TABLE OF CONTENTS
Hiram A. Boaz papers, 1873-1961:
A Guide to the Collection
Hiram Abiff Boaz played a crucial role in the establishment and early years of Southern Methodist University. He was a major driving force behind the idea of erecting a Methodist university in the North Texas region. Serving as the president of Polytechnic College (currently Texas Wesleyan University) in Fort Worth in 1911, Boaz voted in favor of building a new university in Dallas. He became the first vice-president of SMU, and was later elected as the school’s second president in 1920.
The future president and Methodist bishop was born in Murray, Kentucky, on December 18, 1866. The family moved to Texas in March, 1873. Boaz attended Sam Houston Normal School in Huntsville, Texas; after graduation in 1887, he worked as a schoolteacher in Fort Worth. At only 23 years old in 1889, Boaz was licensed to preach, and two years later he was ordained in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Also in 1891, Boaz enrolled in Southwestern University in Georgetown, Texas. At Southwestern, Boaz became a member of the Kappa Alpha Fraternity, and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1893, and a Master of Arts degree two years later. He also received honorary degrees from Columbia, Kentucky Wesleyan College, Centenary College, and later SMU.
Boaz served as pastor at three churches in Texas from 1884 until 1902: Mulkey Memorial Church in Forth Worth, the First Methodist Church in Abilene, and the First Methodist Church in Dublin. In 1894, he married Carrie Browne, daughter of a Methodist preacher. They met while both were attending Sam Houston Normal School; the couple later had three daughters.
Boaz was still a young man (36 years old) in 1902 when he was elected President of Polytechnic College in Forth Worth (currently Texas Wesleyan University). During his nine-year tenure as president, the college experienced growth in student body, faculty size, and in the number of buildings on campus. Boaz worked to pay off the debt that Polytechnic held at the time he became president.
It was during his time at Polytechnic College that Boaz (and many other Methodists) first began thinking of establishing a major Methodist institution of higher learning. Several smaller Methodist colleges could be found in Texas and in the southern half of the United States, but Boaz thought in terms of building a school that would become the foremost Methodist university located west of the Mississippi. Such a vision led to the establishment of SMU, but it also brought him into direct conflict with his alma mater, Southwestern University.
Southwestern, the oldest Methodist university in Texas, had established itself in Georgetown in the 1870s. As the United States became a more urbanized and industrialized society by the end of the century, some thought a school would have to be located in a larger city. Doing so would go a long way toward ensuring the future well-being of the university, for a larger city would give it more visibility, a larger pool of potential students, and a larger network of potential donors.
At Polytechnic, Boaz proposed that Southwestern be moved to Fort Worth, and that the relocated institution could then become the renowned Methodist university he believed was necessary for the region. Writing to SU President Robert S. Hyer (who later became the first president of SMU) in March 1910, Boaz offered to procure land in Fort Worth for the university if Southwestern chose to move. A first-class college would still be located in Georgetown, but SU and Polytechnic would be merged into a new Methodist university.
In later years, Boaz recalled, "I graduated from Southwestern University in 1894. I saw then that there couldn’t be a great school in a small town and without the help of men of great wealth." However well-intentioned his efforts to relocate SU might have been, the idea did not sit well with Georgetown residents, some members of the SU faculty and administration, and other alumni of the school.
Boaz ultimately failed to convince either Southwestern University or the city of Georgetown that removal of the school north was the right thing to do, but his idea did lead to a proposal by the city of Dallas for a new institution to be located there. That proposal led to the chartering of Southern Methodist University in 1911, and the opening of the school’s first academic year in the fall of 1915, with former SU President Robert Hyer as SMU’s first president.
Despite the fact that some argued that Boaz should have been appointed as the first president of SMU, he himself argued that Hyer was entitled to that honor. Boaz served admirably as vice-president, working especially to attract funding for the new university. In the years between the chartering and opening of SMU, Boaz was placed in charge of raising $500,000. His committee succeeded, instead, in raising over $750,000 by the end of the campaign in 1913.
In 1913, Boaz returned to Fort Worth as president of Texas Woman’s College (formerly Polytechnic College), and worked to improve its financial situation. His second tenure as president at the school ended in 1918 when Boaz became secretary of the Church Extension Board of The Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
In 1920, Boaz was unanimously elected to succeed President Hyer as the second president of SMU. During his brief two-year presidency, Boaz completed the same task he had undertaken at Polytechnic/Texas Woman’s: digging the school out of debt and improving its endowment. Boaz had already been crucial to initial efforts by SMU to raise money, and he continued working to attract donations to the school during and after his time as president. Boaz raised over $1,000,000 during his two-year presidency.
Boaz left the SMU presidency upon his election as a Methodist bishop in 1922, and was succeeded as president by Charles C. Selecman. During his years as a bishop, Boaz served in Asia overseeing church work, but returned to the United States in 1926 to take charge of the Arkansas and Oklahoma Conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, until 1930. For the next eight years he worked in several other conferences within Texas and New Mexico until his retirement in 1938.
The former president of SMU did not intend to remain aloof from university affairs in retirement, and again worked to raise money. SMU elected him as financial commissioner of the university, and during his years of retirement, Boaz helped raise several million dollars. He also organized the SMU Sustentation Fund, another yearly fundraising venue.
Boaz was recognized for all his work on behalf of SMU. In 1956, the university dedicated Boaz Hall, a men’s dormitory, in honor of him and his wife, Carrie. On that occasion, SMU Board of Trustees chairman Eugene McElvaney asserted, "If one university is ever the lengthening shadow of one man—the university would be this one and the man—Bishop Hiram A. Boaz." Boaz, a sports fan, continued to enjoy hunting, fishing, and golf during his retirement, and was a devoted follower of the SMU football team, and faithfully attended their home games into his nineties.
Bishop Hiram A. Boaz died at age 95 in early January, 1962.
Hiram A. Boaz "Biographical Information," Box 2, Folder 2 in this collection.
Jones, William B. "To Survive and Excel: The Story of Southwestern University, 1840-2000." Georgetown: Southwestern University, 2006.
The Hiram A. Boaz papers contain mostly personal correspondence, mementos, and biographical information on Boaz, who served as the second president of SMU before being elected a bishop in the Methodist church. The collection is divided into three series. Series 1 holds memorabilia belonging to Bishop Boaz: Bibles, a hymnal, awards and certificates, religious medals, and other such effects.
Series 2 contains biographical information on Boaz, as well as some career-related records and correspondence. This includes brief summaries of and reports on his life, newspaper clippings, information on his fundraising activities for SMU, and materials (including manuscript pages) for his 1951 autobiography "84 Golden Years."
Series 3 includes correspondence, most of which consists of letters from him to his wife and children over a roughly 40-year time period. Some correspondence related to the very early years of SMU is also contained in this series.
Users should note that the papers from Boaz contained in this collection are mostly personal. The majority of the material does not pertain to his tenure as president of SMU, or his service as a Methodist minister and bishop. Users should contact Bridwell Library at SMU Perkins School of Theology for a more complete collection of Boaz papers.
Access to Collection:
Collection is open for research use.
Permission to publish materials must be obtained from the Director of the DeGolyer Library.
It is the responsibility of the user to obtain copyright authorization.
Sensitive Material Statement:
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which DeGolyer Library assumes no responsibility.
Hiram A. Boaz papers, Southern Methodist University Archives, DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University.
Paul H. Santa Cruz, 2008.
Lara Corazalla, 2008.