, albums and paper print photographs in various formats. Subjects for research include the Civil War and other military history, biography, African Americans, Indians, women’s history, social and domestic history, architecture, transportation, ranching, agriculture, commerce, material culture, costume, and urban and rural history. Digitized images from this collection are available at
Accession No: Ag2008.0005
Extent: 27 linear feet (4,000 photographic prints)
Language: Material is in English
Repository DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University

Biographical Note

Lawrence T. Jones III was born in Greenville, Texas in 1945. He earned a B.A. in English, East Texas State University, Commerce, 1967 and a M.S. in Sociology, East Texas State University, Commerce, 1970. His life-long interest in Texas history and photography led him to begin collecting Texas images more than 30 years ago. Jones has provided research and images from his collection for museum and library exhibits, state park sites, television productions and numerous publications over the years for such prestigious presses as the Smithsonian Institution, Stanford University Press, Texas A&M University Press, Texas State Historical Association, Texas Tech University Press, Time-Life Books, University of Arkansas Press, University of North Carolina Press, University of Oklahoma Press, University of Texas Press.


Jones, Lawrence T. III and Jerry Thompson. Civil War and Revolution on the Rio Grande Frontier: A Narrative and Photographic History. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 2004.

Jones, Lawrence T. III. Confederate Calendar. Austin: 1976-2008.

Jones, Lawrence T. III. "Cynthia Ann Parker and Pease Ross—the Forgotten Photographs," Southwestern Historical Quarterly XCIII, No. 3 (1990): 379-384.

Jones, Lawrence T. III. "A Texas Frontier Daguerreotype." In The Daguerreian Annual, ed. Peter Palmquist, 104-107. Eureka, CA: Daguerreian Society, 1991.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Lawrence T. Jones III Texas Photography Collection represents over 30 years of collecting. The images are an overview of Texas photographers, photography and history dating from ca. 1846 to 1945. The Jones collection of 5,000 images is one of the most comprehensive and valuable Texas-related photography collections and documents all aspects of Texas photography, including the various types practiced from its earliest introduction to the state: daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, tintypes, stereographs and paper print photographs in various formats.

There are a significant number of subjects and styles represented, and examples by numerous photographers, both professional studio photographers and itinerants, who documented Texas, the contiguous states and Mexico. The images range from portraits of such important figures as Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Cynthia Ann Parker, and Civil War soldiers to those showing fleeting moments in time and ones that document Texas history. The collection can be utilized in many ways: research, publication, exhibitions, and education on all levels. Subjects for research include Civil War and other military history, biography, African Americans, Indians, women's history, social and domestic history, architecture, transportation, ranching, agriculture, commerce, material culture, costume, and urban and rural history.

Arrangement of the Collection

The collection is organized into 9 series:
Series 1: Cased Images
Series 2: Cartes de Visite
Series 3: Cabinet Card Photographs
Series 4: Texas Locations and People
Series 5: Albums and Books
Series 6: Photographica
Series 7: Stereographs
Series 8: Postcards
Series 9: Miscellaneous Additional Materials


Access to Collection:

Collection is open for research use.

Publication Rights:

Permission to publish materials must be obtained from the Director of the DeGolyer Library.

Copyright Statement:

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain copyright authorization.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following terms in the Southern Methodist University Libraries' online catalog. Researchers desiring related materials may search the catalog using these terms.
Texas -- Photographs.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Photographs.
Southwestern States – Photographs.
Mexico – Photographs.
Photographers -- Texas.
Photographic prints.
Photograph albums.
Portrait photographs.

Related Materials

The Lawrence T. Jones III Texas Photographs digital collection contains a wide range of early Texas photography. The digitized images are from the Lawrence T. Jones III Texas Photography Collection, which contains 5,000 photographs, ca. 1846-1945, held by SMU's DeGolyer Library.

For additional Texas photography collections, see:

Texas Stereographs, Ag1996.0582

Brownsville, Texas, Ag2002.1416

Collection of Texas Photographs, Ag1993.0881

Texas Portrait Collection, Ag1994.0995

Collection of Texas Postcards, Ag2005.0001

George A. McAfee Dallas Collection, Ag1996.1032

Lynn Lennon Photographs, Ag2002.1405

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Lawrence T. Jones III Texas photography collection, DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University.

Acquisition Information

Gift and purchase, Lawrence T. Jones III, 2008.

Processing Information

Initially the collection was arranged by process and size, and much of the original order has been maintained. However, some photographs of similar subjects were moved together even if in different sizes for ease in access and a few new categories such as Photographica were added. Some photographs were rehoused. The original collection inventory was used as the basis for the finding aid.

Processed by

Anne E. Peterson, 2009.

Finding aid written by

Anne E. Peterson, 2009.

Encoded by

Lara Corazalla, 2009.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Cased Images
9 boxes

This series is made up of the various formats of cased images: daguerreotypes, ambrotypes and tintypes, circa 1846-1885. Most are portraits but also included are some rare outdoor images like four tintypes of a Confederate foundry. Digitized images from this series are available at
1 Daguerreotypes, Texas Military Related (18) [Vault]
Buckner, James "Buck" Barry in casual pose, by Edward C. Drane, Corsicana, Texas, June 1853. Inscribed on back, name, date, location, and photographer. Earliest known photographic image of a "genuine" Texas Ranger, as opposed to later Ranger activities as an adjunct to U.S. Army operations. Basic Texas Books (11) remarks of Barry's autobiography: "Best memoir of a Texan Ranger during the mid-19th century, covering his early life in North Carolina as hunter and schoolteacher, trip at the age of 23 through Texas in the last year of the Republic, service in the Mexican War under Jack Hays, and life as a pioneer on what was then the farthest frontier of Texas." Sixth plate daguerreotype in case with rosette motif, good condition.
Hardeman, Brigadier General William Polk, (1816-1898) in 1st Lieutenant uniform, circa 1846-47. Hardeman was a soldier in the Texas Revolution, in the Mexican War, a Texas Ranger and Confederate general. The case and brass mat help date the image to the 1846-1848, Mexican War era. Sixth plate daguerreotype in case with mixed floral bouquet motif, good condition.
Krugler, Private John, A., Company L, 1st Artillery, U.S. Army, circa 1856. A native of Berne, Switzerland, his contemporary obituary, death from yellow fever, Fort Brown, Texas, is pinned to interior case cover. Sixth plate daguerreotype in case with octagon motif, excellent condition.
Maxey, Brigadier General Samuel Bell, (1825-1895), as 2nd Lieutenant, 7th U.S. Infantry, circa 1847, by James Maguire, New Orleans. Maguire also worked in Corpus Christi. Photographer is identified in mat, upper top right. Maxey served in the Mexican War, was a major Confederate figure, and later served in the US Senate. The image is of Maxey right after West Point where he roomed with Stonewall Jackson. Sixth plate daguerreotype in case with lyre motif, good condition.
Daguerreotypes, Texas Non-military
Andrews, Julius A., ca. 1858. Sitter was about 18 years of age. Sixth plate lightly tinted daguerreotype in half case with urn and mixed floral motif, excellent condition. There is another image of Andrews later in life in Series 1 of this collection as a colonel in the 32nd Regimental Cavalry in Texas (see Series 1, Box 7, Tintypes, Texas Military Related.)
Dyer, H. P., by S. P. Woolley, 1855, Bonham, Texas. Inside case under image is original documentation on the photograph, "H.P. Dyer, Taken Nov. 27th 1855, age 21 years, 11 mo. and 25 days. Taken in Bonham by S.J. Wooley [sic], artist." Also, accompanying note by Dyer indicating daguerreotype taken above Russell’s Store, Bonham, and Dyer’s occupation at the time was, "Studying medicine under Dr. T.C. Everts." Woolley was an early Texas travelling photographer, see Palmquist, working from Bonham, see Haynes. Sixth plate daguerreotype in half case with scroll and leaf motif, good condition.
Martin, Dr. T. R., probably taken by an amateur photographer, Jonathan B. Clapton at Elgin, Texas, 1876. Unusual late date noted behind the image on the cover, "Taken at Elgin, Tex. July 1876, T.R. Martin, M.D., first effort of Jno. B. Clapton." However, process, style of case and clothing may indicate an earlier date for the daguerreotype. Sixth plate daguerreotype in case with rectangular motif, poor condition.
Robie or Robin(?), Mr. Austin, Texas, ca. 1840s. Early Austin image, with notation, "Mr. Robie (or Robin), Austin, Texas," in period ink inside case cover. Sixth plate daguerreotype in case with simple rose motif, good condition.
Santa Anna, Antonio Lopez de (attributed), (1794-1876), circa 1855, provenance from Stanley Burns collection. Josefina Vasquez, expert on Santa Anna said it is her impression this is Santa Anna, also confirmed by W. Michael Mathes, historian and Mexican history expert. Sixth plate stereo daguerreotype in plain Mascher case in excellent condition.
Sneed, Miranda (1809-1878), married to Sebron G. Sneed, moved from Washington County, Arkansas, to Austin, 1848. Portrait of Sneed in floral dress with pink tinted bow, wearing lace gloves and holding a folded fan, photographed by unknown artist circa 1849-50. Quarter plate daguerreotype in plain case, very good condition.
Unidentified girl with manuscript note in back of case under plate, "Emma at the age of 8 years," circa 1850 signed I. Altman on mat lower left. Found in Austin, portrait of girl with floral dress seated in simple wooden chair. Sixth plate daguerreotype with mismatched case with leaf and mixed floral bouquet motifs, excellent condition.
Unidentified older man with white hair, hands open and flat on abdomen, Austin, circa 1853. Manuscript inscription behind image, "Compliments of (illegible) Austin, Texas," Sixth plate daguerreotype in half case with bird in oval motif, good condition.
Unidentified man, Galveston, Texas, provenance circa 1850s. "S. Anderson, Artist," stamped in mat bottom center. Anderson was a photographer who worked in New Orleans and Houston. Daguerreotype found in Houston. Sixth plate daguerreotype in half case with bird in oval motif, excellent condition.
Unidentified men (merchants?), Brownsville, Texas, circa 1853. Nice horizontal pose of three men, includes period newspaper article glued into back of case discussing Borderlands and Texas. Quarter plate daguerreotype, good condition with tarnishing at edges, seals intact.
Unidentified young women, three, perhaps sisters, by Anderson & Bickel, Galveston, circa 1855. Quarter plate daguerreotype in case with mixed floral motif, red embossed velvet lining. Published by Peter E. Palmquist.
Unidentified young woman with tinted blue scarf, by Anderson & Bickel, Galveston, circa ca.1850s. Sixth plate tinted daguerreotype in case with cornucopia motif, faint studio imprint on plush case lining, good condition.
Unidentified woman with three children. Anderson & Bickel, Galveston, circa 1855. Group portrait with horizontal pose, little girl left with pink tinted dress. Quarter plate tinted daguerreotype in case with bird and fruit motif, blue plush lining, excellent condition.
Unidentified woman, older, with white bonnet and blue tinted bow, holding eye glasses circa 1840s. Thought to have some connection to San Angelo, Texas/McHenry surname. Sixth plate daguerreotype in half case with mixed floral bouquet and urn motif, no preserver, cover glass loose, good condition.
2 Ambrotypes, Texas Military Related (14)
Adams, Private G. H., 1st Texas Heavy Artillery (King's Battery), CSA. With this is a document, a pass for him to visit his home in Brownwood, signed by Confederate officers, including an obscure Confederate general whose signature is difficult to find. Purchased directly from descendents of Private Adams. Sixth plate ambrotype in mismatched case with flower vase motif on top and scroll design verso.
Battaile, Private C. R., Col. John Ford's command, Palmito Ranch, last battle of Civil War [see page 44, Reminiscences of the Boys in Gray, 1861-1865 by Mamie Yeary]. Only known photograph of a common Confederate soldier in the Palmito battle. Sixth plate ambrotype in half case with floral design, good condition. Published in Thompson, A Wild and Vivid Land, p. 144.
Baxter, 1st Lt. Eli N., Co. E, 1st Texas Infantry, later Col. 28th Texas Cavalry Regiment, CSA, Hood's Brigade, hat with "MG," Marshall Guards from Marshall, Texas, in brass and a "1" for 1st Texas Infantry. Identification information on file. Ninth plate horizontal format ambrotype in excellent condition, half case with scroll motif.
Blount, Thomas William, (1839-1934), double portrait with another Confederate, from Blount family estate, San Augustine. Identification of images based on provenance. De-accessioned from Walker County Historical Society. Supposedly Blount was the first Texan to volunteer for the Confederate Army. He was at the organization of the Confederate States at Montgomery, Alabama, February-March, 1861. Blount's father was a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. Quarter plate ambrotype, in fair condition in half case with arabesque design.
Brown, Private George T., 3rd Texas Cavalry Regiment, Arizona Brigade. Brown holds a pistol; provenance directly from family. Brown is buried in the old Belton, Texas cemetery located on the Leon River. Sixth plate ambrotype in good condition in case with quatrefoil and leaf design.
Burgess, Private William, 27th Texas Cavalry Regiment, CSA, with gold uniform buttons and revolver in belt. From Confederate Dead Letter Office, Richmond with period paper identification glued on case. Ninth plate ambrotype in excellent condition in case with circle motif design.
Collins, Private Japhet, Co. D., 12th Texas (Parson's) Cavalry Regiment, CSA. Desirable for the knife, old Mexican War-style forage hat, revolver, colorful image. Sixth plate lightly tinted ambrotype in floral design case, very fine condition.
Cotter, Private Robert, 16th Texas Infantry, 1st Texas Mounted Rifles, 13th Texas Dismounted Cavalry. Cotter wears a rare Texas star belt plate. [Texas star belt plate, annotated copy of Blessington's book (The Campaigns of Walker’s Texas Division, by a Private Soldier... New York: Published for the author by Lange, Little, & Co., 1875), with notations, corrections and augmentations by the author]. Cotter had a long, exciting career as a Texas Ranger, Battle of Washita, fought with Ford in the 1850s. Sixth plate lightly tinted ambrotype in mint condition, in case with octagon center and leaf motif border. Also, a cdv of Cotter and one of his wife.
Gates, Private T. B., Co. K, 9th (Nichols's) Texas Infantry, Co. F., 2nd Infantry Battalion, Wauls's Texas Legion. Young soldier holding large rifle, name inscribed lower right in plate while emulsion was still wet. Sixth plate ambrotype with some spotting, fair condition in half case with oriental motif with leaf design.
Gregg, Brigadier General John, (1828-1864) Interesting, early war image of Gregg as Colonel of the 7th Texas Infantry seated with his hand on his sword. He was one of the commanders in Hood's Brigade, Texas, in Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, CSA. A Confederate General, Gregg died in action during the siege of Petersburg outside Richmond, October 7, 1864. Sixth plate ambrotype in good condition in case with quatrefoil design, published in a book on Confederate Generals (Vol. 3).
Henry, Corp. John and Wife, 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers, CSA. Not in uniform but positively identified. Henry fought in New Mexico campaign. Beautiful lightly tinted ambrotype, unusual for the manuscript notations on paper glued to the case relating to Confederate Dead Letter Office, where it was found. Quarter plate ambrotype, very good condition in case with arabesque and floral design.
Knittel, Herman, Co. C, Waul's Texas Legion CSA. Jones identified sitter, because he had seen the image in a thesis (Hasskarl & Hasskarl, Waul's Texas Legion, 1862-1865. Cop.1985). The most difficult images to locate of Confederates are from Texas, Arkansas, Missouri. Quarter plate ambrotype in very good condition in case with floral vase design. Missing cover glass.
Lown, Private Jacob F., Co. H. 4th Texas Infantry Regiment, CSA. Sitter in uniform holding book. Sixth plate lightly tinted ambrotype in excellent condition, mismatched case cover, floral vase motif front and scroll leaf motif verso. Published in Jones CC and a different, companion view is reproduced in Simpson's book on Hood's Brigade.
Mayfield, Private J. E., 8th (known in the field as the 12th) Texas Infantry Regiment, CSA. Interesting image of Mayfield holding rifle. Sixth plate ambrotype, excellent condition in case with two birds on a ring.
3 Ambrotypes, Texas Military Related and Non-military (17)
Robinson, Private (later Capt.) J. F., Co. A, 33rd Texas Cavalry Regiment, Duff's Co., CSA. Identified in back of case. Robinson was an interesting person who fought against pro-Union German settlers in the massacre on the Nueces River. Sixth plate ambrotype with lightly tinted green collar and cuff in good condition, half case with simple decorative motif. Published in SWHQ 2002.
Scott, Josephine "Josie" M., holding portrait of her husband, Captain John G. Scott, 1st Texas Infantry Regiment, by Isaac Cline, Palestine, Anderson County, July 1863. Photographer and sitter [Josephine Tully Scott] identified and dated inside the case under plate. Cline was a photographer in the Mexican War. Ninth plate ambrotype in case with scalloped oval design in mint condition. Published in Jones Confederate Calendar and elsewhere. Used as frontispiece to Palmquist & Kailbourn, Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide...1839-1865 (Stanford University Press, 2005).
Scott, William C., 6th Texas Cavalry, CSA. "W. C. Scott" in ink on back, wonderful image, with Whitney revolver and in fur cap with leather bill. Scott was with an important brigade commanded by General Sul Ross. Quarter plate ambrotype, half case with delicate roses design, in excellent condition.
Stanton, Private David E., Co. D, 16th Texas Infantry, CSA. Stanton was in Walker's Texas Division. Very good large image, of Stanton holding revolver. Quarter plate ambrotype, in half case with curved octagon motif. (This image and the one listed below of his wife were possibly housed as a pair in one case.)
Stanton, Mrs. David E (Amanda E.) Quarter plate ambrotype with gilded jewelry, a bit light otherwise in good condition, cracked cover glass, half case with curved octagon motif. (This image and the one listed above of her husband were possibly housed as a pair in one case.)
Woods, Joseph. Subject is posed with rifle probably later a Confederate volunteer, identified on paper under plate inside case, Seguin, 1861. Sixth plate ambrotype, dark, poor condition, damage to case with curved octagon motif.
Ambrotypes, Texas Non-military
Carpenter, Nancy, wife of Evan Shelby Carpenter (see tintypes for his image). Beautiful image of handsome woman with landscape backdrop. Difficult to find identified images of Texas women of this era. Quarter plate ambrotype with light tinting, very good condition, some wear to case with mixed floral motif.
Hitchcock, Lent Munson, (1816-1869), and wife Emily and two children, circa 1855. Hitchcock was a naval officer, Texas pioneer and one of the founders of Galveston. With three identified accompanying images of Hitchcock family members. Half-plate ambrotype in case with oval grape motif, excellent condition.
Kilgore, John Franklin, Texas farmer, circa 1860. Identified in back of case and verified by the 1860 census. Sixth plate ambrotype with tinted cheeks and pink shirt in case with scalloped oval motif, very good condition.
Knight, Mrs. Serena C., (1822-1913) seated in Gothic chair holding baby, circa 1858. She came to Texas in 1846. Research file includes her obituary. Sixth plate ambrotype in good condition, mismatched case, top with oval motif, bottom with roses in oval motif.
Lowe, Della, "sold apples in Marshall, Texas," circa 1857. African American woman with apples identified in back of case. She was perhaps an ex-slave or free black. Sixth plate ambrotype somewhat darkened but overall good condition, half case with bird motif.
McCown, Francis (?) and child, Red River County, Texas, circa 1860. Image presumably of father and daughter (includes letter dated Oct. 9, 1860 from Red River County where photograph was probably made expressing the desire to return to Arkansas at some point; letter refers to having their “likeness” made and sending it). Sixth plate ambrotype with manuscript label addressed to “Mrs. E. R. Barnes, Jackson Port [sic] Jackson County Ark”, postmark Clarksville, Texas, attached to front of case with rectangle motif, good condition.
Unidentified attractive young woman with roses in her hair, wearing jewelry and off the shoulder dress circa 1860. Sixth plate ambrotype nicely tinted with very clear Anderson &Bickel, Galveston, imprint in velvet case lining, case with circle motif, excellent condition.
Unidentified pretty young woman wearing long chain necklace, circa 1851. Sixth plate, relievo ambrotype with gilded jewelry in embossed leather case with mixed floral design and strong Anderson & Bickel, Galveston, studio imprint on red plush case lining. Plate in mint condition, wear to case exterior.
Unidentified attractive young woman wearing elaborate cameo jewelry and off the shoulder dress found in Travis County, circa 1855. Sixth plate ambrotype in a papier mache book form case inlaid with mother of pearl with gilt and applied color on floral arrangement in vase, fine condition.
Unidentified ambrotype of beautiful young woman with dark hair wearing gold crucifix, earrings, bracelets, pin, and black lace gloves, seated at table with books, circa 1860. Sitter is possibly of French or Mexican descent. Purchased from Sneed estate. Sixth plate ambrotype with tinted gold jewelry and flowers on her dress in case with bird in circle motif, mint condition.
Unidentified woman with large white collar, cuffs and bow at waist, from Sneed estate, Travis County, circa 1860. Sixth plate ambrotype lightly tinted in scalloped octagon case, excellent condition.
4 Cased Images, Texas Non-military (5) [Vault]
Considerant, Victor Prosper (attributed), (1808-1893), founder of La Reunion in Dallas, ambrotype made in San Antonio, dated March 1860 in plate lower left. Interesting horizontal portrait of Considerant with shoulder-length hair, seated off center in the picture frame with his elbow propped on a stack of books, hand on the side of his head. One of the books shown is a title by Considerant, Au Texas. Found in San Antonio, where Considerant was living at the time. Quarter plate ambrotype, excellent condition.
Roberts, Oran Milo, (1816-1869) lawyer, governor of Texas and Senator, this ambrotype was made at the time he was President of Texas Secession Convention in Austin, circa 1860-1861, attributed to photographer William W. Bridgers. Purchased from descendents along with other photographs of him. Sixth plate lightly tinted ambrotype, good condition.
Parker, Cynthia Ann, (circa 1825-circa 1871) by William W. Bridgers, Austin, 1861. Accompanied with excellent documentation from a legislator in the Secession Convention (see Jones's files, plus article in SWHQ). The ladies in Austin brought her to Bridgers's studio for this photograph, and this is the only known extant original photograph of Cynthia Ann Parker. The original photograph that appears in the book on Parker is now gone, and there are only copy prints. Sixth plate tintype, half case with detailed notes glued verso about Cynthia Ann and the provenance of the piece, slightly darkened background, fine, crisp image.
Ross, Pease, 1861, by William W. Bridgers, Austin. The young Comanche boy was captured at the battle at the Pease River by Texas Ranger and soldier Sul Ross (1838-1896) during the raid when Cynthia Ann Parker was taken from the tribe. The Ross family raised the boy. It is possibly the earliest known photographic image of a Comanche. Sixth plate tintype in half case with note glued to back, good condition. Note reads: “Captured with Cynthia Ann Parker. Sul Ross took him to Waco to live with family. He gave him the name Pease, as he was captured near that river. Ross was later Gov. of Texas.” Published in SWHQ, Jan. 1990.
Unidentified nude African American slave boy, double portrait, front and back views, from Smith family estate, Smithville, Texas, circa 1860. Highly unusual and rare nude images of African American boy, see Hidden Witness by Jackie Napoleon Wilson. Background: according to family lore, the family who owned him wanted to document that he had not been abused or whipped. Two sixth plate tintypes in double case with oval motif, mint condition.
5 Ambrotypes, Texas Non-military (8)
Cat posed with Mexican serape, circa 1860. Ninth plate ambrotype, fine condition in case with arabesque motif.
Navarro County Courthouse, Corsicana, Texas. Rare outdoor image of the first Navarro County courthouse, circa 1857. Half plate ambrotype in poor condition, emulsion problems, case with bird motif.
Unidentified older Texas couple with plaid home-spun cloth border, circa 1856-1862. Unusual fabric, handmade folk-art case. Ninth plate ambrotype in half case, very good condition.
Unidentified Texas family with three children, horizontal pose, with "Texas 1860" date scratched in emulsion beneath mat. Quarter plate ambrotype, fair condition, case with love bird design.
Unidentified affluent-looking man, a well-posed image, circa 1858, from Galveston estate. Quarter plate ambrotype in excellent condition, mismatched case, front with rose motif, verso with arabesque and floral motif.
Unidentified men, perhaps two brothers from a Williamson County estate, circa 1857-58. One man has a cross pin in his tie. Quarter plate tinted ambrotype, double case with arabesque and floral motif, very good condition.
Non-ambrotype oval portrait of a woman, dated Oct. 1873, perhaps an opaltype or opalotype in fabric case. Also included is a piece of paper identifying her as "Miss Anna E. Cameron, Manchaca, Texas."
Glass silhouette (?) in thermoplastic half case with gypsy fortune teller motif and brass mat with Union flag design.
6 Ambrotypes, McDonald children (1)
McDonald children, three daughters and one son, of Judge J. G. and Julia D. McDonald, Grimes County, circa 1868, see 1860 census records. Unusual full-plate ambrotype in good condition; wear to the case with oval center and floral leaf motif border.
7 Tintypes, Texas Military Related (5)
Andrews, Col. Julius A., 32nd Texas Cavalry Regiment, CSA, ca. 1862. Image of seated officer in uniform holding a Colt revolver with small Confederate flag on his hat. Colonel commanding a regiment. Quarter plate tintype in thermoplastic case with gypsy fortune teller design in relief made by A.P. Critchlow & Co., excellent condition. Published as dust jacket for a TSHA publication.
Carpenter, Evan Shelby, 21st Texas Cavalry Regiment, CSA (see ambrotypes for his wife’s portrait). Standing portrait of Carpenter holding his rifle; small silver conchos are sewn onto the sides of his pants. Identified in case along with notes, "Hurah [sic] for the Confederacy. I expect to live and die a Rebel. Texas the fighting curse of oppression is upon thee. Departed April 1st. Evan Shelby Carpenter." Quarter plate tintype in half case with embossed bouquet of flowers, good condition, but slightly dark. Published in NM Historical Society, where it was misidentified.
Oliphant, William J., 6th Texas Infantry Regiment, CSA. Gold buttons on uniform were made from Mexican gold coins made by his father. Oliphant's father was jewelers on 6th Street, Austin. Oliphant was captured later by Yankees who took his gold buttons when he was captured at Arkansas Post, Arkansas. Father-in-law of Walter Prescott Webb. Oliphant was a photographer, and after the Civil War he studied photography with Alexander Gardner in Washington, D.C. See 1932 article in SWHQ by Webb. Purchased from family descendents. Quarter plate tintype, fair condition. (Stored with the Oliphant collection, see Series 6, Box 3, Oliphant Family Cased Images.)
Scott, Dr. John, Confederate surgeon, from Sherman, Texas, circa 1860. Medical interest. Sixth plate tintype in half case with scroll design in very good condition.
Taylor, Emzy (left), 16th Texas Infantry Regiment, Confederate States Army. Large tintype of two soldiers in uniform standing side by side with muskets and bayonets, pistols, revolver. Portrait was acquired from a Taylor family descendant, man (right) identified as G. M. Taylor, possibly G. W. Taylor. Half plate tintype in leather case with embossed design of a pedestal vase with flowers.
Wood, Private James M., Mann's Texas Cavalry Regiment, CSA. Seated in uniform; late war image, circa 1865. Includes a modern letter from family regarding Wood. Sixth plate with scroll design and center leaf motif case, excellent condition.
8 Tintypes, Confederate Foundry (4)
Confederate foundry series of four, possibly Houston, Texas, circa 1864-1865.
View 1 This is likely a Confederate foundry, apparently with slave labor. Image with men on the roof of foundry and below, tree behind the building has Spanish moss on branches. These may be the only existing foundry photos with slaves working outdoors, perhaps taken in Texas (conjectured foundries would be Alexander McGowan in Houston, who had a foundry on Buffalo Bayou, or J.H. Dance Revolver Foundry in East Columbia on the Brazos). Jones found in Texas, in the Houston area, in the early 1990s. Half plate tintype in case with oval motif, very good to excellent condition.
View 2 Confederate foundry, possibly Houston, Texas, circa 1864-1865. Image of side of building again with men on roof. Half plate tintype in case with mixed floral urn motif, very good to excellent condition.
View 3 Confederate foundry, possibly Houston, Texas, circa 1864-1865. Image of a group of men close-up, two in CSA uniforms. Half plate tintype in case with grapes in oval motif, very good to excellent condition.
View 4 Confederate foundry, possibly Houston, Texas, circa 1864-1865. Image of a group of men in front of trees, some in CSA uniforms. Half plate tintype in embossed leather case with lyre memorial design in very good to excellent condition.
9 Tintypes, Texas Non-Military (13)
Estelle, Will C., Columbus, Texas, January 6, 1867. Post Civil War, with note in case, "Will C. Estelle, Columbus, Texas, Jany. 6th 1867. To Blanche, my wife." Sixth plate tintype in case with scroll motif, good condition.
Gruene, Texas, Outdoor view showing small Texas German-style house with white picket fence and two outbuildings behind it, circa 1860. Found in Gruene, Comal County, Texas. Lightly tinted quarter plate tintype in half case with single rose motif, ca. 1862, fair condition.
Haynes, Charles Power and Sarah Jane (Dunman), sister of Texas Ranger Bill Dunman, from Haynes Family estate, circa 1860, attributed to William W. Bridgers, Austin. Haynes was an early Texas cowboy, see Hunter, Trail Drivers. Other images in the Jones collection relate to this one. Sixth plate tintype, crisp image in case with arabesque motif, in fine condition, probably made by Oliphant.
Norwood family, post mortem of small girl, from estate, Navasota, Texas, circa 1860. Uncommon genre for Texas; Jones has seen only one other such image for Texas in thirty years. Quarter plate tintype in simple case with leaf border, somewhat darkened image.
Unidentified African American freedman, circa 1865. Cased images of African Americans are difficult to find. Sixth plate tintype in thermoplastic case with elaborate oval and scroll motif, fine condition.
Unidentified cowboy, circa 1868-70. Wonderful image of a real cowboy, classic Southern Plains Indian (either Kiowa or Comanche) beaded awl case, boots with spurs, knife, revolver, etc. See Jones's file. Eighth plate tintype in thermoplastic case with scroll motif, slight wrinkling to plate, otherwise very good condition.
Unidentified family group of parents and five children, possibly Fayette County, Texas, circa 1860. Primitive horizontal grouping with white hanging backdrop probably by an itinerant photographer. Quarter plate tintype in a half case with rectangular design, excellent condition. Published and has been on PBS, "The American Experience."
Unidentified girls, probably two sisters, from Travis County, circa 1858, possibly by William Bridgers(?). Older girl wears a cross on necklace and the other girl has cross earrings. Sixth plate tinted and gilded tintype in case with arabesque motif, mint condition.
Unidentified seated man, from New Braunfels, Comal County, circa 1865. German newspaper glued to back of case, smaller tintype of woman inside case behind portrait of man. Sixth plate tintype in case with oval motif, mat has Union motif with eagles and flag, good condition.
Unidentified men, two, possibly Hispanic, circa 1865-1870, seated in wooden chairs. Found in San Antonio. Sixth plate tintype, no case, good condition.
Unidentified woman holding cased image of three men, Texas, circa 1862. Sixth plate tintype in case with bird with grapes motif, excellent condition.
Unidentified young woman with elaborate hairdo and tinted jewelry, circa 1868, from Sebron Sneed estate, Travis County. Ninth plate tintype in case with hummingbird motif, excellent condition.
Unidentified young woman holding dog, circa 1860. Sixth plate tinted tintype in case with oval and scroll motif, some wear to case, image in excellent condition.
10 Tintypes – Miscellaneous Post-1865 to 1885, including:
Baby with "hidden mother" or "hidden father," genre of photography in which adult is covered with blanket in photograph holding a baby from behind or to the side
Carpenter with tools, Bexar County
Fayette County folk view of couple holding their clock
Farmer with big straw hat, 1870s
People with musical instruments
Physician taking a patient's pulse, unusual staged shot
Physician with his bag
Wagon driver with bull whip
Woman taken in front of quilt by itinerant photographer
(36 tintypes)

Series 2: Cartes de Visite

Digitized images from this series are available at
Cartes de Visite, Texas Subjects (154 cartes de visite)
A collection of cartes de visite (cdv or cdvs) of Confederate soldiers, Union soldiers, and Texas Reconstruction images, known and historical Texas people and locations, circa 1864-1870
1 Civil War, Texas Confederates (155 cartes de visite)
Allen, Major A. C., 19th Texas Infantry
Arthur, Josh
Baldwin, L.H., Confederate Galveston post chaplain with Havana imprint
Bee, Brigadier General Hamilton Prioleau (1822-1897), 1863
Cabell, General William Lewis (?)
Chilton, Capt. George Washington
Cosby, Major Charles W.
Davis, Alf, Tyler 1861? (a post-war copy of a cased image)
DeBray, Brigadier General Xavier B. (1819-1895)
Ector, Brigadier General Matthew Duncan (?,) 14th Texas Cavalry (dismounted), Ector's Brigade, posed with unidentified man
D’Hamel, Lieutenant Enrique B., Cuban-Texan Confederate, author of Adventures of a Tenderfoot, married Theodora Navarro, daughter of Luciano Navarro, signer of Texas Declaration of Independence.
Forshey, Caleb Goldsmith, (1812-1881) engineer for the Galveston, Houston and Henderson Railroad, Confederate Engineering Corps
Golden Circle Member, wears Secession badge and gives secret hand sign for the Knights
Hamby, William Robert (1845-1915) posed in captain’s uniform although he was really a private in 4th Texas Infantry (Hood’s Brigade), later newspaper editor and established Texas Railroad Commission
Hardeman, Brigadier General William Polk, (1816-1898)
Hawes, Brigadier General James Morrison, (1824-1889) Confederate, commander of Galveston Island, in military uniform but insignia removed per postwar Federal regulations
Holloway, Captain Edmund or Edmunds B., in Mexican War uniform from painting, circa 1846-1848; Holloway was in the West Point class of 1843
Longstreet, General James and General Xavier DeBray and unknown man at Mark’s Photographic Gallery, Houston; and another cdv of Longstreet with group of ex-Confederates and civilians includes Longstreet, Dowling, and others at an outdoor gathering
Magruder, Major General John Bankhead, (1807-1871) with Galveston imprint and Confederate flag verso; served in Mexican War and in the Confederate Army with great success at the Battle of Galveston
Mayfield, J.E., 12th Texas Infantry, as a veteran in wheelchair with wife
McMichael, Jim and Rufus Edwards, both killed in the war
Menard, Lieutenant Col. Medard, 26th Regiment, DeBray’s Texas Cavalry
Ochiltree, Major Thomas Peck, (1839-1902), Texas Ranger, newspaper man, politician, Confederate in Hood’s Brigade
Orton, Richard David (1841-1885) Confederate
Raguet, Major Henry W., at the Battle of Valverde
Rankin, Major John Y. and Captain H.C. Cloud and Lt. Col. Ryan
Rayburn, Captain Howell A., C.S.A. "Banditti," a notorious young guerilla fighter from Texas who organized his own command in Arkansas and led big raids
Reeves, Colonel George Robertson (1826-1882)
Robertson, George L., Co. B, 4th Texas Infantry, "Tom Green Rifles"
Robinson, W.M.
Terrell, Alexander Watkins
Unidentified Major, Confederate States Army, has been identified as possibly General William Steele or Major Richard Thomas Brownrigg
Wagner, Maria, Galveston, Texas, marked C.S.A. and three children
Walker, Major General John George (1822-1893) (Walker’s Greyhounds)
Waul, Brigadier General Thomas Neville, (1813-1903)
Whitfield, Major J.T., son of General J.W. Whitfield
Wigfall, General Louis Trezevant
Wilcox, Major General Cadmus Marcellus
Wilson, Captain D.M., postwar as civilian
Wilson, Jeptha, 6th Texas Infantry, C.S.A.
Unidentified soldiers of the First Texas Infantry, Confederate States Army, Dumfries, Virginia in camp outside log building doing laundry and perhaps cooking, cdv with Marks Houston gallery back mark. This carte de visite is probably a post-Civil War copy of an outdoor ambrotype scene at Wigfall Mess near Dumfries, Virginia. It is thought to be by Solomon Thomas Blessing, a soldier from Galveston in General John Bell Hood's Texas Brigade, of troops during the winter of 1861-1862. One of the soldiers is Private Joseph Nagle from Austin.
Confederate, cdv of soldier returned home after war with child on his lap
Reconstruction in Texas and Union Troops
Bartlett, 2nd Lieutenant Benjamin F., 42nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Company "I," died 1863, Federal soldier captured at Battle of Galveston and died at Hempstead, Texas prisoner of war camp
Bullis, General John Lapham (1841-1911) as lieutenant, Union soldier who later went to Texas during Reconstruction in command of Black Seminole scouts
Bond, Lieutenant David, 9 USCT (?), Maryland
Brown, Brigadier General E.B., Brownsville
Buffalo soldier, John Harris, in the 10th U.S. Cavalry regiment with Fort Sill imprint
Butler, James M.
Fletcher, 2nd Lt. Robert, 1st U.S. Artillery
Fulton, Lt. Andy, Co. A, 34th Indiana
Granger, Brigadier General Gordon, (1822-1876), Union, given command of the Department of Texas, and June 19, 1865 proclaimed slavery over in Texas, forming the basis for "Juneteenth" celebration (2)
Hamilton, Andrew Jackson, (1815-1875), Military Governor of Texas
Hansell, 2nd Lt. Thomas H., 48th Ohio
Harris, John, Buffalo soldier in the 10th U.S. Cavalry regiment with Fort Sill, I.T. imprint
Hatch, Major General Edward, commander of a Black Seminole soldiers regiment
Haynes, Colonel John Leal, (1821-1888) active in Mexican War, and commander of first and second Texas Cavalry regiments during the Civil War, with his wife, Angelica I. Haynes
Haysinger, W., 39th Indiana Regiment, Brownsville
Higley, Julius H., 109th USCT
House of Representatives, Austin, Texas post-Civil War with thumbnail images of all 87, Confederates elected right after the war, 11th Texas Legislature ousted by the Yankees, printed identifications verso
Hunt, W.H., Orderly Sgt. Co. I 42nd Reg. Mass. V.
Morrill, W.C., 109th USCT, 52nd Ohio Volunteer
Morse, Joel L., Assistant Surgeon, O.V. Infantry murdered at Brownsville 1866
Norris, A.L. M.D., Brownsville post surgeon
Paschal, Lt. Col. George W., Jr.
Proudfit, Captain D.L., 28th U.S. Col. Troops D.S. (with tax stamp)
Redman, Captain William H., 12th Regiment Illinois Cavalry
Reynolds, Military Governor Joseph J., Yankee in Texas during the Reconstruction period
Savage, Captain Cyrus, Company I 42nd Regiment M.V.I., wartime image taken by J.W. Black, Boston; Savage taken prisoner at Galveston, 1-1-1863
Shumard, Brigadier General George Getz (1823-1867)
Smith, Major General Giles A., Commanding, 1st Division 25th A.C. and Post of Brownsville
Spencer, Captain Henry, 34th Indiana Volunteers
Stevenson, 1st Lieutenant, S.H., 48th O., Galveston
Sweetman, M.A., 114th Ohio Volunteers
Thomas, William, Co. H, 9th US Colored Troops
1st U.S. Artillery Battery I and their 12-lb. brass cannon during Reconstruction, late 1865-1866
Weitzel, Major General G., Commanding 25th Army Corps and District of the Rio Grande, Brownsville
Wham, Joseph Washington, 1st Lieutenant, 21st Illinois Infantry with an Indianola imprint
White, 1st Lieutenant S.T., Co. I 42nd Regiment
Withey, Captain Anson
"Young Texas," political cartoons regarding Reconstruction in Texas, 2 cdvs with Dallas and Jefferson imprints
Unidentified soldiers and officers and miscellaneous militia and military school cdvs, circa 1860-1880, including Buffalo soldier, Squad of Co. C 34th Indiana Veteran Infantry, Lieutenant of Texas Army of Occupation, and Union Army officers, cavalry, and infantry soldiers
People, Historical Texas
Barry, James Buckner "Buck" (1821-1906) and Dr. Russell, as elderly men, tintype. Barry was a Texas Ranger and Confederate
Bonny, Dr. E.T., family physician to J.P. Osterhout’s family in Bellville, Texas
Borden, Emeline Eunace Church, Gail Borden’s third wife
Borden, Gail, Jr., a young child so not the right age for Gail Borden, Jr., perhaps a grandson
Borden, Louisa R. Graves, Thomas Borden’s second wife
Borden, Thomas S., brother of Gail Borden, Galveston, tintype
Gaines, Matthew (?), (1840-1900), African American activist
Hunt, Memucan, (1807-1856), active in the Texas Revolution and the Mexican War
Johnson, Lizzie – see Elizabeth Johnson Williams
Kleberg, Robert Justus [II], (1853-1932), son of Robert Justice Kleberg and head of the King Ranch
Labadie, Dr. Nicholas Descomps (1802-1867), carte de visite copy of a daguerreotype or ambrotype of Canadian physician who was in the battle of San Jacinto and wrote a controversial account of the battle
Lungkwitz, Hermann (?), artist (2)
Menger, William in his volunteer fireman's uniform
Onderdonk, Robert J., artist in serape and leather pants holding a cigar
Osterhout, John Patterson (1826-1903) lawyer, journalist, politician and family related:
Dow (?), Mrs.
Hoffman, E.N.
Marcy, A. and son (2)
Neyland, Cora
Osterhout, Chloe E.
Osterhout, Eunice, wife of P.M. Osterhout
Osterhout, Gertrude
Osterhout, Isaac
Osterhout, Marcy, son of Edgar Osterhout
Osterhout, Orlando
Osterhout, Hon. P.M.
Osterhout, Paul
Osterhout, Mrs. Sarah
Osterhout, Thomas
Osterhout, Mrs. Thomas
Parrott, Robert B. (1848-1903)
Pinson, Reverend J. F., Dallas preacher and wife (4)
Queen Emma of Hawaii with Austin Photograph Company back mark
Stone, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel T. Jr. – father and son operated a ferry in Austin
Williams, Elizabeth Ellen Johnson, (1840-1924), teacher, cattle dealer, landowner and investor
2 Civil War, Texas Confederates and Historical People (5) [Vault]
Dowling, Major Richard William (Dick), (1838-1867)
Ford, John Salmon "Rip", (1815-1897) among the portraits are Rip Ford dressed in uniform of Confederate Army colonel, circa 1865 carte de visite studio portrait by Louis de Planque done at Matamoros, Mexico or Brownsville, Texas. Rip Ford was a legendary Texas Ranger, Indian fighter, historian, and journalist, who won for the Confederacy the last land battle of the Civil War--the Battle of Palmito Ranch, May 13, 1865.
Granbury, General H. B., only war-time photograph of him, taken in Baltimore when he was a paroled prisoner of war before he was exchanged. He resumed his Confederate military service until he was killed in action at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, November 30, 1864.
Houston, Samuel, (1793-1863) portraits – one circa 1860 and a copy from a painting of Sam Houston as a Cherokee (2)
3 Cartes de Visite – Outdoor Scenes, Texas Locations (65 cartes de visite)
Austin, Myers's architectural drawing for the Capitol, Dr. J. D. Fields residence in Manor, Texas outside of Austin, "The" Boys, Austin band
Brownsville, rare views 1866-1867,Immaculate Conception Cathedral, Elizabeth Street and Levee Street showing Brownsville-Matamoros ferry crossing, circa 1865, Miller Hotel (prominent guests included Robert E. Lee), June 1866 Cortina gang hanging including Father Parisot,street scenes.
Comanche, rare and important for John Wesley Hardin who was in jail there around the time of this photograph, 1870s
Eagle Pass store of S.S. Ward
Fort Brown arsenal, African American soldiers at Fort Brown, Fort Brown Guard House
Fort Concho, view of adobe restaurant by J. G. Preusser
Galveston, aftermath of a devastating hurricane in 1867, 3 views, including Strand under water, Burnt District in 1877, Catholic Church, Tremont Street
Houston, D. P. Barr late 1860s view of Tom Thumb's carriage, a church alter, Blessing & Bros. cdv showing steam-pumping fire truck with crowd of diverse ethnic types, Houston & Texas Central Railway Company locomotive #8, the W.R. Baker, and tender in front of a hardware and dry goods shop and Wahrenbeck & Co. office (William Robinson Baker (1820-1890) was mayor of Houston, state legislator and president of the Houston &Texas Central Railway) circa 1865-1866, earliest view of a train in Texas in the collection
Jacksboro, very early view across from Fort Richardson, 1866
Kaufmann, travelling Sherman Brass Band being pulled in
Rio Grande City, street scene
San Antonio, circa 1860s views of Nuestra Senora de la Purisima Concepcion de Acuna Mission and San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission, artistic shots of San Antonio area by A. J. Dignowity, Menger Hotel 1869-1872
Miscellaneous animals, etc., street scene of woman on pony by William Bliss, a view of buffalo in Texas (related to an expedition by photographer A.C. Troutman working for I.R. Martin and wife in Texas in the 1860s and 1870s, “dog and pony show” as part of circus during Reconstruction era (two U.S. Army soldiers are pictured in background) by Lee gallery – W. W. Sloan, Jefferson, and horned toads (2.
Cartes de Visite – Mexico
Almonte, General
Diaz, Porfirio
Juarez, Benito (2)
Matamoros : Cathedral, cotton buyers, guardhouse at the Rio Grande ferry crossing opposite Brownsville, chief of police “Guarde Municipal” in fancy charro outfit, Plaza de Hidalgo by Moses & Co. and Constant & Stephen (2), Customs building, street scenes: man and horse, "Mexican Scene,” Mexican mother preparing to follow her husband in the Army by Louis de Planque
Maximilian, Emperor (3) and wife Carlota, Miramare Castle, also Empress Eugenie of France
Maximilian’s Austrian troops in Matamoros by Constant & Stephen, once housed in album
Mejía, Tomás (2)
Miramón, Miguel (1832-1867) (2)
Morelos, Jose Maria(1765-1815)
Napoleon III, "Photographic Novelty" political caricature
Santa Anna, Antonio Lopez de (1784-1876) (2)
Unidentified, Mexican charro with saddle, French soldier in Mexico, Mexican ranchero with lasso by French photographer Merille, water carrier
Vidaurri, Santiago (1809-1867) executed in Mexico City
Cartes de Visite – Texas Photographers’ Back Mark Studio Imprints
This is a comprehensive collection of cartes de visite (cdvs) from the 1860s-1880s with back mark studio imprints providing much information on Texas photographers and their locations. There is a good concentration of such major photographers as Barr & Wright, Blessing, Louis De Planque, Henry A. Doerr, S.B. Hill, H.B. Hillyer, H.R. Marks, Martin’s Gallery; Mrs. Martin, Photographic artist, W.J. Oliphant, George Schuwirth, J. Serdinko, and R.H. Wallis, and some by travelling photographers, along with imprints of lesser known and, in some cases, undocumented photographers.
Occupational and mixed subject matter include: steam boat captain from Jefferson, Max Krüger (see Howes & Herd) itinerant photographer image of a man before and after his death in a ship explosion, musicians, firemen, carpenter with tools, preacher at Fort Griffin, priest, nun, first communion boys, girls with dolls, cowboys, people in costume, etc. Also included are some tintypes by cdv photographers. Cdvs are arranged alphabetically by photographer. (815 cartes de visite)
4 Cartes de visite, A-misc. H (282 cdvs)
5 Cartes de visite, Hillyer-O (263 cdvs)
6 Cartes de visite, P-Z; Traveling; Occupational (240 cdvs)
7 Cartes de Visite – Indians (32 cdvs) [Vault]
Tonkawa collection, with a few Comanche, Kiowa and Apache including: Tonkawa Head chief Castile, Tonkawa chief Grant Richards, Comanche Indian man, Tonkawa Indian boy named Joe, two unidentified Tonkawa Indian boys, three Indian men with caption verso “Comanche warriors”, 2 cdvs of two Tonkawa women, Jenny and Tansy, and another of two Tonkawa women, Tin cup and Minnehaha, group including U.S. Army Surgeon Dr. Gunning and Tonkawa Grant Richards as a young boy, Tonkawa Indian girl named Rosa, Tonkawa scout named Buffalo at Fort Griffin, Tonkawa Indian man named Wild Cat, Ida and Tonkawa Indian named Johnson, Comanche Indian woman, Johnson, chief of Tonkawa scouts under Ranald Mackenzie (Johnson was his English name, he was half Tonkawa and Lipan-Apache); Tonkawa chief Campo, Hi-i-in (George Miles), Joe and John Williams, Kiowa chief Satanta, unidentified Kiowa or Comanche wearing armor, Satanta (Kiowa) and Bull (Comanche) (taken when Satanta was in prison in Huntsville with Bull (in prison stripes), Three Indian chiefs (possibly Kiowa Lone Wolf in center, other two uncertain,) unidentified couple, children, and man, Ketchi woman, Tonkawa (?) scout probably made at Fort Concho by Ragsdale; includes excellent material-culture and ethnography that documents how the tribe outfitted themselves (includes silver hair pieces), etc. Also included are two small albums relating to cdvs in collection that were previously removed, Album, maroon fabric album with 10 pages, all photographs removed, handwritten note inside cover: “Tonkawa cdvs in this album.” Photographs, manuscript notation inside cover, “Given to my grandmother Mary, Clark, 1869,” 8 pages, all photographs removed, manuscript Tonkawa Indian names under openings. Pottawattamie, W. P. Bliss imprint. Also 3 cdvs of Elisha and Abram Anglin, who were witness to the Fort Parker massacre in 1836.

Series 3: Cabinet Card Photographs

Digitized images from this series are available at
Cabinet Card Portraits with Texas Imprints
Two boxes of cabinet card portraits arranged by photographer’s studio name with a wide variety of Texas photographer imprints. Box 2 includes some occupational images: military, light house keeper, people with animals, gymnast, children with toys, man with beer steins, men with wine, mailman, women hunters with rifles, costumes, one forgery (Conner's McKinney, town scene), Blanco card of a depressed man with "Blue" written on his shoe sole, couple on Caddo, Indian Territory card, boy on high-wheeler cycle, humorous subjects, various types including travelling snake-oil salesman, cowboy, unidentified photography, man with violin, baseball player, first communion, priest, tennis players, young man on bicycle, Eagle Pass, Chinese laundryman, El Paso. Also included are such famous people as David Ayres (1793-1881), James, "Buck" Barry and family, Professor L.A. Bailey of Simmons College, Abilene and cowboy Reverend Jesse Morgan Salter, General Servando Canales, Madame Candelaria, only survivor at the Alamo, Thomas T. Holloway, Oran Roberts (3), and thumbnail portraits of members of the Twenty-second Texas Legislature.
1 Cabinet Cards, A-M, (172 cabinet cards)
2 Cabinet Cards, N-Z, portraits, including occupational, special subjects, and historical people, (185 cabinet cards)

Series 4: Texas Locations and People

Albumen prints and gelatin silver prints most mounted on heavy card stock, a wide variety of subjects, including, for example, towns, stores, parades, agriculture, homesteads, family gatherings, and forts. Also included are some cabinet cards, almost all with imprints or identification of some type verso and a few tintypes of locations. Some of the more fragile images are filed in separate folders. Photographs are arranged by location and town name. Digitized images from this series are available at
Mounted prints 8 x 10 and smaller:
A-C (79 photographs)
Box Folder
1 1 (7 photographs)
Abilene, parade
Abilene, house with family
Amarillo, R.E. Smith Ranch with ranchers and cattle, landscape, ranch or town building with men, lumber yard, early Panhandle views with blind-stamped imprints in Amarillo by Samuel W. Sherman (4)
Amarillo, butcher shop
2 (24 photographs)
Austin, bird’s-eye view, skyline with sign for Fox & Mills Hardware store
Austin, Capitol, full-plate albumen of fire burning the Texas Capitol by Hillyer
Austin, Capitol, temporary building by S. H. Cooper and P. Verkin
Austin, Capitol, foundation of the Capitol building under construction
Austin Capitol, interior of rotunda under dome view by F. Chapman
Austin, "Capitol Green House" Austin when a spring was on the capitol grounds, 1908 by E. P. Jordan Studio
Austin, cowboys and cattle, 1882
Austin, Deaf & Dumb Asylum exterior with students, Main Building, Girls Dept., West Building, Boys Dept. (3)
Austin, Eisenbeiser's Grocery interior (showing African American patrons), attributed to George Schuwirth
Austin, Empire Livery & Sale Stable, M.J. Dagnan, Proprietor
Austin, "Govalle," house, 1898-1899 (2) (see also related Williamson Co. mill images, Series 4, Box 5, Folder 6)
Austin, grocery store interior
Austin, International & Great Northern Railroad depot
Austin, Lake Austin by S. B. Hill
Austin, Onion Creek cliffs, attributed to Hillyer
Austin, Congress Avenue (?) parade of uniformed men, firemen (?) by S. B. Hill
Austin, street scene at Congress and W. 6th, with wagons of beer barrels, carriages, etc. including parade floats by Geo. H. Berner with H.R. Marks, Photographer
Austin, 6th Street view with tinsmiths attending meeting by Luck
Austin, man hauling wood on cart, attributed to Hillyer
Austin, University School of Aeronautics, Austin, woman in cockpit of plane, 1928
Austin, Waller Creek, 1938
3 (9 photographs)
Austin and vicinity, Barton’s Creek, Bee Spring with Hillyer possibly in photograph,and Ware or weir Canal attributed to Hillyer. Two photographs of Mount Bonnell and Onion Creek are attributed to C. W. Eddy and were included in U. S. geological survey of Texas reports, published in1889 and 1890 by Robert T. Hill.
4 (17 photographs)
Barstow, ranch, small house with thatch roof and cowboys, W.G. Altenburgh, architect and superintendent
Bastrop, bar/saloon
Batson, teamsters camp
Beaumont, dredging for deep-water on the Neches River
Biardstown, Anglo cotton pickers, some women by Lee Skidmore
Bonham, bank by M.E. Hartman
Bonham, home with family
Brady, Wade Transfer Co., circa 1910
Brownsville, headquarters of General Reynolds, 1867 by C. H. Boyd
Buffalo, Texas store buildings of I. M. Pearlstone & Sons, 1894 (2)
Buffalo Bayou, cotton compress
Buffalo Bayou, Cumming’s Saw Mill
Buffalo Bayou, Inman compress near Harrisburg
Buffalo Bayou, mesquite bush
5 (22 photographs)
Canton, bridge with wagon, 1898
Cameron County, prostitutes
Carmine, Sheriff James S. Scarborough with Andrew Harris, an African American man about to be hanged, 1909
Carney, restaurant and meat market (now O’Brien)
Central Texas, farm house from the front and back, rare large-format tinted tintypes (2)
Cisco, flour mill, 1888
Clarendon, chuck wagon scene by Alderson’s Art Studio & Gift Shop
Colorado River, rice farming with teams
Colorado River, Camp McAdie, Greenwood branch, 1897 (4 related views)
Colorado River, Post Oak Falls
Colorado River, picnic group with guitar and croquet equipment, 1895 by C. L. Vincent
Columbia (West), old capitol, Independence Tree, Union Monument (3), 2 by F. E. Beach (Houston), 1 by Cockrell
Corpus Christi, 16-foot alligator by C.C. Art Gallery; African American hack driver
Coyote Springs, chuck wagon or vendor’s wagon? with bread and fruit
Crystal Falls, cowboys, July, 1890
D-G (86 photographs)
Box Folder
2 1 (7 photographs)
Dale, Texas street scene
Dallas, Charity circus parade, 1895 (2)
Dallas, Hinkley and Dibrell, combined ventilator and chimney, patented June 27th, 1874, by J.R.
Davis, Photograph & Gem Gallery
Dallas, theater interior, circa 1900
Del Rio, sailing on the Rio Grande, also railroad track by Charles T. Wilmeth (id from duplicate with imprint)
Denton?, store interior
2 (14 photographs)
Eagle Pass, coal mines by F. Chapman
Eagle Pass, Da Bono family in wagon with donkeys, 1893 by Beach
Eagle Pass, depot with railroad cars and wagons with cotton by Beach
Eagle Pass, Eagle Pass Rifles, Maverick County jail guards, 1891, two images of soldiers in Eagle Pass in anticipation of a Garza War raid to break into the jail and free prisoner Catarino Erasmo Garza (persons identified in ink) (2)
Eagle Pass, Infantry at camp, 1896
Eagle Pass, landscape by F. Chapman
Eden, Concho County, Anglo cotton pickers
El Paso, Mexican carreta (ox cart) by Parker (2)
El Paso, Fort Bliss by Parker
Enchanted Rock
Estacado, cattle ranch in Yellow House Canyon circa 1880s
Estacado, town building with large group of mostly men
3 (21 photographs)
Fayette County, town scene with wagons
Fayette County, German family
Fayette County, restaurant/store interior, circa 1944 (2)
Fischer, group of cotton pickers
Flatonia, town view with store fronts by G. A. Pannewitz
Floresville, bird’s eye view from court house
Floyd, cotton gin
Fort Clark
Fort Hancock (3)
Fort Stockton, early views (5)
Fort Worth, Texas Spring Palace, 1889 by G.C. Rhine
Fort Worth, St. James 2nd Street Baptist Church
Friona, town view with crowd, 1908
Frost, town view, 1904
4 (30 photographs)
Galveston, Brigham-San Jacinto monument unveiling with flag carried at San Jacinto by Rose
Galveston, The Texas Company, i.e. Texaco, with delivery trucks and pumps (2), 1 by Verkin
Galveston, oyster boats by Harris
Galveston (?), Texas oyster bar
Giddings, Lee County courthouse
Giddings, railroad depot with crowd by Charles A. Meyer
Goliad, La Bahia Mission
Gonzales, town with cotton bales by M. Hughes
Gonzales, parade
Goodlett, bank; hotel in Goodlett by Lee's studio in Quanah (4)
Goodnight, Goodnight Ranch in the Pan Handle, Armstrong County, by Heister’s Souvenir Views of Texas (3)
Granger, town, 1893 by Heiman & Schlueter
Greenville, Carnegie Library
Greenville, Mercantile Co. store interior, 1932
Greenville, group of men outside business
Greenville, recto: group on porch, verso: Lee Street looking East
Greenville, recto: Beckham’s Hotel, verso: J. A. Aston monument
Greenville, recto: man in carriage and horse, verso: parade float with store advertising
Greenville, recto: parade float with store advertising, verso: winter scene with group on ice
Gunsight, view with people on large rock for which the town was named because of shape
5 (12 photographs)
Georgetown, Indian Bone Hollow (2)
Georgetown, Chautauqua thumbnail views by N. M. Wilcox
Georgetown, Southwestern University
Georgetown, landscapes by Wilcox & Chapman, 1889 (3)
Georgetown, San Gabriel River (3), 2 by Will Schultz
Georgetown, old court house
Georgetown, school group
6 (2 photographs)
Gulf Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad, surveyors with equipment and tent, landscape verso, circa 1887-1890
H-Q (95 photographs)
Box Folder
3 1 (18 photographs)
Hamilton, carriage decorated with flowers, May Day Picnic, circa 1900
Hayden, string band, circa 1890s
Henrietta, branding scene by J.A. Caldwell
Henrietta, Bridge Street looking north, by J.A. Caldwell, 1882
Henrietta, Bridge Street looking south, by J.A. Caldwell, 1882
Henrietta area, a bunch of range cattle by J.A. Caldwell, 1888
Henrietta, Cornett Band
Henrietta area, haymakers on the staked plains made by Caldwell, 1890
Henrietta, ranch family and ranch house, by J.A. Caldwell
Henrietta area, threshing hay by J.A. Caldwell
Henrietta, town square by J.A. Caldwell
Hereford, land seekers, 1909
Honey Grove, town view, street filled with wagons by F. B. Walcott
Houston, Bayou City Cotton Compress
Houston, street scene with the Houston Wholesale Confectionery Co. building, circa 1890
Houston, USGS surveyors, 1915
Howe, street scene by Miss Clara Kimmons
Hunt County, J.W. Scott residence, house with family
2 (5 photographs)
Hebronville, Colegio Altamirano, school for Hispanic students (5)
3 (14 photographs)
Katy, Hotel Clardy
Katy, looking north
Katy, poor man’s farm residence
Katy, rice mill
Katy, Mr. Weller’s residence, lumberman
Killeen, Baptist Church with Tabernacle at back, 1900
Killeen, Christmas tree, 1899
Killeen, W. L. Coleman reading a letter from Annie Coleman, 1901
Killeen, Methodist Church and Parsonage, 1898
Killeen, Miss Wilma Beckwith with store candy display, 1900
Killeen, Miss Lucia Bishop and Mr. Sid French, 1898
Killeen, school house, 1898
Killeen (?), string band
Killeen (?), Walter and Jettie (?) Coleman, circa 1901
4 (24 photographs
Ladonia, town street view of market day, wagons with cotton by M. Gaither
La Grange, mailmen (?)
La Grange, stone masons, O. E. Stolz Properties
La Grange, Captain Schumacher with Zouaves
La Grange, railroad accident possibly near La Grange, by C(onrad) Petersen
La Porte, fig trees
Lampasas, court house
Lampasas vicinity, Fall Creek, 1882 (2 views, one with log building)
Lampasas, landscape with river by Farquhar
Lampasas, Silver Canyon Park, 1882 by John Webber
Lanham Mill, Somervell County, grist mill and cotton gin, May 12, 1896, burned 1898, only known photograph
Langtry, Judge Roy Bean, Justice of the Peace, Law west of the Pecos building by Studer Photo
Laredo, "Escuela" Mexican school, rare cabinet card showing Mexicans in Texas, by T.K. Hamilton, circa 1880s
Laredo, Shaving & Shoemaking shop by T.K. Hamilton Gallery, circa 1880s
Laredo, "Young American Merchants," boys in wagon by Thomas J. Cockrell, circa 1890
Laredo, railroad camp
Llano County, man and rock formation, circa 1890
Llano County, old man at river
Llano County, Packsaddle Mountain
Llano County, Texas pioneer woman standing in front of dog-run house
Lockney Caprock, near Quitaque, views of human bones, etc. found in cave, 1907 (2) by Bruce Gerdice
Lone Oak, store interior with hanging bananas by Lee Atkinson
5 (12 photographs)
Marshall, public square, Saturday afternoon with lots of wagons
McAllen vicinity, Native Life, Rio Grande Valley, by Eskildsen
McKinney, monument dedication, 1903
McKinney, wagon pulled by donkeys with girl and boy riding donkeys, circa 1890 by (Henry T.) Conner
Mesquite, churn model, 1889
Mexia, oil drill rig, circa 1920-21
Mexia, carriage with five women, 1899 by (James A.) Arvin
Midland, special Texas & Pacific wool train, 14 cars from John B. Tower’s spring sheering
Mineral Wells, street scene circa 1880s, by S.B. Hall
Missouri City, Umbrella trees, rear of John Wine’s residence
Mount Livermore, Fort Davis
Moulton, group of men in front of Krause saloon
6 (2 photographs)
New Birmingham, Boyd drug store interior
New Braunfels, court house, December 2, 1900
7 (7 photographs)
Ochiltree County, Claytonville farm and windmill on Staked Plains, 1909
Odessa, notation verso, "picnic at Pegues Ranch, May 22, 1909. Four miles North of Odessa." (3)
Old Stone Ranch, 1887, copy photograph
Olive, snowfall, Feb. 14, 1895, town view showing saloon by Charles A. Meyer
Olney, Rodgers and Goodloe (?) store interior
8 (18 photographs)
Palacios, potatoes, turnips, cabbage lettuce, peas, garden, March 19, 1908
Palo Pinto, View approaching ‘Lover’s Retreat,’ 3 miles west from Palo Pinto, Texas, July 28/92. Temp. 100 in the shade. Image of women and children, one woman fishing
Paris, store interior
Paris, town view with wagons loaded with cotton bales by W.M. Caldwell circa 1885
Pearsall, Frio County Courthouse
Pecan Gap, Clem family in front of their house with log smoke house, circa 1899-1900
Pioneer, Roland A. Gouger hardware, saddlery and oil store
Porterville, series at river, ferry, washing clothes, swimming, train at nearby Arno (10)
Quintana, View of jetties by moonlight at Quintana, 1892, by H.P. Robinson
R-S (66 photographs)
Box Folder
4 1 (10 photographs)
Ranger, Two Salvation Army boys
Richmond, Colorado River with bridge
Rosebud, kitchen and supply store
Rowena, snow scene, December 19, 1909 (3)
Rusk, penitentiary
Rusk, shoe store interior
Rusk, State Mail Hack by R. M. Storey
Rusk County, Woodbine oil field, circa 1930
2 (22 photographs)
San Angelo, barber shop attributed to M. C. Ragsdale
San Angelo, bird’s eye view by M.C. Ragsdale
San Angelo, farm house, "poor white trash" notation verso by M.C. Ragsdale
San Angelo, town view of immigrants with ox carts, “Emigrants going through San Angelo” notation verso by M.C. Ragsdale
San Angelo, house for sale attributed to M.C. Ragsdale
San Angelo, Residence of Senor Alfonso Begarona an Old Timer by M.C. Ragsdale
San Angelo, Rise in North Concho, Aug. 10th ‘94 view of flood by M.C. Ragsdale
San Angelo, three men aiming guns at calf on ground, by Baker, a traveling photographer working for Ragsdale
San Marcos, San Marcos River, Dam from the South side, looking N.E by F.B. Bailey
San Marcos, San Marcos, Woolfolk’s Irrigating Water Wheel, one-fourth mile below Town by F.B. Bailey
San Marcos, View from top of Court House, looking North-East by F.B. Bailey
San Saba, San Saba Fair, hot air balloon, 1907
Santa Anna, Walker House hotel
Schulenburg, photographs of folk art paintings of Haley's comet, copyright 1921 (2)
Seguin, Guadalupe College, Guadalupe College and W.B. Ball (Black history) (3)
Seguin, large building with group of people standing and sitting outside Seguin, log cabin, one of the original houses in Seguin by Cozby & Charles
Seguin, mailman on horseback
Seguin, town view with wagons and cotton
Seguin, large group of men and boys in front of St. Paul's Progymnasium by C. L. Hickson
3 (9 photographs)
Seymour, Bridges at Seymour
Sherman, Furniture Room store, 1899
Sherman, Sherman Race Track and Grandstand
Shafter, bootleggers with car and whisky, 1928
Sour Lake, bird’s eye view, July 18, 1903 by Hampton & Heir
Sour Lake, stores with men on porch also includes view camera
Sour Lake, Upper End of Fannin St., Sour Lake, Texas, July – 1903 shows dirt street with oil derricks in background
Stamford, bird’s eye view
Stamford, Stamford Inn by Rector and Rector
4 (25 photographs)
San Antonio, outdoor scene with stone farmhouse, 1870s tintype
San Antonio, Cabinet draught and Alamo Beer wagon with advertisement
San Antonio, Anglos picking cotton outside San Antonio circa 1890 by Bruno Nauschuetz
San Antonio, barber shop & Texas Steam laundry branch office, Flores Street
San Antonio, bird’s eye view, circa 1886-87by Sturdevant
San Antonio, cotton on trucks circa 1925, Fox Co., copyright Carl D. Newton
San Antonio, Exhibit at San Antonio Fair, 1902 showing model of an International & Great Northern train with freight cars for transporting fruit
San Antonio, first bicycles according to note verso, Steves’ family, Sept. 5, 1880 by N. Winther
San Antonio, Fort Sam Houston, military training (6) –include several copies of group photo
San Antonio, Houston Street from the bank by Sturdevant
San Antonio, meat market also selling oysters
San Antonio, milk wagon
San Antonio vicinity, Moser family camp
San Antonio, old aqueduct, women washing clothes in river, 1886 by Sturdevant
San Antonio, Our Mexican Citizens by Jacobson (2)
San Antonio, ox cart with Mexican driver, 1887 by Sturdevant
San Antonio, The Travis, hotel or rooming house? by Frisbie (3)
T-Y (57 photographs)
Box Folder
5 1 (2 photographs)
Taylor, unidentified couple in wagon pulled by mules with hay bales by Otto’s Studio
Texas Pacific Railway hot air balloon with advertising, unidentified location
2 (2 photographs)
Texas Infantry, Camp Cuba Libre, Florida, 1898, Spanish-American War
3 (2 photographs)
Uvalde, wagon with donkeys hauling wood by D. Moehring
Uvalde, street scene with two men in carriage with photograph gallery behind, 1905
4 (20 photographs)
Unidentified Texas views: towns, shops, houses, people and outdoor musicians, bridge building, ranches, water cart with donkey, 1 by M.M. Major, The “Adelaide”; 3 by J.P. Morrison, Traveling Photographer, cabinet cards, horned toad by Hinshaw, Joy & Baker, some by Watkins Bros./ Brack & Watkins, M. R. Freeman
5 (8 photographs)
Vance, farm with log buildings in Texas or more likely New Mexico by A.J. Buck, Traveling Artist, Headquarters: Vance, Texas.
Velasco, copy of map
Velasco, small boats on coastal beach with tents including restaurant tent and barrels
Velasco, houses by H.P. Robinson
Velasco, ships by H.P. Robinson
Velasco, Low Wood convicts (mostly African Americans and Mexicans) on noon lunch rest from cutting sugar cane showing Warden Cunningham—the other photo of the guards, 1902, stamped verso Live Oak Saloon, Velasco, Texas (2)
Victoria, A. Goldman’s ? grain and feed store exterior
6 (16 photographs)
Waco, image of parade float with advertising for "Goldstein and Migel Dry Goods, Clothing, Hats and Shoes" also a sign on the second floor of building for Deane’s Photograph Gallery, photograph by W.D. Jackson
Waco, tabletop display by Deane
Waco, outdoor family portrait
Waco Springs, "Stamping Grounds," May, 1894
Wallace, wagon with sign, "Ruhmann’s Improved Cotton Sprinkler."
Walnut Springs, Col. J. Buck Barry Holding a Percheron Stallion in 1885, Walnut Springs, Texas.
Weatherford, image of a miniature steam engine designed by Frank Marley and Paul Flinn by R.A Randall
Weatherford, image of Nell Flinn sitting on cotton bales in front of McGrattan Bros. (?) Cotton Gin, March 22, 1904
Wellington, group of views of Wellington, people, horses, homes, agriculture and cowboys (6)
Whitewright, image of two women and a carriage by Goben
Whitewright, Cotton Yard at Whitewright, Tex.
Williamson County, images of a mill, E.R. Anderson fishing and his home (4) (see also related “Govalle” images, Series 4, Box 1, Folder 2)
Winona, James T. Kay and family on horseback
7 (5 photographs)
Women and families, unidentified views with women some in maternity clothes and families (5)
8 (1 photograph)
Yoakum, Piggly Wiggly store No. 1, Yoakum, Texas 1917
6 People
African Americans: African American portraits in various formats including cdvs, tintypes, cabinet cards and postcards, some occupationals: musician, doctor, cook, cotton pickers, African American woman holding a white child with Galveston imprint, "Manahuill Babtis Churrh" at Goliad with African American congregation, African American woman fishing, Agua Negra School in Ditto, 1913.
Indians: Tonkawa Indians, rare 1873 view of Tonkawa village at Fort Griffin showing four figures, horses, tepee, Comanche papoose, Ponto and Lone Bear (Kiowa warriors who were participants in the last Indian raid in Texas in 1897, made when they were very old- Lone Bear is carrying the shield and bow he took on the raid and is painted white), Big Tree Kiowa chief from which Gentilz painting was made with some interesting alterations (p. 107, Kendall Gentilz), Comanche women at Fort Sill, Isa-Tai Comanche medicine man who fomented Adobe Walls (circa 1873), Comanche girls (identified by name) on horseback on Vernon card, Kiowa couple Red Otter wearing peyote imagery and wife, group of noteworthy Comanche including Quanah Parker, the only Quanah Parker image with a Texas imprint in the collection.Also, a non-Texas image of a Ruidoso, New Mexico store with grouping of Mescalero Apache and their wives (includes artifacts such as beaded work) by A. J. Buck.
7 People
Portraits: Studio and outdoor portraits, including a band with women wearing oriental costumes; ; Col. Robert Hall Cotulla, “Indian Fighter and Hero of Three Wars,” with Republic of Texas ribbons (San Jacinto veteran), gun and a famous Lafitte pirate powder horn (has been published in a book about Hall) and hunting dogs; Pasquale De Bona and another of the De Bona family with bicycles; Otto Rosenberg with cotton; E. W. Thornton posing with mastodon fossils, Bonham; Sheriff Dave C. Humphreys, Newton County; Gathering with Ellinger True Blue Brass Band; Members of the Order of the Eastern Star; D.A.R. Monument Dedication for Nancy Sturdevant Griggs, Chatfield, Texas, 1941; two Asian men in El Paso; unusual image of woman advertising photography, clothed in dress with cabinet card portraits attached to it and on her hat for the Trade Carnival in Greenville, August 1899. Also includes a possible non-Texas image of store that may be Cooperton, Oklahoma.
8 Mounted photographs, 11 x 14 and smaller
Civil War: Portraits - hand-painted photograph of Major George Washington Lafayette Fly, (1835-1905) Second Texas Infantry Regiment, C.S.A.; cdv of Union officer inscribed verso, "Colonel G.H. Hanks, Adams Express Agt. Brownsville, Texas;" Colonel J.A. Andrews, 32nd Texas Cavalry Regiment, C.S.A. taken after the Civil War at house in Grapevine; one-legged Confederate veteran on crutches; copy print of the seven legislators who voted against Secession; full-length portrait General Samuel Heintzelman, USA taken in Texas circa 1865-1866; Civil War Reunions: last Confederate Convention held in Texas, 1902, in Waxahachie; group portrait of Confederate veterans and a Confederate veterans barbeque in 1912 at Camp Ben McCulloch, Driftwood; Confederate veterans of Cherokee County with inscription that reads: "NO HARM IN US NOW"
Portraits: portrait of Olin H. Ragsdale and another of his wife, a portrait of a woman in top hat and tuxedo attire advertising "Fred Diercks the Tailor," outdoor portrait of older couple with birthday cake, Coleman; group portrait of the Texas Conference of the Evangelical Association, San Antonio; portrait of several members of the GCB - Georgetown German musicians; a single photograph with thumbnail portraits from the Sudliche Deutsche Conferenz der B.M. Kirche, Brenham, Tex., Nov. 23, 1903, Fakulteat von Blinn Memorial College
9 Locations
Anson market scene with many wagons loaded with cotton for Stamford hauled by G. W. Whatley; cotton crop at Ballinger in Runnels County 1906; Boerne hay harvest; Brownwood views (2); Collection of men’s portraits in uniform against flag backdrop with Stanford Studio, Childress imprint; group portrait in Clarendon; Corpus Christi with wagons decorated for festival; Clem Lumber Company in Dallas; group portrait by Harry Bennett, Dallas; cotton gin or bailing (?) by Imperial View Co., Dallas (2); Several scenes by Melcher, El Campo: men with wagons, El Campo Rice Milling Co., cotton gin, harvest scenes, and El Campo irrigation project; August A. Busch & Co. ice house in Fort Worth (3, 1 exterior and 2 views of interior); First Baptist Church in Fort Worth; photomontage of H.J. Braunig birthday anniversary and family reunion, Hallettsville; World War I scene, Houston, 2-9-1919 by Litterst and 36th Division coming home with Red Cross ladies handing out donuts, 3-22-1919 by Schlueter (2); cotton gin at Ladonia(2); "Oak Park" residence of J.H. Richardson, Lampasas; mules with float for a dry Texas in Lockhart Women’s Christian Temperance Union, WTCU, 1909; a river baptism in Midlothian; "Bailing Oil at Well No. 15," Petroleum Prospecting Co.’s well in Oil Springs, Nacogdoches County, 1887, related to Clem family photos also in collection; Electric Light and Ice Works in Quanah; Deep Therapy Dept., Baylor University, Waco (2); snow scene in Wellington; TM steers and cowboys, 1909; family on porch of house, unknown location, possibly Austin vicinity.

Series 5: Albums and Books (25 total)
25 total

Digitized images from this series are available at
1 Albums, cartes de visite, circa 1860s
1. Album, black or dark brown embossed leather cover with four white studs recto and verso, 84 cdvs and genre prints, some hand colored and some with tax stamps, 1860s. 3 detached prints. Note in box indicates: "descendents of Lewis & Clark: Campbell, Raven, Nichols & Roberts." Photographers: W.W. Sloan (Lee Gallery, Jefferson, Texas); Turner & Cohen (New Orleans); C. D. Fredericks & Co. (New York), Swymmer & Leeson (New Orleans), Howell’s Photographic Studio (New York), H.B. Hillyer (Austin), H.R. Marks (Austin), W.W. Washburn (Austin).
2. Album, brown leather with embossed palm leaf design, 12 cdv and tintype portraits - 11 mounted and 1 detached. Also 1 photographic print, 2 men, 3 women, 3 children, posing with 1 calf, 1 automobile, next to a building. Photographers: J.A. Sheldon (Jefferson, TX), Bogardus, W.W. Sloan – Lee Gallery, (Jefferson, TX).
2 Albums, cartes de visite, circa 1860s
3. The Photographic Album, embossed brown leather cover, mostly cdvs but also includes some tintypes; inscribed inside facing title page, "To Cull Collins From Sister Katie." Most cdvs are of the Burrell H. Collins family, also Simmons, Johnson, Baldwin, Douglas, Devereaux, and Dellis families. Photographers from Water Valley, Mississippi, Jackson, Tennessee, and Waco, Texas, circa 1860s and 1870s. Cull Collins appears to have lost a leg in the Civil War as there is a cdv of him with one leg removed at the knee seated holding a crutch and another with him seated next to another man with his hand on the other man’s knee hiding his missing leg. 70 cdvs and tintypes.
4. Album, green leather with gilt decoration and brass strap clasps inscribed on first page, "Sarah Agnes Robertson, Christmas." Title page printed, The Photographic Album. New York, D. Appleton & co., 443-445 Broadway, 1863. Texas album with cdvs and tintypes by Blessing, Oliphant, Sam Gallway, Traveling Artist, H.R. Marks, J.E.H. Chapman, Practical Photographer, Hempstead, and Hillyer. 24 cdvs and tintypes.
3 Albums, cartes de visite, circa 1860s-1880s
5. The Photograph Album, small brown leather album with embossed covers, circa 1863: 13 cdv portraits; includes note that some cdvs were removed by Jones are with the other cdvs under "Mexico"; includes index to photographs with some of the sitter’s names, some German names and some Spanish, also a portrait of Emperor Maximillian by Neurdein, Paris, France. Manuscript note on one cdv identifies it was taken in Matamoros. Most photographs by H.B. Hillyer (Austin) or have no imprint.
6. Album for Photographs, New York, brown leather embossed covers with four white studs recto and verso and silver inlaid plaque recto with engraved initials, "LEH" in the middle. 37 portraits, some tintypes also gem tintypes; 1 colored photographic print of flowers; marriage announcements; newspaper clippings; some cdvs are missing. Most photographs made in Marshall, Texas by photographer: Bruce; others from Shreveport, LA; Anamosa, IA (photographer: O.M. Ellis); Warsaw, NY; Cairo, Ill; a few from London, England.
7. The American Photograph Album, brown leather with white studs recto and verso, inscribed inside, John C. Dasch, Pauline Tritze married at Waco, Texas, January 11, 1870. Dasch family was from Waco and Oak Lawn, Dallas, includes biographical family notes about birth, etc. 17 mounted portraits and photographs of paintings (1 dog portrait); 2 tintypes; 3 cdvs loose in album). Photographers: J.J. Mullins (Waco); J.B. Russell (Waco); J. H. Reinhold (Cincinnati)
8. Album, brown embossed leather covers with floral hand-painted oval inset, spine missing, circa 1860s-1880s. Includes 32 tintypes, most removed from album; 2 later photographic prints; 1 letter, postmarked Arkansas, dated April 18, 1886, addressed to Mrs. Jane Masters, Bronco, Georgia.
4 Albums, small, cartes de visite, and tintypes, circa 1860s-1870s
9. Album, small brown leather, missing spine with note inside, "Great Aunt Tony Fay DeLaney’s family, Captain H.H. Fay." 12 tintype portraits on 8 double-sided album pages and 1 detached tintype
10. Album, small, brown leather, inscribed, "Eldorado, Texas, 1870" Album appears to be the Edward Pharr and Mary A.J. Weeks Pharr family also including the Ware family, 24 cdv and tintype portraits
11. Album, small, red leather, inscribed, "Texas." Ware family album with 13 tintypes and 1 cdv.
12. Album, small black leather. Inscribed on last page, "Family of Scott & Cotter, John O. Scott of Sherman, TX, 1837-1904, Robert Cotter, Houston Druggist & Texas Ranger." 13 cdv portraits, some hand tinted and one with Civil War tax stamp; studios: Mark’s Photographic Gallery, Houston; Bean & Co.’s City Photographic Portrait Galleries, Vicksburg, Miss. and Jackson, Miss.; Houston City Gallery, Chas. N. Bean, photographer. (See also, an ambrotype of Robert Cotter as a Texas Confederate soldier.)
13. Album, small black leather, 9 pages, all photographs removed.
5 Book
14. Views of Texas photographed by S.B. Hill. Austin, Texas. Dull green fabric covers with printed title, 34 albumen prints approximately 4 ½ x 7 ½ in. on double sided mounts, "S.B. Hill, Photographer, Austin, Texas," printed under each image and titles stamped below, circa 1880-1890. Views include scenes of rivers, Pecos Bridge, geological formations, the Southern Pacific Railroad, ranches, Fort Stockton Spring, Austin and vicinity.
6 Albums, 1904
15. Photographs, 1904. 21 photographic prints 3 x 3 in. glued on 7 black paper pages. White manuscript notations sometimes difficult to decipher. Photographs of a man and a woman perhaps from Kansas City and their trip to Austin, Texas showing the state capitol, Confederate monument, court house, state land office, post office, and house at #119 W.8th Street.
16. Souvenirs. GIC and hand painted flowers on album cover, verso: "1904, S.C.K." 8 prints 4 ½ x 6 ½ in. of activities at the Girls Industrial College of Texas which opened to the public in 1903 in Denton, the name later changed to Texas Women’s University. The school was to educate women in literary education, domestic sciences, child care, nursing and give them vocational training. The photographs, perhaps platinum prints, are glued on gray paper pages. Subjects include: the main school building, gardening, cooking, class work, tennis, shop work using tools, and dress making. Also numerous magazine clippings with recipes and practical advice.
7 Album, circa 1915
17. Photographs printed on black fabric cover, Compliments of the Garford Motor Truck Co., Lima, Ohio, printed on the title page and S.M. Williams, general sales manager’s card, circa 1915. Album disbound, images glued to black paper sheets; white captions. Includes 112 photographs of trucks travelling in Texas and New Mexico, some in Fort Sam Houston and Fort Hancock, military camps, bad road conditions, landscapes etc. related to the Mexican Revolution.
8 Albums, circa 1921-1940
18. Snapshots on black fabric cover, dedication on inside cover: "To Nola Hutchinson, age 15, from Daddy. July 12, 1922." 68 photographs glued to black paper sheets; 1 loose portrait of baby 5 ½ x 4 in. mounted on 7 ¾ x 6 in. board. Included are photographs of and by Nola Hutchinson or her family of the Oak Grove School house, family gatherings, a car trip to New Mexico and Colorado, clipping about high school graduation
19. Photographs, album with maroon paper covers, 1936 to circa 1940: approximately 200 photographs, glued on black paper pages, white handwritten captions. Subjects include school, family, and friends.
9 Album, circa 1932-1940
20. Galveston Wharves, brown leather album cover, circa 1932-1940. "Port of Galveston," 8 pages of typescript describing the Galveston wharves and shipping; 40 black and white photographic prints, 7 ½ x 9 ½ inches by photographic firm, Verkin Photo Co. with typed captions showing industry in and around the Galveston wharves, cotton, rice, flour locomotive cranes, switch engines, elevators, and ships. 1 map: Port of Galveston, Texas. Terminal facilities, cotton compresses and warehouses (April, 1932).
10 , Album, 1928-1932
A brown leather family snapshot album with miscellaneous views mostly in Texas, some Oklahoma. (1 album)
11 John J. Haynes Family Collection, [Vault]
1. Photographs, John J. Haynes family album, small light brown embossed fabric cover with painted oval inset and white studs. Early Haynes family Texas cowboy views from Blanco County. 12 cdvs, some tintypes in the album, circa 1860-1870s. Includes note that Jones removed 13 cdvs and tintypes from the album, and they are stored in a separate marked envelope. Included in the same box: 17 loose tintypes, several by George Schuwirth, Austin, 1 cdv with Civil War tax stamp verso; 1 tintype of C. P. Haynes as an old man, 1 more recent photograph of couple in front of house, among the group is a tintype of Caleb Holden identified as an "Indian fighter."
2. 1 book: Elliot’s Book of Forms: for the use of stockmen, farmers, and all persons engaged in buying and selling live stock or personal property. Containing agreements, bills of sale, deeds, leases, powers of attorney, marks and brands and memoranda. Also the Stock Law (Austin, Texas: O. H. Elliott Publ., 1881). (1 album; 1 book) [Vault]

Series 6: Photographica

Digitized images from this series are available at
1 Portraits of photographers
Portraits of photographers and important photographer's covers: W.H. Adams, series of cartes de visite of daughter and granddaughter D. P. Barr (photographer in Civil War in Vicksburg), portraits of various Texas photographers including George Bennett, W. M. Bruce photographer's card with his photo tipped onto it-no later than 1866, Bushong & Gray, Van Alstyne, Texas, Clogenson’s studio, photographer Phillip R. Cook with his camera, portrait of Delfraisse, Louis de Planque's photograph of his studio in Brownsville (de Planque was one of the first in Texas to do extensive outdoor photography and among the first journalistic photographers in Texas, he came with Maximilian's army and was Franco-Prussian, had photography studios on both sides of the Rio Grande, and his wife worked with him), full-length portrait of de Planque in jaguar skin coat and charro pants, stereo of San Antonio photograph gallery of Doerr, Flatonia, snow scene, February, 1895 and others including self-portraits (5) by Anton Foitik, probably an amateur photographer; Latourette stereos with camera shadow, George K. Miller, Conrad Petersen cabinet card envelope sleeves, J. Frank P’Pool and family members, George Schuwirth's Austin photography gallery, John Trlica and ad with map of Texas, K. Vasbinder, S.S. Ward and daughter, images relating to Texas photography: young women and girls pictured with stereo viewers and cased images, several interiors of photographers’ studios, including one by Marks Lewison and another of Hegemann’s studio, wagon outside Hanak photo studio in Hallettesville, mantel with photograph wall display, woman with view camera, travelling photographer's wagon at Kenedy, postcard with Mexican photographer and Schlueter’s studio ca.1920s.
2 Photographica and ephemera related to 19th and early 20th century Texas photography
Photographs, Blessing family album with green fabric cover, circa 1918-1930s. Approximately 221 snapshot photographs mounted on black paper sheets; includes images of family, friends, automobiles, houses, the Blessing store in Fort Worth, a Navy dirigible, the grave of a soldier who died, 1918, many babies and birth announcements; 7 unmounted photographs, includes 3 portraits of photographer S.T. (Solomon Thomas) Blessing; 2 of headstone in cemetery (before death); son, John T. Blessing and an S.T. Blessing Photo Supply calendar for 1912 with photograph of Blessing. See Blessing’s biography in Peter E. Palmquist, Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide: 1839-1865 (2005). R. H. Wallis, photographer, unmounted whole plate albumen print of Wallis and other photographs, probably of his family, from an album found under a house, cdvs by photographer R.H. Wallis, Brownsville and portrait of Wallis and family. Also in the collection is an advertisement for Mrs. Martin's photographic studio in The Daily Austin Republican, May 27, 1869. Photographer's coupons and trade cards, and ephemera, including an 1856 letter from would be ambrotypist "studying the art;" 1866 letter from Federal soldier (6th U.S. Cavalry in Austin, Texas) sending ambrotype home to loved ones; a boudoir card showing exterior of E.K. Sturdevant’s Keystone photography gallery, including the photographer with camera in doorway, San Antonio, Texas; unusual railroad photo gallery on train; two men near large tin water barrel in front of Lott's Photograph Gallery and John Christenson’s tin shop, circa 1900, blindstamp on mount by M. D. Lott, Clifton, Texas; a decorative 1908 calendar of a little girl holding a camera from the Lyman Drug Co., Eagle Pass.
William James Oliphant (1845-1930) Collection
William James Oliphant was a photographer working in Austin after the Civil War. The Oliphant Collection consists of cased images, tintypes, cartes de visite, and cabinet cards, 1840-1870s. He was the father-in-law of historian Walter Prescott Webb, see the 1932 article in SWHQ by Webb discussing the importance of early Texas photography and need to be utilized in research. There are also Oliphant stereographs from this collection stored with the other stereo views.
3 Oliphant Family Cased Images
Oliphant Family Cased Images. The cased images, daguerreotypes (13), ambrotypes (2) and tintypes (5), circa 1850-1870 are all from Walter Prescott Webb, Oliphant’s son-in-law, only a few are identified, but some may relate to Bryan family (needs research), all were in the Oliphant family collection, many have the Oliphant imprint inside the case. Webb married Oliphant's daughter and lived with the Oliphants in his old age. Collection includes William J. Oliphant’s tintype portrait while in the 6th Texas Infantry Regiment, CSA. He was captured later by Union troops who took his gold buttons. Gold buttons on his uniform were made from Mexican gold coins. Oliphant's parents were jewelers on 6th Street, Austin. The quarter plate tintype is in fair condition, somewhat dark and a few dents. Published in Jones CC, and elsewhere.*
4 Oliphant Family Photographs
The group has about 22 cdv images of Oliphant at various phases of his life and career and eight tintypes of him, some before the Civil War, and three cabinet cards of Oliphant as an older man, an unusual number of photographs of a single photographer in one collection. Some of the cdvs show Oliphant with family members and sometimes holding stereoscopes. There are also cdvs of the Stuart and Townsend families related to Oliphant or his wife and a group of cdvs of unidentified people, many with tax stamps and from New Orleans. Also includes an image of Oliphant's father reading an Austin newspaper. Many of these cdvs have rare Texas imprints, such as a studio on Pecan Street. Some have personal inscriptions relating to the sitters.
5 Oliphant/Gardner/Pywell Cartes de Visite [Vault]
Oliphant studied photography in Alexander Gardner’s Washington, DC studio circa 1867-1869, and there are a number of cdv images in the Oliphant Collection that were made in Gardner’s studio. It appears that Oliphant and photographer, William R. Pywell were acquainted; the collection includes several portraits made in Gardner’s studio of Pywell, who worked with Gardner, and Pywell’s sister, Laura Pywell who later became Timothy O’Sullivan’s wife and Eddie Pywell. There are also cdvs from the Pywell & Sterzing studio in Austin and the W.R. Pywell Photographic Studio in Homer, Louisiana. Also included is an 1869 portrait of photographer George Robinson by David Knox with his notes verso on the photograph. Gardner’s portrait of Timothy O'Sullivan in this collection is one of few autographed images of him.

Series 7: Stereographs, Texas Locations(approximately 500 stereographs)

Digitized images from this collection are available at
1 Austin to Eagle Pass
Austin, many views including old capital before it burned, old capital burned and interior view of the ruins, old pontoon bridge for crossing river to south, view at top of Mt. Bonnell, Congress Avenue, photography galleries
Beaumont, including oil boom
Brenham, court house with horses tied up
Brownsville, including Fort Brown
Camp Verde
Cisco, Cattle Exchange Saloon
Comfort, Union monument to Nueces Massacre right after it was constructed (rare)
Dallas, good views including Dallas County courthouse, studio of photographer Alfred Freeman
Del Rio, , unusual cave scenes near Devil's River
Dennison, including tinted art shots of photographer family
Eagle Pass, including ferry crossing to Piedras Negras, 3 variant views
2 El Paso to Llano
El Paso
Enchanted Rock, 2 views
Fort Clark, some at the height of the Indian Wars, laundress and camp followers quarters, officers, Seminole camp, jacal houses with chimneys, 2 variant views, both with a Seminole woman in Victorian dress with a Lipan chief
Fort Concho, (including costume party with Grierson by Ragsdale)
Fort Davis, including officer's row below Sleeping Lion Mountain also Butterfield Trail
Fort Stockton, traders' post
Fort Worth, courthouse showing market day and people bringing their cotton, Trinity River
Galveston, large group of images 1860s to 1880s, Galveston Bay frozen in 1886, early train view 1866-1867, cotton train, construction of jetties; tornado destruction
Goliad, early, 1870s
Houston, including oldest standing building
Indianola, 1868, early, including a busy scene
Kerr County
3 Lufkin to Wooten Wells
Marble Falls
Mason County
McKinney, interior of photographic studio—rare image
New Braunfels
Palestine, interior of a railroad car
Pecos High Bridge
Port Arthur
Rio Grande area
San Antonio, 60 or 70 including many of Alamo, includes all types such as vendors, cowboys, a Lipan Apache Indian chief and daughters by Doerr
Seguin, view showing Jahn Furniture, county jail
Waco, early downtown scene with livestock, people, wagons loaded with cotton, Waco Creek)
Wooten Wells
4 Stereographs, Texas Topics and Groupings (173 stereographs)
Texas Topics and Groupings
Battleship Texas,
Cattle industry
Cotton industry
People, historical personalities
Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, 1904 Texas exhibit
McKinley, President William visit to Texas in 1901
Modern stereos of caving views in Texas, Alabama and Tennessee
Oil industry
Roosevelt, President Theodore visit to Texas in 1905 and wolf hunting near Frederick, Oklahoma by Dr. Alexander Lambert, Roosevelt’s personal physician
Unidentified Texas, post Civil War military occupation of Texas, emigrants coming to Texas from Arkansas, comic stunt shot by photographer showing Ben Wittick in a set-up scene shooting giant horned toads and some unidentified views.
5 Stereographs, Special Collections and Sets (205 stereographs)
Indians of the Southern Plains
Stereographs of Native Americans , many are identified.
Early view of Pima in Arizona, 1865, attributed to H. H. Edgerton
Cheyenne Lodge
Quo-ha-dah Comanche camp
Wichita village attributed to William Soule
Views by William Bliss of Apaches, Arapaho brave, Comanches, Kiowa Chief Big Tree, Wichita lodges, Mexican boy and Mexican cart
Kiowa Chief Big Bow with his adopted Mexican captive photographed in Santa Fe (he was among the last to go to the reservation)
14 views of Native American prisoners of war sent to Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida, 1875; many pictured are identified, including Capt. Pratt who who accompanied the Indian prisoners and founded the Carlisle School, Lone Wolf and Mamante, only known photo of Kiowa medicine man who supervised raids into Texas from the 1860s
Leach & Hanna.
Strong collection of Leach & Hanna and Leach & Shannon, photographers who worked in Cherokee County and Llano County. Includes their broken down photo wagon at Old Government Crossing on the Pecos River, Seminole Canyon, staged hold-up on the way to Big Bend, Hot Springs across from Mexico, mines at Shafter, Fort Davis, Mexican children, interiors of Mexico, Mexican religious plays, caves in Kinney County, Alamo, Santa Elena Canyon, and Mexican jacals.
R. R. Parker
Stereos with good genre views, social history, picnics,
Texas Buffalo Hunt
9 views with Oliphant imprint, photographed by George Robertson, documenting a Texas buffalo hunt near Abilene in 1874, thought to be earliest photographs of a buffalo hunt in North America (see p. 189 in James L. Haley's Texas: An Album of History...). Walter Prescott Webb traced down the last survivor of the hunt Emil Obervetter, who described the hunt and gave the itinerary. This is the largest collection of images from this expedition.
Texas Land & Copper Association
Troutman stereos from the 1872 expedition for which M. K. Kellogg kept the journal. Collection includes Colbert's Ferry on the Red River, engineers having dinner in the forest, scenes of and near Fort Richardson, repairing a break in a railroad on Creek lands, ruins of Fort Belknap showing officer's quarters, "Island Home" at Fort Richardson showing prostitutes, Clear Fork of the Brazos River show photo wagon going up the hill toward Fort Griffin, Tonkawa Indian Village at Fort Griffin (extremely rare type of image), guard at spring at Fort Richardson, Jacksboro, Texas.
6 Stereographs: Special Collections
Texas View Company
Texas Centennial, 1936 set with 25 cards. Also includes a set of unpublished stereos with manuscript notations, perhaps unpublished, and a salesman sampler book entitled Texas History Photographs with miniature 336 stereo halves reproduced.
7 Stereographs, Mexico (102 stereographs)
A variety of Mexican subjects, Chilapa, Cuernavaca, Puebla, Pachuca, Guadalajara, Guanajuato, Saltillo, mining, an early series by Alberto Fahrenberg of Monterey, etc.
8-9 Stereographs, Stereo Realist
Stereo Realist color slides of Texas flowers and landscapes and viewer by the Texas View Company, Tyler, Texas, circa 1950s.

Series 8: Postcards

Digitized images from this series are available at
1 Real Photographic Postcards (224 postcards)
The real photographic postcard collection consists of many early city and small town views, also sports, parades, schools, oil, stores, agriculture, Indians, the Mexican Revolution, Texas Rangers, circa 1900-1939, arranged by town and subject.
Alan Reed
Amarillo, hail storm
Aransas Pass, vineyard
Big Bend
Big Sandy
Borger, showing oil boom
Brewster County
Brownsville, Runyan view of execution of Melquiades Chapa and Jose Buenrostro
Camp Swift
Canadian, "Rise in the Canadian River"
Corpus Christi
Dalhart, County Fair
Davis Mountains
Del Rio
Desdemona (inscription verso "When I came here one could count the rigs in a minute-Now they are as countless as the stars")
Eagle Pass
East Texas oil rig
El Paso, aviation Hamilton
Encinal, baseball image
El Campo, cotton wagons
Fort Davis, Bloys Camp Meeting Ground
Fort Phantom Hill
Fort Ringgold, Robert E. Lee home
Gatesville, "Leeper and Powell Hanging Gatesville Texas"
Gorman, 1909 football team riding in a parade
Greenville, "Burning of the Negro Smith"
Houston, Japanese lady in rice fields of Texas
La Feria
Langtry, Judge Roy Bean cabin
Mexia, oil rigs
Pecos High Bridge
Port Aransas
Raymondville, treed mountain lion 1927
Rio Grande, Rio Grande train
Robstown, baseball 1907
Rock Island
San Antonio
San Benito
Temple, first airplane in Texas (Frenchman ace Roland Garros, ink note 1903, but incorrect)
Texas City
Van Horn
Willis, tobacco farm
Yates Oil field near Pecos
Indians: group of Kiowa and Comanche images excellent for artifacts such as cradle boards, includes Quanah Parker in a parade in Lawton, by Bates, home of Quanah Parker in Cache, Oklahoma, burial of the remains of Quanah Parker when he was reburied, West Texas Indian village,
Mexican Revolution in Texas: revolutionaries, soldaderas, etc.
People and misc.: bicyclists, cowboys, cowgirls, L.D. Bertillion a collector of long horns with a huge horn, comical card of man with knife and fork sitting on a fat hog, Lindbergh and plane (Texas to Mexico City 1922), allegorical image of Prosperity done at Fort Worth, men with buffalo skulls possibly in Oklahoma or Kansas, funny dunning card of two men holding shotguns, Texas Confederate veteran with battle flag he saved (the flag showed up a few years ago at Fort Smith), oil wells, grave of Crockett's wife, Onalaska, tent revival meeting, "Old Rip" the famous horned toad,
Texas Rangers: Borger 1920s chain gang
Not Texas: Includes both real photographic and printed postcards, some Louisiana, Mexico, Wolfman Jack's station at Villa Acuña, New Mexico, Oklahoma
2 Postcards, Printed (427 postcards)
The printed postcard collection consists of a wide variety of subjects including towns, most major cities (many Dallas and Greenville), Gulf Coast, West Texas, Texas oil, agriculture, street scenes, schools, churches, circa 1905-1970. Also includes large-letter cards, cowboys and cowgirls, Indians, topical and humorous subjects, Texas "critters," horned toads, longhorn steer, huge rabbits, World War II military, John F. Kennedy in Austin in 1960, and a few non-Texas postcards, Mexico, New Mexico and Oklahoma.

Series 9: Miscellaneous Additional Materials

Digitized images from this series are available at
1 Miscellaneous, Oversize:
San Antonio Zither Club; large crayon portrait of couple; Brownsville, Daily Ranchero 1867 newspaper with large front page descriptive ad for photographer Louis de Planque.
Framed Pieces:
1) Sa-tan-ta, White Bear: War Chief of Kiowas. Prisoner in Texas, by William S. Soule, circa 1871
2) Quanah Parker, Chief of Comanche Indians… in large group made probably for a Fourth of July Parade in Chickasha Oklahoma by photographer, "That Man Stone," panoramic gelatin silver print, circa 1908-1910
3) Rifle Pits and Target Range, Camp Mabry, by Goldbeck (National Photo Co.) panoramic gelatin silver print, circa 1910-1920
4) Advertisement for photographer S. E. Dean, Trenton, Texas folk art, hand-drawn on cloth, circa 1900. Approximately 16 x 14 inches